Sandra Patron

Jochen Lempert

SIMONE FRANGI

VIRGINIE BOBIN

ENRICO BOCCIOLETTI

VINCENT VERLÉ

Claire Le Restif

JULIETTE BLIGHTMAN

RETO PULFER

Bernhard Rüdiger

ROBERT BREER

Mandla Reuter

Marta Minujín

CAPC – PHILIPPE THOMAS

Gianluca d’Incà Levis

Rainer Oldendorf

CARLO GABRIELE TRIBBIOLI

ACHILLE CASTIGLIONI

ETIENNE BERNARD

CLÉMENCE SEILLES

Nathalie Ergino

Lili Reynaud-Dewar

JOSEF DABERNIG

Hou Hanru

SYLVIE BOULANGER

KP BREHMER

Mauricio Guillén

SIMON FRAVEGA

PETER BUGGENHOUT

QUENTIN DEROUET

ANDREA VILIANI

Roberto Pugliese

MARIE COZETTE

Pratchaya Phinthong

RON TRAN

Martine Michard

Valérie Mazouin

Deimantas NARKEVIČIUS

Emilio Prini

Carlo Scarpa

Sanja Iveković

LUCY SKAER

Adrienne Drake

Tony Fiorentino

THOMAS TEURLAI

Guillaume Robert

R&Sie(n) François Roche, Stéphanie Lavaux, Jean Navarro

Jean-Marie Perdrix

Sonia Leimer

CLEMENS VON WEDEMEYER

MATHIEU KLEYEBE ABONNENC

DANIELE BALIT

SANTIAGO SIERRA

MATT MULLICAN

GUSTAV ANDREAS WOLFGANG

Nina Fiocco

Letizia Ragaglia

1:1PROJECTS

MICHAEL E. SMITH

Daniele Pezzi

Goldschmied & Chiari

KEREN DETTON

Pier Paolo Pasolini

Allan Sekula

VALERIO DEHÒ

MARIA ALICATA

PATRICK BERNATCHEZ

Rä di Martino

EMANUELE GUIDI

Marianne Maric

Rosalind Nashashibi

Chris Sharp

Lise Lacombe and Jean-Baptiste Alazard

TERRE THAEMLITZ

ILARIA BONACOSSA

ANNIE VIGIER & FRANCK APERTET (LES GENS D’UTERPAN)

Silvano Agosti

MARIE VOIGNIER

Alessandro Rabottini

MICHAEL DEAN

Prinz Gholam

RAIMUND ABRAHAM

Matthieu Saladin

Émilie Parendeau/BERNHARD RÜDIGER

Hans Schabus

Jean-Luc Moulène

Isa Genzken

Roman Ondák

Leander Schwazer

SLAVEN TOLJ

LORENZO BENEDETTI

JULIE PELLEGRIN

Marcus Geiger

MARCEL BROODTHAERS

Christodoulos Panayiotou

LOIS WEINBERGER

Benoît Maire

LAWRENCE WEINER

Alberto Garutti

ANDY WARHOL

Marie Cool Fabio Balducci

ERIC DE CHASSEY

GIANNI PETTENA

PIERRE BAL-BLANC

BECKY BEASLEY

Marcello Maloberti

Cécile Poblon

Ann Veronica Janssens

ANICKA YI

NINA CANELL

Marlie Mul

Antoine Nessi

LORRAINE CHATEAUX

Stefania Meazza

Rometti Costales

Jérémy Laffon

CHIARA AGNELLO

DIANE BLONDEAU

ELAINE STURTEVANT

Félix González-Torres

Dan Graham

Alexander Gutke

Julia Frank

Walter Pichler

MÉLANIE BOUTELOUP

FRANCISCO TROPA

Éric Mangion

GIORGIO DE CHIRICO

ALESSANDRO DI PIETRO

Isidoro Valcárcel Medina

Mattin

LEONARDO BIGAZZI

JACOPO MILIANI

EMILIE PARENDEAU

MARYAM JAFRI

Gianni Pettena & PIERRE BAL-BLANC

Vivien Roubaud

JOHN CAGE

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ANDY WARHOL

PLE-TPOMPT-032

Born 1928, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
† 1987, New York, NY, USA

Image:
Andy Warhol, Sleep, 1963© Aurélien Mole / Parc Saint Léger (Collection of The Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburgh / Contribution The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc.)

Project: The Registry of Promise

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JULIETTE BLIGHTMAN

PLE-TPOMPT-076

Born 1980, Farnham, United Kingdom
Lives and works in Berlin, Germany

Image:
Juliette Blightman, This World Is not My Home, 2010, window, paint, rug, chair, song, brazier, fire, environmental dimensions. © Aurélien Mole / Parc Saint Léger (Courtesy: Jacopo Menzani)

Project: The Registry of Promise

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Rosalind Nashashibi

PLE-TPOMPT-056

Born 1973, Croydon, United Kingdom
Lives and works in Liverpool, United Kingdom

Image:
Rosalind Nashashibi, The Prisoner, 2008, 16 mm film, 5 minutes. © Aurélien Mole / Parc Saint Léger

Project: The Registry of Promise

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LORENZO BENEDETTI

Lorenzo_Benedetti

Lorenzo Benedetti (1972, Rome, Italy) lives and works in the Netherlands and Paris.
He will become the new director of de Appel arts centre, succeeding Ann Demeester. He has been director of De Vleeshal in Middelburg since 2008, and acquired national prominence as curator of the Netherlands Pavilion at the 2013 Venice Biennale. He will assume his new role at de Appel as of 1 June, 2014.
He studied art history at La Sapienza in Rome and attended the Curatorial Program at de Appel arts centre in Amsterdam. In 2005 he founded the Sound Art Museum in Rome, a space dedicated to sound in visual art. He has been the director of the art center Volume! in Rome and a curator at the Museum Marta Herford, in Herford, Germany. He was guest curator at La Kunsthalle in Mulhouse, France. He is tutor at the Jan van Eyck Academy in Maastricht and writes regularly for exhibition catalogues and art magazines.
At De Vleeshal he realized exhibitions with Nedko Solakov, Jimmie Durham, Yona Friedman and Jean-Baptiste Decavèle, Falke Pisano, Rossella Biscotti, Olaf Nicolai, Katinka Bock, Bojan Sarcevic, Marinus Boezem, Mandla Reuter, Koenraad Dedobbeleer, Benoît Maire, Francesco Arena, Nina Beier and Marie Lund, Dove Allouche, Fernando Sanchez Castillo.
The exhibition series Autumn of Modernism, The Moon Has a Complicated Geography is a survey on the contemporary Dutch art scene. At La Kunsthalle in Mulhouse, France he curated the exhibitions La Notte, The Garden of the Forking Paths and Les sculptures meurent aussi. Cabinet of Imagination was a collaborative effort with Netwerk, Aalst, Belgium, as was The Third Tiger (with Rossella Biscotti, Mark Manders and Olaf Nicolai) with Camere, RAM, Rome.
Many publications he realized for De Vleeshal are published by Roma Publications, Amsterdam. For the magazine CURA. he writes the column Portraits in the Exhibition Space, including articles about Alexander Dorner, Lucy R. Lippard, Seth Siegelaub, Alfred H. Barr, Willem Sandberg, Arnold Bode and Pontus Hultén.

Project: The Registry of Promise
Space: De Vleeshal

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Jochen Lempert

Jochen Lempert, The Skins of Alca Impennis, 1995-2013

1. Jochen Lempert, The Skins of Alca Impennis, 1995-2013

Born 1958, Moers, Germany
Lives and works in Hamburg, Germany
Lempert studied Biology at the Friedrich-Wilhelms University in Bonn as well as Film and Film-Performance with the group Schlezdahim. Hi work has been internationally exhibited in both institutional and commercial venues. He recently had solo exhibitions at the Hamburger Kunsthalle in Hamburg (2013), Midway Contemporary in Minneapolis (2012), and at the Museum Ludwig in Cologne (2010), among others. He was granted the Edwin-Scharff Prize for the City of Hamburg in 2006 and the Ars Viva Prize for Photography in 1996-1997.

2. Jochen Lempert, Martha, 2005

2. Jochen Lempert, Martha, 2005

Images:
1. Jochen Lempert, The Skins of Alca Impennis, 1995-2013, 34 b/w photographs, silver gelatin prints, 18 x 24 cm each. Ed. 5. Courtesy ProjecteSD, Barcelona
2. Jochen Lempert, Martha, 2005, silver gelatin print; 30 x 28 cm. Photo: Giorgio Benni

Project: The Registry of Promise

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MATHIEU KLEYEBE ABONNENC

Born 1977, Paris, France
Lives and works in Metz, France
Mathieu Kleyebe Abonnenc seeks to question the cultural hegemony on which the evolution of contemporary societies is based. He examines the principles of dominant representation by appropriating preexisting elements and events, notably those associated with the imperial and colonial history of “developed” countries.
For Soleil politique, Abonnenc interrogates the origins of modern scientific knowledge as it is intimately associated with and facilitated by colonial domination and the destiny of the relationship between “primitive people” and their colonizers. The installation comprises documents and archives from ethnographic and entomological collections that the artist’s grandfather Émile Abonnenc gathered in Gabon and French Guyana in 1931 while working as a sanitary worker. His collection of living insects includes a mosquito that now bears his name.
The installation also presents rushes from the film in progress Secteur IX B de Prophylaxie de la Maladie du Sommeil (Section IX B Prophylaxis of Sleeping Sickness). The film explores, in fictional form, a historical event and space, using a narrative structure inspired by Michel Leiris’s travelogue L’Afrique fantôme (Phantom Africa). Narrated by two female figures whose personalities are revealed as the story unfolds, the plot takes place in several museums in France and Africa, disconnected from the dimensions of time and the outside world, and serves as a pretext for a reflection on historical collective and personal perception.

 

Nato a Parigi, Francia, nel 1977
Vive e lavora a Metz, Francia
Mathieu Kleyebe Abonnenc è particolarmente interessato a indagare le forme di egemonia culturale su cui si è fondata l’evoluzione delle società contemporanee, esplorando i principi di rappresentazione dominanti, e appropriandosi degli elementi e degli eventi preesistenti, principalmente legati alla storia imperiale e coloniale dei Paesi cosiddetti “sviluppati”.
Per Soleil politique l’artista s’interroga sulle origini della conoscenza scientifica moderna, legata a filo doppio alla dominazione coloniale, e sul destino delle relazioni tra i popoli “primitivi” e i loro colonizzatori. L’installazione si compone di documenti d’archivio, provenienti dalle collezioni etnografiche ed entomologiche di reperti che il nonno di Kleyebe, Émile Abonnenc, aveva raccolto in Gabon e in Guyana francese nel 1931, quando lavorava come operatore sanitario. Si tratta di differenti esemplari di insetti, tra cui una zanzara che porta il nome di Abonnenc, insieme a una presentazione del materiale già girato di Secteur IX B de Prophylaxie de la Maladie du Sommeil (Settore IX B di Profilassi della Malattia del Sonno), il film sul quale l’artista sta lavorando. Questo è un film di finzione, sotto forma di esplorazione di un fatto storico e di un luogo, la cui struttura narrativa si ispira a quella impiegata da Michel Leiris nel suo diario di viaggio L’Afrique Fantôme (L’Africa fantasma). Attraverso il punto di vista di due figure femminili, delineate man mano che la sceneggiatura avanza, la trama si sviluppa in diversi spazi museali tra la Francia e l’Africa, fuori dal tempo e dal mondo, e serve da pretesto per una riflessione sulla percezione storica, collettiva e personale.

Né à Paris, France, en 1977
Vit e travaille à Metz, France
Mathieu Kleyebe Abonnenc s’attache à interroger les formes d’hégémonie culturelle sur lesquelles s’est appuyée l’évolution de nos sociétés contemporaines. Il explore les principes de représentation dominants en s’appropriant des éléments et des événements préexistants, principalement liés à l’histoire impériale et coloniale des pays dits développés.
Pour Soleil Politique, l’artiste interroge les origines de la connaissance scientifique moderne, étroitement liée et facilitée par la domination coloniale et le destin des relations entre les peuples « primitifs » et leurs colonisateurs.
L’installation se compose de documents et d’archives issus des collections ethnographiques et entomologiques que son grand-père Émile Abonnenc avait réunies au Gabon et en Guyane française en 1931 alors qu’il travaillait comme agent sanitaire, de différents spécimens d’insectes vivants dont un moustique qui porte le nom de ce grand-père, ainsi qu’une présentation des rushes de Secteur IX B de Prophylaxie de la Maladie du Sommeil, un film en cours de réalisation. Ce dernier est une fiction sous forme d’exploration d’un fait historique et d’un espace dont la structure narrative s’inspire de celle employée par Michel Leiris dans son journal de voyage L’Afrique fantôme. Révélée à travers deux figures féminines, dont on découvre les personnages au fil du scénario, l’intrigue se déroule dans plusieurs institutions muséales entre la France et l’Afrique, en dehors du temps et du monde, et sert de prétexte à une réflexion sur les modalités collectives ou personnelles de perception de l’histoire.

Project: Soleil politique

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Emilio Prini

Emilio Prini, Stampa di un consumo - Monaco '71 Il caffè del Kunstverein, 1971

Emilio Prini, Stampa di un consumo – Monaco ’71 Il caffè del Kunstverein, 1971

Born 1943, Stresa, Italy
Lives and works in Rome, Italy

A leading exponent of Arte Povera, Emilio Prini works with a variety of media, including light, photography, sound, drawing, and the written word, exploring the connections between reality, reproduction, and perception. He often focuses on the camera, the photographic process, and the limitations of this form of expression.
Perimetro – Misura a Studio Stanza was exhibited for the first time in 1967 at the La Bertesca Gallery in Genoa, on the occasion of the show marking the debut of Arte Povera. The work consists of a neon tube wound tightly around a cylinder to resemble a reel of cable. When the tube is switched off, it has a conceptual dimension, but when it is switched on, it acquires more of a poetic, visionary effect. The sculpture becomes an allegorical representation of the perimeter of a space and a metaphor for an abstract system of measurement. The outline and real size of the room hosting it are revealed by and perceived through the light emanating from the tube itself. Perimetro is an example of how Prini’s works spring from an artistic process that combines everyday objects and materials to forge new experiences. Stampa di un consumo originates from a detail of a photograph that Claudio Abate took on occasion of the exhibition Arte Povera held at the Kunstverein in Munich in 1971 during an action which involved taking apart a technological device. Prini has manipulated the photograph to highlight the star formed by the fingers of a smoker holding a cigarette to his lips. There is a similar effect in the self-portrait entitled Da Goya, where the artist’s eye is framed by a detail from one of his sculptures.

Nato a Stresa, Italia, nel 1943
Vive e lavora a Roma, Italia

Emilio Prini, una delle figure chiave dell’Arte Povera, lavora con diversi media, come luce, fotografia, suono, disegno e testo scritto, indagando i legami che intercorrono tra realtà, riproduzione e percezione. La macchina fotografica e il processo del fotografare, nonché i limiti di questa forma espressiva, sono spesso oggetto della sua ricerca.
Perimetro – Misura a Studio Stanza è stato esposto per la prima volta nel 1967, in occasione della mostra che segnò il debutto dell’Arte Povera alla galleria La Bertesca di Genova. Si tratta di un tubo al neon, talmente arrotolato intorno a un cilindro da sembrare una bobina. Quando il tubo è spento, ha una dimensione concettuale; quando è acceso, invece, assume una forza più immaginifica e poetica. La scultura diventa la rappresentazione allegorica del perimetro di uno spazio e metafora di un sistema di misure astratto. Il profilo e le dimensioni reali della stanza in cui si trova sono piuttosto dati e percepiti attraverso la luce, che è emanata dal tubo stesso. Perimetro è un esempio di come le opere create da Prini nascano da un processo artistico che combina tra loro oggetti e materiali del quotidiano, per evocare nuove esperienze.
Stampa di un consumo trae origine dalla ripresa di un particolare di una fotografia, che Claudio Abate scattò in occasione della mostra Arte Povera, organizzata nel 1971 al museo Kunstverein di Monaco di Baviera durante un’azione che prevedeva lo smontaggio di un apparecchio tecnologico. Prini ha manipolato la fotografia, mettendo in evidenza il dettaglio di una stella formata dalle dita di un fumatore che tiene una sigaretta tra le labbra. Accade così anche nel suo autoritratto, intitolato Da Goya, dove l’occhio dell’artista è sottolineato dal dettaglio di una scultura dello stesso Prini.

Image:
Emilio Prini, Stampa di un consumo – Monaco ’71 Il caffè del Kunstverein, 1971. Courtesy Galleria Pio Monti, Rome

Project: Soleil politique

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ALESSANDRO DI PIETRO

Born 1987, Messina, Italy
Lives and works in Milan, Italy

Considering the limitations of his own action as the only way to act, Alessandro Di Pietro continuously produced variations within these limits, each time using a different process of  creation. He creates in this way a protocol which introduces rules limiting its expression and establishing a purely speculative mechanical of work. This repetition allows him to develop new concrete landscape and develop a kind of “empirical geography”, established by acts such as its presence or passage at a physical location.

Né à Messina, Italie, en 1987
Viet et travaille à Milan, Italie

Considérant les limites de sa propre action comme la seule façon d’agir, Alessandro Di Pietro produit en continu des variations à l’intérieur de ces limites, utilisant à chaque fois un processus différent de création. Il s’engage ainsi dans un protocole qui lui délivre des règles limitant son expression et instaurant une mécanique purement spéculative de travail. Cette répétition lui permet de mettre en place de nouveaux paysages concrets et de développer une sorte de «géographie empirique», établi par des actes tels que sa présence ou son passage en un lieu physique.

Project: Double Cross, From Both Sides of a Mountain

Image:
Alessandro Di Pietro, NEW VOID (The Movie), 2014, HD video, 29′ 42” / Directed by Alessandro Di Pietro, Written by Alessandro Di Pietro and Ana Shametaj, Music by Enrico Boccioletti

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JACOPO MILIANI IN CONVERSATION WITH ALESSANDRO DI PIETRO

JACOPO MILIANI IN CONVERSATION WITH ALESSANDRO DI PIETRO

Jacopo Miliani Let’s start with a reflection on our collaboration for the Double Cross project. We have been working independently on the spaces and on the exhibition project; later, during preparation, there was dialogue and listening between the two projects. I would define our collaboration as a mutual influence on narrative fiction. What is your opinion on this?
Alessandro di Pietro I would say that our cooperation has had, from the outset, a predisposition not to be explicit. The placement on two different floors of the CAB [Centre d’Art Bastille] made it impossible for a direct visual relationship between the various elements of our installations, but intensified the dialogue between two different methods of semantic re-elaboration in space.
Both projects are based on the appropriation of pre-existing narrative structures: yours on Howard Fast’s short story Not with a Bang, and mine on the end scene of Peter Greenaway’s film A Zed and Two Noughts.
The floor separating us seems to have worked as a filter that has allowed us to meet the expectations of our work. At the same time it must have produced some information that created a connection between us on a sign level: for example the use of the text and the circle shape.

2. Jacopo Miliani, Not with a bag

2. Jacopo Miliani, Not with a bang

3. Alessandro di Pietro, AZATN - Props

3. Alessandro di Pietro, AZATN – Props

A.D.P. As you told me, in Fast’s Not with a Bang a man sees a hand turning off the sun; he goes back home, and tells his wife and neighbors during an evening game of bridge. The rest of the group does not believe what the man saw, but that night was a particularly dark and cold one.
How do you expect people to orientate themselves between the textual information partially concealed inside what you call fictional carpets?
J.M. The story is divided into three phases, which are represented by (transparent and black) resin casts of hands. The hands are open in the act of picking up, and relate to round-shaped objects. These abstract signs, completely open, are placed on colored carpets that recall a domestic interior, and hide and reveal the three pages of the Fast’s story. The level of representation is thus opaque in the relationship between the clues on a narrative level and the shapes/actions that remain suspended. The viewer/reader/detective has a central role, although not being inside the scene.

4. Alessandro di Pietro, AZATN - Props

4. Alessandro di Pietro, AZATN – Props

5. Jacopo Miliani, Not with a bag

5. Jacopo Miliani, Not with a bang

J.M. The CAB is located in a defensive stronghold, on top of a mountain, mainly accessible through a strange spherical cableway. Do you think that the location of the CAB affected the narrative process? Could we define your ‘props’ as clues suspended in time?
A.D.P. When arranging the props in space I definitely tried to exploit the grotto-like space on the first floor of the CAB.
For this reason, all the props were exhibited on a modular display made with vertical concrete, steel and foam elements hanging from above like stalactites, exploiting the various heights of the vault of the ceiling. The arrangement does not follow a hierarchy of importance or a real narrative chronology, and the props are not the remains of an action which has already taken place, but are prospectively active. They are raw elements of a story that will take place soon and that will be a re-enactment of the last part of A Zed and Two Noughts.

6. Jacopo Miliani, Not with a bag

6. Jacopo Miliani, Not with a bang

7. Alessandro di Pietro, AZATN - Props

7. Alessandro di Pietro, AZATN – Props

A.D.P. Until recently, I had the feeling that working on cinema or literature could create a misunderstanding as regards the intention of creating a tribute or a monument to the director or to the wonderful story. Now I view that concern as very generic, and I recognize that the fiction reacts to its perception so naturally that it can be mistaken for a landscape. What do you think about this? How do you move among the signs that a story offers you? What is the distance you put between yourself, your practice and the story object?
J.M. I like the idea of landscape, and in the case of the CAB we could talk of a view. In the days I was working, I observed how individuals or the groups of tourists that stroll around the summit to observe Grenoble from above are comparable with the relationship we have with images, language and representation. I wonder how in front of this vastness of relationships one could define a common gaze. The signs of history are hence countless like the facets of a view. For this reason I chose this story by Howard Fast that highlights how the main character feels different in front of a vision which he perceives as a common experience. The killing of the Sun by a hand remains an image on hold from where I started and cyclically return to.

8. Alessandro di Pietro, AZATN - Props

8. Alessandro di Pietro, AZATN – Props

9. Jacopo Miliani, Not with a bag

9. Jacopo Miliani, Not with a bang

J.M./A.D.P. As regards the constant fruition within the imaginative process, we could say that this was also the central theme of two workshops, which we conducted in parallel, with a few young Grenoble artists. With their imagination, we worked starting from two strong images from the stories we had taken as a reference: the hand that turns the sun off in Fast’s story and the figures of the twins in Greenaway’s film.

10. Jacopo Miliani, Not with a bag

10. Jacopo Miliani, Not with a bang

11. Alessandro di Pietro, AZATN - Props

11. Alessandro di Pietro, AZATN – Props

Jacopo Miliani Iniziamo con una riflessione sulla nostra collaborazione all’interno del progetto Double Cross. Abbiamo lavorato indipendentemente sullo spazio e sul progetto espositivo; in seguito, in fase di allestimento, c’è stato dialogo e ascolto tra i due progetti. Definirei la nostra collaborazione come un’influenza reciproca sulla narrazione fittizia. Cosa ne pensi a proposito?
Alessandro di Pietro Direi che la nostra collaborazione ha avuto, sin dall’inizio, una predisposizione a non essere esplicita. La disposizione su due piani del CAB [Centre d’art Bastille] ha reso impossibile una diretta correlazione visiva tra i vari elementi delle nostre installazioni, ma ha accentuato il dialogo tra due diverse metodologie di rielaborazione semantica nello spazio.
Entrambi i progetti si fondano su appropriazioni di strutture narrative pre-esistenti: il tuo sul racconto breve Not with a Bang di Howard Fast, mentre il mio sulla scena finale di A Zed and Two Noughts di Peter Greenaway.
Il piano che ci ha diviso sembra aver funzionato come un filtro che ci ha permesso di rispettare le aspettative sul nostro lavoro. Allo stesso tempo deve aver rilasciato delle informazioni che ci hanno messo in connessione a livello segnico: per esempio l’uso del testo e la figura del cerchio. 

A.D.P. Come mi hai raccontato, in Not with a Bang di Howard Fast un uomo vede una mano che spegne il sole; torna a casa, ne parla con la moglie e i vicini durante una partita serale di bridge. Il resto del gruppo non crede alla visione dell’uomo, ma quella sera è particolarmente oscura e fredda.
Come ti aspetti che le persone si orientino tra le informazioni testuali parzialmente occultate all’interno di quelli che tu chiami ‘fictional carpets’?
J.M. La storia è divisa in tre momenti che sono raffigurati da calchi di mani in resina (trasparenti e neri). Le mani sono aperte nell’atto di prendere e si relazionano a oggetti dalla forma circolare. Questi segni astratti, del tutto aperti, sono posti su moquette colorate che richiamano l’interno domestico e nascondono e rivelano le tre pagine del racconto di Fast. Il piano della rappresentazione risulta opaco nella relazione tra gli elementi indiziari a livello narrativo e le forme/azioni che rimangono sospese. Lo spettatore/lettore/detective ha un ruolo centrale, pur non trovandosi all’interno della scena.

J.M. Il CAB si trova dentro una roccaforte difensiva, sulla cima di una montagna per lo più accessibile grazie a una strana teleferica dalla forma sferica. Pensi che il luogo del CAB abbia influito sul processo narrativo? Possiamo definire i tuoi ‘props’ come indizi sospesi nel tempo?
A.D.P. Sicuramente nella configurazione spaziale dei ‘props’ ho cercato di lavorare sullo “spazio grottoso” del primo piano del CAB.
Per questo motivo, tutti i ‘props’ sono stati esposti su un display modulare formato da elementi verticali di cemento acciaio e gommapiuma che scendono dall’alto come stalattiti sfruttando le varie altezze della volta del soffitto. L’allestimento non segue una gerarchia di importanza o una reale cronologia narrativa e i ‘props’ non sono residui di un’azione già accaduta, ma sono ancora in potenza. Sono elementi crudi di una narrazione che avverrà prossimamente e che consisterà in un re-enactment dell’ultimo capitolo di A Zed and Two Noughts.

A.D.P. Fino a poco tempo fa, avevo la sensazione che lavorare sul cinema o sulla letteratura potesse generare un misunderstanding riguardo l’intenzione di creare un tributo o un monumento al regista o alla grande storia. Di recente, questa mi sembra un’idea molto generalista e riconosco che la finzione reagisce alla propria percezione in maniera così naturale da poterla scambiare per un paesaggio. Cosa ne pensi? Come ti muovi tra i segni che una storia ti propone? Qual è la distanza che interponi tra te, la tua pratica e l’oggetto narrativo?
J.M. Mi piace l’idea di paesaggio, nel caso del CAB potremo parlare di panorama. Durante i giorni di lavoro, ho osservato come le singole persone o i gruppi di turisti che si muovono sulla vetta per osservare Grenoble dall’alto siano paragonabili al rapporto che abbiamo con le immagini, il linguaggio e la rappresentazione. Mi chiedo come davanti a tale vastità di relazioni sia possibile definire lo sguardo comune. I segni di una storia sono quindi infiniti come le sfaccettature di un panorama. Per questo motivo ho scelto questo racconto di Howard Fast che mette in luce come il protagonista si senta diverso davanti a una visione da lui percepita come esperienza comune. L’uccisione del sole da parte di una mano resta un’immagine sospesa da cui sono partito per poi ritornarci ciclicamente.

J.M./A.D.P. A proposito della fruizione costante nel processo immaginativo, potremmo dire che questo è stato anche il tema centrale di due workshops, da noi condotti in modo parallelo, con alcuni giovani artisti di Grenoble. Con la loro immaginazione abbiamo lavorato a partire da due immagini forti provenienti dalle narrazioni da noi prese come riferimento: la mano che spegne il sole del racconto di Fast e le figure dei due gemelli nel film di Greenaway.

Images:
1, 2, 5, 6, 9, 10. Jacopo Miliani, Not with a bang. Courtesy the artist, CAB Grenoble, Frutta, Rome and Studio Dabbeni, Lugano
3, 4, 7, 8, 11. Alessandro di Pietro, AZATN – Props, Courtesy the artist and CAB Grenoble

Protagonists: Jacopo Miliani, Alessandro di Pietro
Project: Double Cross. From Both Sides of a Mountain
Space: Centre d’art Bastille

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Antoine Nessi

2487-09

Born 1985, Paris, France
Lives and works in Paris, France

Image:
Antoine Nessi, Unknown Organs, 2014. Stainless steel, aluminium, brass, galvanized steel; variable dimensions. View of the exhibition The Promise of Moving Things (curator: Chris Sharp), Centre d’art contemporain d’Ivry – le Crédac, 2014. Photo: André Morin / le Crédac

Project: The Registry of Promise

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Marianne Maric

Born 1982, Mulhouse, France
Lives and works in Paris and Mulhouse, France

At the age of ten, after watching François Truffaut’s The Wild Child on television, Marianne Maric escaped from her room through a window in the middle of the night. She was discovered the following day, by a forester who returned her to her parents. In the wake of this event, Maric promised herself she would become an artist in order to act out her fantasies without anyone forcing her to reason. Since 2007, she has developed a transdisciplinary practice in which she deconstructs the boundaries of different media, using the body as a sculptural weapon. In her works, art, fashion, design, photography, music, and video merge through the use of the female body as “an extraordinary and fascinating form of architecture.” She deconstructs stereotypes to better re-employ them and plays with symbols to better subvert them. Marianne Maric is currently artist in residence at the Centre d’art contemporain de Brétigny, for which she has prepared several projects that will be shown in Brétigny in the fall of 2014. For Soleil politique, she is presenting a video trailer in several episodes that associate certain elements from the exhibition with her own work. These will be distributed on the Internet before and during the exhibition.

Nata a Mulhouse, Francia, nel 1982
Vive e lavora a Parigi e Mulhouse, Francia

All’età di dieci anni, Marianne Maric scappa in piena notte dalla finestra della sua camera da letto dopo aver visto Il ragazzo selvaggio di François Truffaut in televisione. Il giorno dopo, una  guardia forestale la trova e la riaccompagna a casa. Dopo questo episodio cruciale, Marianne  giura a se stessa che farà di tutto per diventare un’artista, per liberare la propria fantasia senza  che nessuno la riconduca alla ragione. Così, dopo il 2007, sviluppa un lavoro transdisciplinare,  nel quale decostruisce le frontiere tra i mezzi artistici utilizzando il corpo come un’arma  scultorea. Nelle sue creazioni l’arte, la moda, il design, la fotografia, la musica e il video si  fondono attraverso l’uso dei corpi di donne come “una straordinaria e affascinante architettura”. L’artista decostruisce gli stereotipi per poi riutilizzarli meglio, e si diverte a giocare  con i simboli, deformandoli. Marianne Maric è attualmente in residenza al CAC di Brétigny, dove sta preparando vari progetti che saranno presentati a settembre 2014.
Per Soleil politique l’artista propone un trailer in più episodi, realizzati e diffusi su Internet prima e durante la  mostra. Queste sequenze collegano alcuni elementi dell’esposizione con il suo lavoro.

Née à Mulhouse, France, en 1982
Vit et travaille à Paris et Mulhouse, France

À l’âge de dix ans, Marianne Maric s’enfuit en pleine nuit par la fenêtre de sa chambre après avoir vu L’Enfant sauvage de François Truffaut à la télévision. Le lendemain, elle est découverte par un garde forestier qui la raccompagne chez ses parents. Après cet épisode marquant, Marianne se jure de tout faire pour devenir artiste, afin de réaliser ses fantasmes sans que personne ne puisse la ramener à la raison. Ainsi, depuis 2007, elle développe un travail transdisciplinaire, dans lequel elle déconstruit les frontières entre les médiums en utilisant le corps comme une arme sculpturale. Dans ses créations, l’art, la mode, le design, la photographie, la musique et la vidéo fusionnent à travers l’utilisation des corps de femmes comme « une extraordinaire et fascinante architecture ». Elle déconstruit des stéréotypes pour mieux les réemployer, s’amuse à jouer avec les symboles pour mieux les détourner. Marianne Maric est actuellement en résidence au Centre d’art contemporain de Brétigny pour lequel elle prépare plusieurs projets qui seront montrés à la rentrée 2014.
Pour Soleil politique, elle propose une bande-annonce vidéo en plusieurs épisodes, réalisés et diffusés sur Internet avant et pendant l’exposition. Ces séquences associent certains des éléments de l’exposition à son propre travail.

Project: Soleil politique

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MARIANNE MARIC, TRAILERS "SOLEIL POLITIQUE", 2014

MARIANNE MARIC, TRAILER SOLEIL POLITIQUE, 2014

Marianne Maric
Trailer « Soleil politique », 2014
Episode I

Marianne Maric
Trailer « Soleil politique », 2014
Episode II

Marianne Maric
Trailer « Soleil politique », 2014
Episode III

For Soleil politique, Marianne Maric is presenting a video trailer in several episodes that associate certain elements from the exhibition with her own work. These will be distributed on the Internet before and during the exhibition.

 

Per Soleil politique Marianne Maric propone un trailer in più episodi, realizzati e diffusi su Internet prima  e durante la mostra. Queste sequenze collegano alcuni elementi dell’esposizione con il  suo lavoro.

Pour « Soleil politique », Marianne Maric propose une bande-annonce vidéo en plusieurs épisodes, réalisés et diffusés sur Internet avant et pendant l’exposition. Ces séquences associent certains des éléments de l’exposition à son propre travail.

 

 

Image:
Le char de Tito, Sarajevo, 2012. Photo © Marianne Maric

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Vivien Roubaud

Vivien Roubaud, Système frigorifique, eau, 220v, 2012

Vivien Roubaud, Système frigorifique, eau, 220v, 2012

Born 1986, Vouziers, France
Lives and works in Nice, France
Graduated of DNSEP with distinction at the École Nationale Supérieure d’Art of Villa Arson (Nice) in 2011. Among his recent group exhibitions: Saison 17, Lieu Commun, Toulouse (2013); Sunshine & Precipitation Part 2, Catalyst Arts, Belfast (2012); WATT, La Station, Nice (2012); Young & Restless, Vidéochroniques, Marseille (2012); Demain c’est loin, Galerie de la Marine, Nice (2011). Solo exhibition as part of the Modules Fondation Pierre Bergé – Yves Saint Laurent at the Palais de Tokyo (2013-2014).
I often say that I use “objects that make us live,” in a sense, I try to extract unused qualities or hidden properties from these objects. The active mixtures that I make, bring together and confront, take on a form in precarious, unstable balancing acts. In order to bypass the functions and disorganize the know-how, we have to adopt a distant view in terms of what we know, or think we know, without ever falling into fascination, but instead with the intention of raising questions and inciting curiosity. Freeing an object also means reprogramming it, or handling its side effects. Static objects are set in motion, while those that usually move tend towards petrified states. Some systems come undone, returning to a lost state. They unravel so much that they go back to the “crude”, or heterogeneous pre-production state of an un-elaborated product. By making bridges between disciplines, and by combining or defragmenting fields and categories, it is possible to make one or more frameworks tremble, but without being able to extract ourselves from them completely. The point is then to re-examine and reinterpret the connections and ties that can join together the fragments and abolish the frontier between methods and materials. The game consists in regulating this unruliness.

Project: From & To

 

Nato nel 1989, vive e lavora a Nizza. Ottiene il diploma DNSEP, con il massimo dei voti, alla Villa Arson nel 2011. Fra le sue mostre collettive recenti: Saison 17, Lieu Commun (Tolosa 2013), SUNSHINE & PRECIPITATION Part 2, Catalyst Arts (Belfast, 2012), WATT, La Station (Nizza, 2012), YOUNG &RESTLESS, Vidéochroniques (Marsiglia, 2012), Demain c’est loin, Galerie de la Marine (Nizza, 2011). Mostra personale nell’ ambito di Modules – Fondazione Pierre Bergé – Yves Saint Laurent, al Palais de Tokyo, 2013-2014.

 

Né en 1986, vit et travaille à Nice. Diplômé en 2011 du DNESP, avec félicitation du jury, à l’École nationale supérieure d’art de la Villa Arson. Parmi ses expositions collectives récentes : Saison 17, Lieu Commun (Toulouse, 2013), SUNSHINE & PRECIPITATION Part 2, Catalyst Arts (Belfast, 2012), WATT , La Station (Nice, 2012), YOUNG & RESTLESS, Vidéochroniques (Marseille, 2012), Demain c’est loin, Galerie de la Marine (Nice, 2011). Exposition personnelle dans le cadre des Modules – Fondation Pierre Bergé – Yves Saint Laurent, au Palais de Tokyo, 2013-2014.

Image:
Vivien Roubaud, Système frigorifique, eau, 220v, 2012

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GUILLAUME MANSART IN CONVERSATION WITH DIANE BLONDEAU, VIVIEN ROUBAUD AND THOMAS TEURLAI

GUILLAUME MANSART IN CONVERSATION WITH DIANE BLONDEAU, VIVIEN ROUBAUD AND THOMAS TEURLAI

A Dystopian Sculpture

Guillaume Mansart It’s the first time you’ve worked together. Here you’re offering a joint production. In what sense was this collective dynamic important?
Diane Blondeau, Vivien Roubaud and Thomas Teurlai The From & To project was based on the idea of a collaborative exchange between young French and Italian artists. The three of us already knew each other. We got along well and lived in more or less the same area. Each of us having been separately involved in several collaborations, we were aware that this presented an advantage in terms of energy, labour power and letting go.

G.M. Beyond the spirit of intellectual competition, one senses that this collective logic is also efficient when it comes to production.  At the work-creation stage, a distinctive organisational logic can already be discerned…
D.B, V.R., T.T. This is something that creeps into our practices and into those of quite a few artists of our generation. Primarily out of pure pragmatism: how can something be created with few resources? By inventing our tools, by making do with whatever we have at our disposal. When it’s finished, the work might appear to “take a stand against traditional principles”, but more than anything else this is because we have no choice! It’s a flaw that becomes a quality. 

G.M. What is the meaning of the title Jambe de botte?
D.B, V.R., T.T. It’s the literal translation of “bootleg”, an English term that designates pirate recordings of concerts or studio albums. The term also designates the art of “turntablism”, which consists in constructing a single piece of music out of several others. Jambe de botte served as a shapeless title, like melted plastic.

G.M. For the creation of this piece, you tested several types of material, ultimately choosing plastic from melted garden chairs. There’s a certain irony in the fact that plastic chairs are turned into a kind of “missile sculpture”. Why did this material stand out?
D.B, V.R., T.T. This brings us back to production circuits and pragmatism. How a combination of gestures can produce an image. We very empirically tested hundreds of combinations. Then we took a deckchair, burned it with a flamethrower, and the result was perfect. We work on the French Riviera, where the dumps are full of this kind of furniture. We were conscious of reflecting the dystopian faults of this strange place that, when you remove the glamour of the sun and palm trees, smells of cheap suntan lotion, melted poodles and social violence.

G.M. How were the forms of the different sculptures created?
D.B, V.R., T.T. We aligned casts found in an abandoned train parts foundry, in such a way that we were able to create cylinders that could be spun like record players. We poured the plastic and suddenly we had Scud missiles.

G.M. Could you explain the “archaeo-acoustic” notion behind your project?
D.B, V.R., T.T. It’s a fairly vague discipline situated between acoustics, archaeology and charlatanism, and its aim is to find pre-Edison sound recordings through sound imprints accidentally recorded on different types of object. Since sound is a vibration, in principle it can be inscribed on the media it comes into contact with.

G.M. The forms of the various sculptures evoke something of a warlike world. Added to these forms is a sound that gives the space a stressful atmosphere. How is this sound produced?
D.B, V.R., T.T. From the outset we planned to create forms that could be “played” in the space. Then everything developed very spontaneously. The day before the exhibition opened, we had to make up our minds to bring the sculptures into the exhibition venue. Once they were set up, we took a playback head and placed it on one of the rotating Scuds and it was Fallujah in the centre dart. The perfect tautology.

G.M. Although object and device diversion and DIY are found in your respective works, I get the impression that the question of sculpture is fairly new. In fact, in your piece one finds “historical” questions liked to sculpture: materiology, volume, casting techniques, a plinth…  Does Jambe de botte enable you to tackle new fields of investigation?
D.B, V.R., T.T. We considered simple questions that are not at all historical. A plinth is practical. It keeps the work at a distance and prevents a Scud from falling on someone. Plastic is more solid than margarine, etc.  Above all, this project confirmed that in the middle of personal practices and trajectories, it’s essential to regularly make time for collective periods and keep making use of resourcefulness.

March 2015

Protagonists: Diane Blondeau, Vivien Roubaud, Thomas Teurlai
Project: From & To

Une sculpture dystopique

Guillaume Mansart C’est la première fois que vous travailliez ensemble. Ici, vous faites une proposition de production partagée. En quoi cette dynamique collective a-t-elle été importante ?
Diane Blondeau, Vivien Roubaud et Thomas Teurlai L’idée à la base du projet From & To, c’était un échange collaboratif entre des jeunes artistes français et italiens. Tous les trois, nous nous connaissions déjà, nous nous entendions bien et nous vivions plus ou moins au même endroit. Après plusieurs collaborations chacun de notre coté, nous étions conscients de l’intérêt que cela représentait en matière d’énergies, de force de travail et de lâcher prise.

G.M. Au-delà de l’émulation intellectuelle, on sent que cette logique collective trouve aussi une efficience dans la question de la production. Dans l’étape de réalisation de l’œuvre on peut déjà lire une logique d’organisation propre…
D.B, V.R., T.T. C’est quelque chose qui traine dans nos pratiques comme dans celles de pas mal d’artistes de notre génération. D’abord par pur pragmatisme : comment réalise-t-on quelque chose avec peu de moyen ? En inventant nos outils, en faisant avec ce que l’on a sous la main. À l’arrivée, peut-être que le travail semble « s’affirmer contre les logiques traditionnelles », mais c’est plus par défaut qu’autre chose ! C’est un défaut qui devient une qualité. 

G.M. Que signifie le titre Jambe de botte ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. C’est la traduction littérale de « bootleg », un terme anglais qui désigne les enregistrements pirates de concerts ou de studio. Le terme désigne aussi l’art du « turntablisme » qui consiste à construire un seul morceau de musique à partir de plusieurs. Jambe de botte faisait un titre informe, comme du plastique fondu.

G.M. Pour la réalisation de cette pièce, vous avez testé plusieurs types de matériaux, pour au final vous arrêter sur du plastique provenant de chaises de jardin fondues. Il y a une forme d’ironie dans le fait de transformer des chaises en plastique en sorte « sculpture missile ». Pourquoi ce matériau s’est-il imposé ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. On en revient aux circuits de productions et au pragmatisme. Comment une combinaison de gestes simples peut « faire image ». Nous avons testé de manière très empirique des centaines de combinaisons. Puis nous avons pris un transat, nous l’avons brûlé au lance-flammes, et le résultat était parfait. Nous travaillions sur la Côte d’Azur, les décharges sont pleines de ce type de mobilier. Nous avions conscience de renvoyer les travers dystopiques de cet étrange endroit qui, dégagé du côté glamour du soleil et des palmiers, sent la crème solaire bon marché, le caniche fondu et la violence sociale.

G.M. Comment les formes des différentes sculptures ont-elles été créées ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. Nous avons aligné des moules trouvés dans une fonderie de pièces de trains abandonnées, de manière à pouvoir créer des cylindres que l’on pourrait faire tourner comme des phonographes. Nous avons coulé le plastique et d’un coup nous avions des missiles Scud.

G.M. Pourriez vous expliciter la notion d’ « archéo-acoustique » qui est à l’origine de votre projet ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. C’est une discipline assez obscure qui se situe entre l’acoustique, l’archéologie et le charlatanisme, et qui entend retrouver des enregistrements sonores pré-Edison à travers des empreintes sonores qui auraient été enregistrées accidentellement sur différents types d’objets. Puisque le son est une vibration, il peut censément s’inscrire sur les supports avec lesquels il entre en contact.

G.M. Les formes des différentes sculptures évoquent un univers plutôt guerrier, à ces formes s’ajoute un son qui installe dans l’espace d’exposition une atmosphère anxiogène. Comment se son est-il produit ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. Dès le début nous envisagions de créer des formes que l’on pourrait « jouer » dans l’espace. Ensuite, tout s’est enchainé de manière très spontanée. Nous avons dû nous résoudre, la veille du vernissage, à amener les sculptures dans le lieu d’exposition. Une fois qu’elles étaient installées, nous avons pris une tête de lecture que nous avons posé sur un des SCUD rotatifs et c’était Fallujah dans le centre d’art. Tautologique à souhait.

G.M. Si le détournement d’objets ou de dispositifs et le DIY sont présents dans vos travaux respectifs, j’ai l’impression que la question de la sculpture est assez nouvelle. En effet, on retrouve dans votre pièce des questions « historiques » liées à sculpture : matériologie, volume, techniques de moulage, socle, … Jambe de botte vous permet-elle d’engager de nouveaux champs d’investigation ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. On s’est posé des questions simples qui ne sont en rien historiques. Un socle c’est pratique, ça tient à distance et ça évite qu’un SCUD tombe sur quelqu’un. Le plastique c’est plus solide que la margarine, etc. Ce projet nous a surtout confirmé qu’il était indispensable au sein de pratiques et de trajectoires personnelles d’aménager régulièrement ces temps collectifs et de continuer à jouer de débrouille.

Mars 2015

Image:
1. Diane Blondeau / Vivien Roubaud / Thomas Teurlai, Jambes de bottes, 2014, mixed media. Photo: Villa Arson / Jean Brasille

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Adrienne Drake

Adrienne_Drake

Adrienne Drake is Director and Curator of the Fondazione Giuliani, Rome. Since 2011 she is also an Arts and Humanities Advisor at the American Academy in Rome.
She is a founding member of the non-profit curatorial platform 1:1projects, and also curates independently, favoring a working methodology of collaboration and participatory practice.
She is a contributing curator for Open Video Projects, a Rome based video archive that organizes screenings of video art, short films, experimental cinema, documentaries and video installations.

Project: Ephemera
Space: Fondazione Giuliani
Focus: Vincent Honoré in conversation with Adrienne Drake, artistic director at Fondazione Giuliani, Rome

 

Direttrice e curatrice della Fondazione Giuliani per l’Arte Contemporanea a Roma. Dal 2011 è Arts and Humanieties Advisor per l’Accademia Americana a Roma. È tra i soci fondatori della piattaforma curatoriale 1:1projects. Nei suoi progetti favorisce una metodologia di lavoro partecipativa e collaborativa. È inoltre contributing curator per Open Video Project, un archivio video a Roma che organizza proiezioni di video d’arte, cortometraggi, cinema sperimentale, documentari e video installazioni.

 

Adrienne Drake est directrice et commissaire d’expositions de la Fondazione Giuliani à Rome. Depuis 2011, elle est également conseillère en arts et humanités auprès de l’American Academy à Rome. Elle est membre fondateur de 1:1projects, et aussi commissaire indépendante, encourageant une méthodologie du travail collaboratif et une pratique participative. Elle est commissaire d’expositions auprès de l’Open Video Projects, un lieu d’archives vidéos à Rome, qui organise des projections de films expérimentaux, de courts métrages, de documentaires et d’installations.

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Vincent Honoré in conversation with Adrienne Drake, Fondazione Giuliani

Vincent Honoré You are the founding director of Fondazione Giuliani, initiated in Rome in 2010 by collectors Giovanni and Valeria Giuliani. What is the core mission of the Foundation and how would you describe its DNA? What makes it different from other spaces in Rome and abroad?

Adrienne Drake As a private, non-profit exhibition space, the Foundation can be flexible, mutable, and our intentions and directives can change over time. Its mission can also shift, as we think about and respond to current trends in contemporary art, but it never strays from the simple objective of creating an accessible space for artists to produce and present new work, developing an arena in which to experiment and collaborate, and engaging the public in artists’ work, focusing on a programme that underscores a perspicacious reflection by artists on contemporary society.
Since the Foundation’s creation in 2010, we have focused primarily on solo exhibitions, with an emphasis on the commissioning and production of new work by artists who have never previously exhibited in Rome, if not Italy. While that focus has not necessarily changed, we’ve recently broadened the programming to include other investigations: the most recent exhibition was a more historical show with works from the 1960s-70s, while the upcoming exhibition will be a group show.

Benoît Maire, Lies on the Beach

2. Benoît Maire, Lies on the Beach, 2013

Scott Burton by Oscar Tuazon

3. Scott Burton by Oscar Tuazon, 2012

V.H. I understand you are also responsible for the Giuliani collection. I am curious to know how much the founder is involved in the Foundation’s curatorial vision, as well as the Foundation’s relation to its collection. 

A.D. The Giulianis and I always discuss the Foundation’s exhibition programme and activities. I envision each exhibition in terms of groupings of loose thematic cycles, which are not necessarily overtly declared, but rather curatorial reflections also on the direction of the Foundation. The collection is a separate entity from the activities of the Foundation, but one can’t help but influence the other. We have exhibited artists whose work was already in the collection, and these exhibitions provide the opportunity to further research and study the working practice of these artists. Since we focus on production, there are also occasions in which we acquire for the collection works that we produced for an exhibition. This is both a testimony to the Foundation’s exhibition history, and also a means of collecting in real time.

V.H. How do you engage with public institutions in Rome?

A.D. As a small foundation, we can act independently from any long-standing traditional structures which public institutions are more obligated to abide by. We tend to be more orientated towards experimentation and niche production, and are freer to take risks, unrestricted by constraints imposed by the rules and parameters of a museum institution.
Public institutions in Rome must navigate between cultural responsibility and different political agendas and are, unfortunately, often entangled in the dynamics of local and national politics. But all institutions share a common agenda: to build an ever-growing community of enthusiasts and supporters of contemporary culture, and to create centres of experience, learning and points of connectedness.

V.H. You invite artists, but also guest curators to engage with the Foundation, its collection and its audience. You open the Foundation to different sensibilities and curatorial methodologies. How do you conceive the mission of a director/curator of a contemporary art space in 2014?

A.D. There are myriad of curatorial methodologies and each of these activate different approaches and sensibilities. My primary point of interest is the investigation of artistic practice, but I’m also interested in exploring curatorial sensibilities, which is why I open the Foundation to guest curators. Curators are cultural practitioners, facilitators, researchers, questioners, and together with artists can create forums for discussion on contemporary socio-political and cultural issues, and new modes of production.

Mutiny Seemed a Probability

4. Mutiny Seemed a Probability, 2010

Benoît Maire, Lies on the Beach

5. Benoît Maire, Lies on the Beach, 2013

V.H. PIANO intends to create a network of art spaces working together, exchanging and interacting. Why did you decide to join the project and how are you participating in it?

A.D. The premise of your question underlines three essential motivations for why the Foundation is participating in the project: the possibility of working collaboratively, exchanging, and interacting with a diverse group of art spaces to broaden aesthetic networks. This type of initiative stimulates dialogue, engagement and participation, while contextualising the Foundation’s local activities with artists, curators and institutions internationally.
Specifically, Fondazione Giuliani is hosting a four-person show, The Promise of Melancholy and Ecology, the first chapter in a series of exhibitions entitled The Registry of Promise. The overall project is guest curated by Chris Sharp, whose curatorial approach I respect and admire, in collaboration with Parc Saint Léger Centre d’art contemporain, Centre d’art contemporain d’Ivry – le Crédac, and SBKM/De Vleeshal, all institutions with whom the Foundation feels a certain kinship and common ground in their research and programming.

Gianni Piacentino 1965-2000

6. Gianni Piacentino 1965-2000, 2014

Giulia Piscitelli, Neopolitan Windows

7. Giulia Piscitelli, Neopolitan Windows, 2010

Carl Andre, 3rd Steel Triangle, 2008

8. Carl Andre, 3rd Steel Triangle, 2008

Seb Patane, Movement (featuring Rose Kallal), 2013

9. Seb Patane, Movement (featuring Rose Kallal), 2013

Space: Fondazione Giuliani
Protagonists: Adrienne Drake, Chris Sharp
Project: The Registry of Promise

 

Vincent Honoré Sei direttore e fondatore della Fondazione Giuliani, creata a Roma nel 2010 dai collezionisti Giovanni e Valeria Giuliani. Qual è la mission primaria della Fondazione e come descriveresti il suo DNA? Cosa rende questo spazio diverso da altri a Roma o all’estero?

Adrienne Drake In quanto spazio espositivo privato e non-profit, la Fondazione può essere flessibile, variabile e le nostre intenzioni e direttive possono mutare nel tempo. Anche la sua mission può subire delle trasformazioni, poiché la nostra riflessione e attività rispondono alle dinamiche attuali dell’arte contemporanea. Tuttavia non ci allontaniamo mai dal semplice obiettivo di creare uno spazio accessibile nel quale gli artisti possano produrre e presentare i propri nuovi lavori, di sviluppare un’arena in cui sperimentare e collaborare, di coinvolgere il pubblico nella produzione artistica, concentrandoci su un programma che stimola la riflessione approfondita degli artisti sulla società contemporanea. Sin dalla creazione della Fondazione, avvenuta nel 2010, ci siamo concentrati principalmente su mostre personali, con un’attenzione particolare alla committenza e alla produzione di opere inedite di artisti che non hanno mai esposto a Roma e spesso nemmeno in Italia. Se da una parte non abbiamo rinunciato a questo interesse, dall’altra abbiamo recentemente ampliato i confini della nostra programmazione per includere altri tipi di ricerca: il progetto più recente è stata una mostra storica con opere degli anni ’60 e ’70, mentre il prossimo evento sarà una collettiva.

V.H. So che sei anche responsabile della collezione Giuliani. Sono curioso di sapere quanto il fondatore sia coinvolto nella visione curatoriale della Fondazione e di conoscere quale sia la relazione tra la Fondazione e la sua collezione. 

A.D. Io e i Giuliani discutiamo sempre del programma espositivo e delle attività della Fondazione. Progetto ogni mostra all’interno di ampi cicli tematici, non necessariamente dichiarati in maniera esplicita, ma piuttosto riconducibili a riflessioni generali sulla direzione della Fondazione. La collezione rappresenta un’entità separata dalle attività della Fondazione, anche se l’una può influenzare l’altra. Abbiamo esposto artisti il cui lavoro è presente nella collezione e queste mostre hanno fornito l’opportunità di portare avanti una ricerca e uno studio più approfonditi sulla pratica di queste figure. Vista la forte concentrazione sulla produzione, ci sono state anche occasioni in cui abbiamo acquisito per la collezione opere prodotte per una mostra. Si tratta allo stesso tempo di una testimonianza della storia espositiva della Fondazione e di una pratica collezionistica in tempo reale.

V.H. Come vi rapportate con le istituzioni pubbliche di Roma?

A.D. Essendo una fondazione di dimensioni ridotte, possiamo agire indipendentemente da tutte le tradizionali regole cui le istituzioni pubbliche sono obbligate a rispondere. Siamo più orientati verso la sperimentazione e la produzione di nicchia, e siamo più liberi di assumere rischi, non essendo limitati dai vincoli imposti dalle norme e dai parametri di una realtà museale.
Le istituzioni pubbliche romane sono costrette a muoversi tra la responsabilità culturale e diversi programmi politici e sono spesso, purtroppo, imbrigliate dalle dinamiche della politica locale e nazionale. Ma tutte le realtà condividono un intento comune: costruire una comunità crescente di appassionati e sostenitori della cultura contemporanea e creare luoghi di esperienza, apprendimento e dialogo.

V.H. Inviti artisti, ma anche curatori a lavorare con la Fondazione, la sua collezione e il suo pubblico. In questo modo apri la Fondazione a sensibilità e metodologie curatoriali diverse. Come concepisci il ruolo del direttore/curatore di uno spazio espositivo d’arte contemporanea nel 2014?

A.D. Ci sono moltissime metodologie curatoriali e ognuna di esse attiva diversi approcci e sensibilità. Il mio interesse principale ruota intorno alla ricerca sulla pratica artistica, ma sono attratta anche dall’esplorazione delle sensibilità curatoriali, motivo per cui apro la Fondazione ai guest curators. Essi sono professionisti della cultura, facilitatori, ricercatori, studiosi e insieme agli artisti possono creare occasioni di discussione su temi socio-politici e culturali della contemporaneità e generare nuove modalità di produzione.

V.H. PIANO aspira a creare un network di spazi espositivi basato sulla collaborazione, lo scambio e l’interazione. Perché hai deciso di unirti al progetto e in cosa consiste la tua  partecipazione?

A.D. La prima parte della tua domanda contiene già in sé i tre motive principali per i quali la Fondazione partecipa al progetto: la possibilità di lavorare in collaborazione, di attivare uno scambio e di interagire con un esteso gruppo di spazi espositivi al fine di ampliare le reti estetiche. Questo genere di iniziative stimola il dialogo, l’impegno e la partecipazione, inserendo le attività locali della Fondazione con gli artisti, i curatori e le istituzioni in un contesto internazionale.
Nello specifico la Fondazione Giuliani ospiterà una mostra collettiva con quattro artisti, The Promise of Melancholy and Ecology, primo capitolo di una serie di mostre intitolata The Registry of Promise. L’intero progetto è curato dal guest curator Chris Sharp, di cui ammiro e rispetto la pratica curatoriale, in collaborazione con Parc Saint Léger Centre d’art contemporain, Centre d’art contemporain d’Ivry – le Crédac e SBKM/De Vleeshal, tutte istituzioni con cui la Fondazione ha un’affinità e con le quali condivide un comune terreno di ricerca e programmazione.

Images:
1. Simon Dybbroe Møller, Hello, 2011-2012. Photo: Francesco De Michelis
2. Benoît Maire, Lies on the Beach, 2013. Photo: Giorgio Benni
3. Scott Burton by Oscar Tuazon, 2012. Photo: Giorgio Benni
4. Mutiny Seemed a Probability, 2010. Photo: Claudio Abate
5. Benoît Maire, Lies on the Beach, 2013, mixed media, dimensions variable. Photo: Giorgio Benni
6. Gianni Piacentino 1965-2000, 2014. Photo: Giorgio Benni
7. Giulia Piscitelli, Neopolitan Windows, 2010, adhesive paper on satined plexiglass, ink, 45 x 33 cm each. Photo: Gilda Aloisi
8. Carl Andre, 3rd Steel Triangle, 2008, hot rolled steel, 1 x 150 x 150 cm. Ahmet Öğüt, Intervento n.1:, 2 tape measures. Photo: Gilda Aloisi
9. Seb Patane, Movement (featuring Rose Kallal), 2013, video, 11’14’’. Photo: Giorgio Benni
All images installation views at Fondazione Giuliani, Rome

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LEONARDO BIGAZZI

Leonardo Bigazzi is a curator based in Florence, Italy. He recently started working at the Museo Marino Marini where he co-curated the exhibition 30/60 Opere dalla collezione del FRAC Champagne-Ardenne with a selection of over 40 works from the collection of the French institution.
Since its first edition in 2008 he collaborates with Lo Schermo dell’Arte Film Festival in Florence, Italy. For the Festival he curates VISIO – European Workshop on Artists’ Cinema, the VISIO Residency Program, and Notti di Mezza Estate, a summer program of artists’ films and documentaries from the archives of the Festival. Beside collaborating to the selection of films for the main program, in the past edition of the Festival he has been responsible for special projects with the artists Omer Fast, Melik Ohanian and Hiroshi Sugimoto. He is also the co-director of Feature Expanded, a training program developed together with HOME (Cornerhouse) in Manchester.
He recently started an on-going collaboration with the artist Petrit Halilaj and he has worked for the research and production of his exhibitions at the Galerie Kamel Mennour (Paris), Bundeskunsthalle (Bonn), Kölnischer Kunstverein (Koln) and Palazzo Grassi/Punta della Dogana (Venice).
Since 2012 he works at the Gucci Museum in Florence as a consultant for the contemporary art exhibitions organized in collaboration with the François Pinault Collection.

Leonardo Bigazzi lavora come curatore al Museo Marino Marini di Firenze dove ha co-curato nel 2014 la mostra 30/60 Opere dalla collezione del FRAC Champagne-Ardenne.
Sin dalla sua prima edizione nel 2008 collabora con Lo schermo dell’arte Film Festival, progetto internazionale dedicato alle relazioni tra cinema e arte contemporanea. Nel contesto del Festival è il curatore di VISIO European Workshop on Artists’ Moving Images, del VISIO Residency Program e del programme estivo Notti di Mezza Estate. Oltre a collaborare alla selezione dei film e degli incontri del programma, ha seguito nelle passate edizioni la produzione di progetti speciali con gli artisti Omer Fast, Melik Ohanian e Hiroshi Sugimoto. È inoltre il co-direttore del progetto internazionale Feature Expanded, un programma di training sviluppato insieme a HOME (Cornerhouse) a Manchester.
Recentemente ha iniziato uno stretto rapporto di collaborazione e di ricerca con l’artista kosovaro Petrit Halilaj per le sue mostre alla Galleria Kamel Mennour (Parigi), Bundeskunsthalle (Bonn), Kölnischer Kunstverein (Colonia) e Palazzo Grassi/Punta della Dogana (Venezia).
In qualità di consulente collabora dal 2012 con il Gucci Museo a Firenze per le mostre di arte contemporanea organizzate in collaborazione con la François Pinault Collection.

Leonardo Bigazzi est commissaire d’exposition basé à Florence.
Il travaille depuis peu au Museo Marino Marini où il a été co-commissaire de l’exposition 30/60 Œuvres de la collection du FRAC Champagne-Ardenne.
Il collabore avec le festival de cinéma Lo Schermo dell’Arte à Florence depuis sa première édition en 2008 : il y est commissaire des programmes VISIO (ateliers, résidences) et de Notti di Mezza Estate, un programme estival de films d’artistes et de documentaires. Il collabore régulièrement à la sélection des films et a été responsable lors de la précédente édition des projets spéciaux avec les artistes Omer Fast, Melik Ohanian et Hiroshi Sugimoto. Il est également co-directeur de Feature Expanded, un programme de formation développé avec HOME (Cornerhouse) à Manchester.
Il travaille avec l’artiste Petrit Halilaj pour la recherche et la production de ses expositions (Galerie Kamel Mennour, Paris ; Bundeskunsthalle, Bonn ; Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne ; Palazzo Grassi / Punta della Dogana, Venise).
Depuis 2012, il est conseiller au musée Gucci à Florence pour les expositions d’art contemporain organisées en collaboration avec la collection François Pinault.

Space: Museo Marino Marini
Project: Alfred Jarry Archipelago

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Mattin

Born 1977, Spain
Lives and works in Sweden and the Spanish Basque Country

Mattin is a Basque artist whose work responds to the social and economic conditions of experimental music production, through live performance, recordings, and writings. He investigates the parameters of improvisation, notably the notion of freedom and constant innovation dictated by its conventions and which distinguish it as a genre. For Mattin, improvisation does not merely entail an interaction between musicians and their instruments, but also all the other elements that make a concert. He reveals the stereotypical relations between the active player and the passive audience, which he aims to disrupt by provoking experiences of alienation. The Audience is Not the Mother of Self-Invention, presented here as a video recording, is a performance that took place in 2012 at Index (an independent art space in Stockholm) during a week-long performance series titled The Audience is the Mother of Self-Invention. The performance began with a video camera equipped with a light projector aimed at Mattin, who stood in the middle of a circle spontaneously formed by members of the audience. During one hour the camera slowly revolved 360 degrees, moving away from the performer and steadily filming the audience. During the traveling shot, Mattin uttered a series of almost inaudible phrases. The performance ended when the camera came full circle to once again frame him.

Nato in Spagna nel 1977
Vive e lavora in Svezia e nei Paesi Baschi spagnoli

Mattin è un artista basco il cui lavoro si inserisce nelle strutture sociali ed economiche della produzione musicale cosiddetta sperimentale, attraverso performance dal vivo, registrazioni e l’esercizio della scrittura. L’artista si interroga sui parametri dell’improvvisazione, in particolar modo sulla relazione tra l’idea di libertà e l’innovazione costante che essa richiede, all’interno di convenzioni stabilite che ne fanno un genere. Secondo Mattin, non si tratta soltanto di un’interazione tra musicisti e strumenti, ma di una situazione che ingloba l’insieme degli elementi facenti parte di un concerto. L’artista mostra la relazione stereotipata tra l’interprete (attivo) e il pubblico (passivo), producendo un senso di alienazione che ha lo scopo di disturbare questa relazione.
The Audience is Not the Mother of Self-Invention (Il pubblico non è la madre dell’auto-invenzione), qui presentata in forma di registrazione video, è una performance svoltasi nel 2012 alla Index Foundation (uno spazio d’arte contemporanea di Stoccolma), all’interno della programmazione The Audience is the Mother of Self-Invention. Una videocamera, munita di proiettore, è puntata su Mattin, che si trova al centro del cerchio formatosi spontaneamente tra gli spettatori. In seguito, e per un’ora, la videocamera compie un lento movimento di 360°, staccandosi dal campo visivo dell’artista e filmando progressivamente tutto il pubblico. Durante questa carrellata, Mattin pronuncia delle frasi quasi incomprensibili. La performance si chiude con la videocamera che torna a inquadrare Mattin.

Né en Espagne en 1977
Vit et travaille en Suède et au Pays basque espagnol

Mattin est un artiste basque dont le travail répond aux structures sociales et économiques de la production musicale dite expérimentale, grâce à la performance live, les enregistrements et l’écriture. Il interroge les paramètres de l’improvisation, en particulier la relation entre l’idée de liberté et l’innovation constante qu’elle implique dans les conventions établies qui en font un genre. Selon Mattin, elle n’est pas seulement une interaction entre les musiciens et les instruments, mais une situation impliquant l’ensemble des éléments qui constituent un concert. Il expose la relation stéréotypée entre l’interprète actif et l’audience passive, produisant un sentiment d’aliénation qui vise à perturber cette relation.
The Audience is Not the Mother of Self-Invention, ici présentée sous la forme d’enregistrement vidéo, est une performance qui a eu lieu en 2012 à Index (espace d’art à Stockholm), dans le cadre de la programmation The Audience is the Mother of Self-Invention. Une caméra vidéo, équipée d’un projecteur de lumière, est braquée sur Mattin, lui-même installé au milieu du cercle spontanément formé par les spectateurs. Ensuite, durant une heure, la caméra effectue une lente révolution sur 360°, quittant ainsi le champ du performeur pour progressivement filmer toute l’audience. Pendant ce travelling, l’artiste prononce des phrases à la limite de l’audible. La performance prend fin avec le retour du champ de la caméra sur Mattin.

Project: Soleil politique

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Claire Le Restif

AppleMark

Holder of a Master’s Degree in Art History / Curatorial Studies from the University of Rennes (France), Claire Le Restif was born in 1967. Independent curator from 2001 to 2003, she has been director of Centre d’art contemporain d’Ivry – le Crédac, since March 2003, where she invited artists like Lara Almarcegui, Leonor Antunes, Mircea Cantor, Peter Coffin, Koenraad Dedobbeleer, Aurélien Froment, Geert Goiris, Friedrich Kunath, Mathieu Mercier, Bojan Sarcevic, Jessica Warboys… She has organized exhibitions in different places: Attitudes, Genève, unsthausbaselland, Basel, the Smack Mellon Center, Brooklyn, the Kunsthalle Palazzo, Basel, AKSANAT Art Center, Istanbul, Kunstverein, Nürnberg, Academia de Bellas Artes, Madrid. She taught by the past at the University and at the School of Fine Arts.
Claire Le Restif conceives curating as a consideration of the context in which she works, not to answer a request but to offer to the public the current artistic peculiarity. Known for its will to cultivate the ground and to give their chance to young artists, le Crédac associates an excellent politics in term of artistic choice with a search for closeness with the public.
She is a member of IKT, International Association of Curators of Contemporary Art.

Project: The Registry of Promise
Space: Centre d’art contemporain d’Ivry – le Crédac

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Vincent Honoré in conversation with Claire Le Restif, Centre d’art contemporain d’Ivry – le Crédac, Ivry-sur-Seine

VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH CLAIRE LE RESTIF, LE CRÉDAC, IVRY-SUR-SEINE

Vincent Honoré How was the Crédac created and what is its fundamental purpose?
Claire Le Restif The art centre was created in 1987, instigated by artists and political will. It is one of the first art centres in Île-de-France. Situated in Ivry-sur-Seine, the Crédac is a place whose visitors comprise locals from Ivry and French residents passing through the region or from Paris to visit the exhibitions or attend meetings. The question of public transit is central, as is the relationship between Paris and its outskirts.
Although the art centre is the location of the artist’s project above all, it remains no less a laboratory for the transmission of art, its questions, utopias and forms.

V.H. The Crédac is one of many art centres that form a dynamic network in France and without which a large proportion of contemporary culture and art would undoubtedly be inaccessible. How does its DNA differentiate it in this network?
C.L.R. The art centre is a public place. Also the project that I am developing strives to eliminate as far as possible the notion of personal taste or aesthetic line to the benefit of exhibiting a wider range of creativity and its aesthetic and critical issues. I express more of a relationship with art by inviting artistic projects that develop different issues embodied by forms that interpret the wealth of current artistic expression. I also regard certain forms of publication as spaces to ‘curate’. We do not publish exhibition booklets but a free publication called Le Mecca. It provides information about activity issues at the Crédac, the planning and mediation alike. It also opens an additional avenue for reinterpretation and memory.
Lastly, there is Royal Garden, a virtual world extension of Crédac’s artistic mission. It’s a sort of virtual review montage, a multidisciplinary place of production and critical, theoretical and artistic exquisite corpse.

6. Lara Almarcegui, Ivry souterrain

2. Lara Almarcegui, Ivry souterrain, 2013

V.H. There is a fundamental phrase in the presentation of the centre: ‘an art centre is not just a space defined in terms of square metres. For artists it is also a place for intellectual, critical and technical mentoring.’ I would like you to elaborate on this notion of mentoring.
C.L.R. An art centre is not just a place measured in square metres, a showcase… For the artists it is a place to carry out research, to experiment and for intellectual, critical and technical support. It is a place for artistic yet all too often illegitimate, freedom.
When I talk about mentoring, it is regarding the artists for whom we are benchmarks when required, but it is also the mentoring that has been instigated between art centres.

V.H. I am more interested in the programme than the exhibition in my interviews with institution directors, both for the project PIANO and CURA. magazine. That is, in the structure behind a vision, a dynamic and a horizon for a place, a project and a team. This problem interests me all the more as the gap between spheres of intellectual strength or experiment and sanctuaries of global culture is widening (without personal preference for one or the other). In your opinion, what is the role of an art centre director in 2014?
C.L.R. To ensure that the venues at best develop and consolidate, and in the worse case scenario they are sustained! We have to be in permanent contact with the artists and liaise with civil society, another mission that is important in my eyes! But the context in which we work is very important. It should be taken into consideration in a peaceful but also resistant way (laughter). To support what we believe should be stated and exhibited, sometimes against the advice of fashion, the art market and public taste!
To explain our relationship with art, to feel part of the cultural heritage of an exhibition history as a source for reflection even about the history of recent art, whilst putting to the test our ability to continue to invent new forms of exhibits and more broadly new ways of working together.

3. View of the exhibition Mathieu Mercier

3. View of the exhibition Mathieu Mercier. Sublimations, 2012

V.H. Charles Esche described his ideal museum as being inherently uncertain: simultaneously and integrally a community centre, a laboratory, an institute and a gallery. A place where the production is not necessarily ‘productive,’ but a continual process of reconfiguration and a form open to incomplete architecture. How did you structure the curatorial approach to the venue, the institution?
C.L.R. The programme that I drew up for the Crédac when I arrived was very bound to the context and the topography of the underground location, situated until 2011 within the foundations of the Jeanne Hachette Centre, built by the architect Jean Renaudie between 1970 and 1975. To kick off, I set up an exhibition in two parts called La partie continue (The Games Goes On), a small show to present the goals of my programme. The project was initially inspired by this unusual venue, the sloping white cube and compromised geometry. This title bore the notion of continuous and discontinuous play. Having formulated the concepts of citing, misappropriation, mixing and borrowing, it was more the loss of the notion of authority, of ownership and the calling into question of inheritance that interested me.
We left this venue for a factory built in 1913. La Manufacture has thus resumed its original production studio activity: studios in which artists can create, mature and produce; studios for artistic practices, experimentation and mediation for different audiences; studios for discussion and reflection during workshops, meetings and debates.

V.H. PIANO wishes to create a space for exchange and dialogue between Italian and French art venues. Why did you want to participate and what programme are you offering?
C.L.R. We have the impression, most notably with Sandra Patron and Lorenzo Benedetti, that the role of art centres is not studied, analysed and promoted enough. I feel it is crucial to defend the role played by art centres in implementing networks for artistic presentation on a European level.
How would a museum collection become established today if the network of European art centres ever disappeared? What issues would occur for an artistic community without a local venue for peripheral circulation? Lastly, how does the economic crisis endanger the art ecosystem?
I had an in-depth discussion concerning these questions with Chris Sharp who had his project The Registry of Promise in mind. My idea was to set up an association of four dynamic venues that he is also in regular contact with: the Fondazione Giuliani in Rome, Parc Saint Léger in Pougues-les-Eaux and De Vleeshal in Middelburg.

5. Boris Achour,

4. Boris Achour, Une partie d’Assemblée, 2012

 

Vincent Honoré Comment a été créé le Crédac et quelle est sa mission fondamentale ?
Claire Le Restif Le Centre d’art a été créé en 1987 à partir d’une initiative d’artistes et d’une volonté politique. Il est un des centres d’art pionniers en Île-de-France. Situé à Ivry-sur-Seine, le Crédac est un lieu dont le public est constitué à la fois d’Ivryens et de métropolitains qui traversent la région ou qui viennent de Paris pour visiter les expositions ou assister à des rencontres. Cet enjeu de déplacement des publics est central, comme l’est la relation qu’entretient Paris avec sa périphérie.
Bien que le centre d’art soit avant tout le lieu du projet de l’artiste, il n’en demeure pas moins un laboratoire de transmission de l’art, de ses questions, de ses utopies et de ses formes.

V.H. Le Crédac fait partie des nombreux centres d’art qui forment en France un réseau dynamique, et sans qui une grande part de la culture contemporaine et de l’art contemporain ne serait certainement pas visible. Dans ce réseau, quel est son ADN, sa différence ?
C.L.R. Le centre d’art est un lieu public, aussi le projet que je développe tente de gommer le plus possible la notion de goût personnel ou de ligne esthétique au profit de l’exposition d’un état élargi de la création, de ses enjeux esthétiques et critiques. J’énonce davantage un rapport à l’art en invitant des projets artistiques qui développent des enjeux différents incarnés par des formes traduisant la richesse des langages artistiques actuels. Je considère aussi que certaines formes de publication sont des espaces à « curater ». Nous n’éditons non pas des journaux d’exposition mais une publication gratuite intitulée Le Mecca. Elle donne des indications sur les enjeux des activités du Crédac, la programmation comme les actions de médiation. Elle ouvre également une voie supplémentaire, celle de la relecture et de la mémoire.
Enfin, il y a Royal Garden, véritable prolongement sur le mode virtuel du projet artistique du Crédac. C’est une sorte de revue virtuelle hirsute, un lieu de production pluridisciplinaire, un cadavre exquis critique, théorique et artistique.

V.H. Dans la présentation du centre, il y a cette phrase fondamentale : « un centre d’art n’est pas simplement un espace qui se définit en mètres carrés. C’est aussi, pour les créateurs, un lieu de compagnonnage intellectuel, critique et technique ». J’aimerais que vous reveniez sur cette notion de compagnonnage et que nous la définissions davantage.
C.L.R. Un centre d’art ce n’est pas simplement un lieu, des mètres carrés, une vitrine… C’est, pour les artistes, un lieu de recherche, d’expérimentation, d’accompagnement intellectuel, critique et technique. C’est un lieu de permission pour les artistes, mais qui reste trop souvent encore illégitime.
Lorsque j’aborde l’idée du compagnonnage, c’est envers les artistes pour lesquels nous sommes des référents lorsqu’ils ont besoin d’aide, mais c’est aussi le compagnonnage que l’on met en place entre centres d’art.

V.H. Dans mes entretiens avec des directeurs d’institutions, tant pour le projet PIANO que pour CURA. magazine, je m’intéresse davantage au programme qu’à l’exposition. Davantage à la structure qui sous-tend une vision, une dynamique et un horizon pour un lieu, un projet et une équipe. Cette problématique m’intéresse d’autant plus que l’écart entre zones de résistances intellectuelles ou d’expérimentations et temples de la culture globale se creuse (sans aucune préférence personnelle pour l’un ou l’autre). Selon vous, quel est le rôle d’un directeur de centre d’art en 2014 ?
C.L.R. Faire en sorte que les lieux, au mieux se développent et se consolident, et au pire qu’ils se maintiennent ! Il faut être en contact permanent avec les artistes et faire le lien avec la société civile, autre mission qui est, à mes yeux, importante. Mais le contexte dans lequel nous travaillons importe beaucoup. Il faut tour à tour en tenir compte de manière pacifiée mais aussi hostile (rires). Maintenir ce qui nous semble devoir être énoncé et exposé, parfois contre l’avis de la mode, du marché de l’art, du goût du public !
Exposer notre rapport à l’art, se sentir héritiers d’une histoire de l’exposition comme support de réflexion, jusqu’à l’histoire de l’art récente, tout en mettant à l’épreuve notre capacité à inventer toujours de nouvelles formes d’expositions et plus largement de nouvelles manières de travailler ensemble.

V.H. Charles Esche a décrit son musée idéal comme étant fondamentalement incertain : à la fois simultanément et intégralement, centre communautaire, laboratoire, institut, galerie. Un lieu où la production n’est pas obligatoirement « productive », un lieu en permanente reconfiguration, une forme ouverte à l’architecture incomplète. Comment avez-vous structuré l’approche curatoriale du lieu, de l’institution ?
C.L.R. Le programme que j’avais défini pour le Crédac à mon arrivée était très lié au contexte et à la topographie du lieu underground, situé jusqu’en 2011 dans les fondations du Centre Jeanne Hachette, construit par l’architecte Jean Renaudie entre 1970 et 1975. Pour démarrer, j’avais mis en place une exposition en deux volets intitulée La partie continue, un petit manifeste pour présenter les enjeux de mon programme. Le projet était inspiré au départ par ce lieu à la topographie singulière, le white cube en pente et à la géométrie contrariée. Ce titre portait en lui la notion de jeu entre continuité et discontinuité. Une fois les concepts de citation, de détournement, de mixage et d’emprunt posés, c’était davantage la disparition de la notion d’autorité, de propriété, et la remise en question des héritages qui m’intéressaient.
Nous avons quitté ce lieu pour une usine construite en 1913. La Manufacture est ainsi rendue à son activité initiale d’atelier de production : ateliers de création, de mûrissement et de production pour les artistes ; ateliers de pratiques artistiques, d’expérimentation et de médiation pour les différents publics ; ateliers de discussion et de réflexion lors de workshops, de rencontres et de débats.

V.H. PIANO veut créer un espace d’échange et de dialogue entre des lieux d’art italiens et français. Pourquoi avez-vous souhaité participer et quel programme proposez-vous ?
C.L.R. Nous avions le sentiment, avec Sandra Patron et Lorenzo Benedetti notamment, que le rôle des centres d’art n’était pas assez étudié, analysé et mis en avant. Il me paraît essentiel de défendre le rôle joué par les centres d’art dans la mise en place de réseaux de diffusion artistique au niveau européen.
Comment se constituerait la collection d’un musée aujourd’hui si d’aventure le réseau des centres d’art européens disparaissait ? Quels seraient les enjeux d’une communauté artistique sans lieu de diffusion périphérique et de proximité ? Enfin, comment la crise économique met en danger l’écosystème de l’art ?
J’avais un échange riche sur ces questions avec Chris Sharp qui avait en tête son projet The Registry of Promise. J’ai eu l’idée de mettre en place une association de quatre lieux dynamiques et qui sont également en dialogue régulier avec lui. La Fondazione Giuliani à Rome, le Parc Saint Léger à Pougues-les-Eaux et le centre d’art de Vleeshal à Middelburg.

Images:
1. Mandla Reuter, The Agreement, Vienna, 2011, armoire, 198 x 129 x 85 cm. Installation view Galerie Mezzanin, 2011. Courtesy the artist and Galerie Mezzanin. Photo: Karl Kühn
2. Lara Almarcegui, Ivry souterrain, 2013, book, 80 pages, 11 x 18 cm, 22 black-and-white illustrations, 2000 copies. Photo: © André Morin / le Crédac. Courtesy of the artist & Ellen de Bruijne Projects, Amsterdam. Exhibition Lara Almarcegui. Ivry souterrain, 19 April – 23 June 2012
3. View of the exhibition Mathieu Mercier. Sublimations, 20 January – 25 March 2012, Centre d’art contemporain d’Ivry – le Crédac. Photo: © André Morin / le Crédac. Courtesy of the artist
4. Boris Achour, Une partie d’Assemblée, 2012, video, 15 mn. Photo: © André Morin / le Crédac. Courtesy of the artist. Exhibition Boris Achour. Séances (Sessions), 13 April – 3 June 2012

Space: Centre d’art contemporain d’Ivry – le Crédac
Protagonist: Claire Le Restif
Project: The Registry of Promise

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PIERRE BAL-BLANC

Born 1965, Ugine, France
Lives and works in Paris, France
Curator of the exhibition Soleil politique, Pierre Bal-Blanc develops his curatorial activities in various contexts, including the Centre d’art contemporain de Brétigny (France), which he has directed since 2003. Echoing the societal thinking of Charles Fourier, Bal-Blanc has developed the Projet phalanstère (Phalanstery Project), a series of site-specific proposals that critically revise the accumulative logic of exhibiting artworks. His exhibitions The Living currency and The Death of the Audience follow a principle that takes into account their local environment and in situ resources.
Along with the visual annotations presented in this publication, Pierre Bal-Blanc proposes a series of documents and interventions that act as paratexts to the exhibition. They serve to prolong the ways in which the works interact not only with the space of Museion, but also with its historical, social, and architectural context within the city and province of Bolzano. For example, the information panels presented in certain galleries throughout the exhibition testify to the curatorial decision to modify the hierarchy of the exhibition spaces. Comparable to marginalia (notes in the margins of books and manuscripts), some documents reveal latent aspects of the exhibition that are normally overlooked or considered private. These reveal among other things the failures that took place and the ideas that were abandoned during the selection process.

Nato a Ugine, Francia, nel 1965
Vive e lavora a Parigi, Francia
Curatore della mostra Soleil politique, Pierre Bal-Blanc esercita l’attività di curatore in diversi contesti, tra cui il CAC di Brétigny (Francia), che dirige dal 2003 e dove, riferendosi al pensiero di società organizzata di Charles Fourier, sviluppa il Projet Phalanstère, una serie di proposte site-specific che riorganizzano in maniera critica le logiche di accumulo delle opere.
Le sue mostre La Monnaie Vivante (La moneta vivente) e The Death of the Audience (La morte del pubblico) danno prova di essere radicate nel loro contesto e si articolano in funzione delle risorse in situ.
In maniera analoga alle annotazioni visive presentate in questa pubblicazione, Pierre Bal-Blanc propone per Soleil politique svariati gruppi di documenti e interventi, che funzionano come paratesti alla mostra. Il loro ruolo è quello di promuovere l’interazione delle opere con gli spazi del Museion, ma anche con la situazione storica, sociale e architettonica di questa istituzione nella città e nella provincia di Bolzano. Per esempio, i pannelli segnaletici inseriti in alcune sale rinviano alle scelte curatoriali che riguardano il rifacimento della gerarchia degli spazi espositivi. Paragonabili ai marginalia, le note a margine di libri e manoscritti, una parte dei documenti approfondisce gli elementi che stanno alla base della mostra che di solito sono considerati impliciti, o addirittura riservati. Inoltre, vengono così svelati gli insuccessi e le tracce non seguite nel processo di selezione delle opere.

Né in Ugine, France, en 1965
Vit et travaille à Paris, France
Commissaire de l’exposition Soleil politique, Pierre Bal-Blanc développe ses activités curatoriales dans divers contextes, dont celui du Centre d’art contemporain de Brétigny, qu’il dirige depuis 2003. En résonance avec la pensée sociétale de Charles Fourrier, il y développe le Projet Phalanstère, série de propositions spécifiques au lieu qui restructurent de manière critique les logiques d’accumulation des œuvres. Ses expositions La Monnaie Vivante et The Death of the Audience font preuve d’un principe d’inscription dans leur environnement et se déploient en fonction des ressources in situ.
Au même titre que les annotations visuelles présentes dans cette publication, Pierre Bal-Blanc propose plusieurs ensembles de documents et interventions qui agissent comme paratextes à l’exposition. Leur rôle est de prolonger l’articulation des œuvres avec les espaces du Museion, mais aussi vis-à-vis de la situation historique, sociale et architecturale de cette institution dans la ville et la province de Bolzano. Par exemple, les panneaux signalétiques introduits dans certaines des salles rendent compte des choix curatoriaux concernant le remaniement de la hiérarchie des espaces d’exposition. Comparable aux marginalia, les notes dans les marges des livres et des manuscrits, une partie des documents montre les éléments sous-jacents à l’exposition qui sont habituellement considérés comme implicites, voire confidentiels. Entre autres, sont ainsi dévoilés les échecs et les pistes non poursuivies dans le processus du choix des œuvres.

Project: Soleil politique
Space: CAC Brétigny, Museion
Focus: Vincent Honoré in conversation with Pierre Bal-Blanc, director of CAC Brétigny

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Vincent Honoré in conversation with Pierre Bal-Blanc, CAC Brétigny

Pierre Bal-Blanc is director of the CAC Brétigny, an exemplary center for the arts, both for the commitment shown toward artists and for its program of atypical productions and exchanges. A space that continually re-elaborates the notions of a program, an exhibition, a collection… 

06. Fosse13

1. Teresa Margolles, Fosse commune (Fosa Comùn), 2005

Vincent Honoré The purpose of this conversation is to speak about a program and its underlying dynamics. The idea is also to explain what a space is, a center of art… and what having a place means. These are the points I have been interested in addressing, from when I started working in another space for the Foundation, in London, and at amoment in which I re-elaborate my program and turn to my previous experiments – in London, as elsewhere.

Pierre Bal-Blanc The latest program – in which there was a true reflection upon the nature of a program and upon the question of programming – is titled L’Escorte (2011). It is quite symbolic, even symptomatic, of a set of projects that, conducted separately and each having its own development, in the end crystallize, thus constituting the evidence of the program itself. My world of work is essentially this: I follow various paths, which seem to be dictated a priori by the institution, but which are also related to recurrent research in the general program and that eventually begin to work together. L’Escorte developed in this way. I have always tried to work following very advanced processes, deep and long-lasting, and simultaneously to establish visibility in extremely short time frames. That is, I do not define a program a year in advance, I often decide at the last minute, based on common programs with other centers of art, in order to be sure that things succeed in standing out by themselves. This is possible in a structure in which the constraints are not too rigid; it is a freedom from which I can benefit, given that Brétigny has an atmosphere sympathetic to what is developing there and also because the space, by nature, allows one to escape pre-establishedrules of press kits prepared six months in advance, of press relations built up with great anticipation, etc. I immediately realized what was needed: reactivity and relevance to contents that directly echo actual interests, without delays. The program of which I am speaking is an example. Its title, L’Escorte, has a double meaning: on the one hand it means a guided escort, one that guides the public or is a figure that mediates and protects; on the other hand it implies a commercialization of the body, a prostitution, that once had an uglier name. This also offers a new perspective on projects of recent years – such as La Monnaie Vivante (2010), focused on the reification of the body, or The Death of the Audience, centered on the notion of the group, of community, as statute. L’Escorte constitutes a sort of conclusion of the year on the two ideas, here taken up by other artists.

V.H. The Death of the Audience was exhibited in 2009, in Vienna.

P.B.B. At Secession. But the question of the gregariousness of the group, of the collective, is an issue that repeatedly comes up in my projects in Brétigny.

V.H. Do you have complete freedom of programming?

P.B.B. Yes. From this point of view I have no obligations besides relations with the local population, an educational mission through the national education system, at all levels, from nursery school through to university. Brétigny is a public service, and I am part of the administration.

Emilie Parendeau, A LOUER # 7, 2011, Jiří Kovanda, Untitled, 2008, Lawrence Weiner, En morceaux, 1971, exhibition view from L’Escorte, CAC Brétigny, 2011

2. Exhibition view from L’Escorte, CAC Brétigny, 2011

exhibition view from L’Escorte, CAC Brétigny, 2011

3. Exhibition view from L’Escorte, CAC Brétigny, 2011

V.H. It is interesting to associate The Death of the Audience, an external project, by an independent curator, with the program of Brétigny.

P.B.B. Yes. In truth, I have always presented myself as a ‘dependent’ curator, in the sense that one is always, in one way or another, dependent on a surrounding environment. Calling oneself an independent curator is a slightly elegant way to think of oneself as being free when, in fact, one is not.

V.H. CAC is a rather unique place. How old is it?

P.B.B. It was founded in the 1990s, but not as an art center. Work related to the visual arts had been going on there since the 1970s. In truth, there is a history of the visual arts in Île-de-France which begins in the 1970s, the ‘couronne rouge’ [the red crown]: the Communists were a majority in the region of the banlieue and there were initiatives in Brétigny, at that time, with projects often more advanced than in Paris. In Paris there were very few things, which then evolved in a progressive manner; the projects began in the outskirts, of which Brétigny was one. Then, the mayor of Brétigny, a lover of arts, constructed a building designed to bring together various cultural activities, including the visual arts. These were headed until 2000 by the previous director, Xavier Franceschi, with choices aimed at a French environment and the new generation, but also at an international atmosphere, with projects of Maurizio Cattelan and Carsten Höller, who produced notable works which again represented points of reference. In 2000, the space was recognized as a center of the arts in France, and was given government support which made architectural extensions possible. I arrived in 2003, upon the completion of this foundation’s work. I had a knowledge of the place from various actions, such as those of Cattelan; his work consisted in reproducing the roof of an eleventh-century church located behind CAC, and placing it on the postmodern (or late-modern) building of the Center. It is a work done in relief, for its manner of establishing itself in the surrounding environment, that I would like to ask him to redo. Another work is that commissioned to Atelier Van Lieshout: a structure, annexed to the facade, that provides an anthropomorphic space, conceived for a walking body inside a limited space, with various possible uses, a coffee machine, equipment to watch videos and read books… A structure conceived as a piece of furniture, which it is possible to move. These actions were a kind of draft of what it was possible to create in this space. The space itself was small, rather difficult, very complicated. From this point of departure, I sent out a series of invitations. The first went to Van Lieshout. The circumstances themselves were rather unusual. I, newly arrived, was inviting an artist who had already been here, invited by the previous director. A curious thing, a sort of reissue, but at the same time, a way to place myself in the act of becoming, that would have allowed me to pursue the construction of the place. Thus, I called Van Lieshout to build Edutainer (2003), a space made up of two containers and a tank, in front of the art center; one space that was missing, a place of mediation, for the artists and the staff, a space in which the staff, artists, and public meet. It is a symbolic space, because it is situated outside the building. The idea was to come out of the structure and create an intersection between the internal and the external. This space has been operational for more than eight years. It is unique, it has containers and seems an active construction site, but on the inside there is an environmentof wood, welcoming and comfortable. The container is symbolic of the circulation of goods, but also of knowledge. After this many other works followed, which have since been installed, even if in an unsystematic manner: there is no principle of systematic order. The choices are tied rather to the relevance of the works, which in the context of a temporary exhibition can become in situ. The work remains when it succeeds in standing out per se. Teresa Margolles requested permission to break up the floor in order to reset it with a preexisting tread, a smooth cement floor, realized with water recuperated from Mexican morgues. She also realized a table and some benches outside. It was an important action, a work of movement that projects us into a different geopolitical context, that puts us in contact with a new reality and at the same time with a new dimension, through the meeting of creation and destruction. The work is called Fosse commune (2005) and was a prolific source of inspiration for subsequent artists. However much it is a real work, it remains very discreet visually, so much so as to also be a conceptual and symbolic work: if one doesn’t ask about it, one doesn’t see it. In my choices I have always tried to balance and weigh the presence (of the work) and the space to leave to the next artist. These works must not be invasive, but rather must inspire. But their density is such that more and more they open the way to exchanges, plans, and negotiations. The latest work is more present than the others, I have to see how to arrange it with Daniel Buren.

Alexandra Bachzetsis, A Piece Danced Alone (version exposition), 2011

4. Alexandra Bachzetsis, A Piece Danced Alone (version exposition), 2011

V.H. Is Buren’s work a permanent one?

P.B.B. Truthfully, no work is permanent. After my experience with David Lamelas, I understood that in a public space some works can have a long duration, times that can be negotiated, but one cannot accept the responsibility for perpetuity. I have neither the power nor the assignment to do so, since the art center does not possess a collection. Even if I try to experiment with a collection, I do it with a different idea than what a collection is, in itself: not something that appears, accumulates, and then disappears, but rather something that generates action, that remains – or doesn’t – according to the suitability of a long duration. It is a kind of attempt at a new typology of museums. I can perfectly imagine a place that comes to be built progressively, little by little, artists working one after another, without following a principle of permanence, but rather something in perpetual change, like an organism. This is a concept which also comes up in my conversations with François Roche, close to his way of conceiving architecture, a principle of immanence capable of generating a situation. In this case, I attempted the experiment. There is something very concentrated and sophisticated in the current situation, many works that are being combined, that can appear or disappear according to the needs of exhibitions. Among other things, I would like to create a method capable, perhaps, of reducing the volume of Daniel Buren’s work, a sort of scaling down.

V.H. This is a recent work; it first appeared at the exhibition of Christopher D’Arcangelo, this year.

P.B.B. Yes. D’Arcangelo, among others, was an opportunity for me to present a model which has often inspired me, 84 West Broadway, where a version of this work of Buren’s had already been presented. In 1978 Christopher D’Arcangelo and Peter Nadin gave life to a project in Nadin’s loft, 30 Days Work, a work that consisted of restoring a space as an exhibition space. 30 Days Work then became a catalog of all the materials used and a description of the labor times that the two dedicated to the operation. It was a series of actions, executed successively in various spaces in New York. Afterwards, they followed a principle of cumulative interventions. The first artist was Daniel Buren, with a work titled Following and To Be Followed (1978) which reflected the spirit of the exhibition. Such a principle of programming constitutes a model for what I intend to create: every artist must enter into a cumulative process with other subsequent artists. I have other models too, such as Felix Gonzalez-Torres, with Every Week There Is Something Different (1991), his exhibition by Andrea Rosen, which functioned according to a very similar criterion: every week a new work was added to what was previously presented, or else substituted it. In Brétigny every work, like that of David Lamelas, a 1967 installation which I asked him to reproduce, participates in the reflection that I carry out in the space. Lamelas placed two 16mm projectors side by side: the first projects an image into the exhibition space, while the second projects a light towards the outside, through an opening. To transmit the light, Lamelas created a nine-meter-long corridor that functioned as an immersive camera. This corridor was presented and placed as an intervention in a rather intrusive area, as it cut off the route that normally ran along the art center, creating a kind of detour. After the exhibition, it became the entrance to the space, acting as a screen. The general project by David Lamelas was titled L’Effet Ecran (2004). It remained in place for four years until the authorities asked us to tear it down. Evenfor this, the art center’s project is interesting, in the sense that it is constantly being subjected to negotiations with the authorities over works conceived to be permanent, as also over legal aspects that govern our activities. The demolition was rather traumatic, but it also permitted us to enter into a dialog in a deeper manner and establish a relationship with the authorities for future projects. The conflict was intense and the demolition of the work was an important act, a sacrifice for the recognition of the activities of the place. Consequently, it did not stop our development. The subsequent programming was done in such a way as to make our various activities more comprehensible to the outside, and to make it easier to proceed with other interventions, which have been better received.

V.H. There are the floor of Teresa Margolles, the bench of Roman Ondák…

P.B.B. There is a work by Jens Haaning, a recently installed neon light, a frieze by Daniel Buren, an opera composed this year by Matthieu Saladin: a sonorous work whose score is generated directly by the Paris Stock Exchange and its variations. We are also reflecting, with Dominique Mathieu, designer and resident at the art center, on the daily needs of the place.

V.H. And the graphic artists Vier5…

P.B.B. Vier5 have been here from the beginning and we are continuing to work with them on communication and signs, which we renew with every exhibition.

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5. Exhibition view from The Death of the Audience, Secession, Wien, 2009

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6. Exhibition view from The Death of the Audience, Secession, Wien, 2009

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7. Atelier van Lieshout, The Edutainer, 2003

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8. David Lamelas, Projection, 2004

V.H. What is the substance of the Art Center of Brétigny? Time? Volume?

P.B.B. I think that these are interwoven concepts, and I always consider one with respect to the other. We are on the inside of something that has its origin in articulation. The substance, therefore, is the combination of these notions. It is also the experience of marginality, considering this phenomenon of living at the edges of an otherwise extremely centralized region. We experience marginality with respect to Paris, as well as to other more dominant cultural fields. The substance is the re-imagining of those limits and parameters that we are normally subjected to. How can we give life to something which doesn’t exist elsewhere, because it is only found in a particular region? Unfortunately, numerous spaces rework certain forms instead of rethinking them. In Brétigny, motivation and energy are favored precisely by our relationship with a state of permanent inadequacy. And I think that the existence of similar initiatives, where they are not expected, is essential.

(article published on CURA. No. 10, Winter 2012)

Space: CAC Brétigny
Protagonists: Pierre Bal-Blanc

 

 

Pierre Bal-Blanc est le directeur du CAC Brétigny, un centre d’art exemplaire dans son engagement auprès des artistes et son programme de productions et d’échanges atypiques. Un lieu qui ne cesse de reformuler les questions de programme, d’exposition, de collection…

Vincent Honoré L’idée de cette conversation c’est de parler d’un programme et des dynamiques qui le sous-tendent. C’est aussi d’essayer de définir ce que peut être un espace, un centre d’art… Qu’est-ce que ça veut dire d’avoir un lieu ? Ce sont ces questions qui m’intéressent, au moment où je travaille sur un autre espace pour la Fondation à Londres, au moment où je refonds mon programme et reviens sur les expériences que j’ai menées à Londres et ailleurs.

Pierre Bal-Blanc Le dernier programme – ici il y a vraiment une réflexion sur ce qu’est le programme, sur la question de la programmation – s’appelle L’Escorte (2011). Il est assez emblématique, voire symptomatique, d’un ensemble de projets qui sont menés séparément et qui, dans un développement propre à chacun, finissent par se cristalliser et devenir l’évidence d’un programme. C’est un peu comme ça que je travaille : je mène différentes pistes qui a priori semblent très intuitives, cependant liées à des recherches récurrentes dans le programme, qui à un certain moment s’agencent ensemble. L’Escorte s’est construit de cette manière. J’ai toujours essayé au maximum de travailler sur des processus très en avance, approfondis et longs sur la durée, et en même temps de déterminer leur visibilité dans un temps très court. C’est-à-dire que je ne fais pas de programme un an en avance, je décide presque à la dernière minute, selon des programmes communs avec d’autres centres d’art, pour m’assurer que les choses s’imposent d’elles-mêmes. C’est possible dans une structure qui n’a pas de contraintes trop fortes. C’est une liberté dont je profite parce que Brétigny est soumis à un environnement en phase avec ce qui se passe, et parce que l’échelle de l’espace me permet d’échapper au protocole établi du dossier de presse préparé six mois en avance, de relations presse construites très en amont, etc. J’ai très tôt pris conscience que ce qu’il fallait, c’était être dans une réactivité et une pertinence sur des contenus qui sont en résonnance directe avec les enjeux actuels, en évitant les décalages. C’est l’exemple de ce programme. Son titre, L’Escorte, a un double sens: il est lié à l’escorte dans le sens d’une escorte qui se dirige, qui escorte le public, l’escorte en tant que figure du médiateur, du passeur, qui protège, encadre mais cache aussi une commercialisation du corps, camoufle une prostitution auparavant nommée de façon plus crue. Ça remet en perspective des projets que j’ai pu mener ces dernières années comme La Monnaie Vivante (2010), qui se focalisait sur la réification du corps, et The Death Of The Audience,qui s’intéressait au groupe, à la question de la communauté dans son statut. L’Escorte est comme une conclusion de l’année sur ces deux notions qui ont été abordées, qui sont réabordées ici avec d’autres artistes.

V.H. The Death of the Audience a eu lieu en 2009 à Vienne.

P.B.B. À la Secession. Mais la question de la grégarité du groupe est récurrente dans mes projets à Brétigny, la problématique de la collectivité.

V.H. Tu as totale liberté de programmation ?

P.B.B. Oui. Sur ce point, je n’ai que des contraintes de relations aux populations du territoire, des missions d’éducation à travers l’éducation nationale, tous les différents niveaux de la maternelle à l’université. Brétigny est un service public, je suis dans une administration.

V.H. C’est intéressant de lier The Death of the Audience, un projet extérieur de commissariat indépendant, au programme de Brétigny.

P.B.B. Oui, en fait je me suis toujours présenté comme un commissaire ‘dépendant’, dans le sens où on dépend toujours, quoi qu’il en soit, d’un environnement. La question du commissaire indépendant est un peu une forme élégante de penser qu’on est libre alors qu’on ne l’est pas.

V.H. Le CAC est un lieu assez particulier, il existe depuis quand ?

P.B.B. Il est né dans les années 90, mais pas en tant que centre d’art. Il y a une activité d’art plastique qui s’est installée dans ce bâtiment qui remonte aux années 70. En fait, c’est une histoire des arts plastiques en Île-de-France qui a débuté dans les années 70, la couronne rouge : les communistes étaient majoritaires dans la grande couronne et il y a eu des initiatives à ce moment à Brétigny, avec des projets souvent plus avancés qu’à Paris. À Paris, il y avait très peu de choses, tout a évolué très progressivement, c’est la banlieue qui a d’abord initié des projets, dont Brétigny. Ensuite le maire de Brétigny, qui était amateur d’art plastique, a fait construire un bâtiment culturel réunissant différentes activités : il a voulu y inscrire l’art plastique. Cette activité s’est développée jusqu’en 2000 avec le précédent directeur, Xavier Franceschi, avec des choix très ciblés sur la scène française et sa nouvelle génération, mais aussi internationale avec des projets de Maurizio Cattelan et Carsten Höller, qui ont fait des pièces remarquables, pour moi des signes à suivre. En 2000, le lieu a été reconnu comme un centre d’art conventionné en France, avec un soutien d’état qui a permis l’extension de l’architecture. Je suis arrivé en 2003, une fois que ce travail de fondation avait été effectué. J’avais une lecture de ce lieu avec ces actions emblématiques, dont Maurizio Cattelan, sa pièce qui consistait à reproduire le toit d’une église du XI siècle, qui se trouve derrière le centre d’art, et de le positionner sur le bâtiment postmoderne ou moderne tardif du centre. Une pièce remarquable dans son inscription dans l’environnement, que j’aimerai beaucoup lui proposer de refaire. Une autre pièce est une commande à l’atelier Van Lieshout d’une annexe qui vient se greffer sur la façade, qui offre un espace anthropomorphique puisqu’il est conçu pour un corps qui se déplace dans un minimum d’espace, avec des usages variés, avec une machine à café, un équipement de consultation de vidéos et de livres… C’est une structure comme un meuble qu’on peut déplacer. Ces actions étaient comme une esquisse de ce qui pouvait être poursuivi dans ce lieu. Le lieu était aussi très sommaire, c’était un espace assez ingrat, très complexe. A partir de là, j’ai lancé une série d’invitations. La première à Van Lieshout. C’était déjà un acte particulier parce que moi arrivant j’invitais un artiste qui avait déjà été invité par le précédent directeur. C’était assez curieux, comme une espèce de répétition, mais en même temps c’était une façon de me placer dans un devenir qui était là et qui allait me permettre de poursuivre la construction de ce lieu. J’ai donc invité Van Lieshout à construire l’Edutainer (2003), un espace formé par deux containers et une citerne devant le centre d’art, pour créer un espace qui manquait, un lieu pour la médiation, pour les artistes et pour l’équipe, pour créer un espace de croisement entre les équipes, les publics et les artistes. C’est un espace emblématique, car il est à l’extérieur du bâtiment. L’acte c’était de sortir du bâtiment et de créer une intersection entre l’extérieur et l’intérieur. Cet espace fonctionne depuis plus de huit ans. Il est particulier, ce sont des containers, on pense à un chantier en train de se poursuivre, mais à l’intérieur on est dans un espace chaleureux, en bois, confortable. Le container est un emblème de la circulation des biens mais aussi des savoirs. Ont suivis beaucoup d’autres œuvres qui se sont inscrites dans la durée, mais jamais systématiquement : on n’est pas dans un principe de commande systématique. C’est lié à la pertinence de propositions qui dans des expositions temporaires peuvent proposer des œuvres in situ. L’œuvre reste quant elle s’impose d’elle-même. Teresa Margolles a demandé à détruire le sol et à le refondre dans une chape qui fait parti du lieu, un sol lissé en ciment fait avec l’eau récupérée des morgues au Mexique. Elle a aussi réalisé une table et des bancs à l’extérieur. C’est un acte important, une œuvre de déplacement qui nous projette dans un autre contexte géopolitique, nous connecte avec une autre réalité, et en même temps une autre dimension entre la création et la destruction. Cette œuvre s’appelle Fosse Commune (2005). Elle a beaucoup inspirée les artistes qui lui ont succédé. Même si l’œuvre est réelle, elle reste visuellement discrète, elle est autant conceptuelle et symbolique : si on ne se renseigne pas, on ne la voit pas. Dans les choix que j’ai pu faire, j’ai essayé de balancer ou de doser la présence et la place qui est laissée au prochain artiste. Ces œuvres ne doivent pas être intrusives, au contraire elles doivent venir inspirer. Mais la densité des œuvres est telle que de plus en plus ça ouvre à des échanges, des concertations, et des négociations. La dernière œuvre est plus présente que les autres, je dois voir son réglage avec Daniel Buren.

V.H. Buren, c’est une intervention pérenne ?

P.B.B. En fait, il n’y a aucune œuvre pérenne. Suite à l’expérience avec David Lamelas, j’ai compris que dans un lieu public je peux proposer des durées étendues, des durées qui peuvent être reprogrammées, mais je ne peux pas prendre la responsabilité de la pérennité. Je n’en ai ni le pouvoir ni la mission, puisque le centre d’art n’a pas de collection. Si je mène une expérience de la collection, c’est dans une autre idée de ce que peut être la collection : non pas quelque chose qui apparaît, s’accumule et disparaît, mais quelque chose qui génère une activité, qui reste ou pas selon la pertinence des œuvres dans la durée. C’est un peu un essai pour un nouveau genre de musée. Je vois très bien comment on pourrait imaginer un lieu qui se constituerait progressivement à partir d’interventions d’artistes sans pour autant obéir à quelque chose qui serait totalement pérenne, mais quelque chose qui muterait en permanence, comme un organisme. C’est quelque chose qui réapparait dans mes conversations avec François Roche, proche de sa façon de concevoir l’architecture, ce principe d’immanence qui va générer une situation. Ici j’ai essayé de tenter cette expérience. Il y a quelque chose de concentré et de sophistiqué dans la situation actuelle, il y a beaucoup d’œuvres qui s’agencent, qui peuvent apparaitre ou disparaitre selon les expositions. Je veux d’ailleurs proposer une modalité qui pourra éventuellement baisser le volume de l’œuvre de Daniel Buren, une sorte de réglage.

V.H. Cette œuvre est récente, elle est apparue au moment de l’exposition Christopher D’Arcangelo cette année.

P.B.B. Oui. D’Arcangelo était d’ailleurs pour moi l’occasion de présenter un model dont je me suis inspiré : 84 West Broadway, dans lequel une version de cette œuvre de Buren a été présentée. En 1978 Christopher d’Arcangelo et Peter Nadin ont initié un projet dans le loft de Peter Nadin, avec d’abord un 30 Days Work, une pièce qui consiste à restaurer un espace et à le requalifier en espace d’exposition. Le 30 Days Work c’est un listing de tous les matériaux et la description du temps de travail que l’un et l’autre ont consacré à cette réfection. C’est une série qu’ils ont activée à différents endroits à New York. Ensuite, le principe était celui d’interventions cumulatives. Le premier artiste a été Daniel Buren, avec une pièce intitulée Following and To Be Followed (1978) dans l’esprit de cette exposition. Ce principe de programmation est un model par rapport à ce que j’essaie de faire : chaque artiste devait s’inscrire dans quelque chose qui cumulait vers autre chose. Il y a d’autres modèles, celui de Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Every Week There Is Something Different (1991), son exposition à Andrea Rosen, qui fonctionnait sur un principe un peu similaire : une œuvre chaque semaine se cumulait à ce qui était présenté, ou le remplaçait. A Brétigny, chaque œuvre, comme celle de David Lamelas, une oeuvre de 1967 que je lui ai demandé de réinscrire dans le lieu, participe à la réflexion que j’ai sur le lieu. Lamelas a proposé ces deux projecteurs 16mm dos-à-dos : l’un forme une image dans l’espace d’exposition et l’autre projette la lumière vers l’extérieur, au travers d’une ouverture. Pour conduire cette lumière il a proposé un corridor de 9 mètres de long qui devenait le sas d’entrée de l’exposition. Ce corridor a été présenté et posé comme une intervention dans l’espace assez franche, car il coupait le chemin qui longe le centre d’art pour créer comme une déviation. Ce corridor, après l’exposition, devenait l’entrée du centre d’art et a fonctionné comme un écran. Le projet général de David lamelas s’appelait L’Effet Ecran (2004). Il a fonctionné pendant 4 ans jusqu’au jour où les autorités ont demandé sa destruction. C’est là où le projet du centre d’art est aussi intéressant dans le sens où il est soumis à une négociation permanente avec l’autorité, par rapport aux œuvres qui seraient susceptibles de rester, à l’aspect juridique auquel on est soumis, etc. Cette destruction a été assez traumatique mais elle a aussi permis d’entrer dans un dialogue plus étroit et de faire la médiation du projet du centre d’art avec les autorités. La crise a été intense et la destruction de l’œuvre a été un acte fort, un sacrifice au profit d’une reconnaissance des activités du lieu. Elle ne nous a pas arrêtée dans la progression. La programmation a veillé par la suite à ce que les choses soient mieux comprises, et on a continué avec d’autres interventions qui ont été mieux considérées.

V.H. Il y a le sol de Teresa Margolles, le banc de Roman Ondak…

P.B.B. Il y a une œuvre de Jens Haaning, un néon qui a été installé récemment, la frise de Daniel Buren, une œuvre créée cette année par Matthieu Saladin : une œuvre sonore dont la partition est produite en direct par la bourse de Paris et ses variations de la valeur. On mène aussi une réflexion dans la durée avec Dominique Mathieu, un designer en résidence au centre d’art, sur les besoins quotidiens du lieu.

V.H. Et les graphistes Vier5…

P.B.B. Vier5 qui sont là depuis le début et avec qui on travaille sur la communication et la signalétique, que l’on renouvelle pour chaque exposition.

V.H. La matière du centre d’art de Brétigny, c’est quoi ? Le temps ? Le volume ?

P.B.B. Je pense que ces notions sont intriquées, je les considère les unes par rapport aux autres. On est dans quelque chose qui relève d’une articulation. La matière, c’est l’agencement de ces notions. C’est aussi l’expérience de la marge, il y a quand même ce phénomène d’être marginalisé par rapport à un territoire qui est extrêmement centralisé. On est dans une expérience de la marge par rapport à Paris, à la marge aussi par rapport à d’autres champs culturels plus dominants. Toute la matière, c’est la réappropriation des contraintes ou des paramètres que l’on subit normalement. Comment faire naitre quelque chose qui n’existe pas ailleurs parce qu’on est dans un territoire particulier ? Beaucoup de lieux malheureusement reconduisent des formes plutôt que de se les réapproprier. À Brétigny, c’est notre relation à l’inadéquation permanente qui favorise la motivation, l’énergie. Je pense que c’est important que de telles initiatives existent là où on ne les attend pas.

Images:
1. Teresa Margolles, Fosse commune (Fosa Comùn), 2005, water, cement, pigment, resin. Production: CAC Brétigny, 2005. Photo: Marc Domage
2-3. Emilie Parendeau, A LOUER # 7, 2011, Jiří Kovanda, Untitled, 2008, Lawrence Weiner, En
morceaux, 1971, exhibition view from L’Escorte, CAC Brétigny, 2011. Courtesy: CAC Brétigny. Photo: Steeve Beckouet
4. Alexandra Bachzetsis, A Piece Danced Alone (version exposition), 2011, conceived and performed by Alexandra Bachzetsis and Anne Pajunen, exhibition view from L’Escorte at CAC Brétigny, 2011. Courtesy: CAC Brétigny. Photo: Steeve Beckouet
5-6. Exhibition views from The Death of the Audience, Secession, Wien, 2009. Courtesy: Secession, Wien; CAC Brétigny. © Wolfgang Thaler
7. Atelier van Lieshout, The Edutainer, 2003, containers, wood, furniture; Teresa Margolles, Table and two benches – Mesa y dos bancos, 2005, water, cement, pigments, resin. Courtesy: CAC Brétigny
8. David Lamelas, Projection, 2004. Production: CAC Brétigny, 2004 Photo: Marc Domage

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Isidoro Valcárcel Medina

Born 1937, Murcia, Spain
Lives and works in Madrid, Spain

As an artist, Isidoro Valcárcel Medina does not aim to produce art objects, but rather to interact within a given context. Nor does he seek professional recognition for his work, and yet he continues to be a major influence on younger artists. Valcárcel Medina has never limited his practice to a specific medium; he employs cinema, organizes public events, which he documents through photography and sound recordings, and subsequently produces sound installations. In his early work, space and time play an important role. Subsequently, at the end of the 1960s, he became interested in minimalist art. At the end of the 1970s, he investigated the role of the spectator, in particular the role of passive participation. As a result of his investigation, he produced a series of “mail art” works that addressed the spectator beyond the institutional context. In the following decades, Valcárcel Medina turned to the formal language of architectural plans in his conceptual work, presenting proposals for public space that take into account diverse social needs. For his solo exhibition, Otoño de 2009 at the Reina Sofia Museum in Madrid, rather than present a retrospective of his works in the conventional sense, Valcárcel Medina proposed a series of twenty “circumstances.” He uses this word to refer to various factors (time and space), giving rise to a series of often ephemeral interventions that challenge the accumulation of objects in museums and other art institutions. In applying his critical view of retrospectives and museum acquisitions, the artist testifies to a radical immanence and a rejection of intrinsic values. His work surpasses fixed and conventional uses and demonstrates how use can be extremely varied. The first in the series of “circumstances” took the form of an invitation card. The work The Collection Of The Museum Reina Sofia in Autumn 2009 was produced as one of the “circumstances” for the exhibition Otoño de 2009. Both an artist’s book and an exhibition catalog, the work comprises a series of detailed plans of all artworks in each room of the museum’s collection, showing their exact dimensions and distance from each other, although the works themselves are not represented. The function and spatial organization of the museum thus becomes Valcárcel Medina’s work. The “circumstances” created in response to the invitation by the Reina Sofia Museum included October 1709 – Autumn 2009, an exhibition of Valcárcel Medina’s entire body of work. The works were exhibited along with a text celebrating the three-hundred-year anniversary of an exhibition organized by the Grand Prince of Tuscany, Ferdinando de’ Medici, in 1707 and 1709 in the Santissima Annunziata, Florence. The exhibition consisted of 250 paintings from various Florentine collections, which covered the entire walls of the church from floor to ceiling. Valcárcel Medina took this historical reference and its anniversary as a model for an exhibition that covered the corridors of the Reina Sofia, thus underscoring the impossibility of viewing the works in their entirety. The anecdote appeared in another of the artist’s works, an “encyclopedic” publication titled 2000 d. de J. C. For the new millennium, Valcárcel Medina published a 2,000-page book printed on Bible paper with one event per year on each page, from the year zero to 2001. Valcárcel Medina chose events that are not included in official history. In privileging certain events rather than others, the artist creates what amounts to a personal, and thus non-hegemonic, vision of history— a reading of history by way of anecdotes. Yet, when the book is read, its content appears to be entirely correct and consistent, as if Medina had chosen to include the most important historical events. At the Reina Sofia, another “circumstance” took the form of a clock hung on a museum wall. The clock fulfilled no other function than its conventional role of telling time. Yet its presence in the museum marked the intrusion of an object of daily life, a daily constraint that is generally ignored in the museum, the latter choosing instead a contemplative suspension, impervious to the presence of real time.

Nato a Murcia, Spagna, nel 1937
Vive e lavora a Madrid, Spagna

Il lavoro di Isidoro Valcárcel Medina non aspira alla creazione di oggetti d’arte, ma all’interazione con una precisa situazione. Egli non ricerca il riconoscimento professionale in quanto artista e, tuttavia, ha una grande influenza sugli artisti delle generazioni successive alla sua. Valcárcel Medina non si è mai limitato a un solo mezzo espressivo: utilizza il cinema, organizza eventi pubblici documentati con fotografie o registrazioni audio, e propone anche installazioni sonore. Nei suoi primi lavori, lo spazio e il tempo giocano un ruolo importante. In seguito, alla fine degli anni ’60, s’interessa al minimalismo. Alla fine degli anni ’70 studia il ruolo del ricevente e, in particolare, il concetto di partecipazione passiva: ne risultano nello specifico i lavori “postali”, che si rivolgono allo spettatore al di fuori del quadro istituzionale. Durante il decennio successivo, Medina inserisce il linguaggio formale dei piani architettonici nel suo lavoro concettuale, presentando delle proposte per lo spazio pubblico che tengano conto di diverse richieste sociali.
Per Otoño de 2009, la personale dell’artista al Museo Reina Sofia di Madrid, invece di pensare a questo evento come a una retrospettiva delle proprie opere in senso classico, Valcárcel Medina ha proposto una ventina di “circostanze”: un termine particolare, che rappresenta un compromesso di vari elementi (tempo/ spazio), dando luogo a degli interventi a volte furtivi, che vanificano la questione dell’accumulo di oggetti nei musei e nelle istituzioni. L’artista mette così in atto uno sguardo critico sulle retrospettive e sulle acquisizioni museali, dando prova di un’immanenza radicale e di un rifiuto del loro valore intrinseco. Valcárcel Medina oltrepassa gli usi imposti e normati, e dimostra che tali usi possono essere molto aperti. Il biglietto d’invito è la prima di queste “circostanze”.
La seconda opera è stata realizzata come una “circostanza” proposta per Otoño de 2009. L’oggetto, tra libro d’artista e catalogo di mostra, è composto da una serie di schemi minuziosi, ottenuti dalla misura delle dimensioni delle opere e delle distanze tra le opere in ognuna delle sale del museo, senza che le opere siano rappresentate. L’insieme del funzionamento e dell’organizzazione spaziale del museo diventa in questo modo l’opera di Valcárcel Medina. Alle altre “circostanze”, che rispondono alla proposta di una retrospettiva fattagli dal museo, si aggiunge una mostra dell’insieme del lavoro di Valcárcel Medina. Le sue opere sono state presentate al Reina Sofia con un testo che celebrava i trecento anni di una mostra, che il principe Ferdinando di Toscana aveva organizzato nel 1707 e nel 1709 nel Chiostro dell’Annunciazione a Firenze, facendo installare duecentocinquanta dipinti provenienti da collezioni fiorentine, che coprivano per intero le pareti fino al soffitto. L’artista ha attinto da questa storia per proporre, nella data della ricorrenza, lo stesso modello di mostra e ha interamente coperto un corridoio del Reina Sofia, rinnovando con questo gesto la questione dell’impossibilità di comprendere tutte le opere.
L’aneddoto ricompare in un’altra opera dell’artista, una pubblicazione “enciclopedica” intitolata 2000 d. de J.C. Per celebrare il nuovo millennio, Valcárcel Medina ha realizzato un libro di duemila pagine in carta velina, che elenca un avvenimento all’anno e a pagina, dall’Anno Zero al 2001 selezionando degli eventi che non compaiono nella storia ufficiale. Privilegiando alcuni fatti storici piuttosto che altri, l’artista costruisce un racconto che può essere compreso come una visione personale, e dunque non egemonica, della storia. È una lettura della storia per aneddoti, ma, quando si scorre il libro, il suo contenuto appare talmente preciso e denso da fare pensare che l’artista abbia voluto scegliere gli avvenimenti più importanti.
Sempre al Reina Sofia, un’altra “circostanza” consisteva in un orologio appeso alla parete di una sala del museo. L’orologio non ha altro ruolo se non quello di uso comune, cioè di indicare l’ora. Tuttavia, la presenza di questo oggetto nel museo segna l’intrusione del quotidiano, di una regola della vita di tutti i giorni che generalmente viene dimenticata all’interno di uno spazio espositivo, a profitto di una sospensione contemplativa e refrattaria alla presenza del tempo reale.

Né à Murcia, Espagne, en 1937
Vit et travaille à Madrid, Espagne

Le travail d’Isidoro Valcárcel Medina ne vise pas la création d’objets d’art, mais plutôt l’interaction avec une situation donnée. Il ne cherche pas la reconnaissance professionnelle en tant qu’artiste, et néanmoins ne cesse d’influencer les artistes des générations ultérieures. Valcárcel Medina ne s’est jamais limité à un médium spécifique : il utilise le cinéma, organise des événements publics documentés par la photographie ou l’enregistrement audio, et propose aussi des installations sonores. Dans ses premières œuvres, l’espace et le temps jouent un rôle important ; par la suite, à la fin des années 1960, il s’intéresse au minimalisme. À la fin des années 1970, il étudie le rôle du récepteur, en particulier la participation passive ; en résultent notamment ses travaux « postaux » qui s’adressent au spectateur en dehors du cadre institutionnel. Pendant la décennie suivante, Medina intègre le langage formel des plans architecturaux dans son travail conceptuel, présentant des propositions pour l’espace public qui prennent en compte diverses demandes sociales.

Otoño de 2009, Circumstancias (carton d’invitation) (2009)
A l’occasion de Otoño de 2009, son exposition personnelle au Musée Reina Sofia (Madrid), plutôt que de penser cet événement comme une rétrospective de ses œuvres au sens classique du terme, Valcárcel Medina a proposé une vingtaine de « circonstances » : un mot singulier qui représente une équation de plusieurs éléments (temps/espace), donnant lieu à des interventions parfois furtives qui désamorcent la question de l’accumulation d’objets dans les musées et les institutions. L’artiste met ainsi en acte son regard critique sur les rétrospectives et les acquisitions muséales, faisant preuve d’une immanence radicale et d’un refus de la valeur intrinsèque. Il dépasse les usages imposés et normés et démontre que ces usages peuvent être très ouverts. Le carton d’invitation est la première de ces « circonstances ».

La Colección del Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía en Otoño de 2009 [La collection du musée Reina Sofia, Automne 2009] (2009)
Cette œuvre a été réalisée en tant qu’une des « circonstances » proposées pour Otoño de 2009. L’objet, entre livre d’artiste et catalogue d’exposition, est composé d’une série de plans minutieux obtenus par la mesure des dimensions des œuvres et les distances entre elles dans chacune des salles du musée, les œuvres n’étant pas elles-mêmes représentées. L’ensemble du fonctionnement et de l’organisation spatiale du musée deviennent ainsi l’œuvre de Valcárcel Medina.

2000 d. de J.C. (2001)
Aux autres « circonstances » répondant à la proposition d’une rétrospective qui lui avait été faite par le musée, vient s’ajouter une exposition de l’ensemble du travail de Valcárcel Medina. Ses œuvres étaient présentées au Reina Sofia avec un texte célébrant les trois cents ans d’une exposition que le prince Ferdinand de Toscane avait organisée en 1707 et 1709 dans le Cloître de l’Annonciation à Florence et pour laquelle il avait installé 250 peintures issues de collections florentines, de manière à couvrir entièrement les murs jusqu’au plafond. L’artiste s’est saisi de cette histoire pour proposer à la date anniversaire le même modèle d’exposition et a couvert entièrement un couloir du Reina Sofia, reconduisant ainsi par cet accrochage l’impossibilité d’appréhender toutes les œuvres.
L’anecdote apparaît dans une autre pièce de l’artiste, une publication « encyclopédique » intitulée 2000 d. de J.C. À l’occasion du nouveau millénaire, Valcárcel Medina a réalisé un livre de 2000 pages en papier bible qui répertorie un événement par an et par page depuis l’année zéro jusqu’à 2001. Valcárcel Medina a cherché des événements qui ne figurent pas dans l’histoire officielle. En privilégiant certains faits historiques plutôt que d’autres, l’artiste construit un récit qui peut être compris comme une vision personnelle d’histoire, et donc non-hégémonique. C’est une lecture de l’histoire par l’anecdote ; néanmoins quand on parcourt le livre, son contenu paraît tellement juste et consistant que s’il avait voulu choisir les événements les plus importants.

Otoño de 2009, Circumstancias (horloge murale) (2009)
Au Reina Sofia, une autre « circonstance » était une horloge accrochée sur une cimaise du musée. L’horloge ne remplit rien d’autre que son rôle habituel, c’est à dire donner l’heure. Pourtant la présence de cet objet dans le musée marque l’intrusion du quotidien, d’une règle de la vie généralement oubliée dans le musée au profit d’une suspension contemplative et étanche à la présence du temps réel.

Project: Soleil politique

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Pratchaya Phinthong

Born 1974, Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand
Lives and works in Bangkok, Thailand

Pratchaya Phinthong’s works bring together remote situations that would otherwise remain extraneous. The physical and semantic connections and shifts that he forges reveal new angles on social, geographic, and economic scenarios. The viewer is invited to bridge the apparent distance between the elements chosen by Phinthong, as happens in the piece Broken Hill, in which a copy of the skull of the first human found in Africa, together with other related materials, become the elements of a performance. When the skull was discovered, in 1921, in Broken Hill (now Kabwe, Zambia) the English colonial authorities had it taken to the Natural History Museum in London. The skull kept in the Lusaka National Museum in Zambia is a copy of the original find. The first version of the performance, presented in London in 2013, involved the guide from the Lusaka museum, Kamfwa Chishala, who recounted the finding and removal of the skull, as he normally does during his museum tours in Zambia. Phinthong asked the African museum to lend him its copy of the skull and purchased another copy on the internet to display in Lusaka for the duration of the loan. The installation on show here comprises a skull bought online, a series of photographs documenting Kamfwa Chishala’s experiences in London, and a case that is a reproduction of the one in the London museum containing the original skull.

Nato a Ubon Ratchathani, Thailandia, nel 1974
Vive e lavora a Bangkok, Thailandia

Le opere di Pratchaya Phinthong mettono in relazione situazioni agli antipodi, che, altrimenti, resterebbero lontane. Le connessioni e gli spostamenti, sia semantici sia fisici, che l’artista stabilisce in questo modo fanno emergere nuovi punti di vista su contesti sociali, geografici ed economici. Lo spettatore è invitato a colmare la distanza apparente tra gli elementi selezionati da Phinthong nei propri lavori. È il caso di Broken Hill, in cui una copia del teschio del primo essere umano trovato in Africa, insieme ad altri materiali correlati, diventa la scenografia per una performance. Quando il teschio fu scoperto, nel 1921, nella località allora chiamata Broken Hill (oggi Kabwe, Zambia), le autorità coloniali inglesi lo trasferirono presso il Natural History Museum di Londra. Il museo nazionale di Lusaka, in Zambia, ne espone invece una copia. Nella prima versione della performance presentata nel 2013 a Londra, è stato coinvolto Kamfwa Chishala, guida del museo di Lusaka, per spiegare ai visitatori la storia del teschio, del ritrovamento e della sostituzione, ciò che fa normalmente nei suoi tour in Zambia. Phinthong ha chiesto in prestito la copia del teschio al museo africano e ha acquistato su Internet un’altra copia, da esporre a Lusaka per tutto il periodo del prestito. L’installazione qui esposta è costituita da un teschio acquistato online, da una serie di fotografie che raccontano l’esperienza di Kamfwa Chishala a Londra, e da una cassa che riproduce quella contenente il teschio originale nel museo londinese.

Project: Soleil politique

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MARIE COZETTE

3_portraitDirector since 2007 of La Synagogue de Delme, an art centre located in a rural area in Eastern France, she co-founded and co-curated the art center Bétonsalon in 2004, with Mélanie Bouteloup. She has been freelance curator between 2004 and 2006.
At La Synagogue de Delme she has curated numerous solo exhibitions (Susan Hiller, Peter Friedl, Marie Cool Fabio Balducci, Louise Hervé and Chloé Maillet, Erick Beltran, Eric Baudelaire, Edith Dekyndt, Yona Friedman, Julien Prévieux, Katinka Bock…) and collaborated with guest curators or artists (Mathieu Copeland, Anna Colin, Sam Thorne, Mathieu Kleyebe Abonnenc…) to conceive group exhibitions on themes like identity, migration, the politics of sound and ethnomusicology. She also teaches exhibitions’ history at the Metz Art School.
Between 2012 and 2015 she has been a board member of d.c.a – french association for the development of centers d’art.

Marie Cozette dirige La Synagogue de Delme depuis 2007, centre d’art situé en zone rurale dans l’est de la France. En 2004, elle a co-fondé le centre d’art et de recherche Bétonsalon à Paris avec Mélanie Bouteloup, puis a été commissaire indépendante jusqu’en 2006.
A la synagogue de Delme, Marie Cozette a été commissaire de nombreuses expositions personnelles d’artistes français et internationaux (Susan Hiller, Peter Friedl, Marie Cool Fabio Balducci, Louise Hervé et Chloé Maillet, Erick Beltran, Eric Baudelaire, Edith Dekyndt, Yona Friedman, Julien Prévieux, Katinka Bock…). Elle a également collaboré avec divers commissaires ou artistes (Mathieu Copeland, Anna Colin, Sam Thorne, Mathieu Kleyebe Abonnenc…) pour des expositions collectives sur des thèmes liés à l’identité, la migration ou encore l’ethnomusicologie.
Elle enseigne ponctuellement à l’école des beaux arts de Metz. De 2012 à 2015, elle a été membre du bureau de d.c.a – association de développement des centres d’art dont elle assuré la présidence en 2014 et 2015.

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VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH MARIE COZETTE, CAC LA SYNAGOGUE DE DELME, DELME

VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH MARIE COZETTE, CAC LA SYNAGOGUE DE DELME, DELME

Vincent HonoréThe Synagogue de Delme is a centre d’art in a particular context. First in terms of its history, and then its architecture, and especially its location in a rural area. In your view, what are the strengths and weaknesses of this context?
Marie Cozette The centre d’art gets its strength precisely from this aspect of being atypical, unexpected and off the beaten path.
The weakness could be its isolation in a rural area within a village of 1000 residents, 35 km from the towns of Metz and Nancy. But this isolation is relative: Delme is three hours by car from Brussels, Basel and Frankfurt, and Paris is only one-and-a-half hours from Metz or Nancy by train. This region of eastern France has strong connections with other art scenes (in Belgium, Holland, Luxemburg, Germany, Switzerland and other countries).
Making the trip to Delme and finding yourself in this landscape – with fields as far as the eye can see – is part of the experience you get from the visit. It turns this visit into a special moment. The context itself forces attention onto the artists’ work. Therefore, in addition to being relative, this isolation is also highly productive, not just for the artists but also for the public and the staff of the centre d’art. As for the place itself, its history and architecture have a magnetic power. It’s a former synagogue that was built in the 19th century, partially destroyed by the Nazis during the Second World War and rebuilt after the war; in the 1970s the synagogue ceased operation because of a lack of followers, and it was turned into a centre d’art in 1993.
This historical depth is what makes it so complex and interesting. Artists can’t come with a turnkey project, they must get an understanding of the specificities of the place. The architectural quality of the space makes it a magnificent showcase for artists’ work, and it sometimes backs them into unexpected corners, raising new questions. Unlike the white cube and its supposed neutrality, a place like the Synagogue de Delme conceals infinite resources and questions, and this is what makes it so fascinating.

2. Berdaguer & Péjus, Gue(ho)st House

2. Berdaguer & Péjus, Gue(ho)st House

V.H.Where does Delme sit in the context of the overall French art policy?
M.C. In a context of fiscal austerity, culture is jeopardised. It’s the first area to pay for economic cuts. But there’s too much of a tendency to emphasise these economic issues, which often hide deeper questions of an ideological nature. Delme is a very small cog in a very large chain of cultural institutions that are going through major upheavals in terms of cultural policy. The gradual withdrawal of the state in favour of regional authorities in the financing and support of these places often works to the institutions’ detriment.
Delme is a micro-institution in terms of its budget, staff and resources, and yet the centre d’art is widely influential. It’s known all over the world, and it works with artists of all kinds, both emerging and established. It’s a highly referenced institution in the field of contemporary art in France; for over twenty years this place has kept up a very ambitious artistic vision. Moreover, the centre d’art isn’t in its own world but is solidly anchored in its region, keeping close links with different sectors of the public and local associations. The mediation side is extremely substantial considering the resources allocated to it, and it’s put into practice with total commitment day-to-day. I’m proud that the Synagogue de Delme is able to exist right where it would be least expected, in a region that’s more disadvantaged than others. In contexts like this, these ambitions should be supported all the more: they make sense in that they make it possible to demolish the ideas of those who imagine the world in terms of centre and periphery, shadow and light, high and low, common and elite. The reality is more subtle and nuanced. Just by existing, the Synagogue de Delme shows that it’s possible to get past these harmful oppositions, and in this sense it’s a precious place.

3. Exhibition view, Latifa Echakhch, Schizofonia

3. Exhibition view, Latifa Echakhch, Schizofonia

V.H. Does a centre d’art like the Synagogue de Delme still have a role to play in a context in which it seems like contemporary art is being replaced by the contemporary art industry? What are the responsibilities of the director of a centre d’art in 2015?
M.C. The Synagogue de Delme is part of this broader constellation of centres d’art, which makes up an essential network of researchers. They’re laboratories exploring creativity and finding ways of transmitting to all sectors of the public. They’re spaces of freedom, which absolutely must be preserved and defended, public agoras that aren’t there just to do good business; they’re spaces where quality takes precedence, as does attention to others. They’re places of learning where one can build a perspective and a critical mind. In short, they’re places of liberation and citizenship. Sometimes it’s hard to get the message heard in the current context, which is more conducive to withdrawal and fears of every kind.

4. Exhibition view, Michel Blazy. La marge d'erreur

4. Exhibition view, Michel Blazy. La marge d’erreur

V.H. PIANO wishes to create a forum for exchange and dialogue between Italian and French art centres. Why did you want to participate and what programme are you proposing?
M.C. I think it’s essential for the centre d’art to be involved in the projects of the d.c.a network. Working collectively and as a network has always been an essential aspect of my way of conceiving my work as a curator and organisation director. I very naturally wanted to take part in PIANO because this platform further develops this spirit of collaboration and networking.
Moreover, the meeting with Peep-Hole in Milan was decisive. It’s a place I feel very close to artistically, and we share a lot of elective affinities, a common sensibility. Thanks to this meeting, I was able to reach a whole scene I still didn’t know much about, and today we’re continuing our exchanges well beyond the project.
In the context of PIANO, the centre d’art is presenting a monographic exhibition of the duo Rometti Costales. At the same time we’re working on a book that will be a kind of extension of the exhibition space. This question of books as places of experimentation and research was also explored at Peep-Hole this summer with the second instalment of their project The Book Society.

Vincent Honoré La Synagogue de Delme est un centre d’art qui s’inscrit dans un contexte particulier. D’abord son histoire, puis son architecture et surtout son inscription dans un territoire rural. Selon vous, quelles sont les forces et les faiblesses de ce contexte ?
Marie Cozette Ce qui fait la force du centre d’art, c’est justement sa dimension atypique, inattendue, et hors des sentiers battus.
La faiblesse ce pourrait être son isolement, en zone rurale, dans un village de 1 000 habitants, à 35 km des villes que sont Metz et Nancy. Mais cet isolement est relatif : Delme est à 3 heures de route de Bruxelles, Bâle ou Francfort, Paris n’est qu’à 1h30 en train de Metz ou Nancy. Cette région de l’Est de la France est fortement connectée à d’autres scènes artistiques (belge, hollandaise, luxembourgeoise, allemande et suisse entre autres).
Faire le déplacement jusqu’à Delme et se retrouver dans ce paysage de champs à perte de vue participe aussi de l’expérience que la visite procure. Cela fait de cette visite un moment privilégié, le contexte en lui-même force l’attention portée au travail des artistes. En plus d’être relatif, cet isolement est donc éminemment productif, tant pour les artistes que pour le public ou l’équipe du centre d’art.
Quant au lieu lui-même, son histoire et son architecture dégagent une force magnétique. Il s’agit d’une ancienne synagogue, construite au XIXème siècle, partiellement détruite par les Nazis pendant la seconde guerre mondiale et reconstruite après guerre ; la synagogue s’est arrêtée de fonctionner, faute de pratiquants, à la fin des années 70 et a été transformée en centre d’art en 1993.
Cette épaisseur historique en fait toute la complexité et l’intérêt. Les artistes ne peuvent venir avec un projet clef en main mais doivent se saisir des spécificités du lieu. La qualité architecturale de l’espace en fait un magnifique écrin pour le travail des artistes et le pousse parfois dans des retranchements inattendus, soulève des questions nouvelles ; à la différence du white cube et de sa neutralité supposée, un lieu comme la synagogue de Delme recèle des ressources et des questions ad infinitum, ce qui en fait un lieu passionnant.

V.H. Comment situer Delme dans le contexte de politique artistique général français ?
M.C. Dans un contexte d’austérité budgétaire, la culture est mise à mal, elle est la première à faire les frais des resserrements économiques. Mais on a trop tendance à mettre en avant ces questions économiques, qui cachent bien souvent des questions plus profondes, d’ordre idéologique. Delme est un tout petit maillon dans une chaine très vaste d’institutions culturelles qui subit des bouleversements majeurs en termes de politique culturelle. Le retrait progressif de l’Etat au profit des collectivités territoriales dans le financement et l’accompagnement des lieux se fait souvent au détriment de ces derniers.
Delme est une micro-institution en termes de budget, d’équipe, de moyens, et pourtant le centre d’art rayonne très largement, il est connu dans le monde entier, travaille avec des artistes de tous horizons, à la fois émergents et confirmés, c’est un lieu de référence en France dans le champ de l’art contemporain ; depuis plus de vingt ans ce lieu maintient une grande ambition de projet artistique. Qui plus est, le centre d’art n’est pas hors-sol mais très ancré dans son territoire, en lien étroit avec les publics et les associations locales. Le volet médiation est extrêmement conséquent au vu des moyens alloués et il est pratiqué avec un engagement total au quotidien. Je suis fière qu’un centre d’art comme la synagogue de Delme puisse exister justement là où on l’attend le moins, dans un territoire moins favorisé que les autres. C’est a fortiori dans de tels contextes qu’il faut porter ces ambitions : elles font d’autant plus sens qu’elles permettent de déconstruire les imaginaires qui pensent le monde en termes de centre et de périphérie, d’ombre et de lumière, de haut et de bas, de populaire et d’élitisme. La réalité est plus délicate et nuancée. Par son existence même, la synagogue de Delme montre qu’il est possible de dépasser ces oppositions néfastes, et en ce sens c’est un lieu précieux.

V.H. Est-ce qu’un centre d’art comme la synagogue de Delme a encore un rôle à jouer dans un contexte où l’art contemporain tend à être remplacé par l’industrie de l’art contemporain ?
Quelles sont les responsabilités d’un directeur de centre d’art en 2015 ?
M.C. La synagogue de Delme participe de ce maillage plus large de centres d’art, qui constitue un réseau indispensable de têtes chercheuses. Ce sont des laboratoires, tant de la création que des modes de transmission à tous types de publics. Ce sont des espaces de liberté, qu’il faut absolument préserver et défendre, des agoras publiques qui ne sont pas là pour « faire du chiffre », mais des espaces où c’est la qualité qui prime avant tout, de même que l’attention portée à l’autre ; ce sont des lieux d’apprentissage et de construction du regard mais aussi d’un esprit critique, bref des lieux d’émancipation et de citoyenneté. Le message est parfois difficile à faire entendre dans le contexte actuel, qui prête davantage au repli sur soi et aux peurs de tous ordres.

V.H. PIANO veut créer un espace d’échange et de dialogue entre des lieux d’art italiens et français. Pourquoi avez-vous souhaité participer et quel programme proposez-vous ?
M.C. Il me semble absolument indispensable que le centre d’art s’inscrive dans les projets du réseau d.c.a : la dimension de travail collectif et en réseau a toujours été primordiale dans ma manière de concevoir le métier de commissaire et de directeur de structure, c’est tout naturellement que j’ai souhaité participer à PIANO parce que cette plateforme amplifie d’autant plus l’esprit de collaboration et de réseau.
Par ailleurs, la rencontre avec Peep-Hole à Milan a été déterminante. C’est un lieu dont je me sens très proche artistiquement et avec qui je partage de grandes affinités électives, une sensibilité commune. Grâce à cette rencontre, j’ai pu accéder à toute une scène que je connaissais encore mal et aujourd’hui nous continuons nos échanges bien au-delà du projet.
Dans le cadre de PIANO le centre d’art présente une monographie du duo Rometti Costales. En parallèle, nous travaillons sur un livre qui sera une sorte de prolongement de l’espace d’exposition. Cette question du livre comme lieu d’expérimentation et de recherche a également été abordée à Peep-Hole cet été avec la seconde occurrence de leur projet The Book Society.

Images:
1. Centre d’art contemporain – la synagogue de Delme.
2. Berdaguer & Péjus, Gue(ho)st House, Centre d’art contemporain – la synagogue de Delme, 2012. © Adagp Paris 2012.
3. Exhibition view, Schizophonia, work by Latifa Echakhch, Resolutions, Centre d’art contemporain – la synagogue de Delme, 2013
4. Exhibition view, La marge d’erreur, work by Michel Blazy, Centre d’art contemporain – la synagogue de Delme, 2008
Photos: © OHDancy

Space: CAC La Synagogue de Delme
Project: The Book Society #02
Protagonists: Marie Cozette, Rometti Costales

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Roberto Pugliese

Roberto Pugliese, Risuonanti pressioni materiche, 2014

Roberto Pugliese, Risuonanti pressioni materiche, 2014

Born 1982, Naples, Italy
Lives and works in Bologna, Italy
Roberto Pugliese was born in Naples in 1982. He earned his Master degree in Electronic Music at the Conservatorio San Pietro in Majella, Naples. He teaches at the same institution (Music Systems, Sound Art and Laboratory for Electro-acoustic and Informatics), he creates sound installations, plays and composes music. His research is inspired by two artistic movements: sound art and kinetic and programmed art. By using mechanical tools controlled by a software that interact one with the other, as well as with the environment and the observer, he investigates sound phenomena and analyzes the processes of the human psyche. His art explores the relationship between man and technology, and at the same time he keeps a particular focus on its visual quality and aesthetics. His works in permanent collections are to be found at ZKM Museum, Karlsruhe, Germany. He was awarded the Honorary mention for sound art and music, Ars electronica Linz (2013). Selected solo shows: Concerto per natura morta, Studio la Città, Verona (2014); Echi liquidi, TRA, Treviso ricerca arte, Treviso (2013); Gervasuti Mix, omaggio a Cage, Gervasuti Foundation, Venice (2012); Unexpected Machines, Galerie Mario Mazzoli, Berlin (2011). Selected group shows: Noise, 55. Venice Biennale, collateral event, Venice (2013); Ghostbusters, Charlottenburg Museum, Copenhagen, Oscillator, Science Gallery, Trinity college, Dublin (2013); Data Deluge, Ballroom Marfa, Marfa, Texas (2012).

Project: From & To

 

Roberto Pugliese nasce a Napoli nel 1982. Consegue la laurea in Musica Elettronica presso il Conservatorio San Pietro a Majella di Napoli, dove oggi insegna. La sua ricerca trae energia essenzialmente da due correnti, la sound art e l’arte cinetica e programmata. Servendosi di apparecchiature meccaniche pilotate da software, esplora nuove prospettive di ricerca sui fenomeni legati al suono e alla psiche umana. Opere in collezione permanente: ZKM Museum, Karlsruhe, Germania. Tra le principali mostre personali: Concerto per natura morta, Studio la città, Verona (2014); Gervasuti Mix, omaggio a Cage, Fondazione Gervasuti, Venezia (2012). Tra le recenti mostre collettive: Noise, 55a Biennale di Venezia, evento collaterale; Oscillator, Science Gallery, Trinity College, Dublino (2013); Data Deluge, Ballroom Marfa, Marfa, Texas (2012). Vive e lavora a Bologna.

 

Né à Naples en 1982. Vit et travaille à Bologne. Diplômé de musique électronique au Conservatoire de San Pietro a Majella de Naples, ou il enseigne maintenant. Ses travaux de recherche tirent leur énergie principalement de deux courants : l’art sonore et l’art cinétique et programmé. En utilisant des équipements mécaniques pilotés par logiciel, il explore de nouvelles pistes de recherche sur les phénomènes liés au son et la psyché humaine. Œuvres dans la collection permanente du ZKM Museum, Karlsruhe, Allemagne. Principales expositions personnelles : Concerto pour nature morte, Studio la città, Vérone (2014), Gervasuti Mix, hommage a Cage, Fondation Gervasuti, Venise (2012). Expositions récentes : Noise, 55e Biennale de Venise, Oscillator, Science Gallery, Trinity College, Dublin (2013), Data Deluge, Ballroom Marfa, Marfa, Texas (2012).

Image:
Roberto Pugliese, Risuonanti pressioni materiche, 2014. Photo: Michele Alberto Sereni. Courtesy Studio la Città, Verona

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QUENTIN DEROUET

Quentin Derouet, Encore un geste d’amour, 2013

Quentin Derouet, Encore un geste d’amour, 2013

Born 1988, Grenoble, France
Lives and works in Nice, France
A romantic image clings to the surface of Quentin Derouet’s works, the way it would cling to the skin: natural flowers become brushes for wall paintings covering a whole room with graffiti –J’aime bien jouer avec les fleurs, et vous? –, poems are written on other walls – Le feu qui me brûle et celui qui m’éclaire –, a gentle and engaging melody fills a whole room – Une valse pour rien (hommage à Allain Leprest). Language is totally poetry, as if life were just a song, but there is no naivety in his work. This language seeks to join up with the affective dimension of the objects which punctuate his installations with burnt photographs. Without focusing on any specific practice, he precisely defines his own based on installation and exhibition. Involved is a spectacular presentation of an atmosphere which steps out as much through the tongue, the furniture, the colors, and the sets of photographs and drawings. Nothing spontaneous, however. The works are conceived, thought out, sometimes written and even planned in a more or less near future, such as 7 plans de vol / 7 Flight plans. Encounters are still essential to such an œuvre in the making, but they could not happen by chance.

Jean-Marc Avrilla

Project: From & To

 

Questo artista, nato nel 1988 a Grenoble, non è legato a una pratica particolare e definisce precisamente la sua partendo dall’istallazione e dalla mostra. È una messa in spettacolo di un’atmosfera che trasuda attraverso la lingua, l’arredo, i colori, i gruppi di fotografie o i disegni. Eppure, non vi è nulla di spontaneo. Le opere sono pensate, ponderate, talvolta scritte, se non pianificate in un futuro più o meno prossimo, come 7 plans de vol, prima di essere realizzate. Gli incontri sono ancora essenziali per quest’opera in divenire, ma di sicuro non potranno capitare per caso.

 

Né en 1988 à Grenoble. Sans s’attacher à une pratique singulière, il définit précisément la sienne à partir de l’installation et de l’exposition. C’est une mise en spectacle d’une atmosphère qui transpire autant par la langue, le mobilier, les couleurs, les ensembles de photographies ou les dessins. Cependant, rien de spontané. Les œuvres sont pensées, réfléchies, écrites parfois – voire planifiées dans un futur plus ou moins proche, comme 7 plans de vol, avant d’être exécutées. Les rencontres sont encore essentielles à une telle œuvre en devenir, mais elles ne sauraient arriver au hasard.

Image:
Quentin Derouet, Encore un geste d’amour, 2013

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ILARIA BONACOSSA

Ilaria_Bonacossa

Ilaria Bonacossa is art director of Villa Croce Museo d’Arte Contemporanea in Genoa after working seven years at Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo in Turin. Founder of Art@Work, a collective that commissions and develops profit and non-profit contemporary art projects, she has curated numerous solo exhibitions of international and Italian artists like Nick Devereaux, Ian Kiaer, Zhang Enli, Tony Conrad, Julieta Aranda, Massimo Grimaldi, Alberto Tadiello, Katrin Sigurdardottir and Thomas Grunfeld and group shows such as Subcontingent. Art from the Indian Subcontinent and Greenwashing. Art Perils and Proposals. She has published monographs on the work of Cristof Yvoré, Kees Goudswaard, Marlene Dumas and Tomas Saraceno. Since February 2014 she is a member of the curatorial Commitee of PAC Padiglione Arte Contemporanea in Milano. She is a permanent member of the Technical Committee for Acquistions of FRAC Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur of Marseille. In 2007 she was a member of the jury for the Golden Lions of the 52nd Venice Biennale and in 2013 International Jury member of the Inamori Foundation Prize, Kyoto. She holds a Degree in Contemporary Art History at Università Statale di Milano and a Master in Curatorial Studies from Bard College, New York.

Project: La démocratie est illusion
Space:  Villa Croce Museo d’Arte Contemporanea

 

Ilaria Bonacossa è direttrice artistica del Museo Villa Croce a Genova, dopo aver lavorato sette anni come senior curator alla Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo di Torino. Fondatrice di Art@Work, un collettivo attivo nel settore profit e no profit per la produzione di progetti d’arte contemporanea, ha curato numerose mostre collettive e personali in Italia e all’estero lavorando con artisti come Nick Devereux, Ian Kiaer, Zhang Enli, Tony Conrad, Julieta Aranda, Massimo Grimaldi, Alberto Tadiello, Gintaras Didziapetris e Thomas Grunfeld; le piu importanti collettive da lei curate sono Subcontinent. Art from Indian Subcontinent e Greenwashing. Arte Pericoli e Promesse. Ha curato alcune monografie di artisti come Cristof Yvoré, Kees Gouddswaard, Marlene Dumas e Tomas Saraceno. È membro del Comitato Tecnico per gli Acquisti del FRAC Provence-Alpes-Côtes-d’Azur di Marsiglia. Nel 2007 è stata una dei cinque membri della giuria per i leoni d’oro della 52a Biennale Internazionale di Arte Contemporanea di Venezia e nel 2013 membro della giuria del Premio della Inamori Foundation a Kyoto. Ha co-curato il padiglione Islandese di Katrin Sigurdardottir alla Biennale di Venezia.

 

Ilaria Bonacossa est directrice artistique du Museo Villa Croce a Gênes après avoir travaillé sept ans a la Fondation Sandretto Re Rebaudengo a Turin. Fondatrice d’Art@Work, collectif qui produit et accompagne des projets d’artistes, elle a été commissaire d’expositions personnelles d’artistes italiens ou internationaux comme Nick Devereux, Ian Kiaer, Zhang Enli, Tony Conrad, Julieta Aranda, Massimo Grimaldi, Alberto Tadiello, Katrin Sigurdardottir ou Thomas Grunfeld et d’expositions collectives comme Subcontinent. Art from Indian Subcontinent et Greenwashing. Art Perils and Proposals. Elle a édité des monographies de Cristof Yvoré, Kees Gouddswaard, Marlene Dumas et Tomas Saraceno. Elle est également membre du comité technique du FRAC Provence-Alpes-Côtes-d’Azur à Marseille. En 2007, elle a fait partie du jury de la 52ème Biennale Internationale d’Art Contemporain de Venise et en 2013 du jury du Inamori Foundation Prize a Kyoto.

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Marcus Geiger

Marcus Geiger, Sozial, Radikal, Minimal, Kapital, 2007-2010

Marcus Geiger, Sozial, Radikal, Minimal, Kapital, 2007-2010

Born 1957, Muri, Switzerland
Lives and works in Vienna, Austria

In his work, Marcus Geiger often uses domestic materials and painstaking processes that provoke ironic ruptures between the conceptual precision with which they are treated and the stereotypical image of a comfortable interior that they convey. He explores and demystifies the meaning of the artwork as a concept, disrupting the ways in which the art market attributes value. Geiger is also interested in the “confrontation between space and art,” in which space is considered broadly to include its social, cultural, and political ramifications. In 1998, for example, he repainted the Vienna Secession red, thus transforming an architectural monument into a pictorial medium. The artist deployed the same concepts in his project for Erste Campus, the future home of the Erste Bank in Vienna.
In the context of Raumwahrnehmung (Perception of Space), a call for art projects to accompany the conversion of an abandoned brewery in Vienna into a housing complex, Geiger submitted Sozial Radikal Minimal Kapital, a minimalist proposal with decisive material and symbolic import. In the context of a social housing complex, which tends, for rational and economic reasons, to limit the living space of its inhabitants to a minimal floor area, the artist revealed the processes at work by introducing a conspicuous rupture within the project’s main layout. He removed one of the 123 planned apartments, thus leaving a gaping hole in both sides of the building, left in unfinished state and abandoned to birds and weeds. The proposal also carried concrete and financial consequences, rendering commercially unviable one of the housing development’s 123 units. Geiger thus responded in a critical way to the project brief, which raises questions concerning the current integration of art and architecture in the context of social housing and its economic conditions: “What can art provide for social housing?” How “to give access to light, air and sun?”
For the work Untitled, presented for the first time at the Haus der Kulturen der Welt in Berlin, Marcus Geiger covered the floors of the exhibition space with material used to protect building sites, blurring the distinction between areas of the building devoted to different activities such as corridors, the project room, restaurant, entrance hall, and bookshop. His project thus confronted the desire for clarity, openness, and transparency in the modernist project. During the exhibition, this was made all the more apparent as the surfaces became dirty and worn. The project thus reflected on the sanitizing dictates of museum conservation, which, as such, isolate the work from its host environment. Paradoxically, his intervention criticized the ideology of conservation at the same time as it prevented the project from leaving its trace or interfering with the building itself.

Nato a Muri, Svizzera, nel 1957
Vive e lavora a Vienna, Austria

Le opere di Marcus Geiger utilizzano spesso materiali comuni e processi laboriosi, provocando delle rotture ironiche tra la precisione concettuale del loro trattamento e l’immagine stereotipata di un arredamento confortevole che veicolano. L’artista esplora e demistifica i significati del concetto di opera d’arte, scompigliando i meccanismi di attribuzione di valore del mercato. Geiger s’interessa al “confronto dello spazio con l’arte”, estendendo la nozione di spazio alle sue implicazioni sociali, culturali e politiche. È il caso, per esempio, di quando nel 1998 ridipinge di rosso il palazzo della Secessione di Vienna, che da monumento diventa supporto pittorico. Gli stessi principi torneranno nel suo progetto per Erste Campus, futura sede di una banca eponima a Vienna.
In occasione di Percezione dello spazio, una “call for proposal” per la trasformazione di un vecchio ristorante di Vienna in immobile destinato a uso residenziale, Geiger ha presentato Sozial Radikal Minimal Kapital (Sociale, radicale, minimale, capitale), una proposta minimalista, con una forte portata materiale e simbolica. In un contesto di edilizia popolare, istituzione economica razionale che cerca di concentrare gli abitanti nella minor superficie possibile, l’artista rivela i processi all’opera con un gesto che introduce una vistosa spaccatura nell’organizzazione dello schema guida. Geiger lascia allo stato grezzo uno dei centoventitre appartamenti previsti, creando così una grande lacuna su entrambi i lati dell’edificio, e in preda agli uccelli e alle piante selvatiche. Questo atto contiene anche una denuncia economica concreta: uno dei centoventitre elementi che rappresentano un utile finanziario nel progetto immobiliare è divenuto improduttivo. Geiger risponde così in maniera critica alla call for proposal, che si proponeva di indagare “nuove modalità di unire l’arte e l’architettura nei termini economici dell’edilizia popolare”, “che cosa possa fare l’arte per l’edilizia popolare”, e come “fare in modo che i residenti abbiano accesso a luce, aria e sole”.
Per l’opera Ohne Titel, inizialmente presentata alla Haus der Kulturen der Welt a Berlino, Marcus Geiger ricopre i pavimenti della sede della mostra con un materiale specifico per proteggere le aree di lavoro, rendendo uniformi i diversi spazi destinati ad attività differenti, come i luoghi di passaggio, la Project room, il ristorante, la reception e la libreria. Entra così in conflitto con la volontà di chiarezza, apertura e trasparenza del progetto modernista, tanto più che, per tutta la durata della mostra, la superficie si sporca e si deteriora. Il progetto è quindi una riflessione sulle sterili regolamentazioni della conservazione museale, che di fatto isolano l’opera dal suo luogo-ospite. Paradossalmente, l’intervento dell’artista critica l’ideologia della conservazione, preservando l’edificio da ogni traccia e interferenza con il progetto che accoglie.

Né à Muri, Suisse, en 1957
Vit et travaille à Vienne, Autriche

Les œuvres de Marcus Geiger utilisent souvent des matériaux domestiques et des processus laborieux, provoquant des ruptures ironiques entre la précision conceptuelle de leur traitement et l’image stéréotypée d’un intérieur confortable qu’elles véhiculent. Il explore et démystifie les significations du concept d’œuvre d’art, brouillant les mécanismes d’attribution de valeur du marché artistique. Geiger s’intéresse aussi à « la confrontation de l’espace avec l’art », la notion d’espace étant étendue à ses implications sociales, culturelles et politiques, par exemple lorsqu’en 1998 il repeint le bâtiment de la Sécession de Vienne en rouge, qui de monument devient alors support pictural. Ces principes seront reconduits dans son projet pour Erste Campus, le futur siège de banque éponyme à Vienne.
Dans le cadre de « Perception de l’espace », un appel à projets artistiques qui accompagnait la reconversion d’une ancienne brasserie à Vienne en immeuble d’habitation, Geiger a réalisé une proposition minimale avec une forte portée matérielle et symbolique. Dans un contexte de logement social, organisation économique rationnelle qui tend à concentrer les habitants sur un minimum de surface, l’artiste révèle les processus à l’œuvre avec un geste qui introduit une fissure flagrante dans l’ordonnancement du schéma directeur. Il retire un des 123 appartements prévus, laissant un trou béant des deux côtés de l’immeuble, à l’état de chantier et en proie aux oiseaux et plantes sauvages. Cet acte a aussi une portée financière concrète : un des 123 éléments de revenu de cette promotion immobilière est rendu inopérant. Geiger répond ainsi de manière critique à cet appel qui questionne les « nouvelles façons de combiner l’art et l’architecture dans les conditions économiques du logement social », « ce que peut l’art pour le logement social », comment « donner accès à la lumière, l’air et le soleil ».
Pour cette œuvre, initialement présentée au Haus der Kulturen der Welt à Berlin, Marcus Geiger recouvre les sols du lieu d’exposition avec une matière servant à protéger les zones en travaux, uniformisant les espaces spécialisés et dédiés aux différentes activités, telles que les passages, le Project room, le restaurant, le hall d’accueil et la librairie. Il entre ainsi en conflit avec la volonté de clarté, ouverture et transparence du projet moderniste, d’autant plus que, pendant la durée de l’exposition, la surface se salit et se délabre. Le projet est aussi une réflexion sur les réglementations stérilisantes de la conservation muséale, qui de fait isolent l’œuvre de son lieu-hôte. Paradoxalement, son intervention critique l’idéologie de la conservation, tout en préservant le bâtiment de toute trace et interférence avec le projet accueilli.

Image:
Marcus Geiger, Sozial, Radikal, Minimal, Kapital, 2007-2010, Soleil politique, Museion 2014. Photo: Luca Meneghel

Project: Soleil politique

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SYLVIE BOULANGER

 

sylvie_boulanger-(1)

Sylvie Boulanger is founder and curator of Salon Light since its creation in 2004.
She has directed Cneai since 1997. She curated over a hundred exhibitions, published more than seventy books (artist’s books, journals, catalogues) and produced several documentaries. She is a member of several research labs, she also contributes to academic reviews like Multitudes and she lectures in art schools and universities. She was the founder of the production agency APC (Art Public Contemporain) that she directed for ten years (1990-1997) after occupying the position of associate director “exhibition and communication” within the Ministry of Culture visual arts delegation (1987-1990).

Project: Ephemera
Space: Cneai =
Partner: Salon light
Focus: Prepared Piano – Model for a New Institutionalism

 

Dirige il Cneai dal 1997. Ha curato un centinaio di mostre, pubblicato più di settanta opere (tra libri d’artista, cataloghi, riviste) e diretto alcuni documentari. È ricercatrice associata in diversi laboratori di ricerca, collabora con varie riviste scientifiche, come la rivista Multitudes, e tiene conferenze nelle Accademie di Belle Arti e nelle Università. Ha fondato l’agenzia di produzione APC (Art Public Contemporain) che ha diretto per dieci anni (1990-1997), dopo essere stata direttrice aggiunta alla delegazione delle arti plastiche del Ministero della Cultura francese.

 

Sylvie Boulanger dirige le Cneai depuis 1997. Elle a été commissaire d’une centaine d’expositions, a publié plus de 70 ouvrages (livres d’artistes, revues, catalogues) et produit quelques documentaires. Elle est chercheur associée de plusieurs laboratoires de recherche, contribue à des revues scientifiques comme la revue Multitudes, et donne des conférences dans des écoles d’art et des universités. Elle a fondé l’agence de production APC (Art Public Contemporain) qu’elle a dirigé pendant dix ans (1990-1997), après avoir été directrice adjointe « exposition et communication » à la délégation aux arts plastiques du ministère de la Culture (1987-1990).

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VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH SYLVIE BOULANGER, CNEAI =, CHATOU

VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH SYLVIE BOULANGER, CNEAI =, CHATOU

Vincent Honoré When was the Cneai formed and what triggered its creation?
Sylvie Boulanger The history of the place prepared the art centre to adopt the question of art as media. Indeed, it was there that the Fauve artists Maurice de Valminck and André Derain practised the craft of engraving from 1905 for the publication of a young Guillaume Apollinaire’s L’Enchanteur pourrissant (The Rotting Magician) by Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler. When the art centre was created in 1997, the question was whether to make it a place for engraving, but three years of research and production with thirty or so artists including Claude Closky, Robert Morris and Peter Downsbrough, led us to consider engraving as an original form of publication. Historically desktop publishing originated in Dada and Russian Constructivism and developed in the ’60s. A new generation of curators has recently formed, considering space made public as public space and the act of publishing as an artistic act. They adjust to current artistic crises: fluidity, network, complexity of sources and exchanges, sharing of authority, collaborative gestures, nomadic artistic practices, interwoven with creation, quotes and interpretation.
Alongside the exhibition, production and publishing programme, we have therefore created tools at the service of this scene: in 1997 exhibition spaces, in 2000 FMRA research funds (ephemera), in 2007 the Floating House – designed by Erwan and Ronan Bouroullec – which acts as residence, lastly in 2011 the new space designed by Philippe Bona and Elisabeth Lemercier. Other ideas are being finalised …

Cneai’s staircase by Bona-Lemercier

Cneai’s staircase by Bona-Lemercier

V.H. The projects seem quite diverse reading the venue’s statement of intent. How can the first intent, that is its very essence be summed up?
S.B. The subject is redefined every day according to artistic needs: a parallel history of art generated by distribution matters that at once establish distribution as an act of criticism. The definition of artistic activity, wrote Marcel Broodthaers with a certain provocation, ‘is found, above all, in the field of distribution.’
Editorial practice is a field of research that we are passionate about, as it compromises the act of distribution as a critical act and collaborative practice. And if publishing etymologically means to make public, it is recognised that the transmission, distribution and reception of art are three fundamental indices of the work of the Cneai.
It is also a place that we try to keep free from any institutional project, that is open to projects by art protagonists who invent a new function for a decompartmentalised art scene, emancipated from academic categories and therefore extended to sound, writing and performance… as well as collaborative fields.

V.H. The Cneai is responsible for a collection comprising 11,000 pieces. How does the collection initiate the programme, or even the structure of the site? Pontus Hultén declared: ‘A collection isn’t a shelter into which to retreat. It’s a source of energy for the curator as much as for the visitor.’ What about the Cneai collection?
S.B. This quote is new to me and I love it. The energy between the collection and the programme is prolific. The value of an artist’s publication lies in action – reading, listening, exhibition… – so it is both an account but also a tool.
That is exactly why we have had the Cneai redeveloped and expanded by Elisabeth Lemercier and Philippe Bona to enable this exchange of energy between the collection and the programme. In order to be able to offer a new programme model in the form of scenarios from several points of view where the exhibition registers and the presentation of the collections blend with the presentation of an isolated work or a publication.
We use pieces from the collection for their research potential, and we increase the collection according to the needs of the artists and guest curators. This double movement gives meaning to the establishment of the fund, likewise the programme.

Cneai’s Maison Flottante

Cneai’s Maison Flottante

V.H. Since the end of the ’90sthearchitecture of museums and art centres, has become the subject of debates about the mission of museums and art centres: there has been a change, as analysed by Charlotte Klocek, from the ‘educated citizen’ (19th century) to the ‘informed consumer’ (20th century). The spectacular architecture of Gehry, Hadid, Nouvel, and Herzog & de Meuron are visible signs of it. How do you situate the Floating House in this context?
S.B. Surprisingly this architecture by the Bouroullec brothers was very badly received by certain local cultural players! It seems that in small towns journalists, curators and other cultural producers, who are neither educated citizens nor informed consumers, confront us. The Floating House installation traumatised all those who were living on their island, because of their nostalgic for their status as curators from the time of the impressionists.
The art centre and the Floating House are located sufficiently far from the town, from work, but relatively close to housing areas, a little isolated in nature, in the middle of a wooded island, between the two banks of the Seine and near to a park, with walkways and stopping places to eat, picnic and play. The location gives a feeling of privacy and vacuity, a condition necessary for encountering art… The Floating House is both an extremely simple and intuitive to use residential property and an object for contemplation.

V.H. Charles Esche described his ideal museum as fundamentally vague: both, simultaneously, and integrally, a community centre, laboratory, institute and a gallery. It is a place where production is not necessarily ‘productive’ and a place under constant reconfiguration; a form open to incomplete architecture. How did you structure the curatorial approach to the place, to the institution?
S.B. The art centre is in fact for me a place ‘void of project,’ whose artistic project is by definition in a state of perpetual movement triggered by the artists and players themselves. Consequently it is more about creating a context than a place or a programme.
The Cneai therefore proposes a new dynamic model:
- collaborative: artists, curators, editors are invited to share the artistic programme. Currently, Christophe Lemaitre has been invited to share the art direction, for Yona Friedman it is a forum for experimentation, for three years Jef Geys has been an important partner to test the levels of values in art;
- cooperative: the projects are proposed to a network of fellows so that they can also be developed elsewhere and to others. We work on average with about a hundred partners every year;
- cultural: beyond the scope of art is acceptable as a source of work and as such been made visible in the programme: music, cinema, science etc;
- transmissible : each invitation leads to several forms of transmission, from exhibition to performance including publication and research residencies. Festivals and study days have replaced previews…

Cneai’s exhibition space

Cneai’s exhibition space

V.H. What is the role of a contemporary art centre director in 2014?
S.B. To resolve a multitude of paradoxical equations:
- to create a context for creation and research in a venue destined for a wide audience and therefore to have the power to believe in humans;
- to reconcile the often contradictory objectives of the artists and figures in the art scene with those of the financial partners and to be a mediator between them;
- to produce personal research whilst remaining devoted to a team and a programme;
- to enrol the place in a synthetic vision between the history of art, current events and movements taking place;
- and above all, to take sides between figures who seek to gain financially or through the media – and those for whom the pleasure remains in spite of it all, the transmission of the artistic experience.
The M/M (Paris) aptly named the role of art centre director when, at the end of their exhibition at the Cneai, I was treated like a Swiss Army knife… Finally, it means to continually entice first-hand experience at reinventing a place as a desirable space.

V.H. PIANO wishes to create a space for exchange and dialogue between Italian and French art venues. Why did you want to participate and what programme are you offering?
S.B. The first residency in the Floating House by Daniele Balit, Maria Alicata and Adrienne Drake, three Italian curators, fired up passionate discussions about the question of version. We have identified works from the collection that have been considered in reference to other older works, whether from the visual arts, musical, cinematic or any other domain. Now it is a question of inviting these artists to develop or activate their old projects (version 3) here and now, at the MACRO and at the Cneai, during two exhibitions that will take place in October 2014 in Rome and in autumn 2015 at the Cneai.
The project is largely research carried out within two archives, one Italian (1:1projects), the other French (FMRA collection).
Our project will attempt to provide concrete answers to questions about formal frontiers (objects, performances, images); about cultural borders (literary, musical, film, scientific, design…); about derived artistic processes (curatorial, editorial, collection and research); and about hybridization of the figures (artists, editors, curators, collectors, sellers or researchers).

 

Vincent Honoré Quand a été créé le Cneai et qu’est-ce qui a présidé à sa création ?
Sylvie Boulanger L’histoire du lieu prédisposait le centre d’art à se situer sur la question de l’art comme média. En effet, les peintres fauves Maurice de Valminck et André Derain y expérimentent dès 1905 la technique de la gravure pour l’édition de L’Enchanteur pourrissant du jeune Guillaume Apollinaire par Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler. Quand le centre d’art est créé en 1997, la question se pose d’en faire le lieu de la gravure, mais trois années de recherches et de production avec une trentaine d’artistes dont Claude Closky, Robert Morris ou Peter Downsbrough, nous amènent à considérer la gravure comme une forme de publication originale. Historiquement la pratique de la micro-édition prend sa source dans Dada et le Constructivisme russe et se développe dans les années 60. Une nouvelle génération de curateurs s’est constituée récemment, considérant l’espace publié comme un espace public et l’acte de publier comme un acte artistique. Ils s’ajustent aux urgences artistiques actuelles : fluidité, réseau, complexité des sources et des échanges, partage de l’autorité, actes collaboratifs, pratiques artistiques nomades, métissées de création, de citations et d’interprétation.
Aux côtés du programme d’exposition, de production et d’édition, nous avons donc créé les outils au service de cette scène : en 1997 les espaces d’expositions, en 2000 les fonds de recherche FMRA (éphéméras), en 2007 la Maison Flottante – dessinée par Erwan et Ronan Bouroullec – qui nous sert de résidence, enfin en 2011 les nouveaux espaces dessinés par Philippe Bona et Elisabeth Lemercier. D’autres idées sont en cours de définition…

V.H. En lisant la note d’intention du lieu, ses missions semblent assez diverses. Comment en résumer l’intention première, l’essence ?
S.B. Le sujet se redéfinit chaque jour avec les nécessités artistiques : une histoire de l’art parallèlegénérée par des questions de distribution qui instaurent d’emblée la diffusion comme acte critique. La définition de l’activité artistique, écrivait Marcel Broodthaers avec une certaine provocation, « se trouve, avant tout, dans le champ de la distribution ».
La pratique éditoriale est un champ de recherche qui nous passionne, car il met en jeu l’acte de diffusion comme acte critique et pratique collaborative. Et si publier signifie étymologiquement rendre public, on comprendra que la transmission, la diffusion et la réception de l’art sont trois indices fondamentaux de l’activité du Cneai.
C’est aussi un lieu que nous tentons de garder vide de projet institutionnel, c’est à dire ouvert au projet des acteurs de l’art qui inventent un nouveau fonctionnement pour une scène artistique décloisonnée, émancipée des catégories académiques et donc à la fois étendue aux domaines du son, de l’écrit, de la performance… et collaborative.

V.H. Le Cneai est responsable d’une collection de 11.000 pièces. Comment la collection informe le programme, voire la structure du lieu ? Pontus Hultén a pu déclarer : « A collection isn’t a shelter into which to retreat. It’s a source of energy for the curator as much as for the visitor ». Qu’en est-il de la collection au Cneai ?
S.B. Je ne connaissais pas cette citation, elle me ravit. Les liens d’énergie entre la collection et le programme sont prolifiques. Une publication d’artiste tient sa valeur de l’action – lecture, écoute, exposition… – dont elle est à la fois le témoignage mais aussi l’outil.
C’est précisément pour permettre cet échange d’énergie entre la collection et la programmation que nous avons fait agrandir et réaménager le Cneai par Elisabeth Lemercier et Philippe Bona. Afin de pouvoir proposer un nouveau modèle de programmation sous forme de scénarios en plusieurs points de vue où les registres de l’exposition et de la présentation des collections se conjuguent à la présentation d’une œuvre isolée ou d’une publication.
Nous utilisons les pièces de la collection pour leur potentiel de recherche, et nous augmentons la collection en fonction des besoins des artistes et curateurs invités. Ce double mouvement donne tout son sens à la constitution du fonds, comme au programme.

V.H. L’architecture des musées et des centres d’art, depuis la fin des années 90, est devenu l’objet de débats sur la mission des musées et des centres d’art : on est passé, comme l’a analysé Charlotte Klocek, du « citoyen éduqué » (XIXe siècle) au « consommateur informé » (XXe siècle). Les architectures spectaculaires de Gehry, Hadid, Nouvel, ou Herzog & de Meuron en sont les signes évidents. Comment situez-vous la Maison Flottante dans ce contexte ?
S.B. L’architecture des frères Bouroullec a étrangement été très mal accueillie par certains acteurs culturels locaux ! Il semble que nous soyons confrontés, dans les petites villes, à des journalistes, conservateurs et autres producteurs culturels qui ne soient ni citoyens éduqués, ni consommateurs informés. L’installation de la Maison Flottante a provoqué un traumatisme pour tous ceux qui vivaient sur leur île, par leur statut nostalgique de conservateurs du temps des impressionnistes.
Le centre d’art et la Maison Flottante sont situés suffisamment loin de la ville, du travail, mais relativement proche des quartiers d’habitations, plutôt isolé dans la nature, au milieu d’une île arborée, entre les deux berges de la Seine et à proximité d’un parc, avec des chemins de marche et des haltes pour se restaurer, pique-niquer ou jouer. La situation donne une sensation d’intimité et de vacuité, état nécessaire à la rencontre de l’art… La Maison Flottante est à la fois un objet d’habitation d’usage extrêmement simple et intuitif et un objet de contemplation.

V.H. Charles Esche a décrit son musée idéal comme étant fondamentalement incertain : à la fois, simultanément, et intégralement, centre communautaire, laboratoire, institut, galerie. Un lieu ou la production n’est pas obligatoirement « productive », un lieu en permanente reconfiguration, une forme ouverte à l’architecture incomplète. Comment avez-vous structuré l’approche curatoriale du lieu, de l’institution ?
S.B. Le centre d’art est en effet pour moi un lieu « vide de projet », dont le projet artistique est par définition dans un perpétuel mouvement déclenché par les artistes et les acteurs eux-mêmes. Par conséquent il s’agit plus de créer un contexte qu’un lieu ou un programme.
Le Cneai propose donc un nouveau modèle, de type dynamique :
- collaboratif : des artistes, curateurs, éditeurs sont invités à partager le programme artistique. Actuellement, Christophe Lemaitre est invité à partager la direction artistique, Yona Friedman en fait son lieu d’expérimentation, Jef Geys est un partenaire important pour expérimenter depuis trois ans les niveaux de valeurs dans l’art… ;
- coopératif : les projets sont proposés à un réseau de confrères pour qu’ils puissent se développer aussi ailleurs et à plusieurs. Nous travaillons en moyenne avec une centaine de partenaires tous les ans ;
- culturel : le hors-champs de l’art est assumé comme source de travail et à ce titre rendu visible dans les programmations : musique, cinéma, sciences… ;
- transmissible : chaque invitation donne lieu à plusieurs formes de transmission, de l’exposition à la performance en passant par l’édition ou la résidence de recherche. Les festivals et les journées d’études ont remplacé les vernissages…

V.H. Quel est le rôle d’un directeur de centre d’art contemporain en 2014 ?
S.B. Résoudre une multitude d’équations paradoxales :
- créer un contexte de création et de recherche dans un lieu destiné aux publics les plus larges et donc croire absolument en l’humain ;
- concilier les objectifs souvent contradictoires des artistes et acteurs de l’art avec ceux des partenaires financiers et donc être traducteur français/français ;
- produire une recherche personnelle tout en se consacrant à une équipe et un programme ;
- inscrire le lieu dans une vision synthétique entre l’histoire de l’art, l’actualité et les mouvements en train de se faire ;
- et surtout, choisir son camp entre les acteurs qui poursuivent le profit par l’art – financier ou médiatique – et ceux dont le plaisir reste en dépit de tout, la transmission de l’expérience artistique.
Les M/M(Paris) ont bien nommé le rôle d’un directeur de centre d’art quand, à l’issu de leur exposition au Cneai, ils m’ont traitée de couteau suisse… Finalement, il s’agit de tenter éternellement une expérience concrète de réinvention d’un lieu comme espace désirable.

V.H. PIANO veut créer un espace d’échange et de dialogue entre des lieux d’art italiens et français. Pourquoi avez-vous souhaité participer et quel programme proposez-vous ?
S.B. La première résidence sur la Maison Flottante de Daniele Balit, Maria Alicata et Adrienne Drake, les trois curateurs italiens, a généré des discussions passionnantes sur la question de la version. Nous avons identifié des œuvres de la collection qui avaient été pensées en références à d’autres œuvres plus anciennes, qu’elles soient issues du domaine plastique, musicale, cinématographique ou autre. Il est question maintenant d’inviter ces artistes à développer ou activer leurs anciens projets (version 3) ici et maintenant, au MACRO et au Cneai, lors de deux expositions qui auront lieu en octobre 2014 à Rome et à l’automne 2015 au Cneai.
Le projet se résume donc en une recherche effectuée au sein de deux archives, l’une italienne (1:1projects), l’autre française (collection FMRA).
Notre projet tentera d’apporter des réponses concrètes aux questions de frontièresformelles (objets, performances, images) ; de frontières culturelles (littéraire, musicale, filmique, scientifique, design…) ; d’actes artistiques dérivés (curatoriaux, éditoriaux, de collection et de recherche) ; et d’hybridation des acteurs (artistes, éditeurs, curateurs, collectionneurs, vendeurs ou chercheurs).

Images:
1. Jef Geys, Coloring book for adults, 1963-2014. Photo: Steven Decroos. Courtesy Mu.ZEE, Ostend. Exhibition Jef Geys. C’est aujourd’hui dimanche, tiens ma jolie maman voilà des roses blanches, toi qui les aimes tant!, 8 February – 22 June 2014
2. Cneai’s staircase by Bona-Lemercier. Photo: Cneai
3. Cneai’s Maison Flottante. Photo: Sebastien Agnetti
4. Cneai’s exhibition space. Photo: Aurélien Mole

Protagonist: Sylvie Boulanger
Space: Cneai =
Project: Ephemera

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ANDREA VILIANI

Since 2013 Andrea Viliani is the director of the Fondazione Donnaregina per le arti contemporanee – Madre, Naples, where he has been responsible for shows of Thomas Bayrle, Mario Garcia Torres/Alighiero Boetti, Giulia Piscitelli, Vettor Pisani, and Ettore Spalletti. He previously worked from 2009 to 2012 as Director of Fondazione Galleria Civica – Centro di Ricerca sulla Contemporaneità in Trento, where he curated and edited projects by Nedko Solakov, Rosa Barba, Clemens von Wedemeyer, Gustav Metzger, Melvin Moti, Robert Kuśmirowski, The Otolith Group, Dora García, Tris Vonna-Michell, and Alberto Garutti. In 2012 Andrea Viliani was a member of the Core Agents Group of dOCUMENTA(13) and he co-curated the related project in Kabul and Bamiyan (Afghanistan). From 2005 to 2009, Viliani was curator at the MAMbo – Museo d’Arte Moderna di Bologna, where he presented an exhibition program focused on the contemporary legacy of 1960s/1970s institutional critique (including exhibitions by Giovanni Anselmo, Christopher Williams, Jeroen de Rijke-Willem de Rooij, Ryan Gander, Markus Schinwald, Adam Chodzko, Bojan Sarcevic, Natascha Sadr Haghighian, Trisha Donnelly, Guyton\Walker and Seth Price). Among the 60 “players” of the 2007 Biennale de Lyon, he is a frequent contributor to FROG, Mousse, Kaleidoscope and Flash Art.

Partner: MADRE
Focus: Prepared Piano – Model for a New Institutionalism

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Prepared Piano – Model for a new Institutionalism

Round table discussion moderated by Pierre Bal-Blanc
organized in the frame of PIANO, Prepared Platform for Contemporary Art – France-Italie 2014-2015

Villa Medici
Viale Trinità dei Monti, 1 – 00187 Roma
Friday May 9, 2014
10 – 12 am

The panel discussion Prepared Piano: Model for a New Institutionalism presents artists, curators, as well as the managers of places where various projects have been produced over the past few years in Europe. These projects have in common that they make novel use of cultural exchange instruments, while giving their activities both a local and international scope.

Various case studies will be presented during this panel discussion to bring back into play notions of crossdisciplinarity (Théâtre des expositions at Villa Medici), process (Per_formare una collezione at the MADRE in Naples), and plasticity of relations (Laboratoire Espace Cerveau at the IAC in Villeurbanne). The discussions as a whole will echo the desire to found “a new institutionalism”, which has developed over the past few years through initiatives coming from both artists and curators. The desire to reconfigure the institution based on the model of a community centre, laboratory, open school, and other places that are not mainly governed by market laws, is linked with the creative momentum that led to Prepared Piano. The proposed discussion aims to demonstrate that PIANO, as well as Salon Light, dedicated to independent publishing, and Vdrome, a distribution network for artist films, are today all tangible initiatives.

Pierre Bal-Blanc is the director of the CAC Brétigny. He is also an independent curator and the vice-president of the d.c.a / French association for the development of centres d’art. Since 2003, in resonance with the social thought of Charles Fourrier, he has been developing the “Phalanstère Project” within a centre d’art. This is a series of specific offerings that critically rework the principles of artwork accumulation.
His exhibition series “Living Currency” and “Draft Score for an Exhibition” negotiate the historical and contemporary analysis of the body and of strategies linked to performance in the visual arts. “The Death of the Audience “ and “Reversibility” are reflections on the consequences that the materiality of art objects has on the configuration of art-world protagonists, the role and form of cultural institutions today.

Interdisciplinary stage
Theater of Exhibitions / Villa Medici, Rome / presentation by Eric de Chassey

Conceived by the director Éric de Chassey and organised by the French Academy in Rome – Villa Medici every year since 2010, the Theatre of Exhibitions has been devised as a moment of encounter between the fellows in residence and the public, as well as one of dialogue and confrontation among the artists and scholars in residence. The different spaces of Villa Medici become ephemeral stages for installations, performances, projections, readings. The concept of openness, a predisposition to dialogue and confrontation among different disciplines is the characteristic that unites the projects, which are presented. The Theatre of Exhibitions has been designed as a “multiform laboratory” which displays the diversity of artistic practices and research, thus confirming the centrality of the French Academy in Rome in contemporary creation.

Éric de Chassey is the Director of the French Academy in Rome – Villa Medici since 2009. He is also Professor of Contemporary Art History at the École Normale Supérieure in Lyon. Since the beginning, his scientific activities have focused on the US and abstract art. He has published books and essays on XXth and XXIst century art. He has also curated numerous exhibitions, accompanied by publications such as Soulages XXIth century (Rome, Villa Medici, 2013) or Simon Hantaï (Rome, Villa Medici, 2014).

Thought’s spatialization
Space Brain Laboratory / IAC, Villeurbanne / presentation by Nathalie Ergino and Ann Veronica Janssens

Initiated in 2009 by the artist Ann Veronica Janssens and Nathalie Ergino, director of the Institut d’art contemporain, the project aims at starting from experiments in art to explore practical and theoretical research linking space and the brain. This interdisciplinary laboratory brings together the reflections and experiments of artists and scientists and also philosophers, anthropologists, art historians and theoreticians, thus providing as much coverage by neuroscience, physics and astrophysics as by hypnosis, telepathy and shamanism.

Since January, 2006, Nathalie Ergino is the director of the Institut d‘art contemporain. Former director of the School / FRAC Champagne-Ardenne (1994-2000), and of the museum of contemporary art [mac] of Marseille (2001-2005), she has curated big monographic exhibitions (Jimmie Durham, Rodney Graham, Raymond Hains, Ann Veronica Janssens, Carsten Höller) as well as collective exhibitions (Maisons-Cerveaux, Subréel).

Born in 1956 in Folkestone (UK), Ann Veronica Janssens lives and works in Brussels (BE). Her work has been the subject of numerous solo exhibitions. Since 1985, she has also participated in important group exhibitions, as well as various international biennials and in 1999 Venice where she represented Belgium with Michel François. She regularly collaborates with choreographers (Drouler Pierre and Anne Teresa De Keersmaeker). Her work has been presented recently within the exhibition Passion Fruit at the Centre Pompidou, Paris and within Dynamo, A century of light in art, 1913 – 2013 at the Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais.

Organizing the perceptible
Vdrome / Mousse, Milano / presentation by Enrico Boccioletti

Vdrome is an online platform that offers regular, high quality screenings of films and videos directed by visual artists and filmmakers, whose production lies in-between contemporary art and cinema. Each screening is presented during a limited period, as in a movie theatre. Vdrome makes available a program of exceptional artists’ films and videos that are selected due to their importance, quality and innovative strength, many of which are only shown in the context of film festivals, exhibitions or specific surveys, being therefore of very limited access. Vdrome is an initiative conceived and promoted by Mousse, curated by Edoardo Bonaspetti, Jens Hoffmann, Andrea Lissoni and Filipa Ramos, and maintained by Enrico Boccioletti.

Enrico Boccioletti is an artist and musician active under multiple names – Death in Plains, 4SICSX, spcnvdr and Enrico B – in the fields of postconceptual, new vernacular, performance and sound, interested into incompleteness and circularity, duplication and accumulation, waste, layering, forgery, faux-real. He also works for Mousse Magazine and Vdrome.

Incarnation of the collection
Per_formare una collezione / Madre, Naples / presentation by Andrea Viliani and Alessandro Rabottini

Per_forming a collection is an on-going project designed to develop the formation of the Museo MADRE’s permanent collection in Naples. It focuses on artists of different generations whose works have been conceived as physical and mental instruments that bring together thought and action in every possible media, linking visual arts to theatre and literature. The project aims to shape a collection that is articulated over time, combining archival research with commissions for new works taking into account the role of the museum as a place of memory and preservation as well as a continuing research and production laboratory. All the works presented have a relation with the city and its history: works conceived or exhibited here, from artist who happened to exhibit in Naples or works belonging to private or public local collections.

Since 2013 Andrea Viliani is the director of the Fondazione Donnaregina per le arti contemporanee – Madre, Napoli. He previously worked from 2009 to 2012 as Director of Fondazione Galleria Civica – Centro di Ricerca sulla Contemporaneità in Trento. In 2012 he was a member of the Core Agents Group of dOCUMENTA(13) and he co-curated the related position in Kabul and Bamiyan (Afghanistan). From 2005 to 2009, Viliani was curator at the MAMbo – Museo d’Arte Moderna di Bologna. Among the 60 “players” of the 2007 Biennale de Lyon, he is a frequent contributor to FROG, Mousse, Kaleidoscope and Flash Art.

Alessandro Rabottini is an art critic and curator based in London. He is Curator at Large at the Madre Museum in Naples (where he recently curated a mid-career retrospective of Padraig Timoney and the survey show of Ettore Spalletti) and served as guest curator for several international institutions. In his capacity of Curator at Large at the GAMeC in Bergamo he curated solo exhibitions of artists such as Robert Overby, Mircea Cantor, Latifa Echakhch, Victor Man, Pratchaya Phinthong, Pietro Roccasalva, Tim Rollins & K.O.S, Sterling Ruby, Tris Vonna-Michell and Jordan Wolfson.

Praising uncertainty
Salon light / cneai =, Chatou / presentation by Sylvie Boulanger

Founded in 2004 by Cneai, Salon Light became over a few years an unmissable rendez-vous for micro-publishers and artist’s publication in Paris. After exporting the concept at Vermelho gallery in Sao Paulo and the great success of Salon Light 9 at Palais de Tokyo in 2012, Salon Light keeps uniting a moving scene of artists, authors, independent publishers or composers. Books, magazines, objects, LP’s, catalogues or artist’s book, the publications are often limited editions, sometimes impossible to find in Paris, and are breaking new grounds while creating new networks in the art and publishing worlds. Performances and meetings with professionals and artists are also a key part of the event. Free for the publishers and the public, it’s accessible to all and offers visibility to a still somehow unknown field.

Sylvie Boulanger is founder and curator of Salon Light since its creation in 2004. She directs Cneai since 1997. She curated over a hundred exhibitions, published more than seventy books (artist’s books, journals, catalogues) and produced as few documentaries. She is a member of several research labs, she also contributes to academic reviews like Multitudes and lectures in art schools and universities. She was the founder of the production agency APC (Art Public Contemporain) that she directed for ten years (1990-1997) after occupying the position of associate director «exhibition and communication» within the Ministry of Culture visual arts delegation (1987-1990).

The round table discussion will be followed by a
Concert for Prepared Piano by Laurent Durupt, composer and fellow at the Villa Medici

More information at
www.pianoproject.org
info@pianoproject.org

Round table discussion organized in the frame of PIANO, Prepared Platform for Contemporary Art, France-Italie 2014-2015

PIANO, Prepared Platform for Contemporary Art, France–Italy 2014-2015, initiated by d.c.a / French association for the development of centres d’art, in partnership with the Institut français in Italy, the French Embassy in Italy and the Institut français, with the support of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development, the French Ministry of Culture and Communication and Fondazione Nuovi Mecenati.

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JULIE PELLEGRIN

Since 2007, Julie Pellegrin has been working as the director of the Art Centre of La Ferme du Buisson. She aims to create a dialogue between contemporary art and other art forms (with a particular emphasis on theatre and dance), as well as social science (economics, philosophy, anthropology), focusing on the significance of processes and experimentation in the performative dimension of art. She mixes solo (Isabelle Cornaro, Seulgi Lee, Gianni Motti, Denis Savary, Mathieu Kleyebe Abonnenc, Diogo Pimentao, Julien Bismuth, Phill Niblock) and group exhibitions (A Choreographed Exhibitions, Treasures for Theatre, The Yvonne Rainer Project) mixed with publications, talks and performances. Author of over a dozen of artist monographs and artists’ books, Julie Pellegrin recently published, together with fellow curator Mathieu Copeland, a collective anthology entitled Choreographing Exhibitions. In 2013, she co-curated Nuit Blanche Paris with Chiara Parisi. They invited 40 international artists to produce large-scale artworks showcased across the city in public space, to offer spectators a chance to experience time-based works by Fujiko Nakaya, Rosa Barba, Michael Portnoy, Peter Watkins, Chantal Akerman, Hassan Khan, Liam Gillick or Martin Creed ‒ as well as reenactments of historical works like Palle Nielsen’s The Model or Karlheinz Stockhausen’s Helicopter String Quartet.

Julie Pellegrin è direttore del Centre d’art La Ferme du Buisson dal 2007. La sua ricerca è incentrata sul dialogo tra arte contemporanea e altre arti (in particolare il teatro e la danza), e con le scienze sociali (economia, filosofia, antropologia), e si concentra sul significato dei processi e la sperimentazione nella dimensione performativa dell’arte. Il suo programma consiste in una combinazione di mostre personali (Isabelle Cornaro, Seulgi Lee, Gianni Motti, Denis Savary, Mathieu Kleyebe Abonnenc, Diogo Pimentao, Julien Bismuth, Phill Niblock), collettive (A Choreographed Exhibitions, Treasures for Theatre, The Yvonne Rainer Project), pubblicazioni, incontri e performance. Ha pubblicato oltre una dozzina di monografie e libri d’artista e di recente, con Mathieu Copeland, l’antologia Choreographing Exhibitions. Nel 2013 ha curato con Chiara Parisi la Nuit Blanche di Parigi invitando oltre 40 artisti a produrre istallazioni e opere su larga scala sparse per il territorio della città.

Julie Pellegrin dirige le Centre d’art de la Ferme du Buisson depuis 2007 où elle développe un programme centré sur la performativité à travers des expositions monographiques (Julien Bismuth, Mathieu Kleyebe Abonnenc, Isabelle Cornaro, Phill Niblock) et collectives (Une exposition chorégraphiée, Treasures for Theatre, The Yvonne Rainer Project), des événements et des livres. Elle a été co-directrice artistique de la 11e édition de Nuit Blanche Paris avec Chiara Parisi. Les artistes y proposaient une expérience de la durée et de la dérive en imaginant des œuvres à l’échelle de la ville (Fujiko Nakaya, Rosa Barba, Michael Portnoy, Peter Watkins, Chantal Akerman, Liam Gillick, Avi Mograbi…) parallèlement à la réactivation de pièces historiques (The Model de Palle Nielsen ou le quartet pour hélicoptères de Karlheinz Stockhausen). Outre une quinzaine de monographies et livres d’artistes, Julie Pellegrin vient de publier avec Mathieu Copeland un ouvrage collectif intitulé Chorégraphier l’exposition.

Space: CAC de la Ferme du Buisson
Project: Alfred Jarry Archipelago

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VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH JULIE PELLEGRIN, CAC DE LA FERME DU BUISSON, NOISIEL

VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH JULIE PELLEGRIN, CAC DE LA FERME DU BUISSON, NOISIEL

Vincent Honoré Can you tell us about the missions of La Ferme du Buisson, and explain what makes this place unique in France?
Julie Pellegrin Located on an exceptional site in the outer suburbs of Paris, La Ferme du Buisson is a multidisciplinary cultural centre of national and international standing. It comprises a contemporary art centre, a national theatre containing 7 concert and performance spaces, and a cinema. This configuration, which is unique in France, makes the place a perfect example of the de-compartmentalisation of disciplines. In addition to missions common to all centres d’art (research and prospecting, supporting creativity and distribution), our centre d’art is a resonance chamber for all of La Ferme’s activities. So the programme revolves around three axes: performance, multidisciplinarity and experimentation with exhibition formats.
By basing my work on an approach that sees performance as an active principle of category-transgression, I’ve endeavoured—since my arrival eight years ago—to bring contemporary art into dialogue with other artistic disciplines (theatre, dance, music, cinema) or with disciplines outside of art (economics, philosophy, anthropology…). In our ways of working, in the subjects explored or in our activities directed at the public, we try never to disconnect the art scene from the social, political and cultural spheres. The contemporary centre d’art is a place that is open and in motion, establishing local roots and international collaborations, through a programme of exhibitions and publications, performances, meetings and screenings.

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2. Marvin Gaye Chetwynd, Jesus and Barabbas puppet show performance / installation, 2011

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3. Rainer Ganahl, I Wanna be Alfred Jarry, 1897/2012

V.H. When and why was this centre d’art created?
J.P. The centre d’art was an integral part of the initial plan for La Ferme du Buisson. The institution was created in 1990 at the end of a major renovation of the old “model farm” of the Menier chocolate factories. It was saved from destruction thanks to a mobilisation by residents and local politicians who understood the importance of preserving industrial heritage and creating a high-calibre cultural centre for the new city of Marne-la-Vallée, which was then under construction.

V.H. Beyond its art production and distribution mission, how do you define the political and civic role played by La Ferme du Buisson?
J.P. Our interview is taking place in a very worrying context in France, marked by the recent attacks, the rise of right-wing extremism, and unprecedented budget cuts leading to the closure of more and more centres d’art, theatres and other cultural places. Although our role within the city can sometimes seem trifling, the current context is making it absolutely indispensable. Art is a formidable tool against all fundamentalisms, because it makes it possible to form a critical mind, to develop complex sensory experiments, and because it’s a forum for sharing, open to alterity. As history has demonstrated, art doesn’t have to be politically engaged to constitute a subversive force, but I still make my programming choices with a view to considering the idea of actuality—in the Deleuzian sense of the term: as an evolving embodiment of a concept—by giving forms and spaces to questions that pervade our time, whether they be economic, ecological, postcolonial, feminist or otherwise. In support of this, La Ferme du Buisson is doing great mediation and awareness-raising work directed at visitors from the every walk of life. It seems to me that this art education role is vital, particularly in our location on the periphery of Paris’s cultural offering, and with regard to sectors of the public said to be “alienated” or “restricted”.

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4. Julien Bismuth, Untitled, 2015

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5. Naotaka Hiro, Untitled drawings, 2015

V.H. PIANO wishes to create a forum for exchange and dialogue between Italian and French art centres. Why did you want to participate and what programme are you proposing?
J.P. In this period when people are turning inward, international collaborations that make it possible to exchange points of view, practices and sometimes funding, are vitally important. In this sense, the cooperative projects developed by d.c.a are highly stimulating. In the context of PIANO, we’ve initiated a large project with Museo Marino Marini in Florence, entitled Alfred Jarry Archipelago, which we are sharing with a Belgian partner, M – Museum Leuven. A few years ago with Keren Detton (director of centre d’art Le Quartier in Quimper), we started taking an interest in the figure of Ubu Roi and in Jarry’s work more generally. Since Jarry had very close links with the futurists, and Italy is home to many pataphysics societies, and Ubu regularly serves as a metaphor for illustrious Italian politicians, we asked Alberto Salvadori and Leonardo Bigazzi to join in our research.
It’s not a project on Jarry, but from Jarry. Since a whole swathe of today’s art and performance seems to be infused with a typically Jarryesque transgressive power, we summoned the author to serve as the posthumous curator of the whole project. This project takes the form of an archipelago in which each island-chapter unfolds in a different place and in a different form. Three group exhibitions were held at Le Quartier, at La Ferme du Buisson and at Museo Marino Marini, and a set of performances took place in the context of the Playground Festival in Leuven. We’ll be meeting with the three other curators (Leonardo Bigazzi, Keren Detton and Eva Wittocx) in 2016 to organise the first edition of the Performance Day festival at La Ferme du Buisson, and again in 2017 for an important publication assembling all of the chapters.

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6. Nathaniel Mellors, Giantbum – Stage 2 (Theatre), 2008, The Object (Ourhouse), 2010 and Giantbum – Stage 1 (Rehearsal), 2008

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7. Nathaniel Mellors, The Object (Ourhouse), 2010

Project: Alfred Jarry Archipelago
Space: CAC de la Ferme du Buisson
Protagonist: Julie Pellegrin

Vincent Honoré Pouvez-vous nous présenter les missions de la Ferme du Buisson, et ce qui en fait un lieu unique en France ?
Julie Pellegrin Implantée sur un site exceptionnel en « grande banlieue » de Paris, la Ferme du Buisson est un centre culturel pluridisciplinaire d’envergure nationale et internationale. Il concentre un centre d’art contemporain, une scène nationale composée de 7 salles de spectacles et de concerts et un cinéma. Il s’agit d’une configuration unique en France qui en fait un lieu exemplaire en matière de décloisonnement des disciplines. En plus des missions communes à tous les centres d’art (recherche et prospection, soutien à la création et diffusion), ce centre d’art est une caisse de résonance de l’ensemble des activités de la Ferme. La programmation s’est donc concentrée autour de trois axes : performance, pluridisciplinarité et expérimentation autour des formats d’exposition.
En m’appuyant sur une approche de la performance comme principe actif de transgression des catégories, je me suis attachée depuis mon arrivée il y a 8 ans à faire dialoguer l’art contemporain avec d’autres disciplines artistiques (théâtre, danse, musique, cinéma) ou extra-artistiques (économie, philosophie, anthropologie…). Dans nos manières de travailler, les sujets abordés ou nos actions en direction des publics, nous tentons de ne jamais dissocier la scène artistique des sphères sociale, politique et culturelle. Le centre d’art contemporain est un lieu ouvert et en mouvement, développant autant un ancrage local que des collaborations internationales, à travers un programme d’expositions et d’éditions, de performances, de rencontres et de projections.

V.H. Quand et pourquoi ce centre d’art a-t-il été créé ?
J.P. Le centre d’art fait partie intégrante du projet initial de la Ferme du Buisson. L’institution a été créée en 1990 au terme d’un grand chantier de rénovation de l’ancienne « ferme-modèle » des usines de chocolat Menier. Elle été sauvée de la destruction grâce à la mobilisation d’habitants et d’élus, conscients de l’intérêt de préserver le patrimoine industriel et de proposer un lieu culturel d’envergure pour la ville nouvelle de Marne-la-Vallée alors en construction.

V.H. Comment définir – au-delà de sa mission de production et de diffusion artistique – le rôle politique et citoyen joué par la Ferme du Buisson ?
J.P. Je réponds à cette interview dans un contexte français très préoccupant, marqué par les récents attentats, la montée de l’extrême-droite, les coupes budgétaires sans précédents entraînant des fermetures de plus en plus nombreuses de centres d’art, de théâtres et autres lieux culturels. Si notre rôle au sein de la cité peut parfois nous paraître dérisoire, le contexte actuel le rend absolument indispensable. Parce qu’il permet de se forger un esprit critique, de développer des expériences sensibles complexes, et parce qu’il est un espace de partage ouvert à l’altérité, l’art est un formidable outil contre tous les fondamentalismes. Comme l’histoire l’a démontré, l’art n’a pas besoin d’être « engagé » pour constituer une force subversive, mais mes choix de programmation s’attachent tout de même à considérer l’idée d’actualité – au sens deleuzien du terme : comme un concept incarné, en devenir – en donnant des formes et des espaces à des questions qui traversent notre époque, qu’elles soient économiques, écologiques, postcoloniales, féministes, ou autres. Pour accompagner cela, la Ferme du Buisson développe une formidable action de médiation et de sensibilisation en direction des publics les plus divers. Ce rôle d’éducation artistique qui nous incombe me semble vital, particulièrement dans la situation périphérique que nous occupons en regard de l’offre culturelle parisienne, et à l’égard des publics dits « éloignés » ou « empêchés ».

V.H. PIANO veut créer un espace d’échange et de dialogues entre des lieux d’art italiens et français. Pourquoi avez-vous souhaité participer et quel programme proposez-vous ?
J.P. Dans cette période de repli sur soi, les collaborations internationales qui permettent d’échanger points de vue et pratiques et parfois financements, sont d’une importance capitale. En ce sens, les projets de coopération développés par d.c.a sont extrêmement stimulants.
Dans le contexte de PIANO, nous avons initié avec le Museo Marino Marini à Florence un vaste projet intitulé Alfred Jarry Archipelago, auquel nous avons associé un partenaire belge : le M Museum à Louvain. Il y a quelques années, nous avons commencé avec Keren Detton (directrice du centre d’art Le Quartier à Quimper) à nous intéresser à la figure d’Ubu Roi et plus largement à l’œuvre de Jarry. Parce que Jarry avait entretenu des liens très étroits avec les futuristes, que l’Italie abrite de nombreuses sociétés de pataphysiques, et qu’Ubu sert régulièrement de métaphore pour d’illustres politiciens italiens, nous avons proposé à Alberto Salvadori et Leonardo Bigazzi de s’associer à notre recherche.
Il ne s’agit pas d’un projet sur mais à partir de Jarry. Parce que tout un pan de l’art et de la performance actuel nous semblait traversé par une puissance de transgression typiquement jarryesque, nous avons convoqué l’auteur comme commissaire posthume de l’ensemble du projet. Ce dernier prend la forme d’un archipel où chaque chapitre-île prend place dans un lieu différent, sous une forme différente. Trois expositions collectives se sont ainsi tenues au Quartier, à La Ferme du Buisson et au Museo Marino Marini, et un ensemble de performances dans le cadre du festival Playground à Louvain. Nous nous retrouverons avec les trois autres commissaires (Leonardo Bigazzi, Keren Detton et Eva Wittocx) en 2016 pour organiser la première édition du festival Performance Day à la Ferme du Buisson, puis en 2017 pour une importante publication réunissant l’ensemble des chapitres.

Images:
1. Mike Kelley, Spread-Eagle, 2000 and The Poetry of Form: Part of an Ongoing Attempt to Develop an Auteur Theory of Naming,1985-1996, La Ferme du Buisson, Courtesy du Centre national des arts plastiques, FNAC 01-006 et FNAC 03-267
2. Marvin Gaye Chetwynd, Jesus and Barabbas puppet show performance / installation, 2011, La Ferme du Buisson, Courtesy Sadie Coles HQ – London
3. Rainer Ganahl, I Wanna be Alfred Jarry, 1897/2012, La Ferme du Buisson, Courtesy the artist and Kai Matsumiya – New York
4. Julien Bismuth, Untitled, 2015, La Ferme du Buisson, Courtesy the artist and galerie Georges-Philippe & Nathalie Vallois – Paris
5. Naotaka Hiro, Untitled drawings, 2015, La Ferme du Buisson, Courtesy the artist and The BOX Gallery – Los Angeles
6. Nathaniel Mellors, Giantbum – Stage 2 (Theatre), 2008, The Object (Ourhouse), 2010 and Giantbum – Stage 1 (Rehearsal), 2008, Courtesy the artist and Matt’s Gallery – London, La Ferme du Buisson
7. Nathaniel Mellors, The Object (Ourhouse), 2010, La Ferme du Buisson, Courtesy the artist and Matt’s Gallery – London
All images: Installation views, Alfred Jarry Archipelago : La Valse des pantins – Acte II, La Ferme du Buisson, Noisiel, 2015. © Émile Ouroumov

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Lili Reynaud-Dewar

Lili Reynaud-Dewar, I don't know what a conceptual artist looks like (Fondation Generali), 2012

Lili Reynaud-Dewar, I don’t know what a conceptual artist looks like (Fondation Generali), 2012

Born 1975, La Rochelle, France
Lives and works in Grenoble, France

Lili Reynaud-Dewar’s works draw on cultural references that range from the Rastafari movement to jazz, Voodoo, conceptual art, cinema, and design. The artist mingles these elements in video art, sculptures, sound installations, and performances that are duly filmed.
The title of the video in the exhibition, Vivre avec ça?!, refers to a poem by the American writer Eileen Myles and is highly representative of Reynaud-Dewar’s current work. Initiated in 2001 in the artist’s studio, the project was subsequently extended to other sites. Reynaud-Dewar paints her body black and then films herself dancing in empty exhibition spaces. Her moves are inspired by those of Joséphine Baker, the French-American dancer, actress, and singer who in the 1930s became a symbol of racist stereotypes but also the struggle to overcome them.
Using Baker’s moves, Lili Reynaud- Dewar engages not only with the exhibition space but also other parts of the building—the corridors, offices, and service areas. Her performance thus becomes an intimate critique of the institution and a reflection on the lengthy history of the avant-garde movements, subverting the sexual, racial, and political norms that contribute to constructing our individual identity and conveying stereotypes. Besides hosting the video inside the venue, Museion is screening it on the media façade, as an extension of the relationship forged by the artist with the external architecture and “skin” of the museum.

Nata a La Rochelle, Francia, nel 1975
Vive e lavora a Grenoble, Francia

Nei lavori di Lili Reynaud-Dewar convivono spunti eterogenei provenienti dalla cultura rastafari, dal jazz, dal Voodoo, dall’arte concettuale, dal cinema e dal design. Combinando tra loro elementi tanto variegati, l’artista crea video, sculture, installazioni sonore e performance che vengono regolarmente filmate.
Il titolo del video in mostra, Vivre avec ça?!, fa riferimento a una poesia dell’autrice americana Eileen Myles e ben rappresenta la produzione attuale di Reynaud-Dewar. Iniziato nel 2001 nell’atelier dell’artista, il progetto è stato successivamente esteso ad altri luoghi. Reynaud- Dewar si dipinge il corpo di nero, per poi filmare se stessa mentre danza all’interno dello spazio espositivo in assenza del pubblico. I movimenti della danza si rifanno a quelli di Joséphine Baker, ballerina, attrice e cantante franco-americana divenuta negli anni ’30 simbolo degli stereotipi razzisti, ma anche della lotta per il loro superamento. Attraverso le movenze mutuate da Baker, Lili Reynaud-Dewar si confronta non solo con la sala espositiva, ma anche con altre parti dell’edificio, come corridoi, uffici e vani di servizio. La sua performance diventa così un’intima critica istituzionale e una riflessione sulla lunga storia delle avanguardie, finalizzata a sovvertire le regole sessuali, razziali e politiche che contribuiscono alla costruzione dell’identità individuale e alla trasmissione degli stereotipi. Oltre a ospitare il video all’interno della mostra, Museion lo proietta sulla sua facciata mediale, quale estensione della relazione instaurata dall’artista con l’architettura esterna e la “pelle” del museo.

Image:
Lili Reynaud-Dewar, I don’t know what a conceptual artist looks like (Fondation Generali), 2012, videostill

Project: Soleil politique

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MICHAEL DEAN

Michael Dean

hnnnhhnnn-hnnnhnnnnh (Analogue Series), 2014

Born 1977, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Lives and works in London, United Kingdom

Image:
Michael Dean, hnnnhhnnn-hnnnhnnnnh (Analogue Series), 2014, book, ink, 16 x 23 x 9 cm. Courtesy the artist, Herald St. London, Supportico Lopez Berlin

Project: The Registry of Promise

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JOSEF DABERNIG

Born 1956, Kötschach-Mauthen, Austria
Lives and works in Vienna, Austria

Having studied sculpture in Vienna, Josef Dabernig subsequently developed an artistic practice in a wide variety of media. Using conceptual tools, Dabernig investigates the ways in which knowledge and rationality are categorized through conventional forms and behavioral norms. He has copied entire books by hand in response to the discipline present during his years at boarding school, made lists, and built sculptures from found materials or according to mathematical rules. His films favor a structured storyline and an open end, introducing systems of order where confusing and implausible parameters create discrepancies. The absent subject of his photographs, which represent empty spaces on the outskirts of large cities, nevertheless offers a sense of narrative and traces of economic and social change.
His “not further developed” proposal for a new art center takes a documentary form, made up of images and texts. More a discursive construct than a project for construction, ironic in the way it portrays the potential “innovative” qualities of the future art center, the work focuses on different architectural details through a series of found photographs: an eclectic choice of building façades, a dilapidated restaurant, an underground forum, a guest room, shelves of archives (including those of the artist), suburban homes’ emergency exits, and spectacular annexes.

Nato a Kötschach-Mauthen, Austria, nel 1956
Vive e lavora a Vienna, Austria

Dopo gli studi in scultura a Vienna, la pratica di Josef Dabernig si diffonde in diversi campi. Utilizzando strumenti concettuali, l’artista s’interessa alla categorizzazione del sapere e alla razionalità, alle forme organizzate e ai comportamenti normati. Ricopia interi libri a mano come reazione all’eccessiva disciplina dei suoi anni di collegio, compila delle liste, realizza delle sculture a partire da materiali di recupero e secondo regole matematiche. I suoi film privilegiano una sceneggiatura strutturata e un finale aperto, introducendo dei sistemi d’ordine i cui parametri confusi e insensati finiscono per provocare degli iati. Il soggetto assente delle sue fotografie, che rappresentano luoghi deserti nei dintorni delle grandi città, lascia spazio a una narrazione in filigrana e alle tracce dei cambiamenti economici e sociali.
La sua proposta “non perseguita” per un nuovo centro d’arte è presentata sotto forma di un insieme documentario, composto di immagini e di testi. Più una costruzione discorsiva che un vero e proprio progetto edilizio, con un punto di vista ironico sul possibile carattere “nuovo” di questa ipotetica istituzione, l’opera mostra nello specifico differenti elementi architettonici in una serie di fotografie ritrovate: una scelta eclettica di facciate, un ristorante decadente, un luogo d’incontro in un sotterraneo, una camera in affitto, dei ripiani di archivio (tra cui quelli dell’artista), delle porte sul retro di villette e degli allegati particolarmente scenografici.

Né à Kötschach-Mauthen, Autriche, en 1956
Vit et travaille à Vienne, Autriche

À la suite d’études de sculpture à Vienne, la pratique de Josef Dabernig se dissémine en divers médiums. À travers des outils conceptuels, il s’intéresse à la catégorisation du savoir et à la rationalité, aux formes planifiées et aux comportements normés. Il copie des livres entiers à la main en réaction à ses années de pensionnat à la discipline prononcée, dresse des listes, réalise des sculptures à partir de matériaux trouvés et selon des règles mathématiques. Ses films privilégient un scénario structuré et une fin ouverte, introduisant des systèmes d’ordre dont les paramètres confus et déraisonnables finissent par provoquer des hiatus. Le sujet absent de ses photographies, représentant des espaces vides aux alentours des grandes villes, laisse place à une narration en filigrane et aux traces des changements économiques et sociaux.
Sa proposition « non poursuivie » pour un nouveau centre d’art est présentée sous la forme d’un ensemble documentaire comportant des images et des textes. Davantage construction discursive plutôt que projet de construction, ironique sur le possible caractère « nouveau » de cette hypothétique institution, l’œuvre détaille différents éléments architecturaux au fil d’une série de photographies trouvées : un choix éclectique de façades, un restaurant défraichi, un espace de discussion en souterrain, une chambre d’hôtes, des rangements d’archives (dont celles de l’artiste), des sorties de secours pavillonnaires et des annexes spectaculaires.

Project: Soleil politique

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Rä di Martino

Born 1975, Rome, Italy
Lives and works in Turin, Italy

Rä di Martino works with video and imagery related to the cinema, exploring the mechanisms that determine the dividing line between fact and fiction. In her videos, photography, and most recently installations, her attention is devoted to the power of the image, the way it is constructed, the things that excite our collective imagination, and the remains of the sets used to create the make-believe worlds of film and theater.
She shot the video If You See the Object, the Object Sees You in the Paris studio/apartment of the artist and architect Yona Friedman. The camera homes in on a succession of different elements in each shot, revealing architectural models created by Friedman using reclaimed and recycled materials. Without any single element prevailing, the various articles and materials gradually emerge from the apparent jumble of assorted objects in the flat/ studio, bringing Friedman’s architectural visions to light.
These ephemeral structures that never saw construction resonate with Rä di Martino’s work on abandoned film and theater sets. The title of the video refers to Friedman’s final statement, which in turn underlines Di Martino’s own use and reuse of materials and artistic media.

Nata a Roma, Italia, nel 1975
Vive e lavora a Torino, Italia

Rä di Martino lavora con il video e con l’immaginario legato al cinema. Ha sviluppato un’attenta ricerca sui meccanismi che determinano il confine tra finzione e realtà. Nei suoi video, nelle fotografie, e come pure nelle installazioni più recenti, la sua attenzione è sempre rivolta alla forza dell’immagine, al modo di costruirla, a ciò che alimenta l’immaginario collettivo e, soprattutto, a quello che rimane delle strutture che costituiscono le scenografie di un’opera teatrale o cinematografica, ovvero i mondi fittizi creati per il cinema o per il teatro.
Il video If You See the Object, the Object Sees You (Se vedi l’oggetto, l’oggetto vede te) è stato girato nell’appartamento-studio parigino dell’architetto e artista Yona Friedman. La telecamera mette a fuoco in successione elementi diversi all’interno delle medesime inquadrature, mostrando via via plastici architettonici e modellini realizzati da Friedman con materiali di recupero o riciclati. Senza mai prevalere uno sull’altro, i vari elementi e materiali emergono in maniera graduale dall’apparente confusione e dalla eterogeneità degli oggetti collezionati nella casa-studio, restituendo le visioni architettoniche di Friedman. Queste architetture effimere e non realizzate trovano corrispondenza nei lavori di Rä di Martino sulle scenografie e sui set cinematografici abbandonati. Il titolo del video si riferisce alla frase finale che Friedman pronuncia rivolto alla telecamera, e nella quale sottolinea il processo di uso e riuso di materiali e mezzi espressivi.

Project: Soleil politique

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TERRE THAEMLITZ

Born 1968, Minnesota, USA
Lives and works in Kawasaki, Japan

Terre Thaemlitz is an award-winning multimedia producer, writer, public speaker, educator, audio remixer, DJ, and owner of the Comatonse Recordings record label. The artist’s work combines a critical reflection on identity politics—including gender, sexuality, class, linguistics, ethnicity, and race—with an ongoing analysis of the socioeconomics of commercial media production. In 2012, she presented the album Soulnessless in the form of an exhibition at the CAC Brétigny in France.
The five cantos of Soulnessless seek to deconstruct the “authenticity” of soul music, as exploited by the music industry. Thaemlitz reveals the relation between the music industry and religious administration by combining liturgical ceremony and musical performance. The practice of music is realigned with the material constraints it has never truly relinquished: in exceeding the standard length of the traditional album, Soulnessless disrupts the conventions of online commercial music.
In preparation for the album, Thaemlitz spent several years researching numerous forms of dogma and belief. Canto I, for example, deals with the ways in which changes in sex reassignment surgery encourage “essentialist cults” of gender that end up reaffirming patriarchal constructions. Canto III explores the use of sound systems in Catholic convents in the Philippines, revealing strategies of religious proselytism in response to divergent cultures.

Nato nel Minnesota, USA, nel 1968
Vive e lavora a Kawasaki, Giappone

Terre Thaemlitz è produttore multimediale, scrittore, conferenziere, professore, DJ e proprietario dell’etichetta musicale Comatonse Recordings. Il suo lavoro unisce uno sguardo critico sulle politiche di identità (in particolare, sui concetti di genere, sessualità, classe sociale, etnia e razza, e su problematiche linguistiche) alla costante analisi degli aspetti socio-economici della produzione dei media commerciali. Nel 2012 il suo album Soulnessless è stato incluso in una mostra al CAC Brétigny.
I cinque canti dell’album vogliono decostruire l’“autenticità” della musica soul, molto sfruttata dall’industria culturale. Mostrando i legami tra la cerimonia liturgica e la performance musicale, Thaemlitz svela i rapporti dell’industria musicale con l’amministrazione religiosa. L’esercizio della musica è ricollocato al centro dei vincoli materiali, da cui non si è mai distaccato: andando oltre le durate standard, l’album disturba il protocollo commerciale per la diffusione della musica online. Per realizzare questo album, Thaemlitz ha trascorso diversi anni a esaminare un’eterogenea raccolta di espressioni relative al dogmatismo e alle superstizioni. Il Canto I, per esempio, indaga le modalità con cui la procedura medica per il cambio di sesso nutre dei “culti essenzialisti”, che finiscono essi stessi per riaffermare delle costruzioni patriarcali. Il Canto III, invece, si interroga sui dispositivi di sonorizzazione impiegati in un convento nelle Filippine, svelando le strategie del proselitismo religioso quando si confronta con culture diverse.

Né au Minnesota, USA, en 1968
Vit et travaille à Kawasaki, Japon

Terre Thaemlitz est producteur multimédia, écrivain, conférencier, professeur, DJ et propriétaire du label Comatonse Recordings. Son travail combine un regard critique sur les politiques d’identité – genre, sexualité, classe sociale, linguistique, ethnicité et race – avec une analyse continue des aspects socio-économiques de la production des médias commerciaux. En 2012, son album Soulnessless avait été montré en situation d’exposition au CAC Brétigny.
Les cinq chants de cet album tentent une déconstruction de l’ « authenticité » de la musique soul exploitée par l’industrie culturelle. Thaemlitz dévoile les rapports qui unissent l’industrie musicale et l’administration religieuse par l’exposition des liens entre cérémonie liturgique et performance musicale. L’exercice de la musique est repositionné au cœur des contraintes matérielles qu’elle n’a jamais quittées : en excédant les durées standardisées, l’album dérègle le protocole commercial de diffusion de musique en ligne.
Pour cet album, Thaemlitz a passé plusieurs années à enquêter sur un ensemble hétéroclite de manifestations du dogmatisme et des superstitions. Par exemple, le Chant I traite des manières dont le changement médical de genre nourrit des « cultes essentialistes » qui finissent eux-mêmes par réaffirmer des constructions patriarcales. Le Chant III enquête sur les dispositifs de sonorisation employés dans un couvent aux Philippines, dévoilant les stratégies du prosélytisme religieux face à des cultures divergentes.

Project: Soleil politique

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R&Sie(n) François Roche, Stéphanie Lavaux, Jean Navarro

Architectural collective founded in 1993 by François Roche,Stéphanie Lavaux, and Jean Navarro

François Roche is cofounder of the R&Sie(n) agency. Sensitive to the conflicts of the urban environment, he advocates a form of architecture built in successive stages as a means of recreating zones of exchange between the individual and the collective. Such an approach privileges physical and climatic factors and focuses on the “hyperlocal” in order to generate singularity in opposition to contemporary architecture’s abstract “signals” and “flagships.”
One of the award-winning projects for a building to house the Fond regional d’art contemporain de la région Centre in Orléans, France, Olzweg stems from a flexible method of urban research, employing processes of self-determination in the form of building algorithms that combine as stimuli fragments of individual and collective physiological data. The project entails a glass envelope progressively added to the building’s façade and positioned according to an algorithm generated by a robot that reprograms its shape during construction.
The resulting translucent accumulations add to the building’s circulation, providing multiple passageways. Visitors are equipped with pocket computers that enable them to interact with information on the art center’s collection and to locate their position in the building throughout their visit. Locally recycled glass is used in the construction, thus creating a link to an art space and architecture on the basis of exchange. The building program takes place over a time span of ten years or more, with emphasis on the public character of a “working process.”

Collettivo di architetti fondato nel 1993 da François Roche, Stephanie Lavaux e Jean Navarro

François Roche è il fondatore dell’agenzia R&Sie(n). In empatia con un contesto urbano conflittuale, difende un’architettura che si costruisce per aggregazioni successive, con il fine di ricreare delle zone di scambio tra individuo e collettività. Il suo approccio privilegia i fatti fisici e climatici, e si orienta verso l’“iperlocale”, per far emergere la singolarità dei progetti, in contrasto con l’architettura contemporanea e la sua produzione di “segnali” e di “navi ammiraglie” astratti.
Uno dei progetti che ha partecipato al concorso per il Fonds régional d’art contemporain Centre (Orléans, Francia), Olzweg persegue una ricerca di urbanistica adattiva, utilizzando dei processi di autodeterminazione attraverso degli algoritmi di costruzione che integrano, come degli stimoli, dei frammenti di dati psicologici individuali e collettivi. Il progetto mostra un rivestimento di vetro unito nelle facciate, disposto secondo un algoritmo generato da un robot che riprogramma le forme durante la costruzione. Gli accumuli traslucidi servono alla circolazione dell’edificio, così da permettere molteplici sviluppi.
Il visitatore è dotato di un computer portatile, che gli permette di interagire con i dati sulla collezione e di riposizionarsi nel circuito. Il vetro proviene dal riciclo locale, ciò che unisce l’arte e l’architettura attraverso delle nozioni di scambio. La durata del cantiere si protrae per più di dieci anni, insistendo sul carattere pubblico del “working process”.

François Roche, Stephanie Lavaux et Jean Navarro, collectif d’architectes fondé en 1993

François Roche est le cofondateur de l’agence R&Sie(n). En empathie avec un contexte urbain conflictuel, il défend une architecture qui se construit par agrégations successives afin de recréer des zones d’échange entre individu et collectif. L’approche privilégie les faits physiques et climatiques et s’oriente vers l’ « hyperlocal » pour faire émerger la singularité, en opposition avec l’architecture contemporaine et sa production de « signaux » et « vaisseaux amiraux » abstraits.
Un des projets lauréats du concours pour le bâtiment du Fonds régional d’art contemporain Centre (Orléans, France), Olzweg poursuit une recherche d’urbanisme adaptatif, utilisant des processus d’autodétermination à travers des algorithmes de construction qui intègrent, comme des stimuli, des fragments de données physiologiques individuelles et collectives. Le projet propose une enveloppe en verre agrégée sur les façades, déposée selon un algorithme généré par un robot qui reprogramme les formes en cours de construction. Les accumulations translucides servent aux circulations du bâtiment, permettant de multiples cheminements. Le visiteur est muni d’un ordinateur de poche qui lui permet d’interagir avec les données sur la collection et de se retrouver dans son circuit. Le verre utilisé provient du recyclage local, tissant ainsi un lieu d’art et architecture à travers des notions d’échange. La programmation du chantier s’étale sur plus de dix ans, insistant sur le caractère public du « working process ».

Project: Soleil politique

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LORRAINE CHATEAUX

Lorraine Châteaux, Cowri, 2013

Lorraine Châteaux, Cowri, 2013

Born 1986
Lives and works in Ivry sur Seine, France
Graduate from the DNSEP / Master’s Degree of the Villa Arson in 2012. Recent collective exhibitions: Des corps compétents (la modification) in 2013 and Heart of Darkness in 2012 in Centre d’Art de la Villa Arson, STATION – Encounters At The End Of The World in 2013 in Sèvres, and Les Contenances de la Table at Galerie Territoires partagés in Marseille. A solo exhibition (Fat Lava) is in preparation for 2015 at Galerie 5UN7 in Bordeaux.
I lived for almost twenty years in social housing built in the 1970s by Jean Renaudie, whose utopian architecture, star-shaped, did not allow the furniture to fit properly. This maladjustment wrought in me, as if I were an architect or a designer, the desire and the necessity to rethink objects and forms surrounding us. I consider that my practice would be one of a forward-looking engineer, or of an anthropologist, who seeks to understand shapes and to anticipate them. This restatement of objects, tinged with foolishness, attempts, in the age of digital revolution and 3D printers, to put into perspective our relationship with objects, and to determine its essence, its immutable nature.

Project: From & To

 

Nata nel 1986, vive e lavora a Ivry-sur-Seine. Ottiene il diploma DNSEP della Villa Arson nel 2012. Mostre collettive recenti: Des corps incompétents (la modification) nel 2013 e nel 2012 alla Villa Arson, STATION – Encounters At The End Of The World nel 2013 a Sèvres e Les Contenances de la Table alla Galerie Territoires partagés di Marsiglia. Una personale, Fat Lava, è in preparazione per il 2015 presso la Galerie 5UN7 di Bordeaux.

 

Née en 1986. Vit et travaille à Ivry-sur-Seine. Diplômée du DNSEP de la Villa Arson en 2012. Expositions collectives récentes : Des corps compétents (la modification) en 2013 et Heart of Darkness en 2012 à la Villa Arson, STATION – Encounters At The End Of The World en 2013 à Sèvres, et Les Contenances de la Table a la Galerie Territoires partagés à Marseille. Une exposition personnelle, Fat Lava, est en préparation pour 2015 à la Galerie 5UN7 de Bordeaux.

Image:
Lorraine Châteaux, Cowri, 2013

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JOHN CAGE

Born 1912, Loas Angeles, CA, USA
† 1992

Focus: Cage without Cage. Brief notes on the prepared piano and its inventor

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CAGE WITHOUT CAGE – Brief Notes on the prepared piano and its inventor

CAGE WITHOUT CAGE

by Giacomo Fronzi

With the revolutionary discovery of the prepared piano, John Cage opens the doors of music to unexplored worlds of sound and unknown expressive possibilities. Through simple physical alterations of the musical instrument to change its sound, the compositional activity becomes with Cage something completely new, extended, transformed. The PIANO project, inspired by this artist’s experimentations, aims at defining a novel use of the tools of cultural exchange, extending the horizons of art disciplines and geography, mixing practices, connecting places, promoting dynamism and the breaking of schemes. The philosopher and musicologist Giacomo Fronzi focuses here the attention on Cage’s experimentations around this reinvented instrument, highlighting the huge potential of a path always directed towards exceeding the limits.
Genius is the talent (natural gift) which gives the rule to Art.”(1) The history of art is marked by turns, breaks, returns, revolutions and counter-revolutions. These actions are always started by someone who, by virtue of a mysterious “visionary force”, sees and shows,(2) indicating new pathways, suggesting unexpected solutions, establishing (and this happens especially in the twentieth century) new relationships with the artistic and extra-artistic matter.

John Cage, Milano, 1977

John Cage, Milan, 1977

Although John Cage is one of the most controversial figures on the art scene of the twentieth century – the target of fierce and sometimes staid, verbose criticism, as well as the recipient of apologies not always supported by adequate knowledge of the subject –, he remains, in my opinion, a revolutionary who played more than once with his last name, which carried a sort of announced self-denial, a conceptual and practical self-overcoming: a Cage which rejects any cage, whether theoretical, moral, musical.
Cage was an anarchic, funny, humorous, spontaneous, irreverent composer, a character of bizarre and multifaceted passions (arts, eastern philosophy, the I Ching, Zen Buddhism, mycology, plants, mesostics, macrobiotic cooking, chess etc.), many love affairs, not only musical but also literary and sociological-political (Buckminster Fuller, Meister Eckhart, Erik Satie, Marshall McLuhan, Henry David Thoreau, Daisetz T. Suzuki come to mind). An artist capable of brilliant ideas ranging from electronics to prepared piano, from the first “happening” of history to the pioneering of graphical-pictorial scores, from the experience of live electronics or musicircus to works for dance, radio or television.
Cage (whose twentieth death and one-hundredth birth anniversaries were celebrated in 2012(3)) belongs in many histories and revolutions, and is one of those composers who in the mid-twentieth century cultivated the hope of the final ending of the realm of harmony(4), centering his musical discourse and compositional activity on new bases, structured from elements that could be, from time to time, musical, extra-musical, random or number-based.
While in Seattle around the end of the thirties with his wife Xenia, Cage works intensely on percussive music and dance, striking relationships with artists such as Mark Tobey, Morris Graves and Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, but also with dancers and choreographers such as Bonnie Bird, Syvilla Fort and, especially, Merce Cunningham. At the Cornish School, Cage conceives the revolutionary prepared piano, specifically for Syvilla Fort’s Bacchanale ballet. One of Cage’s tasks, at that time, is to accompany the dancers during lectures and concerts, although this is something he hates doing. On one of these occasions, as soon as Cage starts playing, a piece of brass placed on a tray on the instrument accidentally falls into the piano case and starts rolling on the strings. The resulting sound piques Cage’s interest, eventually leading to the idea of the prepared piano.(5) Later, when it comes to making music for the Bacchanale, Cage initially tries to find a twelve-tone row that would sound “African”, but his quest fails. He then remembers the sound of the piano when Cowell struck or plucked the strings, or when he slid metal needles over them. From the kitchen he takes a plate and puts it on the strings, together with a book. But the plate bounces. Hence, Cage takes a nail and sticks it between the strings. But again there is a problem: the nail slips away. He thus replaces the nail with a wood screw. This time the solution works. The prepared piano is born(6).

pianoforte_preparato

Senza titolo-5

Prepared piano, preparation by Giancarlo Cardini for the performance of musical compositions by John Cage. Turin, 1984

Since that time, and specifically from the beginning of the forties to the mid-fifties, Cage uses the prepared piano in about thirty of his works (not all published), especially dedicated to dance (from Bacchanale to And the Earth Shall Bear Again – choreographed by Valerie Bettis, from In the Name of the Holocaust to Totem Ancestor, both with choreographies by Merce Cunningham). In addition to the Sonatas and Interludes for piano, the Prelude for Meditation, the Concerto for Prepared Piano and Chamber Orchestra and Two Pastorales, the prepared piano is also used in two compositions for film, the first published with the title Music for Marcel Duchamp for the film Dreams That Money Can Buy by Hans Richter, and the second for the film Works of Calder by Herbert Matter; furthermore, we find the instrument in the works for ensemble Amores, for percussion and prepared piano, Second Construction, for percussion and prepared piano, and She Is Asleep, for 12 tom-toms, voice, piano and prepared piano. Although the titles above are not all of Cage’s compositions involving the use of prepared piano(7), they represent the most significant works and examples of using this bizarre but tonally very effective instrument, which offers new creative possibilities both to the composer and the interpreter. As Mario Lavista wrote, with the prepared piano “the interpreter is actively involved in the definition and configuration of the new colors […],” through the deliberate placement of objects inside the instrument. The quality and characterization of the sound depends directly from that placement: “a change of place, albeit small, slightly changes the pitch, the dynamics, and thus the timbre of the sounds. The instrument becomes a percussion ensemble under the control of a single performer.»(8)
John Cage showed new expressive possibilities also through a revolution of the means, once again demonstrating a willingness to participate in a profound metamorphosis, an inevitable revolution, one for which the doors of music have opened to musical universes still surprising and attractive to this day.

notes:
(1) I. Kant, Kant’s Critique of Judgement, translated with Introduction and Notes by J.H. Bernard (2nd ed. revised) (London: Macmillan, 1914), §46, p. 188.
(2) I am referring to the words used by Wassily Kandinsky to describe the artist’s condition:«Veiled in obscurity are the causes moving us forward and upward by “the sweat of the brow,” through suffering, evil, and pain. Many grievous obstacles along this road must be conquered, so as to arrive at the first stage; and even then an evil, unseeing hand may toss more obstacles in the way, so that this road sometimes appears to be totally impassable, as all landmarks vanish. It is then that there unfailingly arises some human being, no different from the rest of humanity but for a secret power of “Vision” within him.He sees and points the way. Sometimes he would prefer to lay aside his power, as it is a heavy cross to bear; but he cannot do so. Though scorned and hated, he never lets go but drags the cartload of protesting humanity after him, ever forcing it forward and upward, over all obstacles in his way.» (W. Kandinsky, On The Spirtual In Art, Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, for the Museum of Non-Objective Painting, N.Y., 1946, p.14).
(3) As regards Cage, see G. Fronzi (edited by), John Cage. Una rivoluzione lunga cent’anni,with a previously unpublished interview, Mimesis, Milan 2012.
(4) B.W. Joseph, “John Cage and the Architecture of Silence”, in October, lxxxi, Summer 1997, pp. 73-99: 73.
(5) K. Silverman, Begin Again: A Biography of John Cage, Alfred A. Knopf, New York 2010, p. 31.Presenting, in June 1949, the Sonatas and Interludes for prepared piano at Suzanne Tézenas’ salon, Pierre Boulez says: “In his 1942-43, his research narrowed and gradually produced the prepared piano such as you are going to hear today. After many cautious experiments Cage tried to establish what objects could remain stable between the strings of a piano, what were the materials to use and how they should be placed; from this he deduced the necessity of modifying duration, amplitude, frequency, and timbre – in other words, the four characteristics of a sound. To facilitate realization, he used everyday objects such as screws, nails, nuts, felt, rubber, and pennies wedged vertically between two strings or horizontally straddling the three strings relating to a key. Using the una corda pedal would therefore also modify the pitches, since the hammer, shifted sideways, would strike only two strings out of three.” The Boulez-Cage Correspondence, edited by Jean-Jacques Nattiez, translated and edited by Robert Samuels, Cambridge University Press, 1993, pp. 29, 30.
(6) J. Cage, La musica (fino al 1970), in Lettera a uno sconosciuto, edited by R. Kostelanetz, with a memory by M. Cunningham, preface by E. Sanguineti, Edizioni Socrates, Rome 1996, pp. 99-129: 102 (orig. publ. Conversing with Cage, Limelight Editions, New York 1988; then Omnibus Press, London 1989; ii ed. Routledge, New York 2003).
(7) To listen to all of Cage’s works for prepared piano, cfr. John Cage. Works for Prepared Piano:Mysterious Adventure, A Room, Tossed as it is Untroubled, Primitive, Music for Marcel Duchamp, Totem Ancestor, A Valentine out of Season, Spontaneous Earth, Root of an Unfocus, The Perilous Night, Daughters of the Lonesome Isle, The Unavailable Memory of, And the Earth Shall Bear Again, Triple Paced, Bacchanale, Prelude for Meditation, In the Name of the Holocaust, Our Spring Will Come, Two Pastorales, col legno, WWE 2CD 20027 (2 CD), Germany 2000.
(8) M. Lavista, John Cage e il pianoforte preparato. Alcune considerazioni sugli aspetti formali, in F. Ballardini – A. Cutroneo – E. Negri(edited by), John Cage. L’espressione si sviluppa in colui che la percepisce, Conference proceedings (Riva del Garda, 3-10 September 2002), Lim, Lucca 2003, pp. 115-32:117.

 

 

Con la rivoluzionaria scoperta del pianoforte preparato, John Cage apre le porte della musica a universi sonori inesplorati e possibilità espressive ignote. Attraverso semplici interventi materiali sullo strumento musicale, l’attività compositiva diventa con lui qualcosa di completamente nuovo, esteso, rinnovato. Il progetto PIANO, ispirandosi alle sperimentazioni dell’artista, mira a definire un uso inedito degli strumenti dello scambio culturale, aprendo gli orizzonti delle discipline e delle geografie artistiche, mescolando le pratiche, congiungendo i luoghi, promuovendo il dinamismo e la rottura degli schemi. Il filosofo e musicologo Giacomo Fronzi focalizza qui l’attenzione sulle sperimentazioni di Cage intorno a questo strumento reinventato, mettendo in luce le ampie potenzialità di un percorso sempre volto al superamento dei limiti.

“Il genio è il talento (dono naturale), che dà la regola all’arte”(1). La storia delle arti è attraversata da sterzate, rotture, ritorni, rivoluzioni e controrivoluzioni. A dare l’avvio a simili dinamiche trasformative c’è sempre qualcuno che, in virtù della propria misteriosa forza “visionaria”, vede e fa vedere(2), indicando nuovi percorsi, suggerendo inaspettate soluzioni, istituendo (e questo accade specificamente nel Novecento) nuove relazioni con la materia artistica ed extra-artistica.
Sebbene si tratti di una figura tra le più controverse del panorama artistico del XX secolo, bersaglio di critiche feroci talvolta barbose e verbose, così come anche destinatario di apologie non sempre supportate da un’adeguata conoscenza della materia, John Cage resta, a mio modo di vedere, un rivoluzionario, un rivoluzionario che più di una volta ha giocato con il suo cognome, nel quale era inscritta una sorta di autonegazione annunciata, un autosuperamento concettuale e pratico: un Cage (che in lingua inglese, si sa, significa “gabbia”) che rifiuta qualsiasi gabbia, teorica, morale, musicale.
Cage era un compositore anarchico, divertente, ironico, spontaneo, irriverente, un personaggio dalle passioni bizzarre e multiformi (arti, filosofie orientali, I Ching, buddhismo zen, micologia, piante, mesostici, cucina macrobiotica, scacchi…), dai numerosi amori, non solo musicali, ma anche letterari e sociologico-politici (si pensi a Buckminster Fuller, a Meister Eckhart, così come a Erik Satie, a Marshall McLuhan, Henry David Thoreau o Daisetz T. Suzuki). Un artista capace di idee geniali che vanno dall’elettronica al pianoforte preparato, dal primo happening della storia alle pionieristiche partiture di tipo grafico-pittorico, dalle esperienze live electronics o del musicircus alle opere per danza, radio o televisione.
Cage (del quale, nel 2012, si sono celebrati i vent’anni dalla morte e i cento dalla nascita(3)) rientra in molte storie, in molte rivoluzioni, è uno di quei compositori che a metà Novecento hanno coltivato la speranza di porre fine, definitivamente, al regno dell’armonia(4), centrando il discorso musicale, l’attività compositiva su basi nuove, strutturate a partire da elementi che potevano essere, di volta in volta, musicali, extra-musicali, aleatori o numerici.
Mentre si trova a Seattle (siamo alla fine degli anni Trenta) insieme alla moglie Xenia, Cage svolge un intenso lavoro sulla musica percussiva e sulla danza, entrando in rapporto con artisti come Mark Tobey, Morris Graves o Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, ma anche con danzatori e coreografi come Bonnie Bird, Syvilla Fort e, soprattutto, Merce Cunningham. È qui, presso la Cornish School, che Cage concepisce il rivoluzionario pianoforte preparato, più precisamente per il balletto Bacchanale di Syvilla Fort. Uno dei compiti di John, in quel periodo, è quello di accompagnare i ballerini durante le lezioni e i concerti, per quanto fosse qualcosa che detesta fare. In una di queste occasioni, non appena Cage inizia a suonare, un pezzo d’ottone posto in un vassoio sullo strumento cade accidentalmente nella cassa del pianoforte e comincia a rotolare sulla corde. Il suono che proviene dallo strumento suscita in Cage un particolare interesse. È del tutto concentrato su questo oggetto, che rotola su e giù per le corde. Inizia a farsi strada l’idea del pianoforte preparato(5). Successivamente, quando si tratta di realizzare la musica per il Bacchanale, Cage inizialmente cerca di individuare una serie dodecafonica che potesse suonare “africana”, ma senza riuscirci. Gli viene allora in mente il suono del pianoforte quando Cowell percuoteva o pizzicava le corde, o quando vi faceva scorrere sopra degli aghi di metallo. Si sposta in cucina, prende un piatto e lo mette con un libro sulle corde. Ma il piatto rimbalza. Cage prende allora un chiodo e lo infila tra le corde. Ma si presenta un altro problema: il chiodo scivola via. Viene allora in mente a John di sostituire il chiodo con una vite da legno. La soluzione funziona. Era nato il pianoforte preparato(6).
Da quel momento, Cage – dall’inizio degli anni Quaranta a metà degli anni Cinquanta – inserisce il prepared piano in una trentina di suoi lavori (non tutti pubblicati), soprattutto dedicati alla danza (si pensi, a partire da Bacchanale, a And the Earth Shall Bear Again – con coreografia di Valerie Bettis –, a In the Name of the Holocaust o Totem Ancestor – ambedue con coreografia di Merce Cunningham). Oltre che nelle pagine pianistiche di Sonatas and Interludes,del Prelude for Meditation, del Concerto for Prepared Piano and Chamber Orchestra e delle Two Pastorales, il ricorso al pianoforte preparato non manca anche in due lavori per il cinema, il primo pubblicato con il titolo Music for Marcel Duchamp per la pellicola Dreams That Money Can Buy di Hans Richter e il secondo per il film Works of Calder di Herbert Matter, ma anche in Amores per pianoforte preparato e trio di batterie, in Second Construction per quartetto di batterie e pianoforte preparato e in She Is Asleep per quartetto di batterie, voce, pianoforte preparato e pianoforte non preparato. I titoli appena citati non coprono certo tutta la produzione cageana che prevede l’impiego del pianoforte preparato(7), tuttavia si tratta delle opere più significative ed esemplificative dell’utilizzo di questo strumento bizzarro, ma timbricamente molto efficace, e che offre inedite possibilità creative tanto al compositore quanto all’interprete. Come ha scritto Mario Lavista, con il pianoforte preparato “l’interprete partecipa attivamente alla definizione e configurazione dei nuovi colori […]”, attraverso la giusta collocazione degli oggetti all’interno dello strumento. La qualità e la caratterizzazione del suono dipende direttamente da tale collocazione: “un cambiamento di posto, seppur piccolo, modifica anche lievemente, l’altezza, la dinamica e quindi la qualità timbrica dei suoni. Si tratta di una vera e propria orchestra di percussioni, un’orchestra controllata da un unico esecutore”(8).
Anche attraverso questa rivoluzione dei mezzi, John Cage ha indicato nuove possibilità espressive, dimostrando ancora una volta la volontà di partecipare a una metamorfosi profonda, a una rivoluzione inevitabile, quella per la quale le porte della musica si sono spalancate a universi sonori sorprendenti e ancora oggi decisamente attraenti.

(1) I. Kant, Critica del Giudizio (1790), trad. it. di A. Gargiulo, rev. di V. Verra, introd. di P. D’Angelo, Laterza, Roma-Bari 20053, §46, p. 291.
(2) Mi riferisco, qui, alle parole che dedica Wassily Kandinsky alla condizione che è propria dell’artista. Ecco il passo completo: “Non sappiamo perché sentiamo il dovere di andare avanti con “sudore della fronte”, tra sofferenza, malvagità e crisi. Raggiunta una meta, eliminati molti sassi pericolosi dalla strada una mano invisibile e crudele getta su questa strada nuovi blocchi, rendendola irriconoscibile. Allora però arriva un uomo, che ci assomiglia, ma ha in sé una misteriosa forza “visionaria”. Egli vede e fa vedere. A volte vorrebbe liberarsi di questa superiore capacità che per lui costituisce spesso una pesante croce. Ma non può. Fra scherno e odio trascina in alto il pesante carro dell’umanità, che oppone resistenza e si blocca fra i sassi” (W. Kandinsky, Lo spirituale nell’arte, a cura di E. Pontiggia, SE, Milano 1989, p. 21; ed. orig. Über das Geistige in der Kunst, R. Piper& Co., München 1912).
(3) Su Cage, mi sia consentito rinviare a G. Fronzi (a cura di), John Cage. Una rivoluzione lunga cent’anni,con un’intervista inedita, Mimesis, Milano 2012.
(4) B.W. Joseph,John Cage and the Architecture of Silence, in “October”, lxxxi, Summer 1997, pp. 73-99: 73.
(5) K. Silverman, Begin Again: A Biography of John Cage, Alfred A. Knopf, New York 2010, p. 31. Presentando, nel giugno 1949, le Sonate e Interludi per pianoforte preparato nel salotto di Suzanne Tézenas, Pierre Boulez dirà: “Nel 1942-43, la sua ricerca si precisa e arriva a poco a poco al pianoforte preparato così come lo sentirete oggi. Dopo molti tentativi, Cage prova a stabilire quali oggetti possano rimanere fermi fra le corde di un pianoforte, quali siano i differenti materiali da usare e come debbano essere sistemati; ne dedusse la necessità di modificare durata, ampiezza, frequenza e timbro, vale a dire le quattro caratteristiche di un suono. Per comodità di realizzazione, utilizzò oggetti quotidiani, come viti, chiodi, dadi, feltri, gomme e monete, incuneati verticalmente fra due corde o sovrapposti orizzontalmente alle tre corde relative a un tasto. L’uso del pedale una corda potrà dunque modificare anche le altezze, perché il martelletto, spostandosi lateralmente, colpirà solo due corde su tre” (Pierre Boulez presenta Sonate e Interludi per pianoforte preparato di John Cage nel salotto di Suzanne Tézenas, in P. Boulez – J. Cage, Corrispondenze e documenti, trad. it. a cura di W. Edwin Rosasco, Archinto, Milano 2006, pp. 49-57: 52; ed. orig. Correspondance et documents, a cura di J.-J. Nattiez et al., Amadeus, Winterthur 1990).
(6) J. Cage, La musica (fino al 1970), in Lettera a uno sconosciuto, a cura di R. Kostelanetz, con un ricordo di M. Cunningham, prefaz. di E. Sanguineti, Edizioni Socrates, Roma 1996, pp. 99-129: 102 (ed. orig. Conversing with Cage, Limelight Editions, New York 1988; poi Omnibus Press, London 1989; ii ed. Routledge, New York 2003).
(7) Per un ascolto completo dei lavori per pianoforte preparato, cfr. John Cage. Works for Prepared Piano:Mysterious Adventure, A Room, Tossed as It Is Untroubled, Primitive, Music for Marcel Duchamp, Totem Ancestor, A Valentine out of Season, Spontaneous Earth, Root of an Unfocus, The Perilous Night, Daughters of the Lonesome Isle, The Unavailable Memory of, And the Earth Shall Bear Again, Triple Paced, Bacchanale, Prelude for Meditation, In the Name of the Holocaust, Our Spring Will Come, Two Pastorales, col legno, WWE 2CD 20027 (2 CD), Germany 2000.
(8) M. Lavista, John Cage e il pianoforte preparato. Alcune considerazioni sugli aspetti formali, in F. Ballardini – A. Cutroneo – E. Negri(a cura di), John Cage. L’espressione si sviluppa in colui che la percepisce, Atti dell’omonimo Convegno di Studi (Riva del Garda, 3-10 settembre 2002), Lim, Lucca 2003, pp. 115-32: 117.

all images © Roberto Masotti

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MARYAM JAFRI

1. Maryam Jafri, Independence Day 1934-1975, 2009-ongoing (deatil)

1. Maryam Jafri, Independence Day 1934-1975, 2009-ongoing (detail)

Born 1972, Karachi, Pakistan Lives and works in New York, NY, USA and Copenhagen, Denmark Maryam Jafri is an artist working in video, performance and photography, with a specific interest in questioning the cultural and visual representation of history, politics and economy. Over the last years, she notably investigated the connections between food production and the production of desire (Avalon, 2011); the elaboration of historical narratives through a post-colonial perspective (Siege of Khartoum, 1884, 2006); the effects of globalization on working conditions (Global Slum, 2012) or the political stakes of food networks (Mouthfeel, 2014). Solo exhibitions include Mouthfeel (Gasworks, London, 2014); Backdrop (Bielefelder Kunstverein, Bielefeld, 2013);  Headlines and Small Print (Galerie Nova/WHW, Zagreb, 2012), Global Slum (Beirut, Cairo, 2012). In 2015, she will be part of the Belgian Pavilion at the 56th Venice Biennial.

Née à Karachi, Pakistan, en 1972
Vit e travaille à New York, NY, USA et Copenhague, Danemark

Maryam Jafri développe son travail artistique autour des représentations visuelles et culturelles de l’histoire politique et économique, à travers la photographie, la vidéo, mais aussi la performance. Ces dernières années, elle s’est notamment intéressée aux liens entre la production des biens de consommation et celle du désir (Avalon, 2011) ; à la construction de récits historiques dans une perspective postcoloniale (Siege of Khartoum, 1884, 2006) ; aux effets de la mondialisation sur les conditions de travail (Global Slum, 2012) ou encore aux enjeux politiques des circuits alimentaires (Mouthfeel, 2014). Parmi ses expositions les plus récentes : Mouthfeel (Gasworks, London, 2014) ; Backdrop (Bielefelder Kunstverein, Bielefeld, 2013) ; Headlines and Small Print (Galerie Nova/WHW, Zagreb, 2012) ou encore Global Slum (Beirut, Cairo, 2012). En 2015, elle participera au Pavillon Belge de la 56ème Biennale de Venise.

Project: Exercizing Doubt: On Exhibition as Research

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ROBERT LECKIE IN CONVERSATION WITH MARYAM JAFRI

ROBERT LECKIE IN CONVERSATION WITH MARYAM JAFRI

Robert Leckie Your current exhibition The Day After at Bétonsalon focuses on the ongoing project Independence Day 1934-1975, initiated in 2009. Please could you describe the work and what is specific to this iteration in Paris?
Maryam Jafri The photo series Independence Day1934-1975 consists of archival photographs mainly from the first independence days of various Asian, Middle Eastern, and African countries. A key concept of the work is that the images come from archives, usually official archives, located in the countries themselves. In its current iteration at Bétonsalon, I have sixty images from twenty-nine archives. A great deal of artistic and academic research has been done on both the colonial and post-colonial eras but my project looks specifically at that moment of transformation – that twenty-four hour period during which a set of rituals, ceremonies and speeches herald the transformation of a territory into a nation state. When Mélanie Bouteloup (the director of Bétonsalon) approached me to show the work in Paris, she asked if I was interested in giving the research behind the work a visible form within the exhibition space. Hence along with the wall-based photo series, I have also conceived, in dialogue with Bétonsalon and designer Hadrien Gerenton, an architectural display system made up of various research modules that give different views into the process and ideas related to Independence Day 1934-1975. For example, some modules contain personal contributions by historians and others who helped me in my research such as Helihanta Rajaonarison, a historian from Madagascar, and Franck Ogou, archives manager at École du Patromoine Africain in Benin. Still others contain fictional materials that inspired me in different ways, such as my personal copy of Jean Genet’s play The Screens about the Algerian War and Sadat Hasan Manto’s famed short story about the 1947 partition of India and Pakistan, Toba Tek Singh. We also have some modules in the space which are the result of workshops by students who responded or in some way related to the themes of Independence Day 1934-1975,since Bétonsalon is located on the campus of University Paris Diderot and collaborations with the students and scholars from the university are an important aspect of its programme.

2. Maryam Jafri, Independence Day 1934-1975, 2009-ongoing

2. Exhibition view, Le jour d’après, Bétonsalon – Centre d’art et de recherche

R.L. I have the impression that the workis more about dependence than independence, as it highlights the similarities between the political aesthetics adopted by newly independent nations and those of former colonial powers that, more often than not, had a coercive hand in the independence process.

M.J. The images reveal a specific set of ceremonies and rituals whereby the nation state comes into being, an odd mix of theatricality and bureaucracy, a “civic religion” to borrow Ariella Azoulay’s term. These rituals and ceremonies are Western in origin as would be expected since they are bound up with the nation state, but what makes the images in Independence Day 1934-1975 so unsettling is that the displacement from centre to periphery results in a hybridization of those political aesthetics as it comes into contact with local traditions and histories. Thus the images look both familiar and estranged – a repetition with a difference.

3. Exhibition view, Le jour d'après, Bétonsalon - Centre d'art et de recherche

3. Exhibition view, Le jour d’après, Bétonsalon – Centre d’art et de recherche

R.L. To what extent does this inform how the work is presented? How do the display strategies you use, for example, relate to these ‘repetitions’, as you call them?
M.J. In this piece form and content cannot be easily separated. The content is the form and the form is the content. At first glance one sees a typology, a strategy long associated with photography from Aby Warburg to the photo-conceptualists. But what is it that the photos in Independence Day 1934-1975 actually reveal? They reveal the serialization of modernity’s ultimate political form –the nation state – throughout large parts of the world.

4. Exhibition view, Le jour d'après, Bétonsalon - Centre d'art et de recherche

4. Exhibition view, Le jour d’après, Bétonsalon – Centre d’art et de recherche

R.L. What about questions of access and copyright? How key are these issues to your thinking?
M.J. When I first started this work a lot of people were surprised by my decision to bypass Western archives and look for the images in the countries themselves. I was interested in seeing how each country was preserving images of itself coming into being. Furthermore, at a time when most people, including myself, get their visual information from Google, I felt it important to render visible these archives, official but often unknown even within the countries themselves. In terms of copyright, it’s usually quite straightforward: one pays what is usually a modest licensing fee from the archive in question, which is also credited in the work – and so it should be, since this work is partly about making visible these analogue, often fragile archives.

5. Exhibition view, Le jour d'après, Bétonsalon - Centre d'art et de recherche

5. Exhibition view, Le jour d’après, Bétonsalon – Centre d’art et de recherche

Project: Exercizing Doubt: Exhibition as Research
Space: Bétonsalon – Centre d’art et de recherche
Protagonist: Maryam Jafri

6. Exhibition view, Le jour d'après, Bétonsalon - Centre d'art et de recherche

6. Exhibition view, Le jour d’après, Bétonsalon – Centre d’art et de recherche

Images:
1. Maryam Jafri, Le jour d’après, Bétonsalon – Centre d’art et de recherche, 2015. Exhibition view with Getty vs Ghana, Maryam Jafri, 2012
2. Maryam Jafri, Le jour d’après, Bétonsalon – Centre d’art et de recherche, 2015. View of Independence Day 1934-1975, Maryam Jafri, 2009-ongoing
3. Maryam Jafri, Le jour d’après, Bétonsalon – Centre d’art et de recherche, 2015. Exhibition view
4. Maryam Jafri, Le jour d’après, Bétonsalon – Centre d’art et de recherche, 2015. Exhibition view with Independence Day 1934-1975, Maryam Jafri, 2009-ongoing, and Flowers for Africa, Kapwani Kiwanga, 2012
5. Maryam Jafri, Le jour d’après, Bétonsalon – Centre d’art et de recherche, 2015. Exhibition view
6. Maryam Jafri, Le jour d’après, Bétonsalon – Centre d’art et de recherche, 2015. Exhibition view
Photos: Aurélien Mole

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Hou Hanru

Hou Hanru (born in 1963 in Guangzhou former Canton, China) is an art curator and critic who lives in Paris and San Francisco.
He received degrees from the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing and moved from China to France in 1990. He lived 16 years in Paris before moving to San Francisco in 2006. He worked at the San Francisco Art Institute as Director of Exhibitions and Public Program and Chair of Exhibition and Museum Studies from 2006 to 2012. He is co-director of the first World Biennale Forum (Gwangju, 2012). He is director of MAXXI.
He has curated numerous exhibitions including China/Avant-Garde (1989), Parisien(ne)s (1997), Cities On The Move (1997-2000), Shanghai Biennale (2000),Gwangju Biennale (2002), Venice Biennale (French Pavilion, 1999, Z.O.U. – Zone Of Urgency, 2003, Chinese Pavilion, 2007), Nuit Blanche (2004, Paris), the 2nd Guangzhou Triennial (2005), the 2nd Tirana Biennial (2005), the 10th Istanbul Biennial (2007), Global Multitude (Luxembourg 2007), Trans(cient)City (Luxembourg 2007), EV+A 2008 (Limerick), The Spectacle of the Everyday, The 10th Lyon Biennale (Lyon, 2009), the 5th Auckland Triennial (Auckland, New Zealand, May-August 2013).
He has been consultant and advisor in many international institutions including Walker Art Center (Minneapolis), Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (New York), Kumamoto Museum of Contemporary Art (Kumamoto, Japan), De Appel Foundation (Amsterdam), Rockbund Art Museum (Shanghai), Times Museum of Contemporary Art (Guangzhou), Today Art Museum (Beijing), Deutsche Bank Collection (Frankfurt), Kadist Art Foundation (San Francisco/Paris), Asian Art Archive (Hong Kong), etc. and served on the juries of many international awards including the Hugo Boss Prize (Guggenheim Museum), Chinese Contemporary Art Award (Beijing), Ars Fennica (Helsinki), Prix International d’Art Contemporain de la Fondation Prince Pierre de Monaco (Monaco), etc.
He contributes regularly to international art magazines including Flash Art International, Art in America, Art Asia Pacific, Yishu, Art-It, etc. and served as guest/advisory editor for some of them.
A selection of his writings was published as On The Mid-Ground by Timezone 8, 2002.
His recent books include Paradigm Shifts, Walter & McBean Galleries exhibitions and public programs, San Francisco Art Institute, 2006-2011, San Francisco Art Institute, 2011 (with Mary Ellyn Johnson).
He has also taught and lectured in various artistic and educational institutions including Rijksakademie van Beeldende Kunsten (Amsterdam), HISK (Antwerp /Ghent), and numerous universities, museums, etc. across the world.

Partner: MAXXI

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Tony Fiorentino

Tony Fiorentino, Do you remember, 2013

Tony Fiorentino, Do you remember, 2013

Born 1987, Barletta, Italy
Lives and works in Milan, Italy
Tony Fiorentino was born in Barletta in 1987. After his studies, he moved to Carrara where he attended the Academy of Fine Arts and founded a space for young rising artists’ solo and collective exhibits. The work of Tony Fiorentino is characterized by a continuous search for expression and experimentation through several materials and practices. Objects, thoughts and actions turn into compositions that display a narrative and poetic impact, by which he comments visually on our human condition with all our troubles as well as our social and existential issues. In 2007 he won a scholarship that allowed him to attend the Anotati Skoli Kalon Tecknon in Athens for a year. He then moved to Amsterdam and London. In 2013, he was invited to the CSAV Artist Research Laboratory at Antonio Ratti’s Foundation, with the visiting professor Matt Mullican. He won several awards as an emerging artist, among which the Talent Prize-Meta Energia at the MACRO Museum, Rome (2012). He was invited to take part in several exhibitions in Italy and abroad, among which are: Concrete Ghost – Cinque Mostre, American Academy in Rome (2014); Contemporary locus 5, Domus Lucina, Bergamo (2013), Dominium melancholiae, Spazio Salenbauch, Venice (2013); Ragazze, Viafarini, Milan (2013); Off site / Not in place #3, Museum of Contemporary Art, Lissone (2013); Underneath the Street, the Beach, Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo, Turin (2012); Open House, Reappropriation & Possession, Salon Flux, London (2012); Officine dell’Arte, Viafarini/Careof/DOCVA, Milan (2010). He currently lives and works in Milan.

Project: From & To

 

Tony Fiorentino nasce a Barletta nel 1987. Studia presso l’Accademia di Belle Arti di Carrara, dove fonda uno spazio espositivo per giovani artisti emergenti. Nel 2007 grazie a una borsa di studio frequenta per un anno l’Anotati Skoli Kalon Tecknon di Atene. Successivamente si trasferisce a Amsterdam e a Londra. Nel 2012 vince il Talent Prize – Meta Energia, Museo Macro Pelanda, Roma (2012). Tra le principali mostre in Italia e all’estero: Concrete Ghost – Cinque Mostre, American Academy in Rome (2014); Dominium melancholiae, Spazio Salenbauch, Venezia (2013); Off site / Not in place #3, Underneath the Street, the Beach, Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo, Torino (2012); Open House, reappropriation & possession, Salon Flux, Londra (2012); Officine dell’Arte, Viafarini/Careof/Docva, Milano (2010). Vive e lavora a Milano.

 

Né à Barletta en 1987. Vit et travaille à Milan. Il a étudié à l’Académie des Beaux-arts de Carrara ou il a fondé un espace d’exposition pour les jeunes artistes émergents. En 2017, grâce à une bourse d’études, il fréquente l’Anotati Skoli Kalon Tecknon d’Athènes. Il s’installe ensuite à Amsterdam puis à Londres. En 2012 il remporte le Prix Talent – Energie Voyage, Musée MACRO Pelanda, Rome (2012). Principales expositions en Italie et à l’étranger : Concrete Ghost ‘Cinque Mostre’, American Academy, Rome (2014), Dominium melancholiae, Spazio Salenbauch, Venise (2013), Off site / Not in place #3, Underneath the Street, the Beach, Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo, Turin (2012); Open House, reappropriation & possession, Salon Flux, Londres (2012), Officine dell’Arte, Viafarini/Careof/Docva, Milan (2010).

Image:
Tony Fiorentino, Do you remember, 2013

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Gianni Pettena & PIERRE BAL-BLANC

Born 1940, Bolzano, Italy
Lives and works in Fiesole, Italy
Born 1965, Ugine, France
Lives and works in Paris, France

The collaborative project Architettura “corretta” (“Correct” Architecture) proposed by the architect Gianni Pettena and the exhibition’s curator, Pierre Bal-Blanc, takes the form of a written and visual conversation. The exchange focuses on the archeology of the museum, its environment and history, by referring to a number of references as they manifest themselves concretely throughout the exhibition.
The title of the conversation is taken from a project undertaken by Pettena in 1981 (the catalog of which is presented in the exhibition) that sought to question a given space through the perspective and participation of other architects. As if the words of this “conversation in action” had become a reality, the historical or aesthetic references that are cited leave the immaterial realm to take on physical form in the exhibition space itself. The conversation gave rise not only to the exhibition of the works, but also an intervention on Museion’s ground floor glass partition walls.
The intervention comprises an enlarged projection of Marcello Piacentini’s plans for the arcades on the Piazza della Vittoria in Bolzano, a neoclassical architecture dating from the Mussolini period. The museum’s glass walls act as the kind of architectural filter elaborated in the Renaissance treatise written by Sebastiano Serlio (an edition of which is shown in the exhibition). The plans are tautologically superimposed onto the doors that filter the flow of traffic in and out of the building, which is characterized by an attempt to distance itself from the ideology of conquest in favor of transparency. In this way, the proposition raises questions concerning the legacy of the Fascist era: the reconstruction, restoration, or deconstruction of Fascist monuments and the role of the museum in such a debate.

Nato a Bolzano, Italia, nel 1940
Vive e lavora a Fiesole, Italia
Nato a Ugine, Francia, nel 1965
Vive e lavora a Parigi, Francia

L’intervento, proposto in tandem dall’artista e architetto Gianni Pettena e dal curatore della mostra Pierre Bal-Blanc, assume la forma di una conversazione epistolare e visiva. Questo scambio coinvolge l’archeologia del museo nel suo ambiente e nella sua storia, attraverso diversi riferimenti richiamati nella mostra in modo concreto.
Il titolo della conversazione è preso in prestito da un progetto realizzato da Pettena nel 1981 (il cui catalogo è presente in mostra), che esaminava uno spazio attraverso i punti di vista e gli interventi di altri architetti. Come se le parole di questa “conversazione in atti” diventassero realtà, i riferimenti estetici o storici citati abbandonano il registro immateriale per prendere corpo nello spazio. La conversazione genera l’esposizione delle opere evocate, ma anche un intervento sulle porte divisorie in vetro al piano terra di Museion: una proiezione ingrandita dei progetti di Marcello Piacentini per i portici di Piazza della Vittoria a Bolzano, architettura neoclassica radicata in epoca mussoliniana.
Le superfici in vetro del museo agiscono come il filtro architettonico, messo a punto nel Rinascimento in un trattato di Sebastiano Serlio (una copia del quale è presente in mostra). I progetti si sovrappongono alle vetrate in modo tautologico, e filtrano i flussi di circolazione dentro e fuori dall’edificio, che cerca di distaccarsi dall’ideologia conquistatrice a vantaggio della trasparenza. In questo modo la proposta affronta le questioni relative al patrimonio dell’epoca fascista: la ricostruzione, il restauro o la distruzione dei suoi monumenti, così come il ruolo del museo all’interno di questa riflessione.

Project: Soleil politique

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CARLO GABRIELE TRIBBIOLI

Born 1982, Rome, Italy
Lives and works in Rome, Italy

Project: The Registry of Promise

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Jérémy Laffon

4. Jérémy Laffon, Construction protocolaire non aléatoire, 2013

Jérémy Laffon, Construction protocolaire non aléatoire, 2013

Born 1978, Limoges, France
Lives and works in Marseille, France
Metamorphosis’ artist, Jérémy Laffon observes the act of becoming. This ethics based on freedom allows him to let the experience happen in a sort of planned accidental evolution. Jérémy Laffon experiments both with the form and the temporality of the materials he employs; after watching the life of things, he submits this raw material to careful mutations to produce a “changeover in another dimension, elsewhere…”

Project: Piano – alto!

 

(1978, vive e lavora a Marsiglia)
Artista della metamorfosi, Jérémy Laffon osserva tutto ciò che è in divenire. Questa sorta di etica della liberta permette all’artista di lasciare che le esperienze si svolgano secondo un protocollo accidentale ma allo stesso tempo programmato. Jérémy Laffon sperimenta a sua volta la forma e la temporalità dei materiali che utilizza: dopo l’osservazione della vita delle cose, sottomette questa materia prima a mutamenti minuziosi, allo scopo di produrre un “ribaltamento in una dimensione altra, in un altrove…”.

 

Né en 1978, vit et travaille à Marseille. Artiste de la métamorphose, Jérémy Laffon observe ce qui est en devenir. Cette sorte d’éthique de la liberté permet à l’artiste de laisser les expériences se faire tout en générant un accidentel programmé. Jérémy Laffon expérimente à la fois la forme et la temporalité des matériaux qu’il utilise. Après observation de la vie des choses, il soumet cette matière première à des mutations minutieuses, afin de produire un “basculement dans une dimension autre, dans un ailleurs…”.

Image:
Jérémy Laffon, Construction protocolaire non aléatoire, 2013, chewing gum sticks

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CÉLINE KOPP IN CONVERSATION WITH JÉRÉMY LAFFON

CÉLINE KOPP IN CONVERSATION WITH JÉRÉMY LAFFON

Céline Kopp You recently had the opportunity to do a residency in Casso in the Dolomites. As an artist for whom questions of balance, weightlessness, movement and falling are recurrent themes, I imagine that being in a village right on the side of a mountain was a fairly powerful context for your work?
Jérémy Laffon Actually, the constraint of the steep incline on which that village is built became the driving force behind the work I developed and it brings back the falling motif. I approached this village, with its tragic past, as scenery; I wanted to make it into a ghostly environment, without being dramatic, and I chose to shoot a video there, entitled Invasione pacifica. This village was deserted in 1963 after the disaster at the Vajont Dam, where a huge wave was caused by a landslide. In this video, the village is devoid of any trace of human life, a bit like an old episode of The Twilight Zone… This context gave me the chance to pursue motifs that have been returning irregularly in my work for several years, placing them in situations: the ball, the bounce, etc.

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2. Jérémy Laffon in residence in Casso

C.K. During one conversation you took pains to stress the fact that your work was not a response to the history of the village. The flood motif is something that has long been present in your work. And your video is rather light-hearted and humorous. Can you tell us more about it? It has a much more “manufactured” feel than your previous videos… Is this a way of opening new paths, while evoking earlier works?
J.L. Yes precisely, Invasione pacifica is the pictorial story of a flood of oranges, coming out of nowhere, bouncing in and invading the narrow streets of the village. Tragicomically, these foreign bodies gradually merge together and evolve into a shapeless mass. It is partly a revival of the video-happening Symphony #1 (2005) pushed towards a more cinematic form. (In that video you already found oranges, with a sequence-shot from above. They were filmed on the top step of an escalator whose operation caused their movements). I wanted to think of this new video as being part of a whole, while changing the image register, and ultimately a lot of elements and parameters contributed to a balance between construction and simplicity. And after ten years, I found it particularly fun to once again present these old citrus-protagonists (actors?), who still do their work just as well.

9. Jérémy Laffon, A pacific invasion, August 2014, Casso

3. Jérémy Laffon, A Pacific Invasion, August 2014, Casso

C.K. Tell me, why don’t the oranges break?
J.L. The impact isn’t very forceful, and they have understudies when they get soft (smiles).

C.K. The oranges have understudies! That’s a very revealing detail… This video seems to start with a procedure that is as simple as in previous works, but this time the form of the image goes from being a simple capture of reality to something more manufactured. Did this force you to tackle the possibility of creating fiction? Is this what you’re talking about when you say that lots of parameters contributed to the process?
J.L. Yes, you mention procedure; I have a tendency to evoke gestures or ideas. I like to start things with a deliberately simple idea, an observation like: constraint + ball = action (in this case the action is falling, flooding, like in the Symphony series). The rudimentary gesture of throwing something that rolls is what causes the action. In previous works, one might consider the question of the intentionality of the oranges, but one stayed in a reality that was unmodified, except for that micro-modification represented by the gesture. This time, I spoke directly about foreign bodies, about “others”… It’s true that film images take us in a fictional direction as soon as the choice is made to have a succession of constructed shots, to get the shape of the oranges to evolve into something else, and therefore to have a script. In this case, we’re really in the realm of the moving image, but you could reconsider works like the Relic series (2013) using a similar vocabulary. These small, constructed sculptures made of chewing gum were doomed to collapse, and the idea was to laboriously replace damaged sticks of gum with balsa wood sticks as needed. Each time, it was a matter of an understudy, an “other”. But in that case, it helped stop the form’s evolution. This time it’s the opposite. The understudy enables the transformation.

10. Jérémy Laffon, A Pacific Invasion, August 2014, Casso

4. Jérémy Laffon, A Pacific Invasion, August 2014, Casso

C.K. You reference the world of fantasy films, especially Z movies. So you decided to tackle a more constructed image while sticking to a very cobbled-together aesthetic that once again places a lot of importance on labour. Why?
J.L. The reference to Z movies and DIY special effects with the mutation of the oranges made it possible to keep things light-hearted. Labour is something important in the way I work. In this case, it is less visible because it’s not the subject of the work per se, but it’s fundamental. I peeled an overwhelming quantity of oranges… It was like something out of science fiction! And I developed a specific technique as I went along. For this video, gestures and repetitions that are sometimes absurd are still there, but behind the scenes. The film enabled me to experiment with the potential for these banal, real-world protagonists to become autonomous objects. I think the parallel with the image of the UFOs is linked to this idea: push a simple procedure to the point of creating an object that possesses its own fictional logic, while maintaining that “pleasant strangeness”. The desire for fiction was also linked to what you mentioned earlier: the desire not to deal with the question of the drama that the village now bases its identity on. I wanted to speak about the possibility that this territory could invent a new story and move beyond the existing context.

Protagonist: Jérémy Laffon
Project: Piano – alto!

Céline Kopp Tu as récemment eu l’opportunité d’aller en résidence à Casso dans les Dolomites. Pour un artiste chez qui les questions d’équilibre, d’apesanteur, de mouvement et de chute sont des thèmes récurrents, j’imagine qu’être dans un village accroché à même la montagne a été un contexte plutôt fort pour ton travail ?
Jérémy Laffon En effet, la contrainte du dénivelé important sur lequel ce village est bâti est devenue le moteur du travail que j’ai développé et il reprend le motif de la chute. J’ai approché ce village au passé tragique comme un décor ; j’ai voulu en faire un environnement fantôme, sans être dramatique, et j’ai choisi d’y réaliser une vidéo qui s’est intitulée Invasione pacifica. Ce village a été quasi déserté suite à la catastrophe du barrage du Vajont en 1963, où une immense vague a été causée par un glissement de terrain. Dans cette vidéo, le village est vide de toutes traces de vie humaine, un peu comme dans un vieil épisode de Twilight Zone… Ce contexte a été l’occasion de prolonger des motifs qui reviennent irrégulièrement dans mon travail depuis plusieurs années, et de les remettre en situation : la balle, le rebond, etc.

C.K. Lors d’une conversation tu as beaucoup insisté sur le fait que ton travail n’a pas été une réponse à l’histoire du village. Le motif du déferlement est quelque chose de présent depuis longtemps pour toi. Ta vidéo est d’ailleurs plutôt légère et emplie d’humour, peux-tu nous en dire plus ? Elle semble beaucoup plus « produite » que les précédentes… est-ce une manière d’ouvrir de nouvelles pistes, tout en évoquant des travaux précédents ?
J.L. Oui tout à fait, Invasione pacifica est le récit pictural d’un déferlement d’oranges, venues de nulle part, envahissant les ruelles du village en rebondissant. De manière tragi-comique, ces corps étrangers vont peu à peu « fusionner » entre eux et évoluer vers une masse informe. Il s’agit en partie d’une réactivation de la vidéo-happening Symphony #1 (2005) poussée vers une forme plus cinématographique. (On y trouvait déjà les oranges, avec un plan séquence en vue plongeante. Elles étaient filmées sur la dernière marche d’un escalator dont le fonctionnement provoquait leurs mouvements). J’ai voulu assumer cette nouvelle vidéo comme faisant partie d’un ensemble, tout en changeant le registre de l’image, et finalement beaucoup d’éléments et de paramètres sont intervenus dans un jeu d’équilibre entre construction et simplicité. D’ailleurs, cela m’amusait particulièrement, presque dix ans après, de remettre en scène ces vieux (acteurs ?) protagonistes-agrumes qui font toujours aussi bien le boulot.

C.K. Tiens, pourquoi les oranges n’éclatent pas ?
J.L. Il n’y a pas d’impact très violent et elles ont des doublures quand elles se ramollissent (sourire).

C.K. Les oranges ont des doublures ! Il s’agit d’un détail très révélateur… Cette vidéo semble démarrer avec un protocole aussi simple que dans des travaux précédents, mais, ici, tu déplaces la forme de l’image d’une simple capture du réel vers une forme plus produite. Est-ce que cela t’a obligé à te confronter à la possibilité d’une fiction ? Est-ce ce dont tu parles lorsque tu dis que beaucoup de paramètres sont intervenus dans le processus ?
J.L. Oui, tu parles de protocole, de mon côté j’ai tendance à évoquer des gestes ou des idées. J’aime faire démarrer les choses avec une idée volontairement simple, un constat du type : contrainte + balle = action (ici l’action est la chute, le déferlement, comme dans la série des Symphony). C’est le geste rudimentaire de lancer une chose qui roule qui amène l’action. Dans les travaux précédents, on pouvait se poser la question de l’intentionnalité des oranges, mais on restait dans un réel non modifié, si ce n’est cette micro-modification qu’était le geste. Ici, j’ai carrément parlé de corps étrangers, « d’autres »… c’est vrai que l’image filmique nous amène dans une direction fictionnelle dès lors que le choix est fait d’une succession de plans construits, de l’évolution de la forme des oranges vers autre chose, et donc du scénario. Ici, on est vraiment dans le domaine de l’image en mouvement, mais tu pourrais repenser à des œuvres comme la série Relic (2013) en utilisant un vocabulaire similaire. Ces petites sculptures construites en chewing-gum étaient vouées à l’effondrement et l’idée était de remplacer laborieusement, et au fur et à mesure, les tablettes endommagées par des tablettes de balsa. A chaque fois, il s’agit donc aussi d’une doublure, d’un « autre ». Mais dans ce cas, il permet de stopper l’évolution de la forme. Ici c’est le contraire. La doublure permet la mutation.

C.K. Tu cites l’univers du film fantastique, mais surtout la série Z. Tu as donc décidé de te confronter à une image plus construite tout en restant dans une esthétique très bricolée et qui donne encore beaucoup d’importance au labeur. Pourquoi ?
J.L. La référence à la série Z et aux effets spéciaux DIY avec la mutation des agrumes permet de rester dans la légèreté. Le labeur est quelque chose d’important dans la façon dont je travaille. Ici, il est moins visible et ce n’est pas l’objet de l’œuvre en soi, mais il est fondamental. J’ai pelé une quantité envahissante d’oranges… c’était de l’ordre de la science-fiction ! J’ai d’ailleurs développé une technique spécifique au fur et à mesure. Pour cette vidéo, le geste et la répétition parfois absurdes sont toujours là, mais en coulisses. Le film m’a permis d’expérimenter le potentiel de ces protagonistes banals, issus du réel, à devenir des objets autonomes. Je pense que le parallèle avec la figure de l’OVNI est lié à cette idée : pousser un protocole simple vers la création d’un objet possédant une logique fictionnelle propre, tout en maintenant cette « sympathique étrangeté ». L’envie de fiction était aussi liée à ce que tu as évoqué tout à l’heure : l’envie de ne pas traiter la question du drame sur lequel ce village construit désormais son identité. Je voulais parler de la possibilité de ce territoire à réinventer une histoire, à aller au-delà du contexte existant.

Images:
1. Jérémy Laffon in residence in Casso. Photo dc archive
2. Jérémy Laffon in residence in Casso. Oranges floating in the hamlet of Casso. Photo dc archive
3. Jérémy Laffon, A Pacific Invasion, August 2014, Casso. Video still
4. Jérémy Laffon, A Pacific Invasion, August 2014, Casso. Working in the canonica, dc’s residence in Casso. Photo dc archive

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Benoît Maire

Born 1978, Pessac, France
Lives and works in Paris, France

Since 2008, Benoît Maire has been writing a manual of aesthetics, a compilation of objects and texts that cover some of the major issues in contemporary aesthetics. Beginning with the insurmountable conflict between saying and seeing, Maire works in the interstices where art and philosophy come together to serve practical purposes and where the forms expand in space and surpass each other.
For the film Spiaggia (Beach), the artist continues research he began for the exhibition Spiaggia di menzogne (Beach of Lies), which he presented at the Fondazione Giuliani from October 4 to December 14, 2013. The film thus makes use of various sculptural elements and tools he had previously exhibited. By staging four characters in ordinary situations, with a narrative made up of extracts from philosophical texts by authors such as Ludwig Wittgenstein, Quentin Meillassoux, Alain Badiou, and Jacques Lacan, Maire explores a new cosmogony inspired by David Hume’s theory of the origin of ideas. In the film, man is both the subject and object of his inquiry into the origins of cause and effect. Spiaggia explores a system of passions, describing their mechanisms in order to explain the causality of the characters’ actions and to determine how their passions give existential meaning to the empirical world, limited by time and space.

Nato a Pessac, Francia, nel 1978
Vive e lavora a Parigi, Francia

Nel 2008 Benoît Maire ha iniziato a scrivere un manuale di estetica, in cui le immagini, gli oggetti e i testi prendono forma. Il fine è quello di presentare i punti cruciali dell’estetica contemporanea. Prendendo come punto di partenza il contrasto (ovvero, il conflitto insormontabile) tra dire e vedere, Maire lavora in uno spazio di mezzo, dove l’arte e la filosofia si fondono in un uso pratico, e dove le forme si distribuiscono nello spazio, superandosi l’una con l’altra. Con il film Spiaggia l’artista continua le ricerche iniziate nella mostra Spiaggia di menzogne, presentata alla Fondazione Giuliani dal 4 ottobre al 14 dicembre 2013, in particolare sull’uso di differenti strumenti ed elementi scultorei. Attraverso la messa in scena di quattro personaggi colti in situazioni quotidiane, e tramite il ritmo di una narrazione costruita a partire da brani di testi di filosofi come Ludwig Wittgenstein, Quentin Meillasoux, Alain Badiou o Jacques Lacan, Benoît Maire indaga una nuova cosmogonia, ispirata dalla teoria humiana della genesi delle idee. Nel suo film l’uomo è sia il soggetto sia l’oggetto di un’inchiesta sulla natura della relazione tra causa ed effetto. Spiaggia sperimenta un sistema delle passioni che descrive la loro meccanica, per spiegare la causalità delle azioni dei personaggi e stabilire come le passioni conferiscano un senso esistenziale al mondo empirico, limitato nello spazio e nel tempo.

Né à Pessac, France, en 1978
Vit et travaille à Paris, France

Depuis 2008, Benoît Maire a entamé l’écriture d’un manuel d’esthétique où les images, objets et textes prennent forme dans le but de présenter quelques enjeux majeurs issus de l’esthétique contemporaine. Ayant pour point de départ le différend (le conflit insurmontable) entre dire et voir, Benoît Maire travaille dans un entre-deux où l’art et la philosophie fusionnent dans une utilisation pratique où les formes se répartissent dans l’espace et se surpassent entre elles.
Avec le film Spiaggia, l’artiste continue ses recherches initiées avec l’exposition [Plage des mensonges] présentée à la Fondazione Giuliani du 4 octobre au 14 décembre 2013, notamment avec l’utilisation dans le film de différents éléments sculpturaux et outils précédemment montrés. À travers la mise en scène de quatre personnages dans des situations du quotidien et la récurrence d’une narration construite à partir d’extraits de textes de philosophes comme Ludwig Wittgenstein, Quentin Meillasoux, Alain Badiou ou Jacques Lacan, Benoît Maire interroge une nouvelle cosmogonie inspirée par la théorie humienne de la genèse des idées. Dans son film, l’homme est à la fois le sujet et l’objet de son enquête sur la nature de la relation de la cause à effet. Spiaggia expérimente un système des passions décrivant leur mécanique, pour expliquer la causalité des actions des personnages et établir comment les passions donnent un sens existentiel au monde empirique, limité par l’espace et le temps.

Project: Soleil politique

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Valérie Mazouin

Valérie Mazouin has been director of CAC Chapelle St Jacques in Saint-Gaudens since 2002. After having studied Arts, she focused her interest on working with public. She is responsible of the artistic direction of the art center since 2002. At that time, she starts programming art exhibitions following precise ideas, based on reflecting narrative and literature, while maintaining a strong connection with architecture and landscapes, and giving a place to experimentation. She invites both young and prominent artists from the French art scene to perform their personal projects. Notables exhibitions: Berdaguer & Péjus, Marc Desgranchamps, Délphine Gigoux-Martin.

Project: Piano – alto!
Space: CAC Chapelle St Jacques

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VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH VALÉRIE MAZOUIN, CAC CHAPELLE ST JACQUES, SAINT-GAUDENS

VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH VALÉRIE MAZOUIN, CAC CHAPELLE ST JACQUES, SAINT-GAUDENS

Vincent Honoré Can you tell us about the centre d’art and its environment?
Valérie Mazouin The institutional purpose of the centre dart Chapelle Saint-Jacques in St Gaudens manifests itself through a way of seeing things and a through a connection with the city and region, which have a stake in it. Actors in the region need to join forces to provide the public with dynamically open access to culture. We wish to offer a place that establishes circulations between visual arts, architecture, urbanism, and economic and social life. The centre dart wants to contribute to a public policy that lays down the conditions for a new development of the region, and supports a process that is currently giving concrete form to a political fact.
Art and culture can be very powerful levers of communal life. These have the ability to bring meaning, desire and community to social developments that are all too often merely endured. The involvement of our partners shows that the legibility of the centre dart is a genuine regional concern, and with this project, they support events in the large sense, but not events in the small day-today sense. In fact, developing this centre means believing in utopia as a development value, since today art is one of the best forms of shared expression.

V.H. It seems increasingly difficult to operate small, often isolated centres in France. This raises the question of their validity in a region that may not be conducive to contemporary art. Does the question also arise of the utopian nature or obsolescence of regional divisions and the dissemination of contemporary art? Or the lack of public will?
V.M. The centre operates on a budget of 160,000 euros, including salaries. So it’s a small centre. The project is therefore difficult to manage. Despite all of these problems, we were able to develop a project policy directed at the region. Our partners are numerous and varied. Not everyone currently supports us but that’s perfectly normal. The centre dart has occupied an important position throughout its twenty-year existence. Its activities have genuine legitimacy. This is not a matter of minimising the difficulty, but rather of taking account of the demand of a public that doesn’t always manage to make itself heard. Politicians don’t represent the public. They only come to exhibition openings and they often have electioneering aims. On the other hand, the visitors we meet are happy to have this place in their lives, offering something different in a rural area. In terms of utopia, it’s hard to justify the presence of a centre dart. Giving ourselves the possibility of creating a breeding ground means engaging in discourse that is situated on the level of economics and regional development. Utopia comes into play in our programming and mediation. The work aimed at the public is essential for making people aware that a programme is first and foremost a little utopia factory. It’s possible to bring politicians this far on these questions of utopias. It’s quite complex and tedious, but we have a role to play as citizens. We should be political actors of this public will.

V.H. As director, how do you articulate your programme? What are the highlights of 2015?
V.M. Even though our programming alternates between young, emerging and recognised artists from the French scene, we are still primarily focused on supporting young artists. Visual artists are usually invited to the centre dart to conceive works on site. The place needs to be taken into account, in its entirety and through its architecture, a 17th century chapel. The programming aims to bring out its narrative density, seen as a plinth for the project.

V.H. What are the ethical, artistic and social responsibilities of the director of a centre d’art in 2015?
V.M. As I’ve already mentioned, we have a civic role, we have this role as an educator to foster understanding, to train and sustain, for artists, for the public.
Because we must continue to advance and help contemporary art to be a maker of utopias and ideas. We’re political actors who have the mission of promoting independent thought.

V.H. PIANO creates a network between French and Italian art centres. Why is it important to collaborate, and what is the project you’re going to present?
V.M. Collaborating on PIANO means working in a network and sharing ideas, testing new ways of working, experimenting with the unknown. We also need to promote the work of the centres d’art abroad and PIANO offers an excellent opportunity. Our project for the PIANO platform is Piano – alto! Des géographies nomades, with artists Nina Fiocco, Lise Lacombe, Jérémy Laffon, Daniele Pezzi and Guillaume Robert.

Space: CAC Chapelle St Jacques
Protagonist: Valérie Mazouin
Project: Piano – alto!

Vincent Honoré Pouvez-vous nous présenter le centre d’art et son environnement ?
Valérie Mazouin Le projet d’établissement du centre d’art Chapelle Saint-Jacques à St Gaudens se manifeste par un regard et une rencontre avec la ville et les territoires investis. Les acteurs des territoires doivent se mobiliser pour un accès à la culture en direction des publics dans des dynamiques ouvertes. Nous souhaitons offrir un site qui organise les circulations entre les arts plastiques, l’architecture, l’urbanisme, la vie économique et sociale. Le centre d’art veut s’inscrire dans une politique publique qui pose les conditions d’un nouveau développement du territoire et favorise un chantier qui aujourd’hui incarne un fait politique.
L’art et la culture peuvent être des leviers très puissants du « vivre ensemble ». Ils ont le pouvoir de donner du sens, du désir et du collectif aux évolutions sociétales trop souvent subies. Ainsi, l’engagement des partenaires montre que la lisibilité du centre d’art est un véritable enjeu de territoire, et avec ce projet, ils soutiennent l’événement mais pas l’évènementiel. En effet, faire évoluer cette structure c’est croire en l’utopie comme valeur de développement, car aujourd’hui l’art en est une des meilleures expressions partagées.

V.H. Il semble de plus en plus difficile de faire fonctionner en France des structures petites, souvent isolées. Se pose la question de leur validité dans un territoire qui peut être n’est pas propice a l’art contemporain. Est-ce que se pose aussi la question de l’utopie ou de l’obsolescence de la répartition territoriale et de la diffusion de l’art contemporain ? Ou de l’absence de volonté publique ?
V.M. La structure fonctionne avec un budget de 160 000 €, salaires compris. C’est donc une petite structure. Le projet est donc assez difficile à mener. Nous avons, malgré toutes ses difficultés, pu développer une politique de projet tournée vers le territoire. Les partenariats sont nombreux et diversifiés. Aujourd’hui nous n’obtenons pas l’adhésion de tous et c’est tout à fait normal. Le centre d’art tient une place importante depuis vingt ans d’existence, il y a une réelle légitimité de ses actions. Il ne s’agit pas de minimiser la difficulté, mais plutôt de prendre en compte la demande d’un public qui ne sait pas toujours se faire entendre. Les élus ne représentent pas le public, ils ne se déplacent que pour les vernissages et leurs visées sont souvent électoralistes. En revanche, le public que nous rencontrons est heureux d’avoir ce lieu de vie qui amène une offre différente sur un territoire rural. En terme d’utopie il est difficile de justifier la présence d’un centre d’art. Nous donner la possibilité de vivier c’est avoir un discours qui se place au niveau économique et de développement territoriale. L’utopie se joue dans la programmation et la médiation. Le travail en direction des publics est essentiel pour faire prendre conscience qu’une programmation est avant tout une petite fabrique d’utopies. C’est à cet endroit qu’il est possible d’amener les élus sur ces questions d’utopies. C’est assez complexe et fastidieux, mais nous avons un rôle à jouer en tant que citoyens. Nous devons être acteurs politiques de cette volonté publique.

V.H. Comment en tant que directrice articulez-vous votre programme ? Quels sont les temps forts de 2015 ?
V.M. Même si la programmation alterne entre la jeune création, la création émergente et les artistes reconnus de la scène artistique française, l’axe fort reste le soutien à la jeune création. Les plasticiens invités sont accueillis au centre d’art pour faire des propositions le plus souvent in situ. Le lieu nécessite d’être pris en compte dans son intégralité et par son architecture, une chapelle du 17ème siècle. La programmation souhaite faire émerger la densité narrative vue comme un socle au projet.

V.H. Quelles sont les responsabilités éthiques, artistiques et sociales d’une directrice de lieu d’art en 2015 ?
V.M. Comme déjà évoqué, nous avons un rôle citoyen, nous avons ce rôle de pédagogue pour faire comprendre, entraîner et continuer pour les artistes, pour le public.
Car nous devons continuer d’avancer et d’aider la création contemporaine facteur d’utopie et de réflexions. Nous sommes des acteurs politiques qui avons comme mission de promouvoir une autonomie de la pensée.

V.H. PIANO crée un réseau entre les centres d’art français et italien. Pourquoi était-ce important de collaborer et quel est le projet que vous allez présenter ?
V.M. Collaborer à PIANO c’est travailler en réseau et partager des idées, tester de nouvelles modalités de travail, expérimenter l’inconnu. Il nous faut aussi promouvoir le travail des centres d’art à l’étranger et PIANO est une excellente opportunité. Le projet inscrit dans la plateforme PIANO est Piano – alto! Des géographies nomades, avec les artistes Nina Fiocco, Lise Lacombe, Jérémy Laffon, Daniele Pezzi et Guillaume Robert.

Image:
1. Lionel Redon. Ici, Ailleurs, 2013, exhibition view at CAC Chapelle St Jacques. Photo: F. Deladerrière

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ANICKA YI

PLE-TPOMPT-001

Born 1971, Seoul, South Korea
Lives and works in New York, NY, USA

Image:
Anicka Yi, Tenzingbaharakginaeditscottronnienikolalosangsandrafabiansamuelaninahannahelaine, 2013 © Aurélien Mole / Parc Saint Léger

Project: The Registry of Promise

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Matthieu Saladin

Born 1978, France
Lives and works in Paris and Mulhouse, France

Matthieu Saladin is an artist, musician, and researcher. His practice is founded on a conceptual art approach, reflecting, through an ongoing use of sound, on the production of spaces, the history of forms and processes of creation, as well as the economic and political relations of art and society. His works take the form of sound installations, performances, publications, videos, and computer programs—a multifarious body of work, as attested to by the recent exhibition There’s A Riot Goin’ On, shown at the CAC Brétigny in 2013-2014.
The work Economic Score transposes a cultural economy into a musical score. For the version Economic Score: Soleil politique, the exhibition budget, including production costs and private financial support, has been transcribed as a musical score. The score will be performed on October 29, 2014, during Bolzano’s Festival of Contemporary Music. The work refers to aspects of social and economic life that, given their immaterial nature and omnipresence, escape direct perception and yet nevertheless dictate and mold attitudes, discourses, social relations, and daily activities. The ideological imprint of material production is appropriated as a medium in order to investigate the tensions of social space, along with the relation between aesthetic perception and the economic activities that govern it. Another way of raising similar questions is Calendar of Revolts, which takes the form of a calendar for the year 2015 that replaces the celebrations of the patron saints on all 365 days of the year with the anniversaries of popular revolts taken from the pages of modern and ancient history.

Nato a Versailles, Francia, nel 1978
Vive e lavora a Parigi e Mulhouse, Francia

Matthieu Saladin è artista, musicista e ricercatore. La sua pratica artistica si iscrive in un approccio concettuale all’arte, che, attraverso un uso ricorrente del suono, riflette sulla produzione degli spazi, sulla storia delle forme e dei processi di creazione, come pure sui rapporti di natura economica e politica tra arte e società. La creatività di Saladin si esprime sia attraverso installazioni sonore e performance, sia attraverso pubblicazioni, video e creazioni di software: un insieme proteiforme, ben riassunto nella mostra There’s A Riot Goin’ On (È in corso una rivolta), CAC Brétigny, 2013-14.
L’opera Economic Score affronta la trasposizione di un’economia culturale in partitura. Per la versione Soleil politique, 2014 il budget della mostra, si tratti delle spese legate alla realizzazione dei progetti o dei contributi finanziari, è stato tradotto in forma di componimento musicale. Questa composizione sarà interpretata il 29 ottobre 2014 durante il Festival di Musica Contemporanea di Bolzano.
L’opera s’interessa ad aspetti della vita sociale ed economica che sfuggono alla preoccupazione diretta, a causa del loro carattere immateriale e/o della loro onnipresenza, e che tuttavia orientano e modellano i comportamenti, i discorsi, i rapporti sociali e le attività quotidiane. L’impronta ideologica delle produzioni culturali diventa un materiale disponibile per interrogare le tensioni che attraversano lo spazio sociale, così come i rapporti tra la percezione estetica e l’attività economica che la condiziona. Un altro modo per rappresentare questi temi è fornito da Calendrier des révoltes, un calendario del 2015, che sostituisce i santi patroni, assegnati a ciascun giorno dell’anno, con una rivolta popolare tratta dalle cronache della storia, antica e/o moderna.

Né à Versailles, France, en 1978
Vit et travaille à Paris et Mulhouse, France

Matthieu Saladin est artiste, musicien et chercheur. Sa pratique s’inscrit dans une approche conceptuelle de l’art, réfléchissant, à travers un usage récurrent du son, sur la production des espaces, l’histoire des formes et des processus de création, ainsi que sur les rapports économiques et politiques entre art et société. Elle prend aussi bien la forme d’installations sonores et performances que de publications, vidéos et création de logiciels ; ensemble protéiforme dont l’exposition There’s A Riot Goin’ On (CAC Brétigny, 2013-14) a rendu compte.
La pièce Economic Score entreprend la transposition d’une économie culturelle en partition. Pour la version Soleil politique, 2014, le budget de l’exposition, que ce soit les dépenses liées à la réalisation des projets ou les apports financiers, a été traduit sous la forme d’une composition musicale. Cette dernière est interprétée le 29 octobre 2014 dans le cadre du Festival de Musique Contemporaine de Bolzano.
L’œuvre touche à des aspects de la vie sociale et économique qui échappent à l’appréhension directe, par leur caractère immatériel et/ou leur omniprésence, et qui néanmoins orientent et modèlent les attitudes, les discours, les rapports de société et les activités quotidiennes. L’empreinte idéologique des productions culturelles devient un matériau disponible pour questionner les tensions qui traversent l’espace social, ainsi que les rapports entre la perception esthétique et l’activité économique qui la conditionne.

Calendrier des révoltes (sortie prévue à l’automne 2014)
Une autre manière d’évoquer ces questions se fera à travers un calendrier de l’année 2015 qui substitue les saints patrons affectés à chacun des 365 jours, avec une révolte populaire provenant des pages de l’histoire moderne ou ancienne.

Project: Soleil politique

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MATTHIEU SALADIN, ECONOMIC SCORE: SOLEIL POLITIQUE

MATTHIEU SALADIN, ECONOMIC SCORE: SOLEIL POLITIQUE

Concert
October 29th, 2014 – 8 pm
Museion 4th Floor
In the frame of Bolzano’s Festival of Contemporary Music

Audio file

The work Economic Score transposes a cultural economy into a musical score. For the version Economic Score: Soleil politique, the exhibition budget, including production costs and private financial support, has been transcribed as a musical score. The score will be performed on October 29, 2014, during Bolzano’s Festival of Contemporary Music. The work refers to aspects of social and economic life that, given their immaterial nature and omnipresence, escape direct perception and yet nevertheless dictate and mold attitudes, discourses, social relations, and daily activities. The ideological imprint of material production is appropriated as a medium in order to investigate the tensions of social space, along with the relation between aesthetic perception and the economic activities that govern it. Another way of raising similar questions is Calendar of Revolts, which takes the form of a calendar for the year 2015 that replaces the celebrations of the patron saints on all 365 days of the year with the anniversaries of popular revolts taken from the pages of modern and ancient history.

 

Image: Emilio Prini, Stampa di un consumo.Monaco ’71. Il caffè del Kunstverein, 1971 (detail)

Protagonist: Matthieu Saladin
Project: Soleil politique

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Rainer Oldendorf

Born 1961, Lüchow, Germany
Lives and works in Lörrach, Germany and Paris, France

From 1977 to 1983, Rainer Oldendorf participated in the “Free Cinema” in Lörrach, an alternative cinema that screens and produces experimental film. His interest in appropriation and use of cinema dates from this period. His practice includes film, video, photography, architecture, and light, and reflects on personal, historical, and political aspects of his own past, developed in the specific contexts in which he produces his work and in collaboration with the individuals involved in each project.
Marco is a picaresque film, made up of twelve episodes filmed and projected progressively in different countries since 1995 following a principle of continuity/discontinuity that takes into account the specificities and constraints of each invitation. The guiding thread throughout the film is the main character, Paul, who appears in each episode; the narrative framework follows a storyline and, at the same time, embraces the fragmentary nature of its production. Conceived as an open, fragmentary, and sitespecific work, the film has been shot in Düsseldorf, Lyon, Tel Aviv, New York, Paris, Bilbao, Kyoto, Lörrach, and Rio de Janeiro, in the language of each city. Soleil politique offers an opportunity for the artist to produce a new episode, Marco 13, Bozen/Bolzano, featuring the artist’s father in the main role. An extract of the episode is shown as part of an installation that also includes references to other works by the artist.

Nato a Lüchow, Germania, nel 1961
Vive e lavora a Lörrach, Germania, e Parigi, Francia

Tra il 1977 e il 1983, Rainer Oldendorf ha collaborato con il “Free Cinema” di Lörrach, uno spazio riservato alla produzione e diffusione di film sperimentali. In questo periodo l’artista si è dedicato allo studio dei processi di appropriazione del cinema e degli altri media. Nel suo lavoro si serve di film, video, dell’architettura e della luce, per proporre una riflessione sugli aspetti personali, storici e politici del proprio percorso, riflessione che viene sviluppata nel contesto specifico dei luoghi in cui le opere sono prodotte, e in relazione alle persone implicate nei progetti. Marco è un film picaresco suddiviso in dodici episodi, realizzati e proiettati a partire dal 1995, tappa dopo tappa, in diversi Paesi, secondo un principio di continuità/discontinuità che subisce le specificità e i vincoli degli inviti successivi. Il filo conduttore è il personaggio principale, di nome Paul, che compare in ogni capitolo. La trama segue una storia che ingloba il carattere frammentario della sua produzione. Costruito come un’opera aperta, smembrata, in situ, è stato girato tra Düsseldorf, Lione, Tel Aviv, New York, Parigi, Bilbao, Kyoto, Barcellona, Lörrach e Rio de Janeiro, nella varie lingue parlate in ogni città. La mostra Soleil politique è l’occasione per filmare a Bolzano una nuova parte del film, intitolata Marco 13, Bozen/ Bolzano, con il padre dell’artista nel ruolo principale. Un estratto della sequenza integrerà un’installazione, che raccoglie dei riferimenti a diversi altri lavori dell’artista.

Né à Lüchow, Allemagne, en 1961
Vit et travaille à Lörrach, Allemagne, et Paris, France

Rainer Oldendorf était impliqué entre 1977 et 1983 dans le « Free Cinema » de Lörrach, un lieu de diffusion et de production de cinéma expérimental. De cette période date son engagement dans des processus d’appropriation de films et de médias. Il utilise dans son travail l’image en mouvement, l’architecture et la lumière, afin de proposer une réflexion sur les aspects personnels, historiques et politiques de son propre parcours, développée dans le contexte spécifique des lieux où les œuvres sont produites et en lien avec les personnes impliquées dans ses projets.
Marco est un film picaresque, segmenté en douze épisodes réalisés et projetés étape par étape dans différents pays depuis 1995, selon un principe de continuité/discontinuité qui subit les spécificités et les contraintes des invitations successives. Le fil conducteur est le personnage principal, Paul, qui apparaît dans chacune des parties ; la trame narrative suit une histoire tout en englobant le caractère fragmentaire de sa production. Construit comme une œuvre ouverte, disloquée, in-situ, il a été tourné à Düsseldorf, Lyon, Tel Aviv, New York, Paris, Bilbao, Kyoto, Barcelone, Lörrach et Rio de Janeiro, dans la langue propre à chaque ville. L’exposition Soleil politique est l’occasion du tournage à Bolzano d’un nouveau volet du film, Marco 13, Bozen/Bolzano, avec le père de l’artiste dans le rôle principal. Un extrait de la séquence intègre une installation qui réunit des références à divers travaux.

Project: Soleil politique

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Goldschmied & Chiari

CAP-Goldshmied Chiari-009

Goldschmied & Chiari, La démocratie est illusion, 2014

Sara Goldschmied born 1975, Vicenza, Italy and Eleonora Chiari born 1971 Rome, Italy
Live and work in Rome and Milan, Italy
Goldschmied & Chiari (formerly Goldiechiari) was founded in 2001 by Sara Goldschmied and Eleonora Chiari. Using installation, video and photography, they explore the concepts of history and memory in terms of the division between amnesia and deletion/reconstruction and reflection. Analyzing specific moments in recent political history, they demonstrate the opacity of memory, together with the strategies employed to wipe out truths or create new ones. They focus too on sexuality and female identity interpreted as the products of real and imaginary experiences imposed by society and the ambient culture.
They have had solo exhibitions at MACRO in Rome, Museion in Bolzano and Centro d’Arti Visive Pescheria in Pesaro, Italy. The duo has also taken part in numerous group shows in venues like Castello di Rivoli, Torino (2012), the MoCA Shanghai (2010), Museo de Arte Contemporaneo in Córdoba (2007), the Musée de Grenoble (2007) and Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo (2007). Their work has been presented at the biennials in Venice (2009), Tel Aviv (2010) and Dublin (2011).

Image:
Goldschmied & Chiari, La démocratie est illusion / La democrazia è illusione. Photo: Aurélien Mole, 2014

Project: La démocratie est illusion
Focus: For secret eyes only. Marcella Beccaria in conversation with Goldschmied & Chari

 

Goldschmied & Chiari è un duo di artiste fondato nel 2001. Le loro opere esplorano i concetti di storia e di memoria al confine tra amnesia e cancellazione, tra ricostruzione e rimosso. Analizzando specifici momenti della storia recente, dimostrano l’opacità della memoria e le strategie impiegate per insabbiare la verità e costruirne altre narrazioni. Ugualmente nella loro ricerca concentrano il proprio sguardo sulla sessualità e l’identità femminili, interpretate come il prodotto di esperienze reali e immaginarie imposte dalla società e dalla cultura. Le loro opere sono state esposte al MACRO di Roma, al Museion di Bolzano e al Centro d’arti visive Pescheria di Pesaro, al Museo di arte contemporanea di Cordoba, al MOCA di Shangai, al MAMbo di Bologna e al Castello di Rivoli di Torino. Hanno partecipato alla Biennale di Venezia (2009), Tel Aviv (2010) e Dublino (2011). Hanno vinto il Premio dei giovani artisti italiani del Castello di Rivoli nel 2012.

 

Goldschmied & Chiari est un duo d’artistes fondé en 2001 par Sara Goldschmied et Eleonora Chiari. Leurs œuvres proposent une recherche sur les concepts d’histoire et mémoire, clivées entre amnésie et effacement, reconstruction et réflexion. Elles ont analysé des moments spécifiques de l’histoire politique récente, en montrant visuellement l’opacité du souvenir et les stratégies utilisées pour effacer des vérités ou en créer des autres. Elles touchent également aux thèmes liés à la sexualité et à l’identité féminine, interprétées comme le produit d’expériences réelles et imaginaires imposées par la société et la culture. Leur travail a fait l’objet d’expositions au MACRO (Rome), Museion (Bolzano), au Centro d’Arti Visive Peschiera (Pesaro), au Museo de Arte Contemporaneo (Cordoue), au MOCA (Shanghai), au MAMbo (Bologne) et au Castello di Rivoli (Turin). Elles ont participé aux Biennales de Venise (2009), Tel Aviv (2010) et Dublin (2011). Elles sont lauréates du Prix des Jeunes Artistes Italiens du Castello di Rivoli en 2012.

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Marcella Beccaria in conversation with Goldschmied & Chiari

 FOR SECRET EYES ONLY

With great coherence, Goldschmied & Chiari have been investigating the role of women artists born in Italy, a country where contradictions seem endless and belonging to a specific historical time in which events, spread around through the web sometimes even before they take place, relentlessly shake off the concreteness of reality, redrawing the concept of truth. In recent years, Goldschmied & Chiari have also investigated the idea of the nation, and, focusing on facts which Italians seem to prefer to forget, produced Genealogia di damnatio memoriae. The series consists of tall trees on which the artists carved lists of dates and places to represent the sequence of tragic events that run in Italian history. I meet the artists in the gardens of the Castle of Rivoli, where the three trees, which they worked on for the exhibition La storia che non ho vissuto [History I did not live through] in 2012, are planted.

rivoli

1. Genealogia di damnatio memoriae Torino 1965-1982, 2012

Marcella Beccaria I often find myself watching how visitors behave when facing these works. The connection with the tragic reality that each tree tells – from the terrible events occurred in Italy from 1969 up to the killing of Pasolini, and then the series of murders at the hands of the Red Brigades in Italy – often happens gradually, as if history revealed itself slowly, and only to those who really care for it.

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2. Genealogia di Damnatio Memoriae 1965-1981, 2009

Goldschmied & Chiari Genealogie di damnatio memoriae are a series of works we worked on for four years, from 2009 to 2013. They consist of trees which have been carved but are living, hence still enduring seasonal changes and the normal growth and life of trees, suggesting a relationship with history in constant evolution and change. It is this relationship that we address and which involves, as you noted, the development of a certain kind of relationship with the people who come into contact with the works – something that entails a gradual unveiling.M.B. Last year there was a further evolution, I would say. New works that expand to investigate the history of Europe and a new type of relationship with the visitor, whom I think you aim to “captivate” in an almost etymological sense of the term and with many references to the performances of early century illusionists.

G.&C. Research on Italian history of the seventies led us to explore the countless international geopolitical connections related to the Western bloc strategies during the Cold War. Following these connections, we often came across the strong influence and the role of intelligence agencies in defending the State and interfering with the domestic politics and the agenda of countries belonging in the Atlantic Pact. This way of acting behind the scenes of democracy – bypassing the eyes of citizens with cunning cover-up tricks and manipulating information – has many similarities with the way illusionists, through their stage machines, speed of action and clever talk enact their trickeries.

M.B. So the result of your interest for the two activities is the large installation Hiding the Elephant, which you presented in Brest?

G.&C. Yes, with the title intended in the literal sense. The work refers to the extraordinary performance which the illusionist Harry Houdini held in 1918 at the Hippodrome in New York, where he made an elephant disappear in front of a crowd of thousands. Our work consists of 160 two-dimensional head silhouettes suspended in midair. Each has its twin, carrying on one side a digital portrait and on the other a mirror surface. All the characters portrayed are presidents, politicians, poets and journalists who “mysteriously” disappeared, were exiled or persecuted for political reasons during the cold war, and victims of international actions by Western intelligence agencies. Like in a magic trick, these face silhouettes hang at different heights, and when moving produce different shadow and light effects on the walls.

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3. Dispositivo di rimozione #5, 2010

M.B. One has to stop in the exhibition room for a while to make contact with this work.

G.&C. Once in a while, the area around the work is filled with dense smoke which conceals the faces, making them hazy and unrecognizable. Then the smoke gradually vanishes, revealing the faces clearly. In this installation, the metaphor of Houdini’s trick is staged via the smoke, the light, and the reflections of the mirrors, reproducing the disappearance/removal of the history of the characters portrayed and the covert actions in which they were involved.

M.B. In this exhibition the idea of illusion also includes the way in which the different works engage with each other. There are “magic boxes” that reflect in large mirrors, with smoke appearing to seep out of the boxes themselves and entering the reflected world, and there are “tricks” that seem to hark back to the dawn of the history of cinema.

G.&C. Yes, it’s as if the works were in constant interaction with each other, and changed with time and the viewers. Using mirror as the material of choice for many of the works makes the show relational and open to the constant change of context. La démocratie is always changing depending on weather and daylight. The face silhouettes of Hiding the Elephant revolve on themselves, and lit by direct light they cast shadows and send reflections all over the room, sometimes blinding visitors for a few seconds, creating an effect of movement and life in the installation itself. The reflections also find their way into the other room, casting shadows on the Fragments (2014) video and on the Medusa Mirrors (2014). The Boîtes Magiques [Magic Boxes] (2014) are in turn reflected in the smoke-stained mirrors, creating the illusion that the colored smoke is seeping through the boxes while it is instead actually smeared on the surface of the Medusa Mirrors.

M.B. In Brest the exhibition route begins with a strong statement, La démocratie est illusion, written with large reflecting letters in an almost gothic typeface. Where does the quote come from?

G.&C. This is the first work of the series, and was born as a watercolor, to be then transformed into an installation, and finally into the title of the Brest and Genoa exhibitions. La démocratie est illusion [Democracy is an illusion] (2014), located at the entrance of the exhibition, challenges the visitor and introduces the installation Hiding the Elephant. The reflecting surface of the letters produces an optical effect, making them appear like windows into another dimension, as if there were a twin room on the other side of the wall, forcing the viewer to look carefully and not to be deceived by appearances. What we like to explore is the similarity in the practice of deception and illusion in representing reality between stage magic and intelligence agency procedures. By making his trick realistic, the magician deceives the spectator and makes him blind to the stage, producing a sense of childlike wonder and disbelief. The relationship between stage magic and intelligence agency procedures is that the public wants to be other-directed, it does not want to find out about the trick. The question lies in the “the difference between believing and seeing, between believing one sees and seeing between, catching a glimpse – or not” (Jacques Derrida).

Project: La démocratie est illusion
Protagonists: Goldschmied & Chiari
Spaces: Passerelle Centre d’art contemporain, Villa Croce Museo d’Arte Contemporanea

 

Con grande coerenza, da anni Goldschmied & Chiari indagano il loro ruolo di artiste donne, figlie di un Paese come l’Italia, nel quale le contraddizioni sembrano inesauribili e di un preciso tempo storico nel quale gli eventi, diffusi attraverso il web talvolta ancora prima di accadere, si scrollano con insistenza dalla concretezza del reale, ridisegnando il concetto di verità. In anni recenti, Goldschmied & Chiari si sono interrogate sull’idea di nazione, e soffermandosi su fatti che gli italiani sembrano preferire dimenticare, hanno realizzato Genealogia di damnatio memoriae. La serie consiste in alberi di alto fusto sui quali le artiste incidono nella forma di elenchi di date e luoghi la tragica sequenza di sangue che corre nella storia italiana. Incontro le artiste nel giardino del Castello di Rivoli, dove sono piantati i tre alberi che hanno sviluppato nel 2012, in occasione della mostra La storia che non ho vissuto.

Marcella Beccaria Spesso mi ritrovo ad osservare come i visitatori si comportano davanti a queste opere. L’incontro con la tragica realtà che ciascun albero racconta – dalla sequenza di stragi accadute in Italia dal 1969 fino all’assassinio di Pasolini e poi la serie di omicidi ad opera delle Brigate Rosse a Torino – è spesso graduale, è come se la storia si svelasse lentamente, e solo per coloro che davvero la cercano.

Goldschmied & Chiari Le Genealogie di damnatio memoriae sono il ciclo di opere alle quali abbiamo dedicato gli ultimi quattro anni di ricerca, dal 2009 al 2013. Sono alberi viventi intagliati, come tali sono suscettibili alla trasformazione data dal ciclo delle stagioni e dalla crescita e dalla vita dell’albero, suggerendo un rapporto con la Storia in continua evoluzione e cambiamento. È questa relazione che ci interessa e che include, come dici, lo sviluppo di un certo tipo di relazione con chi incontra l’opera, pensando proprio a uno svelamento graduale. 

M.B. Lo scorso anno c’è stata un’evoluzione ulteriore direi. Nuove opere che si allargano a indagare la storia europea e un nuovo tipo di relazione con gli spettatori, che mi sembra vogliate “accattivare”, nel senso quasi etimologico del termine e con molteplici riferimenti alle pratiche degli illusionisti di inizio secolo.

G.&C. La ricerca sulla storia italiana degli anni Settanta ci ha portato a esaminare la molteplicità di connessioni geopolitiche internazionali connesse alle strategie del blocco occidentale durante la guerra fredda. Seguendo queste connessioni ci siamo imbattute più volte nella forte influenza e nel ruolo dei servizi segreti nella difesa dello Stato e nelle ingerenze nel determinare la politica interna e l’agenda degli Stati appartenenti al patto atlantico. Questo modo di agire dietro le quinte della democrazia – aggirando lo sguardo della cittadinanza con abili trucchi di insabbiamento e manipolazione dell’informazione – ha molte similitudini con la pratica e il modo di operare degli illusionisti che attraverso macchine sceniche, velocità d’azione e affabulazione mettono in scena i propri prestigi.

M.B. Quindi il risultato dell’interesse per le due pratiche è la grande installazione Hiding the Elephant che avete presentato a Brest?

G.&C. Si, con il titolo inteso in senso letterale: occultando l’elefante. L’opera si riferisce alla spettacolare performance del mago Harry Houdini che nel 1918 all’ippodromo di New York fece scomparire un elefante di fronte a migliaia di spettatori. L’opera consiste di 160 sagome di teste bidimensionali, sospese nello spazio espositivo. Ognuna di esse ha la sua gemella, composta su un lato da un ritratto fotografico digitale e sull’altro da una superficie specchiante. Tutti i personaggi ritratti sono presidenti, politici, poeti e giornalisti “misteriosamente” scomparsi, esiliati o perseguitati durante la guerra fredda per motivi politici e vittime di operazioni internazionali dei servizi segreti occidentali. Come in un trucco magico, queste silhouettes di volti sono sospese a diverse altezze e si muovono producendo differenti effetti di proiezione di ombre e luci sulle pareti.

M.B. Bisogna sostare per un po’ nella sala espositiva per entrare in contatto con questo lavoro.

G.&C. Ciclicamente lo spazio dell’opera è invaso da un fumo denso che nasconde i volti e li rende confusi e irriconoscibili. Il disvelamento avviene dopo pochi minuti di attesa, nei quali pian piano il fumo si dirada, mostrando chiaramente i visi. Nell’installazione la metafora dell’illusione di Houdini viene messa in scena grazie al fumo, alla luce e alle riflessioni degli specchi, riproducendo la sparizione/rimozione della storia dei personaggi ritratti e delle operazioni segrete nelle quali erano coinvolti.

M.B. In questa mostra l’idea di illusione include anche il modo in cui le diverse opere entrano in relazione le une con le altre. Ci sono “scatole magiche” che si riflettono in grandi specchi, con l’illusione che del fumo esca dalle stesse scatole ed entri nel mondo riflesso, ci sono “trucchi” che sembrano guardare anche agli albori della storia del cinema.

G.&C. Si, è come se le opere fossero in continuo dialogo fra loro e cambiassero con il passare degli spettatori e del tempo. La scelta di utilizzare lo specchio come materiale di molti dei lavori rende la mostra relazionale e suscettibile al continuo cambiamento del contesto. La démocratie si modifica continuamente a seconda delle condizioni atmosferiche e della luce del giorno. Le silhouettes dei visi di Hiding the Elephant ruotano su sé stesse, illuminate da una luce diretta producono ombre e riflessioni in tutta la sala accecando a volte per pochi secondi lo spettatore, producendo un effetto di movimento e vita dell’installazione stessa. Le riflessioni invadono l’altra sala e proiettano le loro ombre sul video Fragments (2014) e sugli specchi Medusa Mirrors (2014). Le scatole magiche (Boîtes Magiques, 2014) si riflettono a loro volta negli specchi stampati con fumo, creando l’illusione nella riflessione che siano le scatole stesse a produrre il fumo colorato stampato sulla superficie dei Medusa Mirrors.

M.B. A Brest il percorso della mostra inizia con una dichiarazione forte, La démocratie est illusion, che avete sviluppato con grandi lettere specchianti, in grafia quasi gotica. Da dove viene la citazione?

G.&C. Si tratta del primo lavoro della serie e nasce come acquerello, successivamente viene trasformato in una installazione e nel titolo della mostra di Brest e Genova. La démocratie est illusion (2014), che si trova all’ingresso del percorso espositivo, provoca lo spettatore e lo introduce all’installazione Hiding the elephant. La superficie specchiante produce un effetto ottico, nel quale le lettere sembrano l’ingresso per un’altra dimensione, come se ci fosse una sala gemella al di là del muro. Sfida lo spettatore a guardare attentamente e a non farsi ingannare dalle apparenze.
Ciò che ci interessa è la similitudine nella pratica dell’inganno e  dell’illusione nella rappresentazione della realtà da parte della magia scenica e della politica dei servizi segreti. Rendendo il trucco realistico, il mago inganna lo spettatore e lo rende cieco di fronte al palco, restituendo una sensazione di stupore infantile e incredulità. La relazione tra la magia e le pratiche dei servizi segreti sta nel fatto che il pubblico vuole essere etero-diretto, non vuole scoprire il trucco. La questione si gioca nella “differenza tra credere e vedere, tra credere di vedere e intravedere o meno” (Jacques Derrida).

Images:
1. Goldschmied & Chari, Genealogia di damnatio memoriae Torino 1965-1982, 2012. Courtesy Catsello di Rivoli
2. Goldschmied & Chari, Genealogia di Damnatio Memoriae 1965-1981, 2009
3. Goldschmied & Chari, Dispositivo di rimozione #5, 2010

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Sandra Patron

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Sandra Patron dirige depuis 2007 le Parc Saint Léger, Centre d’art contemporain où elle a curaté entre autre les expositions personnelles de Lili Reynaud-Dewar, Oscar Tuazon, Simon Starling, Alain Bublex ou encore Gabriel Kuri. Depuis son arrivée, elle a structuré le pôle résidences du centre d’art avec la mise en place de La Grande Ourse et des Résidences Secondaires, placé la production des artistes au cœur du projet hors-les-murs, et développé l’ancrage international du lieu notamment par l’invitation faite chaque année à des commissaires étrangers.
De 1998 à 2007 Sandra Patron a dirigé triangle france à Marseille, artist run space intégrée au Triangle Art Trust, où elle développa notamment un festival bisannuel de performances (action-man-œuvres), des résidences croisées à Hambourg et Barcelone et des expositions de la jeune scène française à l’étranger, à Los Angeles, New York et Vilnius.
Elle est actuellement Présidente de d.c.a / association de développement des centres d’art, vice-présidente de triangle France et membre du comité d’acquisition du cnap (Centre national des arts plastiques).

Project: The Registry of Promise
Space: Parc Saint Léger

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Vincent Honoré in conversation with Sandra Patron, Parc Saint Léger, Pougues-les-Eaux

VINCENT HONORE IN CONVERSATION WITH SANDRA PATRON, PARC SAINT LEGER, POUGUES-LES-EAUX

Vincent Honoré What was behind the creation of the art centre in 1998?

Sandra Patron There are two factors behind the creation of the art centre: first of all one man’s passion for contemporary creation, Bernard Bardin, then chairman of the General Council of Nièvre. He wanted this rural area to be rooted, in no ordinary dated nostalgia, but in the times and the questioning that it generates. Then as this region has been hit hard by de-industrialisation and an exodus towards cities, leaving entire sections of its heritage empty. This was notably the case with Pougues-les-Eaux, a spa resort that has been abandoned since the end of the ’70s. Local councillors were hoping to breathe new life into these sites without knowing exactly how to tackle the problem. In any case, chances are that a contemporary art centre had not been envisaged by most of them. Many had their reservations, and the discussions were heated, only Bernard Bardin’s pugnacity enabled the project to come to fruition. 

7_Wilfrid Almendra

2. Wilfrid Almendra, Le Splendid, 2013

V.H. How would you describe the art centre’s unique DNA in relation to other similar structures?

S.P. I think it is the characterful site that prompted me from the outset to consider the artistic project a time to offer artists rather than as a space to be invested. Residencies enable that, in addition to the off-site programme, insofar as we can at certain moments encourage long production processes, at other times react very quickly to requests that require technical expertise made possible by the scope of our local partners.
Paradoxically, the isolation of the site – or in any case its isolation from the art scene – is in my view a constituent part of the project, its strength and originality, this isolation enables a quite unique quality of concentration, for the team as well as for the artists. It also often enables often strong and sometimes friendly links to be formed between us. There is a lovely text by Giorgio Agamben on this matter of friendship and complicity acting as a powerful driving force to create a space for sharing and production, I have great faith in this idea, and there again, our setting is conducive to this type of approach.
Regarding projects that could characterise the way in which we envisage production processes, two examples come to mind: Lili Reynaud-Dewar came here to develop a project around the Black Maria, this first movie production studio conceived by Edison. For several months, the PSL was transformed into a film factory, a loyal troop rallied around his project, costume designers, actors, make-up artists and musicians, the films were shot on site, they were put together on site, the exhibition made this production process perceptible. Likewise Alain Bublex spent over a year on and off at the art centre in 2011 to produce a motorbike prototype in partnership with a local engineering school specialising in the car industry. In the global context in which we work, forging ahead, I realise that this way of working is a real luxury, for myself as well as my team of course, but also and above all for the artists. 

Parc Saint Léger

3. Parc Saint Léger

V.H. You started managing the art centre in 2007. Have you modified the programme or changed the focus of the centre, or quite the opposite do you want to anchor a heritage?

S.P. When I started, I kept the constituent parts of the project: the residency, the scheduling in situ as well as off-site but yes, there have been many changes. I wholeheartedly wanted the place to be anchored on a European level not only through the programme choices but also by inviting foreign curators every year. The residencies were reviewed: one, Les Résidences Secondaires, devoted to emerging artists, the other, La Grande Ourse, is a research residency at the crossroads of disciplines (theory, practical, graphic design) that I organise every year with art schools in Bourges, Cergy, Dijon and the graphic design centre in Chaumont. The off-site programme was reviewed, probably because, at the start, I was quite unsettled by this project and the sociocultural deviations that could result. Not really knowing how to address the question, I simply decided that we were going to do what we knew how to do: to produce artworks with artists. The person in charge of off-site programme was previously a cultural mediator, I decided to recruit an exhibition curator, and this simple decision completely changed the direction.

V.H. Parc Saint Léger is a complex structure that regroups a set of cultural facilities: exhibition space, residencies, publications, off-site actions. How do you combine all these activities into one coherent programme? 

Gabriel Kuri, bottled water branded water. Installation view

4. Gabriel Kuri, bottled water branded water. Installation view

S.P. I do not aspire to combine our different activities at all costs, but I actually worked to make synergy possible, and at the same time – and this is essential for me, for it to be possible for there to be no synergy. For our Résidences Secondaires for example, three month residences devoted to the emerging European scene), we select the artists one year in advance, we initiate discussions with them well ahead, we discuss the off-site programme with them, and very often there is a specific context that stimulates them, so we make this link between the residency and the off-site programme. But sometimes, the artists just need time for a break, for research, to bathe in the Loire and to smoke a cigarette by the fire, and that is fine with us too.

V.H. The location is rural. What bearing does its location have on your programme?

S.P. In concrete terms its rural location means that there is no power struggle with anyone: not in the art world as geographically you are not treading on anyone’s toes, nor locally as up against performing arts centres that are more easily identifiable, art centres are still as strange as UFOs. This lack of any threat to anyone brings great freedom on a daily basis. I am not sure for example that a project like Breathing House by Jean-Pascal Flavien would have been so simple to organise in an urban setting, with the numerous rules involved and the representatives to meet and to convince.

V.H. PIANO wants to create a space for exchange and dialogue between Italian and French art venues. Why did you want to participate and what programme are you proposing?  

S.P. Four years ago, I wished to become involved in the d.c.a office (that initiated PIANO) alongside Claire Le Restif, director of the Crédac, to encourage art centre networking on a European level. The reasons are pragmatic, strategic and artistic at the same time: pragmatic as there is less and less funding, and networking enables us to raise funds to produce our projects; strategic as in the cultural arena in France, we have been isolated for too long from the international scene and its players and there is a need for us, in terms of visibility, impact and symbolic power, to bridge this gap; artistic of course as directing an art centre sometimes means a certain amount of solitude and discussions with colleagues, a fortiori those with other thought processes, are vital. I am for example delighted about the discussions that I have at the moment with Chris Sharp, the curator of our exhibition for PIANO, The Registry of Promise, an exhibition with a literary construction in four chapters. His relationship with art, his approach, the way in which he works with artists, the way in which he perceives this very strange profession known as exhibition curator, is all very refreshing and a source of inspiration for me.

Simon Starling, THEREHERETHENTHERE (la Source). Installation view

5. Simon Starling, THEREHERETHENTHERE (la Source). Installation view

Space: Parc Saint Léger
Protagonists: Sandra Patron
Project: The Registry of Promise

 

Vincent Honoré Quelles sont les raisons qui ont présidé à la creation du centre d’art en 1998 ?

Sandra Patron La création du centre d’art résulte de deux facteurs : tout d’abord la passion d’un homme, Bernard Bardin, alors président du Conseil Général de la Nièvre, pour la création contemporaine. Il souhaitait ancrer ce territoire rural, non dans une quelconque nostalgie passéiste, mais bien dans son époque et les questionnements qu’elle suscite. Ensuite, parce que cette région a subi de plein fouet la désindustrialisation et l’exode vers les grandes villes, laissant des pans entiers de son patrimoine vacant. C’était notamment le cas de la station thermale de Pougues-les-Eaux, en déshérence depuis la fin des années ’70. Les élus locaux étaient à la recherche d’une nouvelle vie pour ces lieux sans savoir exactement comment envisager le problème, en tout cas, il est fort à parier que créer un centre d’art contemporain n’était pas, pour la majorité d’entre eux, une solution envisagée. Les réticences furent nombreuses, et les débats passionnés, seule la pugnacité de Bernard Bardin a permis au projet de voir le jour. 

V.H. Comment définir l’A.D.N. du centre d’art, ce qui le singularise par rapport à d’autres structures similaires ?

S.P. Je crois que c’est le lieu, avec ses caractéristiques, qui m’a amené dès le départ à envisager le projet artistique comme un temps à offrir aux artistes plus que comme un espace à investir. Les résidences permettent cela, ainsi que la programmation hors les murs, dans la mesure où nous pouvons à certains moments impulser des processus de production longs, à d’autres moments réagir très vite à des demandes qui supposent de mobiliser des compétences techniques qui sont rendues possibles par l’étendue de nos partenaires à l’échelle locale.
Paradoxalement, l’isolement du lieu – ou en tout cas son isolement de la scène artistique – me semble constitutif du projet, il en fait sa force et sa singularité, cet isolement crée une qualité de concentration dans le travail assez unique, tant pour l’équipe que pour les artistes. Il permet également de créer entre nous des liens souvent forts, parfois amicaux. Il y a un très joli texte de Giorgio Agamben sur cette question de l’amitié et de la complicité comme un puissant moteur pour créer un espace de partage et de production, je crois beaucoup à cette idée, et là encore, notre contexte favorise ce type d’approche.
Concernant des projets qui pourraient caractériser la façon dont nous envisageons les processus de production, deux exemples me viennent à l’esprit : Lili Reynaud-Dewar est venue développer un projet autour de la Black Maria, ce premier studio de cinéma imaginé par Edison. Pendant plusieurs mois, le PSL s’est alors transformé en usine à film, une troupe fidèle s’est retrouvée autour de son projet, costumiers, acteurs, maquilleurs, musiciens, on a tourné les films sur place, on les a monté sur place, l’exposition matérialisait ce processus de production. Idem avec Alain Bublex qui, en 2011, a passé plus d’un an par intermittence au centre d’art pour produire un prototype de moto en partenariat avec une école d’ingénieur locale spécialisée dans l’industrie automobile. Dans le contexte global qui est le nôtre, celui d’une fuite en avant généralisée, je mesure à quel point cette façon de travailler est un luxe, pour moi et mon équipe bien sûr, mais aussi et surtout pour les artistes. 

V.H. Vous avez pris la direction du centre d’art en 2007. Avez vous infléchi la programmation ou changé les missions du centre, ou au contraire avez-vous souhaité ancrer un héritage ?

S.P. À mon arrivée, j’ai conservé les éléments constitutifs du projet : la résidence, la programmation in situ et la programmation hors les murs mais oui, les évolutions ont été nombreuses. J’ai voulu résolument ancrer le lieu à l’échelle européenne non seulement par les choix de programmation mais également par l’invitation faite tous les ans à des commissaires étrangers. Les résidences ont été remaniées : l’une, Les Résidences Secondaires, dédiée aux artistes émergents, l’autre, La Grande Ourse, est une résidence de recherche à la croisée des disciplines (théorie, pratique, design graphique) que je produis tous les ans avec les Écoles d’art de Bourges, Cergy, Dijon et le pôle graphisme de Chaumont. La programmation hors les murs a été repensée, sans doute parce que, au départ, j’étais assez déstabilisée par ce projet et les dérives socio-culturelles qu’elle pouvait entraîner. Ne sachant pas vraiment comment aborder la question, j’ai simplement décidé que nous allions faire ce que nous savions faire : produire des œuvres avec des artistes. La chargée de programmation hors les murs était auparavant une médiatrice culturelle, j’ai décidé de recruter une commissaire d’exposition, et cette simple décision a complètement changé le curseur.

V.H. Le Parc Saint Léger est une structure complexe qui regroupe un certain nombre d’équipements culturels : espace d’expositions, résidences, publications, actions hors les murs. Comment unifier toutes ces activités dans un programme cohérent ? 

S.P. Mon souhait n’est pas d’unifier les différents pôles de notre activité à tout prix mais j’ai effectivement travaillé à rendre possibles les synergies, et en même temps – et c’est un point essentiel pour moi, à rendre possible le fait qu’il puisse ne pas y avoir de synergie. Pour nos Résidences Secondaires par exemple (résidences de trois mois dédiées à la scène émergente européenne), nous choisissons les artistes un an avant leur venue, nous entamons le dialogue avec eux bien en amont, nous leur parlons de la programmation hors les murs, et bien souvent il y a un contexte de travail qui les stimule, nous faisons alors ce lien entre la résidence et la programmation hors les murs. Mais parfois, les artistes ont juste besoin d’un temps de pause, de recherche, de baignade dans la Loire et de cigarette fumées au coin du feu, et cela nous va très bien aussi.

V.H. Le lieu est situé en territoire rural. En quoi sa situation informe votre programmation ?

S.P. Etre installé dans un territoire rural, concrètement, cela signifie que vous n’êtes un enjeu de pouvoir pour personne : ni pour le milieu de l’art car géographiquement vous ne marchez sur les plates-bandes de personne, ni localement car face aux structures de spectacle vivant, plus facilement repérables dans les formes qu’elles manipulent, les centres d’art font encore figure d’ovni. N’être un enjeu de pouvoir pour personne confère au quotidien une grande liberté d’action. Je ne suis pas sûre par exemple qu’un projet comme la Breathing House de Jean-Pascal Flavien aurait été si simple à monter dans un terrain urbain, avec sa multiplicité de réglementation et d’interlocuteurs à rencontrer et à convaincre.

V.H. PIANO veut créer un espace d’échange et de dialogues entre des lieux d’art italiens et français. Pourquoi avez vous souhaité participer et quel programme proposez-vous ?  

S.P. Il y a quatre ans, j’ai souhaité m’investir dans le bureau de d.c.a (qui est à l’initiative de PIANO) au côté de Claire Le Restif, directrice du Crédac, précisément pour cette question de mise en réseau des centres d’art à l’échelle européenne. Les raisons sont tout à la fois pragmatiques, stratégiques et artistiques : pragmatiques car les financements se raréfient, et le travail en réseau nous permet de bailler des fonds pour produire nos projets ; stratégiques car en France, culturellement, nous nous sommes trop longtemps isolés de la scène internationale et de ses acteurs et qu’il y a nécessité pour nous, en terme de visibilité, d’impact et de pouvoir symbolique, à combler ce retard ; artistiques bien sûr car diriger un centre d’art engendre parfois de grands moments de solitude et que les échanges avec des collègues, à fortiori ceux qui ont d’autres logiciels de pensés, sont vitaux. Je suis par exemple ravie des échanges que j’ai en ce moment avec Chris Sharp, le commissaire de notre exposition pour PIANO, The Registry of Promise, une exposition de facture littéraire en quatre chapitres. Son rapport à l’art, sa démarche, la façon dont il travaille avec les artistes, la façon dont il conçoit ce métier très étrange qu’on appelle commissaire d’exposition, tout cela est source d’oxygénation et d’inspiration pour moi.

Images:
1. Oscar Tuazon & Eli Hansen, IT WAS ONE OF MY BEST COMES, exhibition view, 2010. © Aurélien Mole / Parc Saint Léger
2. Wilfrid Almendra, Le Splendid, 2013. © Aurélien Mole / Parc Saint Léger
3. Parc Saint Léger. © Aurélien Mole / Parc Saint Léger
4. Gabriel Kuri, bottled water branded water, exhibition view, 2013. © Aurélien Mole / Parc Saint Léger
5. Simon Starling, THEREHERETHENTHERE (la Source), exhibition view, 2009. © Aurélien Mole / Parc Saint Léger

 

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KEREN DETTON

Keren Detton is curator and director of Le Quartier, contemporary art centre in Quimper (Brittany, France) since 2009. She works with artists from different generations and develops exhibition projects and publications on a national and international scale. Her programme includes monographic exhibitions (Guy de Cointet, Ann Veronica Janssens, Claude Closky, Carey Young, Adva Zakai, Fayçal Baghriche…) and collective exhibitions, which focus on forms and languages, perception of images and the construction of identities. From 2004 to 2009, she worked in Air de Paris gallery and conducted a prospective programme titled La Planck. She held the position of president of the association C-E-A (French association of curators) from 2007 to 2009, and is still involved as a board member.

Keren Detton è curatore e direttore dal 2009 del centro d’arte contemporanea Le Quartier a Quimper (Francia). Ha lavorato con artisti di varie generazioni e sviluppato progetti espositivi su scala nazionale e internazionale. Il suo programma include mostre monografiche (Guy de Cointet, Ann Veronica Janssens, Claude Closky, Carey Young, Adva Zakai, Fayçal Baghriche…) e collettive che indagano i diversi linguaggi formali, la percezione delle immagini e la costruzione dell’identità. Dal 2004 al 2009 ha lavorato alla galleria Air de Paris dove ha portato avanti un programma chiamato La Planck. Dal 2007 al 2009 è stata presidente dell’Associazione dei Curatori Francesi (C-E-A) di cui è tutt’oggi membro del consiglio.

Keren Detton est commissaire d’exposition et dirige Le Quartier, centre d’art contemporain de Quimper depuis 2009. Elle s’attache à porter un regard sur plusieurs générations d’artistes et à développer des projets d’exposition et d’édition dans une dynamique nationale et internationale. Sa programmation comprend des expositions monographiques (Guy de Cointet, Ann Veronica Janssens, Claude Closky, Carey Young, Adva Zakai, Fayçal Baghriche…) et des expositions collectives qui révèlent un intérêt pour le langage et ses formes, la perception des images et la construction des identités. De 2004 à 2009, elle a travaillé à la galerie Air de Paris et mené un programme prospectif intitulé La Planck. Elle est membre de l’association C-E-A (commissaires d’exposition associés) qu’elle a présidé de 2007 à 2009.

Space: Le Quartier CAC
Project: Alfred Jarry Archipelago

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VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH KEREN DETTON, LE QUARTIER CAC, QUIMPER

VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH KEREN DETTON, LE QUARTIER CAC, QUIMPER

Vincent Honoré When was Le Quartier Contemporary Art Center created, and what were the factors that brought it into being?
Keren Detton Le Quartier was founded in 1990 on the initiative of the former director of the Quimper art school, Michel Pagnoux. Its underpinnings were the intense competition in art, literature and film in Quimper and the implementation of the decentralisation policies initiated by Jack Lange in the mid-1980s. A series of preview exhibitions with international artists convinced municipal decision-makers to support the creation of a centre d’art. Le Quartier was set up in the same building as the art school but operated autonomously, enabling it to be part of a professional network to which students had special access. Subsequently, the implementation of a contract with the state, region and department guaranteed that it would be possible to work with the public in a sustained way, particularly through the assistance they provided for the production of works and for mediation activities.

Project room

2. Project room, Le Quartier CAC

V.H. Charles Esche described his ideal museum as fundamentally uncertain: simultaneously and fully a community centre, laboratory, institute and gallery. A place where production is not necessarily “productive”, a place that is always being reconfigured, an open form with an incomplete architecture. How did you structure the centre’s curatorial approach when you took up the director’s post?
K.D. A centre d’art is by definition a place of reconfigurations and reconsiderations. In 2010, I suggested reviewing the allocation of the spaces in Le Quartier so that we could create a Project Room, an artistic experimentation zone serving as a counterpoint to the exhibitions, reactive to artists’ ideas and able to accommodate works in progress or works stemming from collective creative processes. The idea was to shake up the annual programme, introduce different rhythms, play on synchronic or diachronic effects, while preserving an artistic research space over the long term and continuing to do creative work with publications (catalogues, anthologies of texts, artist books). I also wanted to work on the porosity between the inside and outside in order to shatter the military aspect of this former barracks and highlight the seeing conditions. The fact of opening the exhibition rooms to the light of day had an effect on the centre d’art’s regulars. It was as if visitors were both surprised and relieved to see the works integrated into their day-to-day life. This pleased me, because I think a centre d’art should be able to bring itself into play just as much as it presents things, favouring encounters and questioning disparities. Recently, artist and architect Catherine Rannou offered a visit to the worksite of an exhibition setup tackling architecture through language and imagination, radically transforming the institution. I find it very stimulating when works speak to visitors on the level of their relationship to the body and to language.

05 Pierre Labat

3. Pierre Labat, Mr. Anderson, 2012

V.H. What is the role of the director of a contemporary centre d’art in 2015 ?
K.D. Le Quartier will be celebrating its 25th anniversary in a shaken political, economic and media context. The state is withdrawing, the map of regions is changing and the status of centres d’art is very weakened. As we speak, Le Quartier is being threatened by drastic budget cuts, and yet its balance sheet has been unanimously praised by all of its public partners. It runs an untimely programme alongside artists, investigates our visual cultures through images and language, and merrily crosses the boundaries between disciplines. Yet it is being told to justify its legitimacy. If mobility is greater today, what can a centre d’art offer in the provinces? Le Quartier is in a prime position between the art school, to which it offers genuine professional springboards, and the fine art museum, with which it collaborates regularly. But above all it is a place of emerging forms and ideas, passions and questions. It is rooted in its territory and resonates with places elsewhere, and keeps up a dialogue with artists and visitors. The director’s role is to keep this relationship with art and artists alive.

Ante Timmermans, Der Souffleur des ICHTS, 2014-2015

4. Ante Timmermans, Der Souffleur des ICHTS, 2014-2015

V.H. PIANO wants to create a forum for exchange and dialogue between Italian and French art centres. Why did you wish to participate and what programme are you proposing?
K.D. It’s a chance, through an association like d.c.a, to be able to connect with an art scene in another country, develop a better knowledge of its network of institutions and independents, exchange ideas and build things in with several others. It’s even essential, because a centre d’art feeds on alterity. Alfred Jarry Archipelago was born of the desire to understand artistic creation today through Alfred Jarry, the father of pataphysics. The project has turned into an open curatorial platform, which apprehends the legacy of the author of Ubu Roi not historically but speculatively. Since he was a well-informed observer of the artists of his time, we decided to make way for Alfred Jarry the curator! With Julie Pellegrin, director of the centre d’art La Ferme du Buisson in Noisiel, we are presenting a two-part exhibition, La valse des pantins – Act I and II. Leonardo Bigazzi, curator at the Museo Marino Marini in Florence, is presenting a programme of performances. Eva Wittocx, curator at M – Museum and for the Playground Festival in Leuven (Belgium) is joining us by linking monographic exhibitions and performances. The project framework is open enough to incorporate different points of view on this subversive figure full of contrasts, and to more closely examine his relationship to theatre, his projection of bodies and desire, his use of codes and absurdity, and the mixing of genres and identities. A publication in the form of an almanac will be the receptacle of this multiplicity of perspectives, with supplements provided by new contributors, authors and artists.

Nadashi

5. Shelly Nadashi, Poupée épouvantail avec pots et sac à dos, 2011-2014

Pauline Curnier Jardin   Blutbad Parade, 2014-2015

6. Pauline Curnier Jardin, Blutbad Parade, 2014-2015

Project: Alfred Jarry Archipelago
Space: Le Quartier CAC
Protagonist: Keren Detton

Vincent Honoré Quand a été créé Le Quartier, centre d’art contemporain et qu’est-ce qui a présidé à sa création ?
Keren Detton Le Quartier a été fondé en 1990 à l’initiative de l’ancien directeur de l’école d’art de Quimper, Michel Pagnoux. Les prémisses étaient ceux d’une forte émulation artistique, littéraire et cinématographique à Quimper et la mise en place des politiques de décentralisation initiées par Jack Lang au début des années 80. Une série d’expositions de préfiguration avec des artistes internationaux a convaincu les décideurs municipaux de soutenir la création d’un centre d’art. Le Quartier a pris place dans le même bâtiment que l’école d’art mais avec un fonctionnement autonome qui lui permet de s’inscrire dans un réseau professionnel auquel les étudiants ont un accès privilégié. Par la suite, la mise en place d’un conventionnement avec l’Etat, la région et le département a pu garantir la possibilité de travailler de manière soutenue avec les publics, notamment par leur aide à la production d’œuvres et aux actions de médiation.

V.H. Charles Esche a décrit son musée idéal comme étant fondamentalement incertain : a la fois, simultanément, et intégralement, centre communautaire, laboratoire, institut, galerie. Un lieu où la production n’est pas obligatoirement “productive”, un lieu en permanente reconfiguration, une forme ouverte à l’architecture incomplète. Comment avez-vous structuré l’approche curatoriale du lieu quand vous en avez pris la direction ?
K.D. Le centre d’art est par définition un espace de reconfigurations et de remises en question. En 2010, j’ai proposé de revoir l’affectation des espaces du Quartier de manière à créer un Project Room, une zone d’expérimentations artistiques en contrepoint des expositions, réactif aux idées des artistes et pouvant accueillir des œuvres en train de se faire ou bien issues de processus de création collectifs. L’idée était de bousculer le programme annuel, d’introduire des rythmes différents, de jouer sur des effets synchroniques ou diachroniques, tout en préservant un espace de recherche artistique dans la durée et un travail critique avec les éditions (catalogues, anthologies de textes, livres d’artistes). Je voulais aussi travailler sur la porosité entre le dedans et le dehors pour casser le côté militaire de cette ancienne caserne et mettre en exergue les conditions du regard. Le fait d’ouvrir les salles d’exposition à la lumière du jour a marqué les habitués du centre d’art, c’est comme si les visiteurs avaient été, à la fois, surpris et soulagés de voir les œuvres inscrites dans leur quotidien. Cela m’a plu, car je pense qu’un centre d’art doit pouvoir se mettre en jeu autant qu’il met en scène, favoriser les rencontres et questionner les écarts. Récemment, Catherine Rannou, artiste et architecte, a proposé une visite sur le chantier d’un montage d’exposition attaquant l’architecture par le verbe et par l’imaginaire, transformant l’institution de manière radicale. Je trouve très stimulant quand les œuvres interpellent le visiteur dans son rapport au corps et au langage.

V.H. Quel est le rôle d’un directeur de centre d’art contemporain en 2015 ?
K.D. Le Quartier fêtera ses 25 ans cette année dans un contexte politique, économique et médiatique bouleversé. L’Etat se retire, la carte des régions se modifie et le statut des centres d’art est très fragilisé. A l’heure où je vous réponds, Le Quartier est menacé de coupes drastiques dans son budget, pourtant son bilan est unanimement salué par tous ses partenaires publics. Il porte une programmation intempestive avec des artistes, investigue nos cultures visuelles à travers l’image et le langage, et franchit allègrement les frontières entre les disciplines. Pourtant, on le somme de justifier sa légitimité. Si la mobilité est plus grande aujourd’hui, que peut apporter un centre d’art en région ? Le Quartier occupe une place de choix entre l’école d’art, pour laquelle il offre de véritables tremplins professionnels, et le musée des beaux-arts avec lequel il collabore régulièrement. Mais c’est avant tout un lieu d’émergence de formes et d’idées, de passions et de questions. Il est ancré dans son territoire et résonne avec l’ailleurs, entretient un dialogue avec les artistes et les visiteurs. Le rôle du directeur est de garder vivante cette relation à l’art et aux artistes.

V.H. PIANO veut créer un espace d’échanges et de dialogues entre des lieux d’art italiens et français. Pourquoi avez-vous souhaité participer et quel programme proposez-vous ?
K.D. C’est une chance, à travers une association comme d.c.a, de pouvoir se relier à une scène artistique étrangère, développer une meilleure connaissance de son réseau institutionnel et indépendant, échanger des idées et construire à plusieurs. C’est même essentiel car un centre d’art se nourrit de l’altérité. Alfred Jarry Archipelago est né de la volonté de comprendre la création artistique d’aujourd’hui à travers Alfred Jarry, père de la pataphysique. Le projet s’est transformé en une plateforme curatoriale ouverte, qui appréhende l’héritage de l’auteur d’UbuRoi non pas de manière historique mais spéculative. Puisqu’il était un observateur averti des artistes de son temps, il s’agissait pour nous de céder la place à Alfred Jarry commissaire ! Avec Julie Pellegrin, directrice du centre d’art de la Ferme du Buisson à Noisiel, nous présentons une exposition en deux volets, La valse des pantins – Acte I et II. Leonardo Bigazzi, curateur au Museo Marino Marini à Florence, propose un programme de performances. Par ailleurs, Eva Wittocx, curatrice au Museum M et pour le Playground Festival à Louvain (Belgique) nous a rejoints en associant des expositions monographiques et des performances. Le cadre du projet est suffisamment ouvert pour croiser les points de vue sur cette figure contrastée et subversive, examiner de plus près son rapport au théâtre, sa projection des corps et du désir, son usage des codes et de l’absurde, le mélange des genres et des identités. Une publication sous la forme d’un Almanach sera le réceptacle de cette pluralité de regards avec des prolongements apportés par de nouveaux contributeurs, auteurs et artistes.

Images:
1. Façade, Le Quartier CAC. © Le Quartier
2. Project room, Le Quartier CAC. Exhibition view, Variations autour de Bruno Munari – Posters d’artistes, Le Quartier CAC, 2013. Photo:  © Dieter Kik
3. Pierre Labat, Mr. Anderson, 2012. Exhibition view, Armer les toboggans, Le Quartier CAC, 2012. Photo: © Dieter Kik
4. Ante Timmermans, Der Souffleur des ICHTS, 2014-2015. Exhibition view, Alfred Jarry Archipelago – The Waltz of the Puppets – Act I, Le Quartier CAC, 2015. Photo: Emile Ouroumov
5. Shelly Nadashi, Poupée épouvantail avec  pots et sac à dos, 2011-2014. Exhibition view, Alfred Jarry Archipelago – The Waltz of the Puppets – Act ILe Quartier CAC, 2015. Photo: Emile Ouroumov
6. Pauline Curnier Jardin, Blutbad Parade, 2014-2015. Exhibition view, Alfred Jarry Archipelago – The Waltz of the Puppets – Act ILe Quartier CAC, 2015. Photo: Emile Ouroumov

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Gianluca d’Incà Levis

Gianluca_D_Inca_Levis

Gianluca d’Incà Levis is the creator and curator of Dolomiti Contemporanee, and the director of the New Venue of Casso/Nuovo Spazio Espositivo di Casso.
Since 2010, he has been launching a series of curatorial projects that link contemporary art, recovery of industrial or civil disused sites, and mountains. The idea of producing innovative images is central, working on the natural environment in a critical and projective manner, and rejecting the stereotypical readings. Starting from 2014, he has been carrying out a study at the Cà Foscari University of Venice’s Department of Management, on the following subject: Cultural entrepreneurship and creative industries as factors of local development. Branding of the territories and creative regeneration. Rethinking nature and the industrial landscape through contemporary art.

Project: Piano – alto!
Space: Dolomiti Contemporanee

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VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH GIANLUCA D’INCÀ LEVIS, DOLOMITI CONTEMPORANEE

VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH GIANLUCA D’INCÀ LEVIS, DOLOMITI CONTEMPORANEE

Vincent Honoré Can you introduce Dolomiti Contemporanee, its history, missions and programmes?
Gianluca d’Incà Levis Dolomiti Contemporanee is a cultural platform which works for the redefining of the meaning and fruition of the physical and mental contexts with which it comes in contact. Art, every kind of art – art in general – is the most performative instrument in the battle for the constant re-definition of the meaning of things and of their raison d’être. This battle is one of the few raison d’être, indeed, that the human possesses should it not content itself with static definitions and approaches based on other people’s experiences. The project was born in 2011, and operates in the context of the UNESCO Dolomites, re-activating great abandoned sites (industrial archaeology compounds, locations symbol of closure and death, which are transformed, through innovative art and culture, in open “constructions sites”).

V.H. How do you think a residency can benefit an artist?
G.D.L. Artists are a sensitive selectors. They seize stimuli, and re-broadcast them. The more the external contest is stimulating, the stronger and profound the resonances created in them may be. The residency project gives the artist a chance to come in contact with new contexts. The dolomitic contexts, made of rock, verticality, environment and nature, thin air, great exhumed architectures, which we reactivate, are exceptionally incentivized in that sense.

2. New Venue of Casso

V.H. How do you foresee the future of an institution like yours in a context in which globalised museums and institutions become such powerful players, absorbing all energies, audiences and funding?
G.D.L. Dolomiti Contemporanee isn’t an institution. It is an experimental project, which questions once again the manner of approach to the territory, the sites, the spaces, the thoughts, the meaning of the artistic endeavour and the curatorial practices, and the relationship between all these things. It  isn’t at all possible for the cultural contexts to be completely cannibalized by the institution, the museums, the “powerful players”. There’s always room for those who want to innovate. Thus, the more the system will become organized, the more space there will be for subversive, or simply critical, projects.

V.H. Is it an advantage to have a nomadic structure, that has to find new space all the time for its projects?
G.D.L. It is not a question of advantages. Changing constantly is hard. But, this way, we’re declaring not to be in search of a “house for the arts”. Art doesn’t need a house. It is pervasive, universal, mobile, liquid. We’re not interested in managing, arranging a structure, and setting up “art exhibits” inside it. We’re interested in taking care of the places, reflecting on the landscape, putting it in motion. Every time we face a new site, we do it because it makes sense, it is necessary, to bring a system of re-activation in that site, which is always a great dead location, that we believe must be exhumed, transformed, regenerated. However, we settle in some sites for at least 3-4 years (Casso, Borca). Thus, we’re not perfectly nomadic either. The format isn’t defined: it changes in relation to the locations, which are always different. But the project is extremely clear, and stable. It opens closed contexts. It assaults inertias, and ideational laziness. It proves that every good idea, when pursued rigorously, can be successful.

3. New Venue of Casso

V.H. PIANO intends to create a network of art spaces working together, exchanging and interacting. Why did you decide to join the project and how are you participating in it?
G.D.L. Dolomiti Contemporanee, as a project, has its founding in the idea of network. In four years (DC was created in 2011), we’ve worked with over 400 public, private, productive, cultural, artistic partners. The basis of our “diet” is relational. Every good network interests us. The project isn’t at all limited to the Dolomites. That is where it started, where we continuously welcome artists and people (Residency), and from where it steps out all the time, through partnerships, relationships, exchanges, in Italy and abroad. PIANO’s plan, the idea of the project, seemed good, stimulating. We’ve gladly decided to take part in it all. The only regret was the complete lack of participation of the public Italian institutions. But in Italy the art system doesn’t work, that is a well known fact. Thus, we’ve taken part in the Piano-Alto! project. A few French artists have been DC’s guests in the residency projects of Casso and Borca. A few Italian artists have worked, instead, in the French art centres that are partners of the project. In the next weeks and months, the results of their research will be presented. Moreover, we’ve included in the PIANO platform one of our projects: “Two calls for Vajont”, a complex and important international artistic contest (www.twocalls.net). We hope that the French artists will decide to take part in it. This would be another marker of the fact that the cultural network really has worked, through the sharing of the platforms.

www.dolomiticontemporanee.netwww.twocalls.netwww.progettoborca.net

Space: Dolomiti Contemporanee
Protagonist: Gianluca D’Incà Levis
Project: Piano – alto!

Vincent Honoré Puoi presentare Dolomiti Contemporanee, la sua storia, la sua mission e il suo programma?
Gianluca d’Incà Levis Dolomiti Contemporanee è una piattaforma culturale che mira alla ridefinizione del significato e della fruizione dei contesti fisici e mentali con cui entra in contatto. L’arte, di ogni genere, l’arte in generale è lo strumento più performativo nella lotta per la costante ridefinizione del significato delle cose e della loro ragion d’essere. Questa lotta è in effetti una delle poche ragioni d’essere che l’uomo possiede per non accontentarsi di definizioni e approcci statici basati sull’esperienza altrui. Il progetto è nato nel 2011 e si colloca nel contesto delle Dolomiti, sito protetto dall’UNESCO, riattivando importanti luoghi abbandonati (siti di archeologia industriale, luoghi simbolo di chiusura e morte, che vengono trasformati attraverso l’innovazione dell’arte e della cultura in “cantieri” aperti).

V.H. In che modo, secondo te, un artista può sfruttare l’esperienza di una residenza?
G.D.L. Gli artisti fanno le loro scelte con sensibilità, colgono gli stimoli e li riproducono. Più è stimolante il contesto esterno, più forti e profonde possono essere le risonanze create in loro. Il progetto di residenza dà all’artista l’occasione di entrare in contatto con spazi nuovi. Il contesto delle Dolomiti, fatto di roccia, verticalità, ambiente e natura, aria fine, grandi architetture riesumate e riattivate, è incredibilmente stimolante in questo senso.

V.H. Come immagini il futuro di un’istituzione come Dolomiti Contemporanee in un contesto in cui musei e istituzioni globalizzati assumono un crescente potere, assorbendo tutte le energie, le categorie di pubblico e le risorse economiche?
G.D.L. Dolomiti Contemporanee non è un’istituzione. È un progetto sperimentale, che mette in discussione ancora una volta l’approccio al territorio, i luoghi, gli spazi, i pensieri, il significato dell’attività artistica e delle pratiche curatoriali, e le relazioni tra tutti questi elementi. Non è possibile che i contesti culturali siano completamente cannibalizzati dalle istituzioni, dai musei, dai player più potenti. C’è sempre spazio per coloro che vogliono innovare. Più il sistema diventerà organizzato, più spazio ci sarà per i progetti sovversivi o semplicemente critici.

V.H. Avere una struttura nomade, che ha bisogno di trovare ogni volta una nuova sede per accogliere i suoi progetti, rappresenta un vantaggio?
G.D.L. Non si tratta di una questione di vantaggi. Cambiare continuamente è difficile. Ma in questo modo affermiamo di non essere in cerca di una “casa per le arti”. L’arte non ha bisogno di una casa. È pervasiva, universale, mobile, liquida. Non ci interessa gestire, organizzare una struttura e allestire “mostre” al suo interno. Ci interessa “prenderci cura dei luoghi”, riflettendo sul paesaggio, mettendolo in moto. Ogni volta che affrontiamo un sito nuovo, lo facciamo perché ha senso, è necessario portare in questo specifico luogo abbandonato, che noi crediamo debba essere riesumato, trasformato, rigenerato, un sistema di riattivazione. Ci stabiliamo in determinati luoghi per periodi di 3-4 anni (Casso, Borca), per cui non siamo esattamente nomadi. Il format non è definito, ma cambia in relazione ai luoghi, sempre diversi. Ma il progetto è estremamente chiaro e stabile e consiste nell’aprire contesti chiusi, aggredire l’inerzia e la pigrizia mentale. Esso testimonia che ogni buona idea, se perseguita con rigore, può avere successo.

V.H. PIANO mira a creare una rete di spazi artistici che lavorino insieme, attraverso processi di scambio e interazione. Perché avete deciso di aderire al progetto e come si realizza la vostra partecipazione?
G.D.L. Il progettoDolomiti Contemporanee si basa sull’idea della rete. In quattro anni (DC è stato creato nel 2011), abbiamo lavorato con oltre 400 partner pubblici, privati, produttivi, culturali e artistici. La base della nostra “dieta” è relazionale. Tutte le buone reti ci interessano. Il progetto non è affatto limitato alle Dolomiti. Parte da qui, dove accoglie con continuità artisti e persone (attraverso il programma di residenza), e da qui si muove costantemente, attraverso partnership, relazioni, scambi sia in Italia sia all’estero. Il programma di PIANO, l’idea del progetto, sembrava buona, stimolante. Abbiamo deciso con piacere di prendervi parte. L’unico dispiacere riguarda la totale mancanza di partecipazione delle istituzioni pubbliche italiane. Ma in Italia il sistema dell’arte non funziona, è un fatto noto. Abbiamo quindi preso parte al progetto Piano – Alto!. Alcuni artisti francesi sono stati ospiti di DC nei progetti di residenza di Casso e di Borca, mentre altri artisti italiani hanno lavorato nei centri d’arte francesi partner del progetto. Nelle settimane e nei mesi che verranno, saranno presentati i risultati delle loro ricerche. Inoltre abbiamo inserito nel progetto PIANO uno dei nostri progetti, Two Calls for Vajont, un importante e complesso concorso artistico internazionale (www.twocalls.net). Speriamo che gli artisti francesi decidano di parteciparvi, perché ciò rappresenterebbe un altro segno del fatto che, attraverso la fusione delle piattaforme, la rete culturale ha funzionato.

www.dolomiticontemporanee.netwww.twocalls.netwww.progettoborca.net

Images:
1-3. New Venue of Casso

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BECKY BEASLEY

Born 1975, Portsmouth, United Kingdom
Lives and works in St. Leonards on Sea, United Kingdom

Project: The Registry of Promise

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THOMAS TEURLAI

Thomas Teurlai, Camping sauvage, 2012

Thomas Teurlai, Camping sauvage, 2012

Born 1988, Meaux, France
Lives and works in Vladivostok and Geneva, Switzerland
Graduated from DNAP at Beaux-arts de Nantes and DNSEP (Diplôme National Supérieur d’Expression Plastique) at the Villa Arson in Nice in 2009. Young création of villa de Nice Award with a one year residency. He has entered into many collaborations with Quentin Euverte and Ugo Schiavi. His solo exhibitions include: Chopper Desk, The Fish Factory, Stodvarfjordur (2012); Klaus Nomi auf L.S.D., Picto, Geneva (2011).
Among his group exhibitions: Le trou, Villa Bernasconi, Geneva (2012); Mauvais Coups Pour Trois Fois Rien, Hangar Alstom, Nantes (2011); Le Laboratorium, Arles (2011); 345 Elder, The Broadway Space, New York (2007).
Solo exhibition as part of the Modules – Fondation Pierre Bergé – Yves Saint Laurent at Palais de Tokyo, Paris (2013-2014).

Project: From & To

 

Nato nel 1988, vive e lavora a Vladivostok e a Ginevra. Ottiene il diploma DNSEP alla Villa Arson nel 2009. Tra le sue mostre personali: Chopper Desk, The Fish Factory, Stodvarfjordur (2012); Klaus Nomi auf L.S.D., Picto, Ginevra (2011); Modules – Fondation Pierre Bergé – Yves Saint Laurent, al Palais de Tokyo, Parigi (2013-2014). Fra le mostre collettive, segnaliamo: Le trou, Villa Bernasconi, Ginevra (2012); Mauvais Coups Pour Trois Fois Rien, Hangar Alstom, Nantes (2011); Le Laboratorium, Arles (2011); 345 Elder, The Broadway Space, New York (2007).

 

Né en 1988, vit et travaille à Vladivostok et Genève. Diplômé du DNSEP à la Villa Arson en 2009. Parmi ses expositions personnelles : Chopper Desk, The Fish Factory, Stodvarfjordur (2012); Klaus Nomi auf L.S.D., Picto, Geneve (2011); Modules – Fondation Pierre Bergé – Yves Saint Laurent, au Palais de Tokyo, Paris (2013-2014). Parmi ses expositions collectives : Le trou, Villa Bernasconi, Genève (2012); Mauvais Coups Pour Trois Fois Rien, Hangar Alstom, Nantes (2011); Le Laboratorium, Arles (2011); 345 Elder, The Broadway Space, New York (2007).

Image:
Thomas Teurlai, Camping sauvage, 2012

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GUILLAUME MANSART IN CONVERSATION WITH DIANE BLONDEAU, VIVIEN ROUBAUD AND THOMAS TEURLAI

GUILLAUME MANSART IN CONVERSATION WITH DIANE BLONDEAU, VIVIEN ROUBAUD AND THOMAS TEURLAI

A Dystopian Sculpture

Guillaume Mansart It’s the first time you’ve worked together. Here you’re offering a joint production. In what sense was this collective dynamic important?
Diane Blondeau, Vivien Roubaud and Thomas Teurlai The From & To project was based on the idea of a collaborative exchange between young French and Italian artists. The three of us already knew each other. We got along well and lived in more or less the same area. Each of us having been separately involved in several collaborations, we were aware that this presented an advantage in terms of energy, labour power and letting go.

G.M. Beyond the spirit of intellectual competition, one senses that this collective logic is also efficient when it comes to production.  At the work-creation stage, a distinctive organisational logic can already be discerned…
D.B, V.R., T.T. This is something that creeps into our practices and into those of quite a few artists of our generation. Primarily out of pure pragmatism: how can something be created with few resources? By inventing our tools, by making do with whatever we have at our disposal. When it’s finished, the work might appear to “take a stand against traditional principles”, but more than anything else this is because we have no choice! It’s a flaw that becomes a quality. 

G.M. What is the meaning of the title Jambe de botte?
D.B, V.R., T.T. It’s the literal translation of “bootleg”, an English term that designates pirate recordings of concerts or studio albums. The term also designates the art of “turntablism”, which consists in constructing a single piece of music out of several others. Jambe de botte served as a shapeless title, like melted plastic.

G.M. For the creation of this piece, you tested several types of material, ultimately choosing plastic from melted garden chairs. There’s a certain irony in the fact that plastic chairs are turned into a kind of “missile sculpture”. Why did this material stand out?
D.B, V.R., T.T. This brings us back to production circuits and pragmatism. How a combination of gestures can produce an image. We very empirically tested hundreds of combinations. Then we took a deckchair, burned it with a flamethrower, and the result was perfect. We work on the French Riviera, where the dumps are full of this kind of furniture. We were conscious of reflecting the dystopian faults of this strange place that, when you remove the glamour of the sun and palm trees, smells of cheap suntan lotion, melted poodles and social violence.

G.M. How were the forms of the different sculptures created?
D.B, V.R., T.T. We aligned casts found in an abandoned train parts foundry, in such a way that we were able to create cylinders that could be spun like record players. We poured the plastic and suddenly we had Scud missiles.

G.M. Could you explain the “archaeo-acoustic” notion behind your project?
D.B, V.R., T.T. It’s a fairly vague discipline situated between acoustics, archaeology and charlatanism, and its aim is to find pre-Edison sound recordings through sound imprints accidentally recorded on different types of object. Since sound is a vibration, in principle it can be inscribed on the media it comes into contact with.

G.M. The forms of the various sculptures evoke something of a warlike world. Added to these forms is a sound that gives the space a stressful atmosphere. How is this sound produced?
D.B, V.R., T.T. From the outset we planned to create forms that could be “played” in the space. Then everything developed very spontaneously. The day before the exhibition opened, we had to make up our minds to bring the sculptures into the exhibition venue. Once they were set up, we took a playback head and placed it on one of the rotating Scuds and it was Fallujah in the centre dart. The perfect tautology.

G.M. Although object and device diversion and DIY are found in your respective works, I get the impression that the question of sculpture is fairly new. In fact, in your piece one finds “historical” questions liked to sculpture: materiology, volume, casting techniques, a plinth…  Does Jambe de botte enable you to tackle new fields of investigation?
D.B, V.R., T.T. We considered simple questions that are not at all historical. A plinth is practical. It keeps the work at a distance and prevents a Scud from falling on someone. Plastic is more solid than margarine, etc.  Above all, this project confirmed that in the middle of personal practices and trajectories, it’s essential to regularly make time for collective periods and keep making use of resourcefulness.

March 2015

Protagonists: Diane Blondeau, Vivien Roubaud, Thomas Teurlai
Project: From & To

Une sculpture dystopique

Guillaume Mansart C’est la première fois que vous travailliez ensemble. Ici, vous faites une proposition de production partagée. En quoi cette dynamique collective a-t-elle été importante ?
Diane Blondeau, Vivien Roubaud et Thomas Teurlai L’idée à la base du projet From & To, c’était un échange collaboratif entre des jeunes artistes français et italiens. Tous les trois, nous nous connaissions déjà, nous nous entendions bien et nous vivions plus ou moins au même endroit. Après plusieurs collaborations chacun de notre coté, nous étions conscients de l’intérêt que cela représentait en matière d’énergies, de force de travail et de lâcher prise.

G.M. Au-delà de l’émulation intellectuelle, on sent que cette logique collective trouve aussi une efficience dans la question de la production. Dans l’étape de réalisation de l’œuvre on peut déjà lire une logique d’organisation propre…
D.B, V.R., T.T. C’est quelque chose qui traine dans nos pratiques comme dans celles de pas mal d’artistes de notre génération. D’abord par pur pragmatisme : comment réalise-t-on quelque chose avec peu de moyen ? En inventant nos outils, en faisant avec ce que l’on a sous la main. À l’arrivée, peut-être que le travail semble « s’affirmer contre les logiques traditionnelles », mais c’est plus par défaut qu’autre chose ! C’est un défaut qui devient une qualité. 

G.M. Que signifie le titre Jambe de botte ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. C’est la traduction littérale de « bootleg », un terme anglais qui désigne les enregistrements pirates de concerts ou de studio. Le terme désigne aussi l’art du « turntablisme » qui consiste à construire un seul morceau de musique à partir de plusieurs. Jambe de botte faisait un titre informe, comme du plastique fondu.

G.M. Pour la réalisation de cette pièce, vous avez testé plusieurs types de matériaux, pour au final vous arrêter sur du plastique provenant de chaises de jardin fondues. Il y a une forme d’ironie dans le fait de transformer des chaises en plastique en sorte « sculpture missile ». Pourquoi ce matériau s’est-il imposé ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. On en revient aux circuits de productions et au pragmatisme. Comment une combinaison de gestes simples peut « faire image ». Nous avons testé de manière très empirique des centaines de combinaisons. Puis nous avons pris un transat, nous l’avons brûlé au lance-flammes, et le résultat était parfait. Nous travaillions sur la Côte d’Azur, les décharges sont pleines de ce type de mobilier. Nous avions conscience de renvoyer les travers dystopiques de cet étrange endroit qui, dégagé du côté glamour du soleil et des palmiers, sent la crème solaire bon marché, le caniche fondu et la violence sociale.

G.M. Comment les formes des différentes sculptures ont-elles été créées ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. Nous avons aligné des moules trouvés dans une fonderie de pièces de trains abandonnées, de manière à pouvoir créer des cylindres que l’on pourrait faire tourner comme des phonographes. Nous avons coulé le plastique et d’un coup nous avions des missiles Scud.

G.M. Pourriez vous expliciter la notion d’ « archéo-acoustique » qui est à l’origine de votre projet ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. C’est une discipline assez obscure qui se situe entre l’acoustique, l’archéologie et le charlatanisme, et qui entend retrouver des enregistrements sonores pré-Edison à travers des empreintes sonores qui auraient été enregistrées accidentellement sur différents types d’objets. Puisque le son est une vibration, il peut censément s’inscrire sur les supports avec lesquels il entre en contact.

G.M. Les formes des différentes sculptures évoquent un univers plutôt guerrier, à ces formes s’ajoute un son qui installe dans l’espace d’exposition une atmosphère anxiogène. Comment se son est-il produit ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. Dès le début nous envisagions de créer des formes que l’on pourrait « jouer » dans l’espace. Ensuite, tout s’est enchainé de manière très spontanée. Nous avons dû nous résoudre, la veille du vernissage, à amener les sculptures dans le lieu d’exposition. Une fois qu’elles étaient installées, nous avons pris une tête de lecture que nous avons posé sur un des SCUD rotatifs et c’était Fallujah dans le centre d’art. Tautologique à souhait.

G.M. Si le détournement d’objets ou de dispositifs et le DIY sont présents dans vos travaux respectifs, j’ai l’impression que la question de la sculpture est assez nouvelle. En effet, on retrouve dans votre pièce des questions « historiques » liées à sculpture : matériologie, volume, techniques de moulage, socle, … Jambe de botte vous permet-elle d’engager de nouveaux champs d’investigation ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. On s’est posé des questions simples qui ne sont en rien historiques. Un socle c’est pratique, ça tient à distance et ça évite qu’un SCUD tombe sur quelqu’un. Le plastique c’est plus solide que la margarine, etc. Ce projet nous a surtout confirmé qu’il était indispensable au sein de pratiques et de trajectoires personnelles d’aménager régulièrement ces temps collectifs et de continuer à jouer de débrouille.

Mars 2015

Image:
1. Diane Blondeau / Vivien Roubaud / Thomas Teurlai, Jambes de bottes, 2014, mixed media. Photo: Villa Arson / Jean Brasille

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NINA CANELL

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Born 1979, Växjö, Sweden
Lives and works in Berlin, Germany

Image:
Nina Canell, Treetops, Hillsides and Ditches, 2011. Mastic gum, logs; variable dimensions. View of the exhibition The Promise of Moving Things (curator: Chris Sharp), Centre d’art contemporain d’Ivry – le Crédac, 2014. Photo: André Morin / le Crédac. Courtesy Konrad Fischer Galerie, Berlin and Private collection, Belgium. © Nina Canell / Adagp, 2014.

Project: The Registry of Promise

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PETER BUGGENHOUT

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Peter Buggenhout, Gorgo #33, 2013

Born 1963, Dendermonde, Belgium
Lives and works in Ghent, Belgium
His work has been internationally exhibited in both institutional and commercial venues. He had solo exhibitions at the Palais de Tokyo, Paris (2013), at the Ludwig Forum, Aachen (2012) and at the Museum Dhont-Dhaenens, Deurle Belgium (2009). He is represented by Gladstone Gallery in New York and Galerie Laurent Godin in Paris.

Image:
Peter Buggenhout, Gorgo #33, 2013, mixed media: wax, plastic, blood, horse hair, cardboard, PU6foam, polyester; work: h 48 x 72 x 49 cm + glassbox & pedestal: h 147 x 80 x 60 cm

Project: The Registry of Promise

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ANNIE VIGIER & FRANCK APERTET (LES GENS D’UTERPAN)

Annie Vigier born 1965 and Franck Apertet born 1966
Live and work in Paris, France

Annie Vigier and Franck Apertet have been working together under the name “les gens d’Uterpan” since 1994. They have developed a creative process that progressively subverts the standard field of choreography. Their work questions the norms that govern the living arts and exhibiting, touching on several points and involving among other things an exploration of the body’s limits and the conventions of representation.
One of their most recent projects, Géographie-, is part of the process re|action they started in 2008, which numbers more than fifteen different works. Géographie- is a score for a group of performers conceived according to the spatial limits of the venue. The performers are recruited in the area where the show will be presented. The perimeter is defined by the movements of the dancers and determines the architecture inside which the choreography is performed (created using the tools and materials available on site). The presence of the dancers follows a schedule that is not communicated to the public and can only be perceived through the sound and vibrations emanating from the structure.
Géographie-Bolzano 2013, coproduced by the Transart Festival, Fondazione Museion, and CAC Brétigny, was presented at Museion from September 18 to 22, 2013, and was a sort of prelude to the exhibition Soleil politique proposed by Pierre Bal-Blanc.

Annie Vigier, nata nel 1965 e Franck Apertet nato nel 1966
Vivono e lavorano a Parigi, Francia

Nel 1994 Annie Vigier e Franck Apertet fondano il collettivo “les gens d’Uterpan” e avviano un processo creativo che progressivamente trasgredisce gli standard della coreografia.
Nel loro lavoro si interrogano sulle norme che governano le “arti viventi” e le esposizioni. Le loro ricerche toccano diversi punti e riguardano, oltre ad altri aspetti, un’esplorazione dei limiti del corpo e delle convenzioni della rappresentazione.
Uno dei loro lavori più recenti, Géographie- (Geografia-), fa parte del processo intitolato re|action iniziato nel 2008 che comprende più di una quindicina di lavori differenti. Géographie- è una partitura per un gruppo di interpreti concepita in funzione dei limiti spaziali del luogo che l’accoglie. Gli interpreti vengono reclutati nel luogo di presentazione della coreografia. Il perimetro è definito dai movimenti dei danzatori e determina l’architettura (realizzata con i mezzi e materiali reperibili e disponibili in loco) all’interno della quale si svolge la coreografia. La presenza o l’assenza dei ballerini segue un orario che non è comunicato al pubblico, ma è percepibile solamente dal suono e dalle vibrazioni meccaniche dei materiali emanate dall’architettura.
La performance Géographie-Bolzano 2013, coprodotta dal Festival di Transart, Fondazione Museion e CAC Brétigny, è stata presentata a Museion di Bolzano dal 18 al 22 settembre 2013 e ha costituito una sorta di preludio alla mostra Soleil politique.

Project: Soleil politique

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DANIELE BALIT

Daniele Balit is a curator, theoretician and art historian living in Paris. He holds a PhD in Contemporary Art History from the University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne, in which he has investigated the impact of sound-based practices on exhibition contexts. He’s the founder of Birdcage: an itinerant sound gallery producing in situ interventions. She is a founding member of the non-profit curatorial platform 1:1projects. www.dbarchives.net

Project: Red Swan Hotel

 

Curatore indipendente, critico e storico dell’arte, vive a Parigi. Nell’aprile 2012 ha conseguito un dottorato all’Università La Sorbonne Paris 1, attraverso il quale ha indagato le origini delle sperimentazioni sonore e l’impatto del suono sui contesti espositivi. Nel marzo 2009 ha dato avvio a Birdcage, galleria sonora itinerante e site specific. È tra i fondatori della piattaforma curatoriale non-profit 1:1projects.

 

Daniele Balit est commissaire d’expositions, théoricien et historien de l’art, vivant à Paris. Il est membre fondateur de la plateforme curatoriale 1:1projects à Rome et initiateur de Birdcage, espace itinérant autour des pratiques sonores. Il est docteur de recherche à l’université La Sorbonne – Paris 1, avec une thèse qui porte sur l’origine des expérimentations sonores et sur leur impact dans les contextes d’exposition. Daniele Balit a exposé et développé des projets à Rome, Paris, Melbourne, Pékin, Prague, Milan, Anvers.

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JEAN-MAX COLARD IN CONVERSATION WITH 1:1PROJECTS (MARIA ALICATA, DANIELE BALIT, ADRIENNE DRAKE)

JEAN-MAX COLARD IN CONVERSATION WITH 1:1PROJECTS (MARIA ALICATA, DANIELE BALIT, ADRIENNE DRAKE)

Jean-Max Colard How did the project of Red Swan Hotel, that comprises a residency and two exhibitions in Rome and Chatou, begin?
1:1projects (Maria Alicata, Daniele Balit, Adrienne Drake) The project began by setting up a think tank that allowed us to share our different experiences and stories (both as individuals, but also as members of two different communities: the 1:1projects curatorial collective in Rome and the CNEAI in Chatou). We quickly identified the archive as our research thread, starting from what seemed to us quite a strong paradox inherent to the practice of archiving ephemera as the CNEAI is doing: the idea of conserving forms that have a short existence, trying to inscribe them in longer temporalities. A bit like collecting butterflies!
It’s true that such a paradox, epitomized by the FMRA collection (whose acronym in French reads ‘ephemera’) is a peculiarity of the archive format. In a way, all archives are ephemeral. The stories they preserve are there to be rewritten each time, to be brought to a new life on the occasion of each new display. That’s why Ben Kinmont’s motto “on becoming something else” could have been ours as well. Particularly if we think about the current moment in which there’s a search for a continuous migration of the artwork: through different mediums, formats, and notably through a network of interpersonal relations, as Kinmont’s projects suggest. This is something that became more and more relevant as we researched the archive material at CNEAI. Gradually, our research took the form of a historical perspective on some individuals, institutions and groups, who share similar preoccupations and who are trying to articulate them – or should we say, with Seth Price, to disperse them – through a variety of media.

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J.M.C. Why this title?
1:1 Red Swan Hotel is the title of the exhibition held at MACRO, and draws direct inspiration from Irish author Flann O’Brien’s 1939 novel At Swim-Two-Birds. The novel’s protagonist, a rather idle and drunken university student, spends much of his time writing short stories in which each of the characters’ own stories eventually begin to interconnect and overlap. As in the novel, in which the various protagonists meet at the Red Swan Hotel to plot the overthrow of the writer’s authority, so did the works in the exhibition reflect on the concept of the “authorship of the artist” and the “uniqueness of the artwork.” Wetlands Hero, the title of the show at CNEAI, is simply an anagram of Red Swan Hotel.

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J.M.C. How did you work all together?
1:1 The starting point of the project was a curatorial residency at CNEAI in June 2014. This was the occasion to approach and study the archive both individually and as a group. Each of us initially focused on our own personal curatorial interests and research, but at this stage we shared a common discussion on artists and their practices, which led to the identification of authorship as a crucial topic for the project. Gradually, we defined the group of artists we wanted to include in the first show in Rome, which was a selection of predominantly French artists. In reality, it was quite immediate not only for their works, but also because it was an opportunity to show historical artists such as Pascal Doury and Michel Journiac, who are not well known in Italy.
As we defined the second step of the project – evolving from the concept of authorship and singularity of the artwork to the role of the artist as curator – we worked more specifically in relation to the site of the CNEAI collection (such as Yann Sérandour’s work based on CNEAI’s own production of editions), together with artists and works from the first show, such as Ben Kinmont (with Promised Relations and archive material from Congratulations). We also included Italian artist Maurizio Nannucci and Jonathan Monk, whose practice is based on collaboration and appropriation.

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J.M.C. What are the continuity and the main differences between Rome and Chatou exhibitions?
1:1 As the play with the anagram suggests, Wetlands Hero is both a continued investigation into some of the issues that we had addressed previously in Red Swan Hotel, but also a shift in focus to the role of artist as curator, and to the space of action between art and its transmission. Some of the same artists are present in both shows, but there are artists and works “unique” to each. It was important, therefore, that each exhibition had a distinct title, but that were still directly connected in order to create continuity from one show to the next. Wetlands Hero seemed particularly fortuitous because it also very appropriately makes reference to CNEAI’s physical location – on the Île des Impressionnistes – and pays homage to the artists participating in both shows: makers of quiet heroic gestures.

J.M.C. How did you consider the collections of CNEAI?
1:1 A very interesting aspect that we soon seized upon during our residency on the Île des Impressionnistes is that the specificity of the CNEAI’s collection is related to its function as a platform for the distribution of art. This is of course true for any archive, the issues of access and display being at the center of its operations. But in the case of the FMRA archive, the whole idea of collecting editions and ephemera is really centered on exploring the possibilities of circulation and transmission of this specific type of art object. We were confronted with this very interesting dialectic between the fetishism of the collector (impulsive collecting, accumulation and preservation of ephemera…) and the endeavor of distributing it, which often implicates the questioning of the aura of the art object itself. With the exhibitions we wanted to emphasize such types of dualities. We then coupled a more classical way of selecting some wonderful material from the archive (such as the Pascal Doury’s or Michel Journiac’s files) with a different mode of relating to it – perhaps more focused on its meta-discourses. This was done by involving some figures for which archiving, collecting, re-framing, displaying, editing or distributing is at the core of their practice, and who contribute with their hybrid activities to the critical thinking and redefinition of the field. In other words, we wanted to share with these artists and their productions the processes of activating the archive. That was for us the most coherent way to present the FMRA collection, and also a response to some of the lines of research that emerged through the material itself.

Images:
1-4. Wetlands Hero, installation views, CNEAI, 2015

Project: Red Swan Hotel
Space: CNEAI
Protagonists: 1:1projects, Maria Alicata, Daniele Balit, Adrienne Drake

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CHIARA AGNELLO

Chiara Agnello is artistic director of Careof, a non-profit organization for the promotion of contemporary artistic research active in Milan, that since 1987 encourages cultural experimentation in all its forms, in particular the work of young artists. Careof positions itself as a privileged mediator between artists, curators, critics and a non-specialist audience, through a rich program of exhibitions and educational documentation services around the visual arts held at DOCVA and the residency program for creative FDV Residency Program.

Project: Piano – alto!
Space: Careof DOCVA

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VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH CHIARA AGNELLO, CAREOF DOCVA

VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH CHIARA AGNELLO, CAREOF DOCVA

Vincent Honoré Can you introduce Careof, its history, missions and programmes?
Chiara Agnello Since 1987 Careof fosters the development of contemporary art practice with passion, creativity and expertise. Since then, Careof is a place where young and established artists can be inspired, exchange views and be encouraged to experiment, debate and grow.
Since 2002 Careof is located at Fabbrica del Vapore in Milan, an industrial building from the early 20th century, which was originally meant for the construction, maintenance and sale of railway and tram material, and today is a youthful centre of cultural production.
In December 2013 with a new project nominated Taking Careof, we  created a new work team which pursues the organisation’s objectives updating its strategies,  transforming the cultural project into a sustainable one, increasing collaborative networks with professionals. Foster the development of artistic work, research and education is still one of our goals in conjunction with becoming a reference point for videoart in Italy and abroad.
Careof has various spaces and resources: an exhibition space of approximately 160 square metres; video and book archive held at DOCVA – Documentation centre for visual arts, born in collaboration with Viafarini; a residency programme for international artists and curators; a bookshop with new Italian and foreign publications.

V.H. “Experimentation” is a word that appears often in your mission statement: I am curious to know how you define “experimentation” in the field of contemporary art and in the framework of an institution.
C.A. Within a no profit organization as Careof the word experimentation is closely related to the continuous questioning of the organizational processes and the ability to be flexible in the face of opportunity, to changes in society and of the public we work with.
Obviously we have a well-defined mission, but the goals that we set are a response to the reading of our context. They can then change and evolve with time. An example is the focus on the video archive, which during our 26 years of history has acquired different roles and weights.

V.H. How do you foresee the future of an institution like yours in a context in which globalised museums and institutions become such powerful players, absorbing all energies, audiences and funding?
C.A. Careof is characterized by the ability to read the context and be an active part of the community we refer. We have the ability to observe the artistic practices in their multifaceted and multiform varieties, giving space also to the emerging ones.
We have the capacity to act with different strategies, giving space to the experimentation in a time which research and development are becoming less valued. For these reasons we believe that institutions like ours must continue to exist alongside the powerful players.

V.H. What is your mission with archive and archiving and how does it differ from collecting?
C.A. The video archive includes over 7,000 pieces and is the most important collection of videoart in Italy. The catalogue holds over 6,000 artworks, from the first experiments made in the 70s to work by the latest generations, and about 1,000 videos documenting exhibitions, conferences, performances and art events of international relevance.
One of Careof’s main activities is the filing, preservation and promotion of contemporary art material. In fact the archive also includes catalogues, specialised magazines, artists’ portfolio and photographs in all sorts of formats. The collection is an important resource to understand the development of contemporary art research over the past 40 years and specifically in Italy.
Careof has decided to make the archive perform, so we can spark a reflection that doesn’t only contemplate history, but it allows it to re-live, be modernized, enriched and expanded.
Through the video archive we develop exhibitions, residency and research projects.
We are archiving in order to support the artists and their work, share and pass on the knowledge and let everyone know the contemporary art scene. This is probably the main difference from collecting.

V.H. PIANO intends to create a network of art spaces working together, exchanging and interacting. Why did you decide to join the project and how are you participating in it?
C.A. Inside the mission of Careof there is the vocation to work with Italian and international institutions as we believe that through the exchange between cultures and people we can generate an enrichment.
We then responded to Stefania Meazza, curator of the project Piano – Alto! with enthusiasm. The project has provided for young Italian and French artists a period of residence at the centers involved: MAGP Cajarc / Maisons Daura, Saint-Cirq Lapopie, Chapelle Saint-Jacques, Saint-Gaudens and the BBB, centre d’art, Toulouse, in France; Dolomiti Contemporanee and Careof, in Italy. There have been several meetings between us to investigate the practices and activities of each organization. The choice of artists was facilitated by a pre-selection made by the institutions, offering a list of candidates to others. The selected artists are: Guillaume Robert, Lise Lacombe, Jérémy Laffon, Nina Fiocco and Daniele Pezzi.

Space: Careof DOCVA
Protagonist: Chiara Agnello
Project: Piano – alto!

Vincent Honoré Puoi presentare Careof, la sua storia, la sua mission e il suo programma?
Chiara Agnello Dal 1987 Careofpromuove lo sviluppo della pratica artistica contemporanea con passione, creatività e competenza. Sin dalla sua nascita, Careof è un luogo in cui artisti giovani e riconosciuti possono trarre ispirazione, scambiare le proprie visioni e trovare stimolo per sperimentare, discutere e crescere.
Dal 2002 Careof ha la propria sede presso la Fabbrica del Vapore a Milano, un edificio industriale risalente all’inizio del XX secolo, originariamente dedicato alla costruzione, alla manutenzione e alla vendita di materiale ferroviario e tramviario. Oggi è un centro per la produzione culturale.
Nel dicembre 2013, con un nuovo progetto intitolato Taking Careof, abbiamo creato una nuova squadra di lavoro che persegue gli obiettivi dell’organizzazione attraverso l’aggiornamento delle sue strategie, trasformando il progetto culturale secondo princípi di sostenibilità e incrementando le reti di collaborazione tra professionisti del settore. La promozione dello sviluppo della pratica artistica, della ricerca e dell’educazione è tuttora uno dei nostri principali obiettivi, insieme alla volontà di diventare un punto di riferimento per la videoarte in Italia e all’estero.
Careof ha diversi spazi e risorse: uno spazio espositivo di circa 160 metri quadrati; un archivio video e una biblioteca collocati presso il DOCVA – Centro di documentazione per le arti visive, nato in collaborazione con Viafarini; un programma di residenze per artisti e curatori internazionali; un bookshop con nuove pubblicazioni italiane e straniere.

V.H. “Sperimentazione” è un termine che ricorre spesso nei vostri statement: sono curioso di sapere quale senso date alla parola “sperimentazione” nell’ambito dell’arte contemporanea e nella cornice di un’istituzione.
C.A. Per un’istituzione no profit come Careof il termine “sperimentazione” è strettamente correlato alla continua ridefinizione dei processi organizzativi e alla capacità di essere flessibili di fronte alle opportunità, ai cambiamenti sociali e alle trasformazioni del pubblico con cui lavoriamo.
Ovviamente abbiamo una mission ben definita, ma gli obiettivi che ci poniamo sono una risposta all’analisi costante del contesto in cui operiamo. Essi possono quindi cambiare ed evolvere nel tempo. Un esempio di questo approccio è l’interesse dedicato all’archivio video, che nel corso di 26 anni di storia ha acquisito un ruolo e un peso sempre diversi.

V.H. Qual è il futuro di un’istituzione come Careof nel contesto attuale, in cui musei e istituzioni globalizzati assumono un crescente potere, assorbendo tutte le energie, le categorie di pubblico e le risorse economiche?
C.A. Careof è caratterizzato dalla capacità di leggere il contesto e di svolgere un ruolo attivo all’interno della comunità cui si rivolge. Siamo in grado di osservare le pratiche artistiche nelle loro sfaccettate e multiformi declinazioni, dando spazio ai fenomeni emergenti.
Sappiamo agire attraverso diverse strategie, mettendo in primo piano la sperimentazione in un momento in cui la ricerca e lo sviluppo sono sempre meno valorizzati. Per queste ragioni crediamo che le istituzioni come la nostra debbano continuare a esistere accanto alle realtà più influenti.

V.H. Qual è la vostra mission nell’ambito dell’archiviazione e come si differenzia dall’atto del collezionare?
C.A. L’archivio video include più di 7.000 lavori e costituisce la più importante collezione di videoarte in Italia. Il catalogo comprende più di 6.000 opere, dai primi esperimenti realizzati negli anni Settanta fino al lavoro delle generazioni più giovani, e circa 1.000 video che documentano mostre, conferenze, performance ed eventi artistici di rilevanza internazionale.
Una delle principali attività di Careof è la schedatura, la conservazione e la promozione del materiale artistico contemporaneo. L’archivio comprende infatti anche cataloghi, magazine specializzati, portfolio e fotografie di artisti in ogni formato. La collezione è un’importante risorsa per comprendere lo sviluppo della ricerca artistica contemporanea negli ultimi 40 anni, in particolare in Italia.
Careof ha deciso di dare all’archivio una natura performativa, in modo da poter sviluppare riflessioni non solo di carattere storico, ma anche in grado di rivivere, essere riattualizzate, arricchite e sviluppate.
Attraverso l’archivio video sviluppiamo progetti espositivi, di residenza e di ricerca. L’archivio è per noi uno strumento per sostenere gli artisti e il loro lavoro, per condividere e trasmettere la conoscenza e per permettere a ognuno di conoscere la scena dell’arte contemporanea. È questa probabilmente la differenza maggiore con una comune collezione.

V.H. PIANO mira a creare una rete di spazi artistici che lavorino insieme, attraverso processi di scambio e interazione. Perché avete deciso di aderire al progetto e come si realizza la vostra partecipazione?
C.A. Alla base della mission di Careof vi è la vocazione di lavorare con istituzioni italiane e internazionali, perché crediamo che attraverso lo scambio tra le culture e le persone sia possibile generare ricchezza.
Abbiamo quindi risposto con entusiasmo all’invito di Stefania Meazza, curatore del progetto Piano – Alto!. Il progetto ha permesso a giovani artisti italiani e francesi di compiere un periodo di residenza nei centri coinvolti: MAGP Cajarc / Maisons Daura, Saint-Cirq Lapopie, Chapelle Saint-Jacques, Saint-Gaudens e il BBB, centre d’art di Tolosa, in Francia; Dolomiti Contemporanee e Careof, in Italia. Abbiamo organizzato diversi incontri tra noi per analizzare le pratiche e le attività di ogni organizzazione. La scelta degli artisti è stata agevolata da una pre-selezione fatta dalle istituzioni, ciascuna delle quali ha presentato una lista alle altre. Gli artisti selezionati sono: Guillaume Robert, Lise Lacombe, Jérémy Laffon, Nina Fiocco e Daniele Pezzi.

Image:
1. Careof, new venue at Fabbrica del Vapore. Photo: Andrea Astesiano for Maxdesign

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MICHAEL E. SMITH

2487-18

Born 1977, Detroit, MI, USA
Lives and works in Detroit, MI, USA

Image:
Michael E. Smith, Untitled, 2014. Wire harness; variable dimensions. View of the exhibition The Promise of Moving Things (curator: Chris Sharp), Centre d’art contemporain d’Ivry – le Crédac, 2014. Photo: André Morin / le Crédac. Courtesy of the artist, Clifton Benevento, New York & Michael Benevento, Los Angeles.

Project: The Registry of Promise

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Nathalie Ergino

Since January, 2006, Nathalie Ergino is the director of the Institut d‘art contemporain. Former director of the School / FRAC Champagne-Ardenne (1994-2000), and of the Museum of contemporary art [mac] of Marseille (2001-2005), she has curated large monographic exhibitions (Jimmie Durham, Rodney Graham, Raymond Hains, Ann Veronica Janssens, Carsten Höller) as well as collective exhibitions (Maisons-Cerveaux, Subréel).

Focus: Prepared Piano – Model for a New Institutionalism
Partner: IAC

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Prepared Piano – Model for a new Institutionalism

Round table discussion moderated by Pierre Bal-Blanc
organized in the frame of PIANO, Prepared Platform for Contemporary Art – France-Italie 2014-2015

Villa Medici
Viale Trinità dei Monti, 1 – 00187 Roma
Friday May 9, 2014
10 – 12 am

The panel discussion Prepared Piano: Model for a New Institutionalism presents artists, curators, as well as the managers of places where various projects have been produced over the past few years in Europe. These projects have in common that they make novel use of cultural exchange instruments, while giving their activities both a local and international scope.

Various case studies will be presented during this panel discussion to bring back into play notions of crossdisciplinarity (Théâtre des expositions at Villa Medici), process (Per_formare una collezione at the MADRE in Naples), and plasticity of relations (Laboratoire Espace Cerveau at the IAC in Villeurbanne). The discussions as a whole will echo the desire to found “a new institutionalism”, which has developed over the past few years through initiatives coming from both artists and curators. The desire to reconfigure the institution based on the model of a community centre, laboratory, open school, and other places that are not mainly governed by market laws, is linked with the creative momentum that led to Prepared Piano. The proposed discussion aims to demonstrate that PIANO, as well as Salon Light, dedicated to independent publishing, and Vdrome, a distribution network for artist films, are today all tangible initiatives.

Pierre Bal-Blanc is the director of the CAC Brétigny. He is also an independent curator and the vice-president of the d.c.a / French association for the development of centres d’art. Since 2003, in resonance with the social thought of Charles Fourrier, he has been developing the “Phalanstère Project” within a centre d’art. This is a series of specific offerings that critically rework the principles of artwork accumulation.
His exhibition series “Living Currency” and “Draft Score for an Exhibition” negotiate the historical and contemporary analysis of the body and of strategies linked to performance in the visual arts. “The Death of the Audience “ and “Reversibility” are reflections on the consequences that the materiality of art objects has on the configuration of art-world protagonists, the role and form of cultural institutions today.

Interdisciplinary stage
Theater of Exhibitions / Villa Medici, Rome / presentation by Eric de Chassey

Conceived by the director Éric de Chassey and organised by the French Academy in Rome – Villa Medici every year since 2010, the Theatre of Exhibitions has been devised as a moment of encounter between the fellows in residence and the public, as well as one of dialogue and confrontation among the artists and scholars in residence. The different spaces of Villa Medici become ephemeral stages for installations, performances, projections, readings. The concept of openness, a predisposition to dialogue and confrontation among different disciplines is the characteristic that unites the projects, which are presented. The Theatre of Exhibitions has been designed as a “multiform laboratory” which displays the diversity of artistic practices and research, thus confirming the centrality of the French Academy in Rome in contemporary creation.

Éric de Chassey is the Director of the French Academy in Rome – Villa Medici since 2009. He is also Professor of Contemporary Art History at the École Normale Supérieure in Lyon. Since the beginning, his scientific activities have focused on the US and abstract art. He has published books and essays on XXth and XXIst century art. He has also curated numerous exhibitions, accompanied by publications such as Soulages XXIth century (Rome, Villa Medici, 2013) or Simon Hantaï (Rome, Villa Medici, 2014).

Thought’s spatialization
Space Brain Laboratory / IAC, Villeurbanne / presentation by Nathalie Ergino and Ann Veronica Janssens

Initiated in 2009 by the artist Ann Veronica Janssens and Nathalie Ergino, director of the Institut d’art contemporain, the project aims at starting from experiments in art to explore practical and theoretical research linking space and the brain. This interdisciplinary laboratory brings together the reflections and experiments of artists and scientists and also philosophers, anthropologists, art historians and theoreticians, thus providing as much coverage by neuroscience, physics and astrophysics as by hypnosis, telepathy and shamanism.

Since January, 2006, Nathalie Ergino is the director of the Institut d‘art contemporain. Former director of the School / FRAC Champagne-Ardenne (1994-2000), and of the museum of contemporary art [mac] of Marseille (2001-2005), she has curated big monographic exhibitions (Jimmie Durham, Rodney Graham, Raymond Hains, Ann Veronica Janssens, Carsten Höller) as well as collective exhibitions (Maisons-Cerveaux, Subréel).

Born in 1956 in Folkestone (UK), Ann Veronica Janssens lives and works in Brussels (BE). Her work has been the subject of numerous solo exhibitions. Since 1985, she has also participated in important group exhibitions, as well as various international biennials and in 1999 Venice where she represented Belgium with Michel François. She regularly collaborates with choreographers (Drouler Pierre and Anne Teresa De Keersmaeker). Her work has been presented recently within the exhibition Passion Fruit at the Centre Pompidou, Paris and within Dynamo, A century of light in art, 1913 – 2013 at the Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais.

Organizing the perceptible
Vdrome / Mousse, Milano / presentation by Enrico Boccioletti

Vdrome is an online platform that offers regular, high quality screenings of films and videos directed by visual artists and filmmakers, whose production lies in-between contemporary art and cinema. Each screening is presented during a limited period, as in a movie theatre. Vdrome makes available a program of exceptional artists’ films and videos that are selected due to their importance, quality and innovative strength, many of which are only shown in the context of film festivals, exhibitions or specific surveys, being therefore of very limited access. Vdrome is an initiative conceived and promoted by Mousse, curated by Edoardo Bonaspetti, Jens Hoffmann, Andrea Lissoni and Filipa Ramos, and maintained by Enrico Boccioletti.

Enrico Boccioletti is an artist and musician active under multiple names – Death in Plains, 4SICSX, spcnvdr and Enrico B – in the fields of postconceptual, new vernacular, performance and sound, interested into incompleteness and circularity, duplication and accumulation, waste, layering, forgery, faux-real. He also works for Mousse Magazine and Vdrome.

Incarnation of the collection
Per_formare una collezione / Madre, Naples / presentation by Andrea Viliani and Alessandro Rabottini

Per_forming a collection is an on-going project designed to develop the formation of the Museo MADRE’s permanent collection in Naples. It focuses on artists of different generations whose works have been conceived as physical and mental instruments that bring together thought and action in every possible media, linking visual arts to theatre and literature. The project aims to shape a collection that is articulated over time, combining archival research with commissions for new works taking into account the role of the museum as a place of memory and preservation as well as a continuing research and production laboratory. All the works presented have a relation with the city and its history: works conceived or exhibited here, from artist who happened to exhibit in Naples or works belonging to private or public local collections.

Since 2013 Andrea Viliani is the director of the Fondazione Donnaregina per le arti contemporanee – Madre, Napoli. He previously worked from 2009 to 2012 as Director of Fondazione Galleria Civica – Centro di Ricerca sulla Contemporaneità in Trento. In 2012 he was a member of the Core Agents Group of dOCUMENTA(13) and he co-curated the related position in Kabul and Bamiyan (Afghanistan). From 2005 to 2009, Viliani was curator at the MAMbo – Museo d’Arte Moderna di Bologna. Among the 60 “players” of the 2007 Biennale de Lyon, he is a frequent contributor to FROG, Mousse, Kaleidoscope and Flash Art.

Alessandro Rabottini is an art critic and curator based in London. He is Curator at Large at the Madre Museum in Naples (where he recently curated a mid-career retrospective of Padraig Timoney and the survey show of Ettore Spalletti) and served as guest curator for several international institutions. In his capacity of Curator at Large at the GAMeC in Bergamo he curated solo exhibitions of artists such as Robert Overby, Mircea Cantor, Latifa Echakhch, Victor Man, Pratchaya Phinthong, Pietro Roccasalva, Tim Rollins & K.O.S, Sterling Ruby, Tris Vonna-Michell and Jordan Wolfson.

Praising uncertainty
Salon light / cneai =, Chatou / presentation by Sylvie Boulanger

Founded in 2004 by Cneai, Salon Light became over a few years an unmissable rendez-vous for micro-publishers and artist’s publication in Paris. After exporting the concept at Vermelho gallery in Sao Paulo and the great success of Salon Light 9 at Palais de Tokyo in 2012, Salon Light keeps uniting a moving scene of artists, authors, independent publishers or composers. Books, magazines, objects, LP’s, catalogues or artist’s book, the publications are often limited editions, sometimes impossible to find in Paris, and are breaking new grounds while creating new networks in the art and publishing worlds. Performances and meetings with professionals and artists are also a key part of the event. Free for the publishers and the public, it’s accessible to all and offers visibility to a still somehow unknown field.

Sylvie Boulanger is founder and curator of Salon Light since its creation in 2004. She directs Cneai since 1997. She curated over a hundred exhibitions, published more than seventy books (artist’s books, journals, catalogues) and produced as few documentaries. She is a member of several research labs, she also contributes to academic reviews like Multitudes and lectures in art schools and universities. She was the founder of the production agency APC (Art Public Contemporain) that she directed for ten years (1990-1997) after occupying the position of associate director «exhibition and communication» within the Ministry of Culture visual arts delegation (1987-1990).

The round table discussion will be followed by a
Concert for Prepared Piano by Laurent Durupt, composer and fellow at the Villa Medici

More information at
www.pianoproject.org
info@pianoproject.org

Round table discussion organized in the frame of PIANO, Prepared Platform for Contemporary Art, France-Italie 2014-2015

PIANO, Prepared Platform for Contemporary Art, France–Italy 2014-2015, initiated by d.c.a / French association for the development of centres d’art, in partnership with the Institut français in Italy, the French Embassy in Italy and the Institut français, with the support of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development, the French Ministry of Culture and Communication and Fondazione Nuovi Mecenati.

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CLÉMENCE SEILLES

Born 1984, Besançon, France
Lives and works between Paris, France and Amsterdam, Netherlands 

Her work has been exhibited internationally: Moucharabieh, Triangle, Marseille (2015); 100 ans plus tard, Palais de Tokyo, Paris (2014); Universal Studio, galerie Torri, Paris (2014); What do you write when men are puking into plastic bags,Chert gallery, Berlin (2014); La vie est un songe, Parc Saint Leger, Pougues-les-eaux (2013) ; La chute, Palais de Tokyo, Paris (2013); Hotel Abisso,Centre d’art contemporain de Genève, Geneva (2013); The day after, Van Horbourg and Le foyer, Zurich (2012).

Née à Besançon, France, en 1984
Vit et travaille entre Paris, France et Amsterdam, Pays Bas

Son travail a été exposé internationalement: Moucharabieh,Triangle, Marseille (2015) ; 100 ans plus tard, Palais de Tokyo, Paris(2014), Universal Studio, galerie Torri, Paris (2014) ; What do you write when men are puking into plastic bags,Chert gallery, Berlin (2014) ; La vie est un songe, Parc Saint Léger, Pougues-les-eaux (2013) ; La chute, Palais de Tokyo, Paris (2013) ; Hotel Abisso,Centre d’art contemporain de Genève, Genève (2013) ; The day after, Van Horbourg et Le foyer, Zurich (2012).

Project: Exercizing Doubt: On Exhibition as Research

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DOROTHÉE DUPUIS IN CONVERSATION WITH CLÉMENCE SEILLES

DOROTHÉE DUPUIS IN CONVERSATION WITH CLÉMENCE SEILLES

Dorothée Dupuis Could you talk about your formal influences? What do you look at? How do you think? How has your training as a designer informed how you produce forms in the exhibition sphere? It seems that the language of abstraction is still important for you. In what sense do you think you’re tackling it in a new way?
Clémence Seilles I regularly go back and see images by my classical masters: Tatlin, Sottsass, Sonia, as well as Robert Delaunay, Superstudio, Hélio Oiticica, the Gelatin collective… to mention only a handful of “dirty artists” who have navigated or are navigating, casually and doubtfully, between applied arts and fine arts. Primordial shapes like circles, triangles, squares… enable me to concentrate more on narratives, circumstances and processes. I proceed from what societies tangibly produce to build themselves. I visit companies dealing in supplies or construction equipment, and go to rendering plants and product assembly factories. I idly drive through industrial estates in Italy, France, Germany and Holland. On YouTube I watch guitar swirling in garages and industrial plastic machining. In China, Russia, Morocco, Jamaica and Mexico, I study wire mesh houses, terracotta vehicles, simple and exuberant displays, custom cars, street amenities for chance meetings… I’m fascinated by amusements, even the most modest: a subwoofer in a pot with holes, a fish-shaped gun barrel in the bar of a deck chair… I adore permissive societies. The work Bassin ouvert (Open Basin) at ar/ge kunst in Bolzano, which first appeared at Triangle in Marseille, is a desire to create a social space within that of art, where people are invited to create a critical product. In this context, the work is at once an everyday object and something fantastical: a fountain, a long swimming pool, in which shapes and materials follow directly from the research I mentioned a moment ago. Although my training as a designer informs manipulations of conventions (much more than manipulations of shapes), the exhibition sphere, which is not very familiar with functional services and devices, opens up a fertile field of experiments that are more complicated to develop in the commercial sphere.

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2. Exhibition view, Clémence Seilles, Bassin ouvert

D.D. You do a lot of collaborative projects with your “gang”. You’re invited to organise birthdays (Triangle, ar/ge kunst); your friends cross Europe to work with you; you share the fee money; you sell cocktails and t-shirts; you teach; you occupy squats and villas. Are you more of a Fassbinder, Wako or Beverly Hills 90210?
C.S. I’m from Montboucons. It’s the Beverly Hills of Besançon in Franche-Comté. A gang can be Philip K. Dick (Ubik) and Kerouac (The Dharma Bums) living in the City of Quartz (Mike Davis), flirting on Less Than Zero (Bret Easton Ellis) with the risk of ending up like in The Postman Always Rings Twice (James M. Cain), alone and condemned. I try to combine sustainable economic efficiency with the risk of alienation. The gang – made up of artists, designers, composers, curators and architects who are all fanatical about hard beats – lives between Berlin, Amsterdam and Paris, and is heterogeneous and multifarious. There’s no unifying manifesto, exclusive dogma, or even a name. The action hierarchies are healthy, made of individuals who do their singular research and can take turns implementing or supporting a project. Drama is part of this game that we haven’t really found rules for, but experience has shown us that the virtues of fraternity bring tangible added value to our critical ambitions and to the wellbeing of our respective lives. To name a few of these creations that I’m surrounded by: the Krux, a giant, well-equipped collective studio for periods of production, big parties and ‘afters coalitions’. PostNorma, a fabulous squat conquered and dissolved in one year, which generated workshops and various events. The Dirty Art department, an institutional bouillabaisse that made lots of meetings and journeys possible. SANKS, a design company among friends. Cicciolinas, unifying techno parties. Secret Castles, a contemporary art festival/summer camp hybrid…

Cl+®mence Seilles - argekunst web 01

3. Exhibition view, Clémence Seilles, Bassin ouvert

D.D. How do you reconcile the “post-hippie” aspect of your methodology with the need for rigour linked to the idea of artistic commitment? What is you position in all of this relative to institutions and the art market?
C.S. I see the “hippie” position, this sort of non-conformist, as a necessary step, even if it’s only temporary, time enough to identify our views and strengthen them while freeing ourselves from commodities as much as possible. I don’t want to marginalise myself on a desert island and live my life with my group, I simply want to avoid getting sucked up by the art market, so I have time to create. I believe in a market that’s integrated into society, and it is precisely by being active in different spheres and markets (art, design, performance) that one can build a new kind of expert position. My artistic commitment is romantic. It is to create an optimal climate for creativity, establishing circumstances that produce autonomous strengths and attitudes without excluding myself from society – quite the opposite. I practice lateral thinking and oblique strategies. Oblique Strategies is a set of cards invented by Brian Eno and Peter Schmidt in 1974. Each card contains a cryptic phrase or comment to meditate on, one that can be used to overcome a creative block or dilemma. Lateral thinking is the opposite of vertical or conventional thinking, which rejects an idea if its application hasn’t been validated. It is based on imagination and on putting forward impossible, absurd, unrealistic theories in order to create springboards towards other ideas that are themselves achievable. Embodied in my practice, this means that I go off into fairly diverse application areas and development structures, working with people who are also very different and sometimes have polar opposite ways of thinking. This makes it more tiring and difficult to exist in different markets instead of only one, since people still have a strong tendency (less in English-speaking countries) to recognise only a single profession for each person. This is why I tirelessly dodge having to justify myself as an artist or a designer and explain why I created the “dirty artist” designation, which symbolises that universal position of the creator before the historical split between applied arts and fine arts.

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4. Exhibition view, Clémence Seilles, Bassin ouvert

Project: Exercizing Doubt. Exhibition as Research
Space: ar/ge kunst Galerie Museum 
Protagonist: Clémence Seilles

Dorothée Dupuis Peux-tu me parler de tes influences formelles ? Qu’est-ce que tu regardes, comment tu penses ? Comment ta formation de designer informe-t-elle ta production de formes dans le domaine de l’exposition ? Le langage de l’abstraction reste, semble-t-il, important pour toi, en quoi penses-tu t’y confronter de façon nouvelle ?
Clémence Seilles Je vais régulièrement revoir des images de mes maîtres classiques : Tatlin, Sottsass, Sonia comme Robert Delaunay, Superstudio, Hélio Oiticica, le collectif Gelatin… pour ne citer qu’une poignée de ‘dirty artists’ ayant navigué ou navigant avec désinvolture et doute entre les arts appliqués et les beaux-arts. Les formes primordiales telles cercles, triangles, carrés… me permettent de me concentrer davantage sur les narrations, les circonstances et les procédés. Je pars de ce que les sociétés produisent de tangible pour se construire. Je visite les compagnies de fournitures, d’équipement de chantiers, des usines de transformations de matériaux, d’assemblage de produits, je conduis désœuvrée dans les zones industrielles d’Italie, de France, d’Allemagne et de Hollande, je visionne sur YouTube du swirling de guitare en garage et de la chaudronnerie plastique industrielle. En Chine, Russie, Maroc, Jamaïque et Mexique, j’étudie les maisons en grillages, les véhicules en terre cuite, les étalages sommaires comme exubérants, les customs de voitures, les aménagements de rue pour réunions fortuites… je suis passionnée par le détournement, même les plus modestes : caisson de basse dans marmite trouée, canon de fusil à poisson dans barre de chaise longue… J’adore les sociétés permissives. L’œuvre Bassin ouvert à ar/ge kunst à Bolzano, et avant dans sa première apparition à Triangle à Marseille, est un désir de créer un espace social dans celui de l’art où des acteurs sont invités à réaliser une production critique. L’œuvre, dans ce contexte, est à la fois objet d’usage et de fantasme : une fontaine, un bassin de nage, dont formes et matériaux découlent directement des recherches évoquées plus hauts. Si ma formation de designer informe des manipulations d’usages (bien plus que de formes), le domaine de l’exposition, peu familier aux services et dispositifs fonctionnels, m’ouvre un champ fertile d’expérimentations, plus compliquées à développer dans le domaine commercial.

D.D. Tu fais beaucoup de projets collaboratifs avec ta “bande”, on t’invite pour organiser des anniversaires (Triangle, ar/ge kunst), tes amis traversent l’Europe pour travailler avec toi, vous partagez l’argent des cachets, vous vendez des cocktails, des t-shirts, vous enseignez, vous occupez des squats et des villas, tu es plutôt Fassbinder, Wako ou Beverly Hills 90210 ?
C.S. Je viens des Montboucons, c’est le Beverly Hills de Besançon en Franche-Comté. Une bande, ça peut être Philip K. Dick (Ubik) et Kerouac (les clochards célestes) qui vivent dans City of quartz (Mike Davis), flirtent sur Less than zero (Bret Easton Ellis) avec le risque de finir comme dans Le facteur sonne toujours deux fois (James M. Cain), seul et condamné. J’essaye de combiner efficacité économique durable et risque d’aliénation. La bande, constituée d’artistes, designers, composeurs, commissaires, architectes, tous boulimiques de rythmes durs, vit entre Berlin, Amsterdam et Paris, et est hétérogène et multiple. Il n’y a pas de manifeste fédérateur, de dogme excluant, de nom même. Les hiérarchies d’actions sont saines, faites d’individus qui entreprennent leurs recherches singulières et peuvent à tour de rôle porter ou appuyer un projet. Le drame fait partie de ce jeu auquel nous n’avons pas vraiment trouvé de règles, mais l’expérience nous a montré que les vertus de la fraternité apportent tout de même une plus-value tangible à nos ambitions critiques et au bien-être de nos vies respectives. Quelques unes de ces réalisations qui m’entourent : le Krux, atelier collectif géant très équipé, pour moments de production, de fêtes géantes et ‘afters coalitions’. PostNorma, un squat fabuleux conquis et dissout en une année, qui généra workshops et évènements divers. Le département Dirty Art, bouillabaisse institutionnelle qui permit beaucoup de rencontres et de voyages. SANKS, une compagnie de design entre amis. Les Cicciolinas, fêtes technos fédératrices. Châteaux secrets, hybride entre festival d’art contemporain et campement d’été…

D.D. Comment concilies-tu l’aspect “post-hippie” de ta méthodologie au besoin nécessaire de rigueur lié à l’idée d’engagement artistique ? Quelle est alors ta position par rapport au marché de l’art et à l’institution dans tout ça ?
C.S. Je vois la posture du “hippie”, cette sorte de marginal, comme une étape nécessaire, même si seulement temporaire, le temps d’identifier le discours et le fortifier en se libérant au maximum des commodités. Je ne souhaite pas m’exclure sur une île déserte et vivre ma vie avec mon groupe, je souhaite simplement que le marché de l’art ne m’aspire pas pour me donner le temps de créer. Je crois en un marché intégré à la société, et c’est justement en agissant dans des domaines et marchés différents (l’art, le design et le spectacle) qu’on peut construire une posture d’expert d’une nature nouvelle. Mon engagement artistique est romantique, il est de créer un climat optimum pour la création, réunir les circonstances qui accouchent de forces et d’attitudes autonomes sans me disqualifier de la société, au contraire. Je pratique pensées latérales et stratégies obliques. Les stratégies obliques est un set de cartes inventées par Brian Eno et Peter Schmidt en 1974. Chaque carte contient une phrase ou une remarque cryptique sur laquelle méditer, qui peut être utilisée pour se sortir d’un blocage créatif ou d’une situation de dilemme. La pensée latérale s’oppose à la pensée verticale, ou classique, selon laquelle une idée est rejetée quand son application n’est pas validée. Elle repose sur l’imagination et l’émission d’hypothèses impossibles, absurdes, irréalistes pour créer des tremplins vers d’autres idées elles-mêmes réalisables. Incarné dans ma pratique, cela veut dire que je pars dans des domaines d’application et structures de développement assez éparses, travaillant avec des acteurs aussi très différents dans des logiques parfois aux antipodes. Cela rend plus fatiguant et difficile d’exister sur différents marchés plutôt qu’un seul, puisque nous avons tout de même une forte tendance (moins dans les pays anglo-saxons) à ne reconnaitre qu’une seule profession à une personne. C’est donc inlassablement que j’esquive de devoir me justifier d’être une artiste ou une designer, et d’avoir créé la dénomination ‘dirty artist’, symbolisant cette position universelle de créateur avant le schisme historique entre arts appliqués et beaux-arts.

Images:
1-4. Exhibition views, Clémence Seilles, Bassin ouvert. Photo: aneres. Courtesy the artist and ar/ge kunst

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Éric Mangion

Eric_Mangion

Éric Mangion has been the director of the Villa Arson’s art center since 2006. He has organized a cycle of exhibitions on ephemeral practices (sound, theater, poetry or performance art): Ne pas jouer avec des choses mortes (Not to Play With Dead Things) in 2008, Bernard Heidsieck’s Poésie Action (Action Poetry), L’Encyclopédie de la Parole (The Encyclopedia of Speech) and Le temps de l’écoute (A Time for Listening) in 2011, À la vie délibérée ! (To Deliberate Life!) in 2012, Des récits ordinaires (Ordinary Tales) and L’encyclopédie des guerres (The Encyclopedia of Wars) in 2014. He has also produced several solo exhibitions including: Iain Baxter&, 2006, Gino De Dominicis, 2007, Zoe Leonard, 2007, Claire Fontaine, 2007, Tatiana Trouvé, 2007, Jean Dupuy, 2008, Ryan Gander, 2009, Roman Ondàk, 2010, Oliver Beer and Shingo Yoshid, 2013.
He directed the FRAC Provence Alpes-Côte d’Azur from 1993 to 2005 where he focused on collecting upgradable works built from generic elements. He produced amongst other exhibitions Ugo Rondinone, 2001, Christophe Berdaguer and Marie Péjus, 2001, La Société Perpendiculaire, 2002, Patrick Van Caeckhenberg, 2003, Björn Dalhem, 2004, Tatiana Trouvé, 2005 and Self in Material Conscience at the Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo in Turin, 2002.
He has been the curator of numerous exhibitions including Gérard Gasiorowski’s Recommencer, Commencer de nouveau la peinture (Starting Over, Starting Painting Again) at the Carré d’art in Nîmes, 2010, Arthur Barrio at the University of Philadelphia, 2006, and Vivien Roubaud, Thomas Teurlai and Tatiana Wolska at the Palais de Tokyo in 2014.
He was also artistic director of the 2010 edition of the festival Printemps de Septembre (September Spring), Une forme pour toute action (Every Action Has a Form), and associate curator of the Festival Live in Vancouver in 2011.
As an art critic he has contributed to numerous magazines, including art press, and was artistic director of the review Fresh Théorie III in 2007.

Project: From & To
Space: Villa Arson

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VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH ERIC MANGION, VILLA ARSON, NICE

VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH ERIC MANGION, VILLA ARSON, NICE

Vincent Honoré The Villa Arson is an institution that includes an art school, artist residencies, a multimedia library and a centre d’art. One could say that it’s an institution where contemporary art is taught, researched, produced and exhibited. The only thing missing is a collection, despite a few perennial works installed in 1989-90. How do you conceive your programme’s link to the site’s various other activities, particularly to the art school?
Eric Mangion We very simply try to programme exhibitions, meetings or residencies in relation to practices in or around the school. Sometimes we extend direct invitations to members of the teaching staff who are creating projects–as we did between February and May 2015 with the exhibition Bricologie led by Burkard Blümlein, Thomas Golsenne and Sarah Tritz, all teachers at the Villa Arson. This can also be more indirect projects with residents (Oliver Beer & Shingo Yoshida or Sébastien Remy & Cyril Verde), or invitations to external curators who develop research projects that are close to our interests, as we’ll be doing in 2016 with Géraldine Gourbe.

2. Ryan Gander. The Die Is Cast, 2009. Installation view

2. Ryan Gander. The Die Is Cast, 2009. Installation view

V.H. In a geographical area like yours, specifically what are the main responsibilities of a director of a centre d’art in 2014? And what is your relationship with politics?
E.M. I’m not the managing director of the establishment (that’s Jean-Pierre Simon’s job). So I have no direct involvement in the political side. On the other hand, when I arrived in Nice, I thought about the question of a political territory. This is why in 2007 and 2011 we conducted two research and exhibition projects on the history of performance and on the history of music and sound practices on the Côte d’Azur. These are two ventures that the local population isn’t very aware of, and yet they were rich in very fascinating contents. For me this was all about redefining our political view of a region known more for gloss than artistic experimentation. Quite frankly, it can’t really be said that it worked locally!

Roman Ondák, Door Leading to Many Directions, 1997

3. Roman Ondák, Door Leading to Many Directions, 1997. Installation view

V.H. The fact that the Villa doesn’t have responsibility for a collection: is this a flaw?
E.M. The Villa Arson has a very official status as a school that houses a centre d’art that paradoxically has no status. No school or centre d’art, as far as I know, has the mission of assembling a collection. We have so much else to do that I don’t even consider this question, and I don’t think anyone else here does either.

V.H. How can the DNA of a centre d’art be defined? What distinguishes it from other similar organisations?
E.M. In my view, the Villa Arson centre d’art should–like all of the other centres d’art –serve as a place for artistic experimentation. A place where you test art, where you thoroughly explore not contemporary art as a genre but contemporary creativity full stop. Experimenting means above all testing things without thinking of market values or meeting some predetermined measure of success. The luxury of Villa Arson is to work in a school with its workshops, its research programmes, its enormous library, its complex and multifaceted architecture, and its residencies. Our DNA is to work according to the modus operandi of a potluck, with everyone bringing their own knowledge and experience. However there’s no denying that this system has constraints. The educational concerns are not necessarily the same as the expectations of a centre d’art, and vice versa. Even if we keep up the spirit of a laboratory, we’re a big machine and this catches up with us quite often. We’re constantly living in our own paradoxes.

4. Diane Blondeau / Vivien Roubaud / Thomas Teurlai, Jambes de bottes, 2014

4. Diane Blondeau / Vivien Roubaud / Thomas Teurlai, Jambes de bottes, 2014

V.H. Why did you decide to take part in PIANO, and what’s the project you’re presenting?
E.M. PIANO enabled us to work with Italy, whose geographical and cultural proximity to Nice is well known, and especially to work with the Kunst Meran Merano Arte with which we very quickly shared the same idea. During preparatory meetings between the AMACI and the d.c.a, Valerio Dehò(artistic director of the Kunst Meran) suggested that we revive a project they had initiated in 2007 under the title FROM & TO. It was all about getting young artists to work together without imposing any themes or guidelines whatsoever. We thought this idea seemed just right in the context of an exchange between two organisations, two countries and, quite obviously, between different artists who initially had nothing to do with one another. So we assembled ten artists, five from Italy and five from France who had very different practices. We organised two workshops, then created an exchange platform. The collaborations didn’t live up to our hopes. On the other hand, what worked was that the exhibition very clearly reflects the practices of each artist without any added value. Even if it’s uneven as a whole, we revealed a work site, one that isn’t cohesive but is decidedly generous, and that was the purpose of the game.

5. Lorraine Château, Installation The Cloud, 2014

5. Lorraine Château, Installation The Cloud, 2014

Vincent Honoré La Villa Arson est une institution qui inclut une école d’art, des résidences d’artistes, une médiathèque et un centre d’art. C’est en quelque sorte un institut dans lequel l’art contemporain est enseigné, recherché, produit et montré. Seule manque une collection, malgré quelques œuvres pérennes installées en 1989/90. Comment concevez-vous l’articulation de votre programme avec les différentes autres activités du site, en particulier avec l’école d’art ?
Eric Mangion Nous essayons tout simplement de programmer des expositions, rencontres ou résidences en lien avec les pratiques menées dans ou à la frontière de l’école. Parfois il s’agit d’une invitation directe à des membres du corps pédagogique porteurs de projets – comme entre février et mai 2015 avec l’exposition Bricologie menée par Burkard Blümlein, Thomas Golsenne et Sarah Tritz, tous enseignants à la Villa Arson. Cela peut être aussi des projets plus indirects avec des résidents (Oliver Beer & Shingo Yoshida ou Sébastien Remy & Cyril Verde), ou des invitations faites à des commissaires extérieurs qui développent des projets de recherche proches de nos préoccupations tel que nous le ferons en 2016 avec Géraldine Gourbe.

V.H. Dans un secteur géographique comme le votre, en particulier, quelles sont les principales responsabilités d’un directeur de centre d’art en 2014 ? Et quelles sont vos relations avec le politique ?
E.M. Je ne suis pas directeur général de l’établissement (Jean-Pierre Simon assure cette fonction). Du coup je n’ai pas de prise directe avec le politique. Par contre quand je suis arrivé à Nice, je me suis posé la question d’un territoire politique. C’est pour cette raison que nous avons mené entre 2007 et 2011 deux projets de recherche et d’exposition sur l’histoire de la performance et sur l’histoire des pratiques musicales et sonores sur la Côte d’Azur. Ce sont deux aventures peu connues du public local et qui pourtant sont riches de contenus tout à fait passionnants. Il s’agissait pour moi de redéfinir le regard politique que nous portons sur une région plus connue pour ses strass que pour son expérimentation artistique. Pour être très franc, on ne peut pas dire que cela ait fonctionné localement !

V.H. Le fait que la Villa n’ait pas la responsabilité d’une collection : est-ce un manque ?
E.M. La Villa Arson a un statut très officiel d’école dans laquelle cohabite un centre d’art paradoxalement sans statut. Aucune école et aucun centre d’art n’ont à ma connaissance mission à constituer une collection. Nous avons tant d’autres choses à entreprendre que cette question ne se pose pas pour moi, ni je crois pour quelconque ici.

V.H. Comment définir l’A.D.N. du centre d’art, ce qui le singularise par rapport a d’autres structures similaires ?
E.M. Le centre d’art de la Villa Arson doit à mon sens – comme tous les autres centres d’art – fonctionner comme un lieu d’expérimentation artistique. Un lieu où l’on teste l’art, où l’on met à plat non pas l’art contemporain comme genre mais la création contemporaine tout court. Expérimenter c’est avant tout tester les choses sans penser aux valeurs du marché ou à une quelconque réussite programmée d’avance. Le luxe de la Villa Arson est de travailler dans une école avec ses ateliers, ses programmes de recherche, son énorme bibliothèque, son architecture complexe et multiple, et ses résidences. Notre ADN est de fonctionner selon le mode opératoire d’une auberge espagnole dans laquelle tout le monde amène son expérience et ses savoirs. Par contre on ne peut pas nier que ce système a ses contraintes. Les enjeux pédagogiques ne sont pas forcément les mêmes que les attentes d’un centre d’art. Et inversement. Même si nous entretenons l’esprit laboratoire, la grosse machine que nous sommes nous rattrape bien souvent. Nous vivons en permanence dans nos propres paradoxes.

V.H. Pourquoi avoir décidé de faire partie de PIANO et quel est le projet que vous présentez ?
E.M. PIANO a permis de travailler avec l’Italie dont on connaît la proximité géographique et culturelle avec Nice, mais surtout de travailler avec le Kunst Meran Merano Arte avec qui nous avons très vite partagé une pensée complice. Lors des rencontres préparatoires entre AMACI et d.c.a, Valerio Dehò (le directeur artistique du Kunst Meran) nous a proposé de réactiver un projet qu’ils avaient initié en 2007 sous le titre FROM & TO. Il s’agissait de faire travailler des jeunes artistes ensemble sans imposer de thème ni d’axe quelconque. Cette idée nous est apparue très juste dans le cadre d’un échange entre deux structures, deux pays et, bien évidemment, entre différents artistes qui au départ n’avaient rien à faire ensemble. Nous avons donc réuni dix artistes, dont cinq italiens et cinq français en fonction de pratiques très variées. Nous avons organisé deux workshops, puis créé une plateforme d’échanges. Les collaborations n’ont pas été à la hauteur de nos espérances. Par contre, ce qui a fonctionné c’est que l’exposition reflète très clairement les pratiques de chacun sans valeur ajoutée. Même si l’ensemble est inégal, nous avons mis au jour un plateau de travail, non pas cohérent mais résolument généreux, ce qui était le but du jeu.

Images:
1. Roberto Pugliese, Emergences acoustiques, 2014. Courtesy: Associazione Culturale Dello Scompigio, Vorno, Capannori (Italy) and Galerie Mario Mazzoli, Berlin
2. Ryan Gander, Cyclopean Illusion (Remi), 2009. C-print framed under serigraphed glass, 45 x 30 cm (photograph), 40 x 55 x 4 cm (frame). Courtesy of the artist; Ryan Gander, Gallery Cover, 2000-2007 installation (orange canvas, runners, 9 spots), dimensions of the room. Courtesy of the artist and Annet Gelink Gallery, Amsterdam. Exhibition The Die Is Cast, Villa Arson, 26 June – 18 October 2009
3. Roman Ondák, Door Leading to Many Directions, 1997, installation, 168 x 95 x 27 cm. Courtesy of the artist. Exhibition Shaking Horizon, Villa Arson, 2 July – 17 October 2010
4. Diane Blondeau / Vivien Roubaud / Thomas Teurlai, Jambes de bottes, 2014
5. Lorraine Château, Installation The Cloud, 2014

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DIANE BLONDEAU

Diane Blondeau, Belle Jar, 2012

Diane Blondeau, Belle Jar, 2012

Born 1987, Nice, France
Lives and works in Nice and Dijon, France
I started by studying Art-History in university in Paris where I gained a BA. I started Art school in Villa Arson, Nice where I graduated in 2012 with the congratulations of the jury.
I actually work and live between Nice and Dijon.
My work starts around the interest I have for the “plasticity of sound”. Through sound’s plasticity, I combine in my work several media: installation, sculpture, photography. Most of my projects start out from the acoustic features of the space I will explore, especially where the exhibition space reveals its own sound signature. I try to redefine some modes of perception through all the factors related to listening. The space is the main element of my visual and sound research, that’s why most of my installations are in situ. By creating “sound images”, I play with the elements that make up the space by amplifying what surrounds us or on the contrary, I completely hide them. I create atmospheres in tension, neurotic places, autarchic places, single machines, areas of memory or danger. The electric cable and its flow of electricity follows the viewer throughout his progress. I create “effects” by manipulating some unstable elements like sound, electricity and psycho-acoustic phenomena.
Picking in the various fields of physics, chemistry and technology, a diversion takes place by twisting or transformation. There is an experience of these invisible forces which redefine the position of the body and its unconscious.

Project: From & To

 

Nata nel 1987 a Nizza, dopo una laurea in storia dell’arte e archeologia, prosegue gli studi alla Villa Arson, dove ottiene il diploma DNSEP nel 2012. Vive e lavora tra Nizza e Digione. Attraverso la plasticità del suono, che unisce diversi mezzi espressivi (istallazioni, sculture, fotografie), l’artista interroga nella maggior parte dei suoi progetti il carattere acustico di uno spazio. Più particolarmente, si interessa al punto in cui un luogo espositivo rivela il proprio marchio sonoro. Diane Blondeau tenta di ridefinire modalità di percezione attraverso tutti i fattori legati all’ascolto.

 

Née en 1987 à Nice. Après une licence d’histoire de l’art et archéologie, elle poursuit ses études à la Villa Arson, ou elle obtient son DNSEP en 2012. Vit et travaille entre Nice et Dijon. A travers une plasticité du son, alliant différents médiums (installations, sculptures, photographies) et dans la majeure partie de ses projets, elle questionne le caractère acoustique qu’offre un espace. Plus particulièrement là ou un lieu d’exposition révèle sa propre signature sonore. Elle cherche à redéfinir des modes de perception par tous les facteurs qui sont liés à l’écoute.

Image:
Diane Blondeau, Belle Jar, 2012

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GUILLAUME MANSART IN CONVERSATION WITH DIANE BLONDEAU, VIVIEN ROUBAUD AND THOMAS TEURLAI

GUILLAUME MANSART IN CONVERSATION WITH DIANE BLONDEAU, VIVIEN ROUBAUD AND THOMAS TEURLAI

A Dystopian Sculpture

Guillaume Mansart It’s the first time you’ve worked together. Here you’re offering a joint production. In what sense was this collective dynamic important?
Diane Blondeau, Vivien Roubaud and Thomas Teurlai The From & To project was based on the idea of a collaborative exchange between young French and Italian artists. The three of us already knew each other. We got along well and lived in more or less the same area. Each of us having been separately involved in several collaborations, we were aware that this presented an advantage in terms of energy, labour power and letting go.

G.M. Beyond the spirit of intellectual competition, one senses that this collective logic is also efficient when it comes to production.  At the work-creation stage, a distinctive organisational logic can already be discerned…
D.B, V.R., T.T. This is something that creeps into our practices and into those of quite a few artists of our generation. Primarily out of pure pragmatism: how can something be created with few resources? By inventing our tools, by making do with whatever we have at our disposal. When it’s finished, the work might appear to “take a stand against traditional principles”, but more than anything else this is because we have no choice! It’s a flaw that becomes a quality. 

G.M. What is the meaning of the title Jambe de botte?
D.B, V.R., T.T. It’s the literal translation of “bootleg”, an English term that designates pirate recordings of concerts or studio albums. The term also designates the art of “turntablism”, which consists in constructing a single piece of music out of several others. Jambe de botte served as a shapeless title, like melted plastic.

G.M. For the creation of this piece, you tested several types of material, ultimately choosing plastic from melted garden chairs. There’s a certain irony in the fact that plastic chairs are turned into a kind of “missile sculpture”. Why did this material stand out?
D.B, V.R., T.T. This brings us back to production circuits and pragmatism. How a combination of gestures can produce an image. We very empirically tested hundreds of combinations. Then we took a deckchair, burned it with a flamethrower, and the result was perfect. We work on the French Riviera, where the dumps are full of this kind of furniture. We were conscious of reflecting the dystopian faults of this strange place that, when you remove the glamour of the sun and palm trees, smells of cheap suntan lotion, melted poodles and social violence.

G.M. How were the forms of the different sculptures created?
D.B, V.R., T.T. We aligned casts found in an abandoned train parts foundry, in such a way that we were able to create cylinders that could be spun like record players. We poured the plastic and suddenly we had Scud missiles.

G.M. Could you explain the “archaeo-acoustic” notion behind your project?
D.B, V.R., T.T. It’s a fairly vague discipline situated between acoustics, archaeology and charlatanism, and its aim is to find pre-Edison sound recordings through sound imprints accidentally recorded on different types of object. Since sound is a vibration, in principle it can be inscribed on the media it comes into contact with.

G.M. The forms of the various sculptures evoke something of a warlike world. Added to these forms is a sound that gives the space a stressful atmosphere. How is this sound produced?
D.B, V.R., T.T. From the outset we planned to create forms that could be “played” in the space. Then everything developed very spontaneously. The day before the exhibition opened, we had to make up our minds to bring the sculptures into the exhibition venue. Once they were set up, we took a playback head and placed it on one of the rotating Scuds and it was Fallujah in the centre dart. The perfect tautology.

G.M. Although object and device diversion and DIY are found in your respective works, I get the impression that the question of sculpture is fairly new. In fact, in your piece one finds “historical” questions liked to sculpture: materiology, volume, casting techniques, a plinth…  Does Jambe de botte enable you to tackle new fields of investigation?
D.B, V.R., T.T. We considered simple questions that are not at all historical. A plinth is practical. It keeps the work at a distance and prevents a Scud from falling on someone. Plastic is more solid than margarine, etc.  Above all, this project confirmed that in the middle of personal practices and trajectories, it’s essential to regularly make time for collective periods and keep making use of resourcefulness.

March 2015

Protagonists: Diane Blondeau, Vivien Roubaud, Thomas Teurlai
Project: From & To

Une sculpture dystopique

Guillaume Mansart C’est la première fois que vous travailliez ensemble. Ici, vous faites une proposition de production partagée. En quoi cette dynamique collective a-t-elle été importante ?
Diane Blondeau, Vivien Roubaud et Thomas Teurlai L’idée à la base du projet From & To, c’était un échange collaboratif entre des jeunes artistes français et italiens. Tous les trois, nous nous connaissions déjà, nous nous entendions bien et nous vivions plus ou moins au même endroit. Après plusieurs collaborations chacun de notre coté, nous étions conscients de l’intérêt que cela représentait en matière d’énergies, de force de travail et de lâcher prise.

G.M. Au-delà de l’émulation intellectuelle, on sent que cette logique collective trouve aussi une efficience dans la question de la production. Dans l’étape de réalisation de l’œuvre on peut déjà lire une logique d’organisation propre…
D.B, V.R., T.T. C’est quelque chose qui traine dans nos pratiques comme dans celles de pas mal d’artistes de notre génération. D’abord par pur pragmatisme : comment réalise-t-on quelque chose avec peu de moyen ? En inventant nos outils, en faisant avec ce que l’on a sous la main. À l’arrivée, peut-être que le travail semble « s’affirmer contre les logiques traditionnelles », mais c’est plus par défaut qu’autre chose ! C’est un défaut qui devient une qualité. 

G.M. Que signifie le titre Jambe de botte ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. C’est la traduction littérale de « bootleg », un terme anglais qui désigne les enregistrements pirates de concerts ou de studio. Le terme désigne aussi l’art du « turntablisme » qui consiste à construire un seul morceau de musique à partir de plusieurs. Jambe de botte faisait un titre informe, comme du plastique fondu.

G.M. Pour la réalisation de cette pièce, vous avez testé plusieurs types de matériaux, pour au final vous arrêter sur du plastique provenant de chaises de jardin fondues. Il y a une forme d’ironie dans le fait de transformer des chaises en plastique en sorte « sculpture missile ». Pourquoi ce matériau s’est-il imposé ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. On en revient aux circuits de productions et au pragmatisme. Comment une combinaison de gestes simples peut « faire image ». Nous avons testé de manière très empirique des centaines de combinaisons. Puis nous avons pris un transat, nous l’avons brûlé au lance-flammes, et le résultat était parfait. Nous travaillions sur la Côte d’Azur, les décharges sont pleines de ce type de mobilier. Nous avions conscience de renvoyer les travers dystopiques de cet étrange endroit qui, dégagé du côté glamour du soleil et des palmiers, sent la crème solaire bon marché, le caniche fondu et la violence sociale.

G.M. Comment les formes des différentes sculptures ont-elles été créées ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. Nous avons aligné des moules trouvés dans une fonderie de pièces de trains abandonnées, de manière à pouvoir créer des cylindres que l’on pourrait faire tourner comme des phonographes. Nous avons coulé le plastique et d’un coup nous avions des missiles Scud.

G.M. Pourriez vous expliciter la notion d’ « archéo-acoustique » qui est à l’origine de votre projet ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. C’est une discipline assez obscure qui se situe entre l’acoustique, l’archéologie et le charlatanisme, et qui entend retrouver des enregistrements sonores pré-Edison à travers des empreintes sonores qui auraient été enregistrées accidentellement sur différents types d’objets. Puisque le son est une vibration, il peut censément s’inscrire sur les supports avec lesquels il entre en contact.

G.M. Les formes des différentes sculptures évoquent un univers plutôt guerrier, à ces formes s’ajoute un son qui installe dans l’espace d’exposition une atmosphère anxiogène. Comment se son est-il produit ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. Dès le début nous envisagions de créer des formes que l’on pourrait « jouer » dans l’espace. Ensuite, tout s’est enchainé de manière très spontanée. Nous avons dû nous résoudre, la veille du vernissage, à amener les sculptures dans le lieu d’exposition. Une fois qu’elles étaient installées, nous avons pris une tête de lecture que nous avons posé sur un des SCUD rotatifs et c’était Fallujah dans le centre d’art. Tautologique à souhait.

G.M. Si le détournement d’objets ou de dispositifs et le DIY sont présents dans vos travaux respectifs, j’ai l’impression que la question de la sculpture est assez nouvelle. En effet, on retrouve dans votre pièce des questions « historiques » liées à sculpture : matériologie, volume, techniques de moulage, socle, … Jambe de botte vous permet-elle d’engager de nouveaux champs d’investigation ?
D.B, V.R., T.T. On s’est posé des questions simples qui ne sont en rien historiques. Un socle c’est pratique, ça tient à distance et ça évite qu’un SCUD tombe sur quelqu’un. Le plastique c’est plus solide que la margarine, etc. Ce projet nous a surtout confirmé qu’il était indispensable au sein de pratiques et de trajectoires personnelles d’aménager régulièrement ces temps collectifs et de continuer à jouer de débrouille.

Mars 2015

Image:
1. Diane Blondeau / Vivien Roubaud / Thomas Teurlai, Jambes de bottes, 2014, mixed media. Photo: Villa Arson / Jean Brasille

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Marlie Mul

Marlie Mul, Puddle (Black Disposable), 2013

Marlie Mul, Puddle (Black Disposable), 2013

Born 1980, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Lives and works in Berlin, Germany and London, United Kingdom
Mul studied Textiles at the Academy for Visual Arts St. Joost in Breda and Sculpture at the ABKM in Maastricht, Netherlands. In 2009 she obtained an MFA from the Architectural Association in London. Her work has been exhibited at Croy Nielsen Gallery in Berlin (2013), Fluxia Gallery (2013) as well as the project spaces Oslo10 in Basel (2012) and Space in London (2012). She is currently in residency at KunstZeitRaum in Munich.

Image:
Marlie Mul, Puddle (Black Disposable), 2013, sand, stones, resin, object, 78 x 76 cm. Courtesy Fluxia, Milan. Photo: Andrea Rossetti

Project: The Registry of Promise

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Marcello Maloberti

Born 1966, Codogno, Italy
Lives and works in Milan, Italy

Using performance, installation, video, and photography, Marcello Maloberti explores everyday life, with a preference for the little details. His work centers on precariousness, uncertainty, and waiting, capturing the unique, distinctive aspects of liminal situations such as the urban periphery. Maloberti’s light and sound installations, hosted in both private and public spaces, are highly theatrical pieces that seek the close engagement of the public. The final image of the performance is usually generated by the sum of the energies of those present and the random nature of events.
On the occasion of the 2012 exhibition D’après Giorgio at the Fondazione Giorgio e Isa de Chirico, the home/museum of one of the leading exponents of the twentieth-century avant-garde, Maloberti exhibited the work NINNANANNA (Lullaby). The photograph, which shows him sleeping in de Chirico’s bed, forges an intimate relationship with the figure of the artist and his home/museum. It is both a tribute to de Chirico and at the same time a way of getting physically closer to a painter Maloberti has always admired. The Milanese artist thus uses this simple but poetic image, which ties in with the painterly tradition of portraits of sleepers, to spark a new narrative.

Nato a Codogno, Italia, nel 1966
Vive e lavora a Milano, Italia

Attraverso la performance, l’installazione, il video e la fotografia, Marcello Maloberti indaga la vita quotidiana, soffermandosi preferibilmente su piccoli dettagli. La sua attenzione si concentra sui temi della precarietà, dell’incertezza e dell’attesa. Nelle sue opere, l’artista si propone di registrare ciò che è unico e speciale in situazioni limite, riscontrabili per esempio nelle periferie urbane. Le performance e le installazioni sonore e luminose di Maloberti trovano spazio in luoghi sia privati sia pubblici, e sono caratterizzate da un forte impatto teatrale e dalla stretta interazione con il pubblico. L’immagine conclusiva delle performance è data in genere dalla somma delle energie dei corpi partecipanti e della casualità degli eventi.
In occasione della mostra D’après Giorgio, ospitata nel 2012 presso la Fondazione Giorgio e Isa de Chirico, nella casa-museo romana di una della figure cardine dell’avanguardia del Novecento, Maloberti ha contribuito con l’opera NINNANANNA. L’artista stabilisce una relazione intima con la figura di Giorgio de Chirico e con la sua casa-museo, utilizzando una immagine fotografica che lo ritrae mentre dorme nel letto di de Chirico. Si tratta di un omaggio e, al contempo, di un modo per essere ancora più vicino, anche fisicamente, al pittore che Maloberti ha sempre stimato. L’artista milanese avvia così una nuova narrazione e al tempo stesso crea un’immagine semplice, ma dalla intensa carica poetica, che si inserisce nella tradizione pittorica dei soggetti dormienti.

Project: Soleil politique

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ERIC DE CHASSEY

Éric de Chassey is the Director of the French Academy in Rome – Villa Medici since 2009. He is also Professor of Contemporary Art History at the École Normale Supérieure in Lyon. Since the beginning, his scientific activities have focused on the American and abstract art. He has published books and essays on 20th and 21st century art. He has also curated numerous exhibitions, accompanied by publications such as Soulages XXI century (Rome, Villa Medici, 2013) or Simon Hantaï (Rome, Villa Medici, 2014).

Focus: Prepared Piano – Model for a New Institutionalism
Partner: Académie de France à Rome – Villa Médicis

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Prepared Piano – Model for a new Institutionalism

Round table discussion moderated by Pierre Bal-Blanc
organized in the frame of PIANO, Prepared Platform for Contemporary Art – France-Italie 2014-2015

Villa Medici
Viale Trinità dei Monti, 1 – 00187 Roma
Friday May 9, 2014
10 – 12 am

The panel discussion Prepared Piano: Model for a New Institutionalism presents artists, curators, as well as the managers of places where various projects have been produced over the past few years in Europe. These projects have in common that they make novel use of cultural exchange instruments, while giving their activities both a local and international scope.

Various case studies will be presented during this panel discussion to bring back into play notions of crossdisciplinarity (Théâtre des expositions at Villa Medici), process (Per_formare una collezione at the MADRE in Naples), and plasticity of relations (Laboratoire Espace Cerveau at the IAC in Villeurbanne). The discussions as a whole will echo the desire to found “a new institutionalism”, which has developed over the past few years through initiatives coming from both artists and curators. The desire to reconfigure the institution based on the model of a community centre, laboratory, open school, and other places that are not mainly governed by market laws, is linked with the creative momentum that led to Prepared Piano. The proposed discussion aims to demonstrate that PIANO, as well as Salon Light, dedicated to independent publishing, and Vdrome, a distribution network for artist films, are today all tangible initiatives.

Pierre Bal-Blanc is the director of the CAC Brétigny. He is also an independent curator and the vice-president of the d.c.a / French association for the development of centres d’art. Since 2003, in resonance with the social thought of Charles Fourrier, he has been developing the “Phalanstère Project” within a centre d’art. This is a series of specific offerings that critically rework the principles of artwork accumulation.
His exhibition series “Living Currency” and “Draft Score for an Exhibition” negotiate the historical and contemporary analysis of the body and of strategies linked to performance in the visual arts. “The Death of the Audience “ and “Reversibility” are reflections on the consequences that the materiality of art objects has on the configuration of art-world protagonists, the role and form of cultural institutions today.

Interdisciplinary stage
Theater of Exhibitions / Villa Medici, Rome / presentation by Eric de Chassey

Conceived by the director Éric de Chassey and organised by the French Academy in Rome – Villa Medici every year since 2010, the Theatre of Exhibitions has been devised as a moment of encounter between the fellows in residence and the public, as well as one of dialogue and confrontation among the artists and scholars in residence. The different spaces of Villa Medici become ephemeral stages for installations, performances, projections, readings. The concept of openness, a predisposition to dialogue and confrontation among different disciplines is the characteristic that unites the projects, which are presented. The Theatre of Exhibitions has been designed as a “multiform laboratory” which displays the diversity of artistic practices and research, thus confirming the centrality of the French Academy in Rome in contemporary creation.

Éric de Chassey is the Director of the French Academy in Rome – Villa Medici since 2009. He is also Professor of Contemporary Art History at the École Normale Supérieure in Lyon. Since the beginning, his scientific activities have focused on the US and abstract art. He has published books and essays on XXth and XXIst century art. He has also curated numerous exhibitions, accompanied by publications such as Soulages XXIth century (Rome, Villa Medici, 2013) or Simon Hantaï (Rome, Villa Medici, 2014).

Thought’s spatialization
Space Brain Laboratory / IAC, Villeurbanne / presentation by Nathalie Ergino and Ann Veronica Janssens

Initiated in 2009 by the artist Ann Veronica Janssens and Nathalie Ergino, director of the Institut d’art contemporain, the project aims at starting from experiments in art to explore practical and theoretical research linking space and the brain. This interdisciplinary laboratory brings together the reflections and experiments of artists and scientists and also philosophers, anthropologists, art historians and theoreticians, thus providing as much coverage by neuroscience, physics and astrophysics as by hypnosis, telepathy and shamanism.

Since January, 2006, Nathalie Ergino is the director of the Institut d‘art contemporain. Former director of the School / FRAC Champagne-Ardenne (1994-2000), and of the museum of contemporary art [mac] of Marseille (2001-2005), she has curated big monographic exhibitions (Jimmie Durham, Rodney Graham, Raymond Hains, Ann Veronica Janssens, Carsten Höller) as well as collective exhibitions (Maisons-Cerveaux, Subréel).

Born in 1956 in Folkestone (UK), Ann Veronica Janssens lives and works in Brussels (BE). Her work has been the subject of numerous solo exhibitions. Since 1985, she has also participated in important group exhibitions, as well as various international biennials and in 1999 Venice where she represented Belgium with Michel François. She regularly collaborates with choreographers (Drouler Pierre and Anne Teresa De Keersmaeker). Her work has been presented recently within the exhibition Passion Fruit at the Centre Pompidou, Paris and within Dynamo, A century of light in art, 1913 – 2013 at the Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais.

Organizing the perceptible
Vdrome / Mousse, Milano / presentation by Enrico Boccioletti

Vdrome is an online platform that offers regular, high quality screenings of films and videos directed by visual artists and filmmakers, whose production lies in-between contemporary art and cinema. Each screening is presented during a limited period, as in a movie theatre. Vdrome makes available a program of exceptional artists’ films and videos that are selected due to their importance, quality and innovative strength, many of which are only shown in the context of film festivals, exhibitions or specific surveys, being therefore of very limited access. Vdrome is an initiative conceived and promoted by Mousse, curated by Edoardo Bonaspetti, Jens Hoffmann, Andrea Lissoni and Filipa Ramos, and maintained by Enrico Boccioletti.

Enrico Boccioletti is an artist and musician active under multiple names – Death in Plains, 4SICSX, spcnvdr and Enrico B – in the fields of postconceptual, new vernacular, performance and sound, interested into incompleteness and circularity, duplication and accumulation, waste, layering, forgery, faux-real. He also works for Mousse Magazine and Vdrome.

Incarnation of the collection
Per_formare una collezione / Madre, Naples / presentation by Andrea Viliani and Alessandro Rabottini

Per_forming a collection is an on-going project designed to develop the formation of the Museo MADRE’s permanent collection in Naples. It focuses on artists of different generations whose works have been conceived as physical and mental instruments that bring together thought and action in every possible media, linking visual arts to theatre and literature. The project aims to shape a collection that is articulated over time, combining archival research with commissions for new works taking into account the role of the museum as a place of memory and preservation as well as a continuing research and production laboratory. All the works presented have a relation with the city and its history: works conceived or exhibited here, from artist who happened to exhibit in Naples or works belonging to private or public local collections.

Since 2013 Andrea Viliani is the director of the Fondazione Donnaregina per le arti contemporanee – Madre, Napoli. He previously worked from 2009 to 2012 as Director of Fondazione Galleria Civica – Centro di Ricerca sulla Contemporaneità in Trento. In 2012 he was a member of the Core Agents Group of dOCUMENTA(13) and he co-curated the related position in Kabul and Bamiyan (Afghanistan). From 2005 to 2009, Viliani was curator at the MAMbo – Museo d’Arte Moderna di Bologna. Among the 60 “players” of the 2007 Biennale de Lyon, he is a frequent contributor to FROG, Mousse, Kaleidoscope and Flash Art.

Alessandro Rabottini is an art critic and curator based in London. He is Curator at Large at the Madre Museum in Naples (where he recently curated a mid-career retrospective of Padraig Timoney and the survey show of Ettore Spalletti) and served as guest curator for several international institutions. In his capacity of Curator at Large at the GAMeC in Bergamo he curated solo exhibitions of artists such as Robert Overby, Mircea Cantor, Latifa Echakhch, Victor Man, Pratchaya Phinthong, Pietro Roccasalva, Tim Rollins & K.O.S, Sterling Ruby, Tris Vonna-Michell and Jordan Wolfson.

Praising uncertainty
Salon light / cneai =, Chatou / presentation by Sylvie Boulanger

Founded in 2004 by Cneai, Salon Light became over a few years an unmissable rendez-vous for micro-publishers and artist’s publication in Paris. After exporting the concept at Vermelho gallery in Sao Paulo and the great success of Salon Light 9 at Palais de Tokyo in 2012, Salon Light keeps uniting a moving scene of artists, authors, independent publishers or composers. Books, magazines, objects, LP’s, catalogues or artist’s book, the publications are often limited editions, sometimes impossible to find in Paris, and are breaking new grounds while creating new networks in the art and publishing worlds. Performances and meetings with professionals and artists are also a key part of the event. Free for the publishers and the public, it’s accessible to all and offers visibility to a still somehow unknown field.

Sylvie Boulanger is founder and curator of Salon Light since its creation in 2004. She directs Cneai since 1997. She curated over a hundred exhibitions, published more than seventy books (artist’s books, journals, catalogues) and produced as few documentaries. She is a member of several research labs, she also contributes to academic reviews like Multitudes and lectures in art schools and universities. She was the founder of the production agency APC (Art Public Contemporain) that she directed for ten years (1990-1997) after occupying the position of associate director «exhibition and communication» within the Ministry of Culture visual arts delegation (1987-1990).

The round table discussion will be followed by a
Concert for Prepared Piano by Laurent Durupt, composer and fellow at the Villa Medici

More information at
www.pianoproject.org
info@pianoproject.org

Round table discussion organized in the frame of PIANO, Prepared Platform for Contemporary Art, France-Italie 2014-2015

PIANO, Prepared Platform for Contemporary Art, France–Italy 2014-2015, initiated by d.c.a / French association for the development of centres d’art, in partnership with the Institut français in Italy, the French Embassy in Italy and the Institut français, with the support of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development, the French Ministry of Culture and Communication and Fondazione Nuovi Mecenati.

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Letizia Ragaglia

Born in Montebelluna in 1969, Letizia Ragaglia majored in museology and contemporary art at the universities of Florence and Bologna as well as at the École du Louvre and the Sorbonne in Paris.
She worked as a freelance curator specializing in projects for public spaces on behalf of various Italian and international institutions. She was a member of the jury for the 54. Venice Biennale and a member of the jury for the Vienna-based project KÖR (Kunst im Öffentlichen Raum / art in public spaces) from 2010 until 2013.
Since 2009, Ragaglia has been director of the Museion in Bolzano, where she has curated solo exhibitions of Monica Bonvicini, Isa Genzken, Andro Wekua, VALIE EXPORT, Carl Andre, Claire Fontaine, Paweł Althamer, Rosemarie Trockel, Danh Vo, Klara Lidén and Ceal Floyer.
She lives and works in Bolzano.

Project: Soleil politique
Space: Museion

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VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH LETIZIA RAGAGLIA, MUSEION, BOLZANO

VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH LETIZIA RAGAGLIA, MUSEION, BOLZANO

Vincent Honoré In the mission statement of the museum, one reads: “Museion works as an international research laboratory and as a commissioner of works of art […]. The aim is to be interdisciplinary and these efforts can be seen in the fact that not only figurative art finds its place at Museion, but also architecture, music, performance, film and theatre all have a space in the yearly programme.” I am curious to know how structurally interdisciplinarity informs your programme? How do you articulate it? And, importantly, why is it still relevant to be interdisciplinary?
Letizia Ragaglia The fact that visual arts cannot be perceived in isolation from other forms of art is not a new discovery. Reference to such statements can be found in ancient periods as well as in the present. However, I see contemporary art as a hybrid construction – in a positive sense – which not only connects different cultural disciplines, but also integrates disciplines that are far beyond the cultural field. In my opinion, therefore, a museum of contemporary art has to underline and to create different links that move through the present-day cultural scene.
Museion’s “core business” is still visual art, but we want to show that rigid barriers cannot be erected. This Summer, for example, a young Italian artist, Luca Trevisani, was invited to create a video for our media façade: he, in turn, invited MK, a dance company, giving rise to an ensuing fruitful collaboration with the Bolzano dance festival. This Fall, moreover, we will present a show, in which Carol Bove, an American artist, interacts with the well-known architect Carlo Scarpa: how can a museum avoid considering architecture and, more particularly, reflecting on the display of works? In our show When Now Is Minimal. The Unknown Side of the Sammlung Goetz we hosted concerts with minimal music and we also pursue collaborations with designers such as Martino Gamper, who continuously move between art and design. These are just a few examples of how we articulate “interdisciplinarity,” although I must admit I’m not a fan of this word. Regarding the importance of interdisciplinarity: it is a mirror of how contemporary culture moves.

2. Danh Vo, We the people

2. Danh Vo, We the people, Museion, 2013

V.H. There are different models of what a museum should be, of what its missions should be. What is your vision, in 2014, of what a museum should be?
L.R. I can only answer for a museum of contemporary art, a museum which works predominantly with living artists and which, therefore, differs slightly from other museums that deal with artists and objects from the past. Although it is true that these other kinds of museums also constantly re-enact their collections and put them into a dialogue with the present, this process is accentuated in a museum for contemporary art, where the scientific work on the collections is continuously related to collaborations the museum has with the artists invited to create/produce new shows. Is the traditional museum dead? I don’t think so: a museum must constantly question its own role and, even if the years of institutional critique are over, it must remain aware of its public task and try to keep up with the times, providing new inputs to the traditional tasks of conserving, researching, exhibiting and communicating.

3. Klara Lidén, Invalidenstraße

3. Klara Lidén, Invalidenstraße, Museion, 2013

V.H. I particularly appreciate a question asked by Nikolaus Hirsch: “who are the authors in the construction of institutional space?”. Who are the authors of Museion?
L.R. Last year, Museion invited Carol Yinghua Lu and Liu Ding as guest curators and they created a very interesting show, Little Movements. Self-practices in Contemporary Art. The show analyzed different individual practices in the field of contemporary art and pointed out the importance of individual movements/actions. At the same time, the show gave us the chance to go through each different individual practice in our team, from the security guards in the exhibition rooms, to the accountant and the secretary. Each employee made a presentation to the public on a separate occasion and offered a glance into their own, special task within the “Museion machine:” for me, it is all of those people that are the authors of Museion.

4. Paweł Althamer, Polyethylene, Museion, 2012

4. Paweł Althamer, Polyethylene, Museion, 2012

V.H. Who do you speak to? How would you describe the persons visiting Museion: a public, an audience, actors, spectators, clients?
L.R. That’s a tricky question! In 2014, the guest curator of Museion is Pierre Bal-Blanc. We will talk about him further on in relation to the PIANO collaboration. I invited Pierre Bal-Blanc because I saw his show The Death of the Audience at the Secession in Vienna. Among the many inspirations I received from that show, I read between the lines that nowadays there is not one single public, but a number of different ones. At this point, I would also like to quote Félix González-Torres, who once said that one (i.e. the public) cannot look at an artwork without considering his or her political, social, economic and sexual background. I would never use the word “clients” nor “spectators” or “actors”: audience and public is fine, but much more important than the definition itself is the fact that I/we really believe that it is very important to make the museum accessible for everybody. We have high, even “elitist” contents, but we want everybody to share them with us, therefore we offer a large variety of mediation services, that can be accepted or ignored. I think that one should never underestimate his or her public! And if you keep in mind Félix González-Torres you have to go further and consider that your public may also come from non-western cultures or, for example, that elderly people may have different needs than younger ones.
Furthermore, I have a dream: to eliminate the word “comprehension.”. We want to be there for people who want to engage and have an experience. This involves delving much farther beyond our rationality.

5. Museion, Media façade: Michael Fliri, the unseen looks like something you have never seen, 2011

5. Museion, Media façade: Michael Fliri, the unseen looks like something you have never seen, 2011

V.H. PIANO intends to create a network of art spaces working together, exchanging and interacting. Why did you decide to join the project and how are you participating in it?
L.R. I have to be sincere and explain that Museion had already thought about a collaboration with Pierre Bal-Blanc and the CAC Brétigny before the possibility of the PIANO platform arose. Once we heard about that, though, we were obviously enthusiastic about collaborating in a wider network. I strongly believe in exchanges and collaboration with other institutions, especially if the partners share needs and mission-statements. As a guest curator, Pierre Bal-Blanc has done a lot of research on our territory and brought his perspective from outside in order to make us perceive our context in a different way. Thanks to his excellent skills, he has managed to produce a “local” exhibition of international relevance. And I think that the fact that the show is present on the PIANO platform has added value to it.

 

Vincent Honoré Nella mission del museo si legge: “Museion è un laboratorio internazionale di ricerca e un committente di opere d’arte […]. Museion coltiva una vocazione all’interdisciplinarità: non solo l’arte figurativa, ma anche l’architettura, la musica, la performance, il cinema e il teatro trovano espressione nel programma annuale”. Mi interessa sapere in che modo il programma di Museion sia improntato strutturalmente all’interdisciplinarietà. Come viene articolato? E, cosa ancor più rilevante, perché è ancora importante essere interdisciplinari?
Letizia Ragaglia Il fatto che le arti visive non possano essere percepite in maniera isolata rispetto ad altre forme d’arte non è una scoperta. L’applicazione di questa idea può essere rintracciata nell’antichità così come nel presente. In ogni caso, ritengo che l’arte contemporanea sia una costruzione ibrida, in senso positivo, che non solo si ricollega agli altri campi culturali, ma integra in sé discipline anche lontane dalla cultura. A mio avviso un museo d’arte contemporanea deve insistere e creare diversi collegamenti all’interno della scena culturale attuale.
Il “core business” di Museion resta l’arte visiva, ma sentiamo il bisogno di oltrepassare la rigidità dei confini. Quest’estate, per esempio, un giovane artista italiano, Luca Trevisani, è stato invitato a realizzare un video per la nostra facciata mediale: a sua volta, ha invitato MK, una compagnia di danza, dando vita così a una fertile collaborazione con il festival di danza di Bolzano. Quest’autunno, inoltre, presenteremo una mostra, in cui l’artista americana Carol Bove interagirà con il noto architetto Carlo Scarpa: come può un museo esimersi dalla relazione con l’architettura e, in particolare, dalla riflessione sul display delle opere? Nella nostra mostra When Now Is Minimal. The Unknown Side of the Sammlung Goetz, abbiamo ospitato concerti di musica minimale e portato avanti collaborazioni con designer come Martino Gamper, che si muovono continuamente tra l’arte e il design. Sono solo alcuni esempi di come articoliamo l’idea dell’“interdisciplinarietà”, anche se devo ammettere che non amo questo termine. Sempre a proposito dell’importanza dell’interidisciplinarietà: è lo specchio di come si muove la cultura contemporanea.

V.H. Ci sono diversi modelli di cosa dovrebbe essere un museo e di quale debba esserne la mission. Cosa pensi debba essere un museo nel 2014?
L.R. Posso rispondere solodal punto di vista di un museo d’arte contemporanea, ossia un museo che lavora specificamente con artisti viventi e che, per questo, differisce in maniera significativa dagli altri musei che hanno a che fare con artisti e oggetti del passato. Sebbene anche gli altri tipi di museo riallestiscano costantemente le loro collezioni e le facciano dialogare con il presente, questo processo si accentua in un museo d’arte contemporanea, in cui il lavoro scientifico sulle collezioni è sempre legato alle collaborazioni che il museo intesse con gli artisti invitati a realizzare/produrre nuove mostre. Il museo tradizionale è morto? Non credo: un museo deve interrogarsi senza sosta sul proprio ruolo e, anche se gli anni dell’institunional critique sono passati, deve continuare a prestare attenzione al proprio compito pubblico e cercare di tenersi al passo con i tempi, dando nuova vita alle tradizionali funzioni di conservazione, ricerca, esposizione e comunicazione.

V.H. Trovo molto interessante questa domanda formulata da Nikolaus Hirsch: “chi sono gli autori della costruzione di uno spazio istituzionale?”. Chi sono gli autori di Museion?
L.R. Lo scorso anno, Museion ha invitato come guest curators Carol Yinghua Lu e Liu Ding, che hanno realizzato una mostra molto interessante, Little Movements. Self-practices in Contemporary Art. Il progetto prendeva in esame diverse pratiche individuali nel campo dell’arte contemporanea e insisteva sull’importanza dei movimenti/azioni individuali. Allo stesso tempo, la mostra ci ha dato l’opportunità di mettere in luce le pratiche individuali di ciascun membro del nostro staff, dal personale di sicurezza all’interno delle sale espositive al personale amministrativo e della segreteria. Ogni impiegato ha fatto una presentazione personale al pubblico e offerto la possibilità di gettare uno sguardo sul proprio specifico compito all’interno della “macchina Museion”: per me gli autori di Museion sono tutte queste persone.

V.H. A chi ti rivolgi? Come descrivile persone che visitano Museion: un pubblico, un’audience, attori, spettatori, clienti?
L.R. Domanda insidiosa! Nel 2014 il guest curator di Museion è Pierre Bal-Blanc. Ne parleremo più avanti in relazione alla collaborazione di PIANO. Ho invitato Pierre Bal-Blanc dopo aver visto la sua mostra The Death of the Audience alla Secession di Vienna. Tra le molte ispirazioni che ho tratto da quella mostra, mi pare di aver letto tra le righe che oggi non esiste un unico pubblico, ma diversi. A tal proposito vorrei anche citare Félix González-Torres, che una volta ha affermato che il pubblico non può guardare un’opera senza tenere conto del proprio background politico, sociale, economico e sessuale. Non userei mai i termini “clienti” o “spettatori” o “attori”: audience e pubblico funzionano meglio, ma ciò che conta di più, al di là della definizione, è il fatto che credo e crediamo fortemente nell’importanza di rendere il museo accessibile a tutti. Proponiamo contenuti elevati, persino “elitari”, ma desideriamo condividerli con tutti, motivo per cui forniamo una gran varietà di servizi di mediazione, che possono essere utilizzati o meno. Penso che non si debba mai sottovalutare il pubblico! E, tendendo a mente Félix González-Torres, bisogna andare oltre e considerare la possibilità che il pubblico possa essere composto anche da non-occidentali, per esempio, o il fatto che le persone anziane hanno bisogni diversi rispetto a quelle giovani.
E poi, ho un sogno: cancellare la parola “comprensione”. Vogliamo avere a che fare con persone che desiderano essere coinvolte e vivere un’esperienza, andando a fondo e superando i confini della razionalità.

V.H. PIANO intende creare un network di spazi espositivi che lavorano insieme, attraverso lo scambio e l’interazione. Perché hai deciso di aderire al progetto e come si attua la tua partecipazione?
L.R. Devo dire la verità: Museion aveva già pensato di avviare una collaborazione con Pierre Bal-Blanc e il CAC Brétigny prima che si presentasse la possibilità della piattaforma PIANO. Una volta che questa è emersa, abbiamo reagito con entusiasmo alla possibilità di collaborare all’interno di una rete più ampia. Credo fortemente nello scambio e nella collaborazione con altre istituzioni, specialmente se i partner hanno gli stessi bisogni e le stesse mission. Pierre Bal Blanc, in qualità di guest curator, ha portato avanti una approfondita ricerca sul nostro territorio e ha offerto il proprio punto di vista esterno per farci percepire il nostro contesto in maniera diversa. Grazie alle sue eccezionali qualità, è riuscito a produrre una mostra “locale” di rilevanza internazionale [Soleil politique]. E penso che l’inserimento della mostra nella piattaforma PIANO non faccia altro che aggiungere valore all’iniziativa.

Images:
1. Museion. Photo: Ludwig Thalheimer / Lupe
2. Danh Vo, We the people. Exhibition Fabulous Muscles, Museion, 2013. © Danh Vo, courtesy Galerie Chantal Crousel. Photo: Othmar Seehauser
3. Klara Lidén, Invalidenstraße, exhibition view, Museion 2013. Courtesy Galerie Neu, Berlin / Reena Spaulings, NY / the artist. Photo: Othmar Seehauser
4. Paweł Althamer, Polyethylene, Museion, 2012. © Pawel Althamer, courtesy neugerriemschneider, Berlin and Foksal Gallery Foundation, Warsaw. Photo: Othmar Seehauser
5. Museion, Media façade: Michael Fliri, the unseen looks like something you have never seen, 2011, Collection Museion. Photo: Othmar Seehauser

Protagonist: Letizia Ragaglia
Space: Museion
Project: Soleil politique

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VALERIO DEHÒ

Valerio_Deho

Valerio Dehò, born in Taranto in 1955, earned his degree in “Philosophy of language” at the University of Bologna. He is Professor of Aesthetics at the Academy of Fine Arts in Bologna. He has worked as a publicist since 1988 in Milan for the publishing house Electa, and for the editorial department of “L’Italia Moderna” directed by Omar Calabrese. From 1997 to 1999 he was the director of the project “Novecento” for the municipality of Reggio Emilia. Since 2001, he has been the Art Director of Kunst Meran Merano Arte. In 2005, he was nominated commissioner of the XVI Quadriennale Nazionale in Rome. He curated the following main exhibitions: Metropolismo, Rome 1993; Carte, segni, segreti, Bologna 1995; Aldo Mondino, Mazel Tov, 1997; Gina Pane, Reggio Emilia 1998; Wolf Vostell, I disastri della pace, Reggio Emilia 1998; 2001, l’immagine della parola, Bologna 2000; DNArt, arte e genetica, Merano 2002; Meta.fisica, arte e filosofia, Merano 2003; + Positive, Merano 2004; Robert Mapplethorpe, Bologna, Merano 2004; Man Ray, Magie, Merano 2005; Sound Zero, Merano 2006; Mimmo Jodice, Light, Bologna 2006; Vespa Arte Italiana, Pietrasanta 2006; Ironica, Milano 2006; Damien Hirst New Religion, Venice 2007; L’occhio di Meret Oppenheim, Merano 2008; Boris Mikhailov, Merano 2008; Moana. Casta diva, Bologna, Milan, Brescia 2010; Tony Cragg, Venice, Merano 2010; Peter Blake, Venice Suite, Venice 2010-2011; Dennis Oppenheim “Electric City”, Merano; Fluxus Jubileum, Treviso 2012; Vito Acconci e Franco Vaccari “Intersection”, Venice 2013.

Project: From & To
Space: Kunst Meran Merano Arte

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VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH VALERIO DEHÒ, KUNST MERAN MERANO ARTE

VINCENT HONORÉ IN CONVERSATION WITH VALERIO DEHÒ, KUNST MERAN MERANO ARTE

Vincent Honoré Can you tell us about the origin of Kunst Meran?
Valerio Dehò Kunst Meran Merano Arte was born from an association of art lovers in the mid-’90s. The idea was to give to the town of Merano a relevant role in the local contemporary art scene. In past times some very famous people, such as Kafka, Mahler, Ezra Pound (whose daughter still lives in the castle of Brunnenburg) spent their time here. Even Peggy Guggenheim has organized exhibitions in Merano in the ’50s. Since 2001 the venue is a house in the town center, which was restored and restructured to become a gallery and art museum.

4. Diane Blondeau / Vivien Roubaud / Thomas Teurlai, Jambes de bottes, 2014

2. Diane Blondeau / Vivien Roubaud / Thomas Teurlai, Jambes de bottes, 2014

V.H. What fundamentally makes this institution different from others in Italy and on an international level?
V.D. Merano Arte is a very special museum in Italy, I would say that it’s unique of its kind. We are neither a commercial art gallery nor a municipal venue, even if our role is similar to that of a public space.
Our funds come both from the private and public spheres, but it has to be noticed that the museum management stays free from any political influence. This is an exceptional status in Italy. In Germany you can find art spaces that you can compare with Merano Arte from this point of view.

9. Roberto Pugliese, Emergences acoustiques, 2014. Courtesy: Associazione Culturale Dello Scompigio, Vorno, Capannori (Italy) and Galerie Mario Mazzoli, Berlin

3. Roberto Pugliese, Emergences acoustiques, 2014

V.H. PIANO intends to create a network of art spaces working together, exchanging and interacting. Why did you decide to join the project and how are you participating in it?
V.D. We work following a strong aim which is bringing contemporary art to the attention of common people. The “elite side” of art is not what we really like to consider when we think about a new exhibition project, even if the quality of what we decide to exhibit has certainly be validated by the perspective of a scientific and curatorial analysis.
The project PIANO suits in a very proper way the mission of our museum. We also think that sharing projects with other international contemporary art spaces represents an important occasion of growth. A network is essential to make collaborations happen. Contemporary art is an instrument that Europe can use to connect different national realities and bring them really together. PIANO is a platform for exchanges and relations, that’s what we were looking for.

7. Sonia Leimer, Table ronde, 2014 /  Leander Schwazer, Independance, 2014

4. Sonia Leimer, Table ronde, 2014 / Leander Schwazer, Independance, 2014

V.H. The exhibition has been co-curated with Éric Mangion, director of Villa Arson in Nice. Why this collaboration?
V.D. The idea of working with Éric Mangion and Villa Arson was born one year before the birth of PIANO. Both museums work with contemporary art and aim to value young artists.
My proposal was to develop the format FROM & TO, created by Kunst Meran Merano Arte in 2007 (an exhibition based on the collaboration between artists of different generations). Mangion and I immediately agreed to give life to an exhibition with young selected artists. They have been invited to produce new works and to collaborate for a project. It took a lot of time to plan and coordinate every detail of the project. Young artists are very focused on what they want to express through their art. We pushed them to think about the idea of building an exhibition together on site. The collaboration with Éric Mangion and Villa Arson has been really successful in this sense.

V.H. What are the main responsibilities of a curator and of an art institution in Italy nowadays?
V.D. It’s always the same: be honest with the public and try to give life to significant projects that might show a cultural relevance through time. The temporary exhibitions have an important role in the history of contemporary art, this perspective was introduced during the ’60s and the ’70s thanks to the art critic and curator Harald Szeemann. He actually changed the roles within the art system by inventing the function of the “curator”, who is an intellectual, an art historian and a manager all at once.
In the period of economic uncertainty and confusion between cultural and market’s values we’re living in, the Italian art institutions have a main responsibility to cope with: continue to produce exhibitions and events, but also try to involve and support young worthy Italian artists.

Vincent Honoré Puoi raccontarci come è nato Kunst Meran?
Valerio Dehò Kunst Meran Merano Arte è nato da un’associazione di appassionati di arte alla metà degli anni Novanta. L’idea era quella di dare alla città di Merano un ruolo centrale nel lambito della scena artistica contemporanea locale. Nel passato molti personaggi celebri hanno vissuto a Merano, da Kafka, a Mahler, a Ezra Pound (la cui figlia vive ancora nel castello di Brunnenburg). Anche Peggy Guggenheim ha organizzato mostre a Merano nel corso degli anni Cinquanta. Dal 2001  Kunst Meran Merano Arte ha la sua sede in un edificio del centro città, che è stato restaurato e ristrutturato per diventare una galleria e un museo d’arte.

V.H. Cosa rende questa istituzione diversa da altre in Italia o all’estero?
V.D. Kunst Meran Merano Arte è un museo molto particolare nel contesto italiano, quasi unico nel suo genere. Non siamo né una galleria d’arte commerciale né uno spazio municipale, sebbene il nostro ruolo sia simile a quello di uno spazio pubblico. I nostri fondi provengono sia dalla sfera privata sia da quella pubblica, ma va sottolineato che la gestione del museo è indipendente da ogni influenza politica. Si tratta di una condizione eccezionale in Italia. In Germania esistono spazi comparabili a Merano Arte da questo punto di vista.

V.H. PIANO mira a creare una rete di spazi espositivi che lavorano insieme, attraverso forme di scambio e interazione. Perché avete deciso di aderire al progetto e come si realizza la vostra partecipazione?
V.D. Lavoriamo seguendo l’obiettivo fondamentale di portare l’arte contemporanea all’attenzione della gente comune. L’aspetto elitario dell’arte non ci interessa quando concepiamo un progetto espositivo, per quanto la qualità di ciò che decidiamo di esporre sia sempre avvalorata dalla prospettiva di un’attento studio scientifico e curatoriale.
Il progetto PIANO corrisponde perfettamente alla mission del nostro museo. Pensiamo inoltre che condividere progetti con altri spazi internazionali dediti all’arte contemporanea rappresenti un’importante occasione di crescita. La presenza di un networl è fondamentale perché le collaborazioni abbiano luogo. L’arte contemporanea può essere usata dall’Europa per mettere in relazione le diverse realtà nazionali e unirle davvero. PIANO è una piattaforma di scambi e relazioni, è ciò che stavamo cercando.

V.H. La mostra è co-curata con Éric Mangion, direttore di Villa Arson a Nizza. Perché questa collaborazione?
V.D. L’idea di lavorare con Éric Mangion e Villa Arson è nata un anno prima la nascita di PIANO. Entrambi i musei lavorano con l’arte contemporanea e mirano a valorizzare il lavoro dei giovani artisti.
La mia proposta è stata quella di sviluppare il format FROM & TO, creato da Kunst Meran Merano Arte nel 2007 (una mostra basata sulla collaborazione tra artisti di diverse generazioni). Mangion e io abbiamo immediatamente concordato di dare vita a una mostra con giovani artisti selezionati, che sono stati invitati a produrre opere inedite e a collaborare tra loro per un progetto nuovo. L’organizzazione e il coordinamento di ogni dettaglio del progetto hanno richiesto molto tempo. I giovani artisti sono molto concentrati su ciò che vogliono esprimere attraverso il loro lavoro. Li abbiamo stimolati a riflettere sull’idea della costruzione di una mostra collettiva site-specific. La collaborazione con Éric Mangion e Villa Arson è stata un grande successo in questo senso.

V.H. Quali sono le principali responsabilità di un curatore di un’istituzione artistica in Italia oggi
V.D. Sempre le stesse: essere onesto con il pubblico e cercare di produrre progetti dotati di una rilevanza culturale che resista nel tempo. Le mostre temporanee hanno un ruolo importante nella storia dell’arte contemporanea: questa prospettiva p stata introdotta negli anni Sessanta e Settanta grazie al critico d’arte e curatore Harald Szeemann, che trasformò i ruoli del sistema dell’arte inventando la funzione del curatore, allo stesso tempo intellettuale, storico dell’arte e manager.
Nel periodo di incertezza economica e confusione tra valori culturali e di mercato in cui viviamo, le istituzioni artistiche in Italia hanno una fondamentale responsabilità con cui fare i conti: continuare a produrre mostre ed eventi, ma anche cercare di coinvolgere e sostenere giovani artisti italiani di talento.

Images:
1. Quentin Derouet, Sans titre, 2014
2. Diane Blondeau / Vivien Roubaud / Thomas Teurlai, Jambes de bottes, 2014. Metal, mixed media, sound installation, 543 X 143 x 87 cm
3. Roberto Pugliese, Emergences acoustiques, 2014, environmental sound installation. Courtesy Associazione Culturale Dello Scompigio, Vorno, Capannori (Italy) and Galerie Mario Mazzoli, Berlin
4. Sonia Leimer, Table ronde, 2014, mixed media, 320 x 220 cm / Leander Schwarzer, Independance, 2014, ink-jet print on canvas, 264 x 320 cm
Photos: Villa Arson / Jean Brasille

Project: From & To
Protagonist: Valerio Dehò

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Daniele Pezzi

Daniele Pezzi, Tutulma, 2010-2013

Daniele Pezzi, Tutulma, 2010-2013

Born 1977, Ravenna, Italy
Lives and works in Ravenna, Italy
His work is mainly constituted of videos, while photos, sculptures, and paintings are often the result of the film’s production process. The themes that he is working on are linked to nomadism (as the dangerous alternative to belligerent stillness), to archeology and anthropology (as the disciplines that study the hidden past, and perhaps contribute to a re-writing of history itself), and to environmental psychology (of both the fictional characters as well as the spectators themselves). The screenplays are more similar to lists of ideas, instructions and short tales, and are discussed together with actors and further adapted to the surrounding landscapes and architectures. The finished work is the result of an open process of mediation in which the author considers himself as a catalyzing agent.

Project: Piano – alto!

 

(1977, vive e lavora a Ravenna) La sua produzione è costituita prevalentemente da lavori video, mentre le foto, le sculture e le pitture sono spesso il risultato del processo di produzione filmico. I temi su cui lavora costantemente sono connessi ai concetti di nomadismo (in quanto alternativa pericolosa alla stanzialità belligerante), all’archeologia e antropologia (in quanto discipline di comprensione del passato remoto, e che contribuiscono alla riscrittura della storia), e alla psicologia dello spazio (sia dei personaggi che popolano i lavori, sia degli spettatori che li vedranno). Le sceneggiature sono in realtà elenchi di idee, istruzioni e racconti brevi che vengono discusse con gli attori e rielaborate anche in relazione all’architettura o al paesaggio che li circonda. Il lavoro concluso è quindi il risultato di un processo aperto di mediazione in cui l’autore si considera come catalizzatore.

 

Né en 1977, vit et travaille à Ravenna. Sa production est constituée principalement de vidéos, les photographies, les sculptures et les peintures étant le résultat du procédé de production filmique. Les thèmes qui animent sa recherche touchent au nomadisme (comme alternative dangereuse à la sédentarité belligérante), à l’archéologie et l’anthropologie (disciplines de la compréhension du passé lointain, qui contribuent à la réécriture de l’histoire) et à la psychologie de l’espace (celle des personnages qui peuplent ses travaux ainsi que des spectateurs qui les regardent). Les scénarios sont en fait des listes d’idées, instructions ou brèves narrations qui font l’objet d’une discussion avec les acteurs et sont ensuite adaptées en fonction de l’architecture et du paysage qui les entourent. Le travail achevé est donc le résultat d’un processus ouvert de médiation dans lequel l’auteur incarne le rôle de catalyseur.

Daniele Pezzi raconte des histoires inspirées par la vision d’un nomadisme absolu : il est partout ailleurs et chez lui à la fois. Les personnages de ses films sont joués par des gens rencontrés sur place et qui l’introduisent aux usages et aux mythologies des lieux. Construite dans un processus de dialogues avec les protagonistes, la narration s’installe et erre dans les paysages et les architectures perçus comme des espaces mentaux et philosophiques.

Martine Michard
décembre 2014

Image:
Daniele Pezzi, Tutulma, 2010-2013, video still HD. Courtesy of the artist

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ANDREA BRUCIATI IN CONVERSATION WITH DANIELE PEZZI

ANDREA BRUCIATI IN CONVERSATION WITH DANIELE PEZZI

Andrea Bruciati Hi Daniele, could you tell me about the spirit with which you are going about this experience?
Daniele Pezzi First, the residence I was selected for is somewhat atypical: I will spend 45 days staying at three art centers located in the region of Midi-Pyrénées. In each of these (in order of time: Maison des Arts Georges Pompidou in Cajarc, Chapelle St Jacques in Saint-Gaudens, and BBB in Toulouse), I will spend 15 days. The residence theme focuses on movement and utopia, both from a practical point of view (the experience of the artist who has to bring together within the project the various art centers involved, which are physically distant from each other), and from the point of  view of theory (hence the choice of selecting my work method for this residence). These characteristics and associated limitations represent the challenge that I have to face and the stimulus to imagine possible solutions.

ALPEGGIO

A.B. What process/project do you intend to develop?
D.P. In the project, I want to continue to study unexpected solutions for the fusion between reality and fiction: I shall follow a process that I have been developing in the last few years, through a series of videos designed and produced while constantly on the move. A variable condition in which it is impossible to work according to a screenplay or a rigid schedule; it is not possible to predict the weather, the difficulties of accessibility of a given location, the physical limitations etc. Unlike previous projects, which unfolded gradually during the course of the work, this time I was forced to define in advance a range of possibilities and potentialities from which to draw to make the most of the short time available. If I were to give a title to the shapeless mass of ideas, techniques and scenes that make up the project at this time, it could be “The Unmasking”.

ROADS-ENDING1

A.B. Specifically, what is it about?
D.P. In every location of the residence I will select one or more volunteering actors (professional and amateur) with whom to activate a process of definition of the character that they will interpret. I am interested in a fully collaborative approach in which I put aside the control ravings typical of the ‘dictauthor’. The result of these meetings will be characters sprouting naturally from a compromise between my idea, the personality of the interpreter and the limitations of the context in which we will take action. For several years, I’ve been working on a wandering figure who observes the contexts it goes through, and at the same time struggles with having to adapt to the changing environmental conditions.

ROADS-ENDING2

A.B. A sort of almost plastic metamorphosis on the one hand, and a Zelig-style changing character on the other.
D.P. As the scenery, the temperature, the architecture change, so does the character, psychologically (varying its mood and dramatics) but also physically (because played by different actors). The character becomes a flexible and pliable being that each time becomes other than itself; while retaining a few elements of resemblance, such as clothes style, physical aspect, etc., depending on the situation his/her attitude can be aggressive, or collapse under the weight of a constraint, thus becoming fragile. If this character had a model, he/she would look like the protagonist of Pasolini’s Petrolio, who alternatively switches between being a man and a woman, as a result of a trauma that would otherwise be impossible to recount.

St_cirq-lapopie-mini

A.B. What result would you ultimately like to reach from this relentless transformation flow?
D.P. The film that will result from this process will be divided in areas: natural or manmade places where one will see the characters act and mature, go through and look at the situations that they face. The backdrop to this staging will be reality, the one that I will find in that region of France, expressed in a documentary fashion. The way in which the real and unexpected event will inevitably influence the project, will form the backbone, will determine the urge. We will start logistically from the peaks of the Pyrenees, in search of the routes of smugglers and illegal immigrants to arrive at Saint-Gaudens, overcoming mountains that have always represented natural boundaries and limits. We will cross the countryside and forests of Cajarc, trying to uncover the signs of the influence of today’s political propaganda and media, to close at a library at the University of Toulouse, where we will attend a debate between a group of people trying to find an agreement on the perfect model of democracy to pursue. Toulouse was in fact the city where the Veneto-born Silvio Trentin opened the library which soon became the reference point of the anti-fascist movements in Europe: the place where people met to discuss utopias and resistance.

St-Gaudens-mini

A.B. A sort of documentary, or you are looking for a different film language?
D.P. The film is certainly not intended to come to an end in the classic sense – quite the opposite. The result of the construction, which I will work on in the months after my coming back, will be the most effective arrangement of a wealth of material collected in a period of intense work and discovery, with a number of concerns and questions that will guide the entire process. From a technical point of view I will use a different shooting style for each residence location; although there will never be a more overtly “documentary” part, in the sense of improvised aesthetic. The goal, in fact, is to manage to build a solid narrative and emotional experience in which the character and its alterations can be reflected deeply in the viewer.

Andrea Bruciati Ciao Daniele, puoi raccontarmi lo spirito con cui ti accingi ad intraprendere questa esperienza?
Daniele Pezzi Per prima cosa la residenza per cui sono stato selezionato è in qualche modo atipica: trascorrerò 45 giorni spostandomi tra tre centri d’arte situati nella regione del Midi-Pyrénées. In ognuno di questi (in ordine di successione: Maison des Arts Georges Pompidou di Cajarc, Chapelle St Jacques di Saint-Gaudens e BBB di Toulouse) trascorrerò un periodo di tempo di 15 giorni. Il tema della residenza verte sullo spostamento e l’utopia, sia da un punto di vista pratico (l’esperienza dell’artista che deve unire nel suo progetto i vari centri d’arte che sono fisicamente distanti tra loro) sia da un punto di vista teorico (da cui la scelta di selezionare il mio metodo di lavoro per questa residenza). Queste caratteristiche e le limitazioni che ne derivano rappresentano la sfida che mi trovo di fronte e la propulsione a immaginare possibili soluzioni.

A.B. Quale processo/progetto intendi sviluppare?
D.P. Nel progetto voglio continuare a studiare le soluzioni inaspettate della fusione tra reale e fiction: seguirò un processo che ho sviluppato negli ultimi anni, attraverso una serie di video concepiti e realizzati in continuo spostamento. Uno stato variabile in cui è impossibile lavorare basandosi su una sceneggiatura o uno schema rigido di progetto; non è infatti possibile prevedere le condizioni meteo, le difficoltà di accessibilità di un determinato luogo, i limiti fisici ecc. A differenza dei precedenti, che si svelavano completamente solo in corso d’opera, questa volta sono stato obbligato a definire anticipatamente un ventaglio di possibilità e potenzialità da cui attingere per sfruttare al massimo il breve periodo di tempo a disposizione. Se dovessi dare un titolo alla massa informe di idee, tecniche e scene che formano il progetto in questo momento, potrebbe essere “Lo Smascheramento”.

A.B. Nello specifico di cosa si tratta?
D.P. In ogni luogo della residenza selezionerò uno o più attori volontari (professionisti e non) con cui attivare un processo di definizione del personaggio che andranno a interpretare. Sono interessato a un approccio totalmente collaborativo in cui metto da parte le smanie di controllo tipiche del ‘dittautore’. Il risultato di questi incontri saranno personaggi che germoglieranno naturalmente dal compromesso tra la mia idea, la personalità dell’interprete e i limiti del contesto in cui ci troveremo ad agire. Da diversi anni, infatti, lavoro su una figura errabonda che è osservatore del contesto che attraversa, e allo stesso tempo alle prese con l’adattamento a condizioni ambientali variabili.

A.B. Una sorta di metamorfosi quasi plastica da un lato e un personaggio cangiante alla Zelig dall’altro.
D.P. Come cambiano il paesaggio, la temperatura, l’architettura, allo stesso tempo muta il personaggio, psicologicamente (variando stato d’animo e drammaturgia) ma anche fisicamente (essendo interpretato da attori diversi). Il personaggio diventa quindi un essere elastico e malleabile che diventa di volta in volta altro da sé; pur mantenendo alcuni elementi di somiglianza, come lo stile degli abiti, la costituzione fisica, ecc., a seconda delle situazioni  il suo atteggiamento può essere aggressivo, o crollare sotto il peso di una costrizione, e diventare fragile. Se questo personaggio dovesse trovare un modello assomiglierebbe al protagonista di Petrolio di Pasolini, che si ritrova a essere alternativamente uomo o donna, come effetto di un trauma che sarebbe impossibile raccontare diversamente.

A.B. Quale risultato ultimativo vuoi perseguire da questo incessante flusso in trasformazione?
D.P. Il film che risulterà da questo processo sarà suddiviso per ambienti: luoghi naturali o antropizzati in cui si vedranno i personaggi agire e maturare, attraversare e osservare, le situazioni che si troveranno di fronte. L’orizzonte di questa messa in scena sarà la realtà, quella che troverò nella Francia di quella regione, espressa con una prassi affine al documentario. Il modo in cui l’evento reale e inaspettato influenzerà inesorabilmente il progetto ne formerà l’ossatura, ne determinerà l’urgenza. Si partirà logisticamente dalle cime dei Pirenei, cercando i tragitti dei contrabbandieri e dei clandestini per arrivare a Saint-Gaudens, superando montagne che da sempre sono confini e limiti naturali. Si attraverseranno le campagne e i boschi di Cajarc cercando di svelare i segni dell’influenza della propaganda politica e mediatica di oggi, fino a chiudere in una biblioteca dell’università di Tolosa, dove assisteremo a un dibattito tra un gruppo di persone che cercherà di trovare un accordo sul modello perfetto di Democrazia da perseguire. Tolosa è stata infatti la città dove il veneto Silvio Trentin aprì la libreria che diventò presto il punto di riferimento dei movimenti anti-fascisti europei: il luogo dove si ritrovavano per discutere di utopie e di resistenza.

A.B. Una sorta di documentario o sei alla ricerca di un linguaggio cinematografico differente?
D.P. Il film non sarà sicuramente inteso per essere concluso in senso classico, al contrario. Il risultato del montaggio, che seguirò nei mesi successivi al mio ritorno, sarà la configurazione più efficace di un bagaglio di materiali costruiti in un periodo di intenso lavoro e scoperta, con una serie di preoccupazioni e di punti interrogativi che guideranno l’intero processo. Da un punto di vista tecnico utilizzerò uno stile di ripresa diverso per ogni luogo di residenza; non ci sarà mai però una parte più dichiaratamente “documentaristica”, intesa come estetica improvvisata. L’obiettivo, infatti, è riuscire a costruire una solida esperienza narrativa ed emozionale in cui il personaggio e le sue alterazioni possano riflettersi profondamente nello spettatore.

Images:
cover. Daniele Pezzi, Tutulma, 2010-2013, video still HD. Courtesy of the artist
other pictures: video stills and reasearch images

Project: Piano – alto!
Spaces: Maison des Arts Georges Pompidou CAC, CAC Chapelle St Jacques, BBB centre d’art
Protagonists: Daniele Pezzi

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LOIS WEINBERGER

Born 1947, Stams, Austria
Lives and works in Vienna, Austria

Lois Weinberger is a key figure in the debate on the relationship between art and nature: for thirty years he has explored and used gardening as a tool to reconcile the natural environment and human intervention. Known above all for his environmental projects, which follow the dynamics of the spontaneous expansion of the plant world in marginal, abandoned urban areas, Weinberger has for some time been engaged in projects with a strong social and political component. He draws inspiration from uncultivated land and plants that flourish there naturally to create notes, drawings, photographs, objects, texts, films, and public art projects. As the artist states, gardens are a manifestation of a “voluntary withdrawal,” being a defined area in which relationships arise spontaneously between the elements present. Garden is a project he began working on in 1994. It consists of a plastic container with a simple irrigation system in which wild plant species like elder and moss spontaneously take root. This naturally occurring phenomenon (which generates both food and a “green aesthetic”) contrasts with the practices of our industrialized, consumerist society. In 2011, together with the Bressanone architects Gerd Bergmeister and Michaela Wolf, Weinberger entered the competition run by the Bolzano Provincial Administration to mitigate the frieze on the building that was once the Fascist Casa Littoria and currently hosts the internal revenue offices. The proposal submitted by the artist features a small forest, something like a theater set, which is left to grow naturally and alters our perception of the frieze and its image of Mussolini.

Nato a Stams, Austria, nel 1947
Vive e lavora a Vienna, Austria

Lois Weinberger riveste un ruolo fondamentale nel dibattito sul rapporto tra arte e natura: per trent’anni, infatti, l’artista ha indagato il tema del giardinaggio come strumento che rende possibile riconciliare ambiente naturale e intervento umano. Conosciuto soprattutto per i suoi progetti ambientali, che seguono le dinamiche di espansione spontanea del mondo vegetale in aree marginali e dismesse del tessuto urbano, da tempo Weinberger è impegnato in interventi dal forte contenuto sociale e politico. La terra incolta e le piante che crescono spontaneamente diventano lo spunto per creare appunti, disegni, foto, oggetti, testi, film e interventi di arte pubblica. Come afferma l’artista, il giardino è espressione di una “rinuncia volontaria”, essendo un’area delimitata, nella quale nascono delle relazioni spontanee tra gli elementi presenti. Garden è un progetto iniziato nel 1994. Consiste in un contenitore di plastica, dotato di un semplice sistema di innaffiamento, nel quale germogliano in maniera del tutto spontanea piante selvatiche come il sambuco o il muschio. Si tratta di un atto di produzione spontanea (sia di cibo, sia di una “estetica verde”), che si contrappone alle pratiche di una società industrializzata e consumistica. Nel 2011, insieme agli architetti di Bressanone Gerd Bergmeister e Michaela Wolf, Weinberger partecipa al concorso, indetto dalla Provincia autonoma di Bolzano, per il depotenziamento del fregio del palazzo che ospita attualmente gli uffici finanziari della città, ex Casa Littoria. Nella proposta dell’artista un piccolo bosco, simile a una scenografia, cresce spontaneamente, modificando la percezione del fregio e dell’effige del Duce.

Project: Soleil politique

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Allan Sekula

Allan Sekula, Meat Mass, 1972

Allan Sekula, Meat Mass, 1972

Born 1951, Erie, PA, USA
† 2013, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Photographer and filmmaker Allan Sekula was committed to a vision of art as a tool for critiquing and exposing reality. As a creator, historian, theoretician, and critic, for almost half a century he explored and challenged the traditional canons of photographic representation. His work took him around the world, tracing the routes of global commerce, and shipping in particular. Having grown up near the port of Los Angeles, Sekula was profoundly struck by the lifestyles of the dockers and the dynamics governing international flows of goods. His first photographic works of the 1970s reveal his interest in systems of representation and his political and social activism, as can be seen in the work Meat Mass. The work consists of black-and-white photographic documentation, a series of shots of the performance the artist staged in January 1972. Over a few weeks, Sekula stole packets of meat from various supermarkets and stored them in a freezer. He then threw the frozen steaks onto a busy road, where they were crushed by passing vehicles, symbolically interrupting the capitalist circulation of luxury goods by means of theft and waste. Rather than focusing on single shots, reminiscent of the tradition of painting, Sekula always preferred serial photographic projects that enabled him to create narrative sequences closer to film and theater than to pure photography.

Nato a Erie, PA, USA, nel 1951
† 2013, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Allan Sekula, fotografo e film-maker, si è sempre battuto affinché l’arte fosse strumento di critica attiva e di denuncia, radicata nel confronto con la realtà. Per quasi mezzo secolo, l’artista ha indagato e sfidato la rappresentazione fotografica tradizionale in qualità di creatore, storico, teorico e critico. Ha viaggiato molto per tracciare le rotte del commercio globale, in particolare del trasporto marittimo delle merci. Cresciuto nel contesto del porto di Los Angeles, Sekula è stato profondamente influenzato dai destini di chi lavora nel settore delle operazioni portuali, e dalle dinamiche che regolano il traffico di merci, soprattutto internazionale. Nei primi lavori fotografici degli anni ’70 emerge il suo interesse per i sistemi di rappresentazione, e il suo impegno in questioni politiche e sociali, come dimostra Meat Mass (Massa di carne). L’opera consiste nella documentazione fotografica in bianco e nero, presentata come una sequenza di scatti, di una performance che l’artista realizzò nel gennaio del 1972. Per alcune settimane, Sekula rubò delle confezioni di carne da vari supermercati, conservandole in un congelatore e lanciando poi le bistecche surgelate al centro di una strada trafficata, così che fossero schiacciate dai veicoli in transito. L’azione dell’artista mirava a interrompere il sistema di circolazione capitalistica dei beni di lusso, attraverso il furto e lo spreco. Invece di privilegiare il singolo scatto, più legato alla tradizione pittorica, Sekula ha sempre prediletto progetti fotografici seriali, che gli consentivano di creare una sequenza narrativa più vicina al cinema o al teatro, che non alla fotografia tout court.

Image:
Allan Sekula, Meat Mass, 1972. Photo: Allan Sekula and David Alward. © Generali Foundation

Project: Soleil politique

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LAWRENCE WEINER

Born 1942, New York, NY, USA
Lives and works in New York, NY, USA

Lawrence Weiner was a key figure in the advent of conceptual art in America in the 1960s. Like other exponents of the genre, he explored and challenged traditional ideas of art, attempting to dematerialize works of art. His main medium is language: using words and the multiple materials they reference, Weiner creates open, immaterial sculptures. His works come in different forms: as written language, discourse, or physical manifestations of what is described linguistically. In 2006 Weiner created 150 copies of a work entitled Das Tor ist eng Bozen / Stretta è la porta Bolzano (The door is narrow) for Museion. The piece consisted of a fabric label to attach to clothes-wearable art. The label bears a quote in Italian and German from the Gospel According to Matthew, while the colors used (red and white) recall both the Italian flag and the South Tyrol coat of arms. This limited-edition work once again shows the close bond between materials and words that characterizes the artist’s modus operandi: the message, with its reference to the narrow gate, evokes both a physical and/or geographical passageway and a metaphorical path that, despite its difficulties, can lead the way to a better existence.

Nato a New York, NY, USA, nel 1942
Vive e lavora a New York, NY, USA

Lawrence Weiner è una figura chiave nella nascita dell’arte concettuale, negli Stati Uniti degli anni ’60. Al pari di altri esponenti di quella corrente, ha indagato e sfidato la nozione tradizionale di arte, tendendo alla smaterializzazione dell’opera. Il mezzo espressivo principale dell’artista è il linguaggio. Servendosi delle parole, e di molteplici materiali a cui esse rimandano, Weiner crea per esempio sculture aperte e immateriali. I suoi lavori si presentano in diverse forme: come lingua scritta o manifestazione fisica del contenuto descritto linguisticamente. Nel 2006, Weiner realizza per Museion un’opera in centocinquanta esemplari intitolata Das Tor ist eng Bozen / Stretta è la porta Bolzano.
Si tratta di un’etichetta di stoffa da applicare all’interno dei vestiti, dunque è un’opera da indossare. La scritta sul tessuto è la citazione, in italiano e tedesco, di un versetto del Vangelo di Matteo, mentre i colori utilizzati (bianco e rosso) richiamano sia la bandiera italiana sia lo stemma altoatesino. Anche questo lavoro in edizione limitata dimostra la stretta connessione tra materiale e vocaboli, caratteristica della produzione dell’artista: l’opera, infatti, evoca un passaggio da attraversare, sia fisico e/o geo- grafico sia metaforico, ovvero la volontà di percorrere un cammino che, malgrado le difficoltà, può forse portare a una condizione migliore.

Project: Soleil politique

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Guillaume Robert

Mariage

Guillaume Robert, Vérifier l’Arcadie, 2013-2014

Born 1975, France
Lives and works in Lyon, France
His work has essentially developed out of video, but over the last few years his practice has opened onto installation, object-based work, sound, writing and photography. His work involves scripted forms exploring the creative process, carried out as a series of invitations given to a (Bosnian) garage mechanic, a geophysicist (to model the propagation of riots across the globe),performers (dancers and actors), a blacksmith, a musician, a beekeeper, a sound artist…His projects bring into play specific materials and contexts (historical, architectural, geopolitical or literary…) which, after a process of appropriation, are then linked into the display environment.

Project: Piano – alto!

 

(1975, vive e lavora a Lione)
Guillaume Robert sviluppa il suo lavoro per progetti, spinto dall’interesse per tutto ciò che fa mondo (linguaggio, storia, politica, scienza, rappresentazione, percezione…) La sua produzione video si apre da alcuni anni all’oggetto, all’installazione, al testo, al suono o alla fotografia. L’artista riunisce materiali e contesti specifici, si basa su processi di creazione dalla forma narrativa che si risolvono attraverso il coinvolgimento di varie collaborazioni (un meccanico, un geofisico, degli interpreti, di danza o teatro, un fabbro, un musicista, un apicoltore…). Le strategie processuali e plastiche procedono per accumulazione e sovrapposizione di strati (sedimentazione narrativa, sedimentazione di materiali, di senso, sedimentazione del tempo).

 

Né en 1975, vit et travaille à Lyon. Sa pratique se développe par projets. Il explore des formes variées, souvent transversales, traversées par le souci d’embrasser ce qui fait un monde (langage, histoire, politique, science, représentation, perception…). Sa pratique de la vidéo s’ouvre depuis quelques années à l’objet, à l’installation, au texte, au son ou à la photographie. Il convoque des matériaux et des contextes spécifiques, s’appuie sur des formes scénarisées de processus de création qui se résolvent via l’invitation lancée à un garagiste, un géophysicien, des interprètes (danse, théâtre), un forgeron, un musicien, un apiculteur… Les stratégies processuelles et plastiques mises en place procèdent par accumulation, superposition de couches.

Image:
Guillaume Robert, Vérifier l’Arcadie, 2013-2014, installation, sculpture, photograph. Courtesy of the artist

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RON TRAN

Born 1972, Saigon, Vietnam
Lives and works in Vancouver, Canada

Ron Tran works in various media, including performance, sculpture, photography, video, and installation. His artistic practice involves interpersonal actions and gestures, at once benevolent and ironic, that challenge the way we view everyday relations, notably those that involve strangers.
In Walking Strangers Home, for example, Tran approaches passersby late at night, offering to accompany them to their homes. Establishing a relationship between art and the public sphere, the artist thus explores cultural rituals and anxieties as well as relations of power in society. Documentation plays an important role in conveying his work as a performer.
For Apartment #201, Tran removed the front door of his apartment and exhibited it for five weeks at Western Front, an artist-run art space in Vancouver, while he continued to live in the apartment.
Through this objectaction, which combines aesthetics and the intimate realm, his private life was exposed and made vulnerable. The apartment functioned as an extension of the object exhibited in the art space. At the end of the exhibition, the door, once returned to its original location and use, lost its artistic status.
The work offered itself neither as a metaphorical representation, nor a ready-made, but rather as a living and tangible intervention inscribed in the present and inseparable from real life. For the exhibition Soleil politique, the artist explores the means to reenact this experience.

Nato a Saigon, Vietnam, nel 1972
Vive e lavora Vancouver, Canada

Ron Tran lavora con diversi media: performance, scultura, fotografia, video e installazione. La sua pratica comprende azioni e gesti interpersonali, allo stesso tempo ridondanti e ironici, che introducono un senso di malessere nel nostro sguardo sui rapporti quotidiani, in particolare quelli con le persone sconosciute. In Walking Strangers Home, per esempio, Tran avvicina dei passanti a tarda ora, e si offre di accompagnarli fino a casa. Costruendo dei legami tra l’arte e la sfera pubblica, l’artista esplora l’ansia e i rituali culturali, così come i rapporti di potere nella società. Il problema della documentazione occupa un posto importante nell’accesso alle sue performance. In Apartment #201, Ron Tran ha smontato la porta d’ingresso del suo appartamento e l’ha esposta per cinque settimane nello spazio artistico Western Front a Vancouver, continuando a vivere a casa propria. Attraverso questo gesto-oggetto, che collega l’estetico all’intimo, la vita privata dell’artista si è ritrovata a essere esibita e vulnerabile. L’appartamento di Tran vive un’attivazione, in quanto estensione dell’oggetto presentato nello spazio artistico. Alla fine della mostra, e una volta rimontata la porta sui cardini, essa ritrova la propria funzione di utilità e perde ogni valore artistico.
L’opera che ne risulta non è né una rappresentazione metaforica, né un ready-made, ma un intervento vivo e tangibile, iscritto in un presente indissociabile dalla vita reale.
Per Soleil politique, l’artista propone una riproduzione di questa esperienza.

Né à Saïgon, Vietnam, en 1972
Vit et travaille à Vancouver, Canada

Ron Tran travaille avec divers média : performance, sculpture, photographie, vidéo et installation. Sa pratique convoque des actions et gestes interpersonnels, à la fois généreux et ironiques, qui introduisent un malaise dans notre regard sur les rapports quotidiens, en particulier ceux impliquant des personnes inconnues. Avec Walking Strangers Home, par exemple, Ron Tran abordait des passants tard dans la soirée, leur offrant de les accompagner jusqu’à leur domicile. Établissant ainsi des liens entre l’art et la sphère publique, l’artiste explore les rituels et l’anxiété culturels, ainsi que les rapports de pouvoir dans la société. La question de la documentation occupe une place importante dans l’accès à son travail performatif.
Pour Apartment #201, Ron Tran a démonté la porte d’entrée de son appartement afin de l’exposer pendant cinq semaines dans un lieu d’art (Western Front, Vancouver), tout en continuant de vivre dans le logement. Par ce geste-objet qui lie l’esthétique avec l’intime, sa vie privée s’est trouvée exposée et vulnérable. L’appartement est activé en tant qu’extension de l’objet présenté dans l’espace artistique. À la fin de l’exposition, une fois remise à son emplacement d’origine, la porte retrouve sa fonction utilitaire et perd toute valeur artistique. L’œuvre qui en résulte n’est ni une représentation métaphorique, ni un ready-made, mais une intervention vivante et tangible, inscrite dans un présent indissociable de la vie réelle. Pour Soleil politique, l’artiste expérimente une restitution de cette expérience.

Project: Soleil politique

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EMILIE PARENDEAU

Born 1980, Ambilly, France
Live and work in Paris, France

Emilie Parendeau reinterprets the works of other artists, with the intention of updating them, according to their terms of appearance, more than to introduce in them its own concerns. By supporting the process that accompanies their materialization, she introduces variations that are intended to make these active works in the present. She realized most of these activations in the project A LOUER and in various exhibition venues (CAC Brétigny, Brétigny; Peep-Hole, Milan; Gallery Arko, Nevers; Le Quartier, Quimper).

Née à Ambilly, France, en 1980
Vit et travaille à Paris, France

Émilie Parendeau s’attache à interpréter les œuvres d’autres artistes, moins pour y introduire ses propres préoccupations, que dans l’intention de les actualiser en fonction de leurs conditions d’apparition. En prenant en charge le processus qui accompagne leur matérialisation, elle introduit des variations qui ont pour objet de rendre ces œuvres actives dans le présent. Elle a réalisé la plupart de ces activations dans le cadre du projet A LOUER et dans divers lieux d’exposition (CAC de Brétigny ; Peep-Hole, Milan ; Galerie Arko, Nevers ; Le Quartier, Quimper).

Project: Double Cross, From Both Sides of a Mountain

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Silvano Agosti

Born 1938, Brescia, Italy
Lives and works in Rome, Italy
Independent filmmaker Silvano Agosti has been producing his own films since the 1960s. After his films were banned from distribution to Italian cinemas, he founded his own Azzurro Scipioni Cinema on Via degli Scipioni in Rome and the Cinema Paradiso in Brescia, both dedicated to screening independent and auteur films. In the 1980s, Agosti worked extensively on his own films. On the occasion of Soleil politique, the two films Trionfo del vuoto and D’Amore si Vive will be shown at the Filmclub Bolzano. The former is a documentary about Fascist era architecture that Agosti made for the French-German television station Arte. It presents an overview of buildings in various Italian cities, organized by typology. The film shows how Fascist architecture always creates empty spaces where the human element is missing – space is thus understood as a void, and the void as an ideology. The film is dedicated to Primo Levi. D’Amore si Vive is a documentary shot in Parma and based on two years or research consisting of a series of interviews with local residents on the topics of tenderness, sexuality, and love. The main question is how these three manifestations of loving feelings relate to one another. At the end, the interviews come to a close as the film loops back to its beginning. The films will be shown on December 3 at the Filmclub Bolzano, Dr. Streiter Gasse 8/D. Info: www.filmclub.it.

 

Nato a Brescia, Italia, nel 1938
Vive e lavora a Roma, Italia
Regista indipendente, Silvano Agosti ha autoprodotto i propri film a partire dagli anni ’60. La loro diffusione nelle sale italiane è stata fortemente ostacolata per questo motivo ha creato un cinema, Azzurro Scipioni, in via degli Scipioni a Roma dedicato alle proiezioni di film indipendenti e film d’arte, e il Cinema Paradiso a Brescia. Negli anni ’80 inizia anche una fitta produzione letteraria. Per Soleil politique sono presentati al pubblico Trionfo del vuoto e D’Amore si Vive presso il cinema Filmclub di Bolzano. Il primo è un documentario realizzato da Agosti su invito di Arte, emittente franco-tedesca, dedicato all’architettura di epoca fascista: una panoramica su diversi edifici situati in varie città d’Italia e raggruppati per tipologia. Nel documentario è sottolineato come l’architettura fascista racchiuda sempre degli spazi vuoti dove non compare mai la figura umana. Lo spazio è inteso come vuoto e il vuoto come ideologia. Il film è dedicato a Primo Levi. D’Amore si Vive è film-documentario girato a Parma nel corso di due anni di ricerche ed è composto da una serie di interviste fatte agli abitanti della città sul tema della tenerezza, della sessualità e dell’amore e come questi tre aspetti dei sentimenti amorosi sono legati tra loro. La parte finale non contiene interviste ma si ricollega al primo capito del film. Le proiezioni dei due film hanno luogo il 3 dicembre presso il Filmclub di Bolzano, Via Dr. Streiter 8/D, info: www-filmclub.it.

Project: Soleil politique

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Sanja Iveković

Born 1949, Zagreb, Yugoslavia
Lives and works in Zagreb, Croatia

Sanja Iveković is associated with the “Nova Umjetnička Praksa” (New Art Practice), a generation of Croatian artists who emerged in the 1960s and sought to renew artistic practice and assert its place in society. Using collaborative strategies, she has produced performances, collages, sculptures, and installations that privilege themes of gender, identity, and memory. In a patriarchal culture, her politically inspired work challenges the stereotypical construction of female identity and its substantial political role in history. The figure of Rosa Luxemburg, assassinated for her radical political position in 1919, is a major inspiration for the artist. In 2001, at the Casino Luxembourg, Iveković appropriated the Gëlle Fra (The Golden Woman), a monument dedicated to Luxembourgish volunteers who fought in the 20th Century wars. The statue became a pregnant Lady Rosa of Luxembourg, her pedestal inscribed with the words “Resistance,” “Kultur,” “Kapital,” “Virgin,” “Madonna,” and “Bitch.”
In response to an invitation to produce a work for the city of Aalborg in Denmark, Sanja Iveković proposed rebuilding a monument designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe in memory of Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht. Inaugurated in Berlin in 1926, the monument was destroyed by the Nazis in 1935. For the new version of the anti-Fascist memorial, the artist plans to gather the bricks needed to rebuild it with the help of international donations. During the exhibition Soleil politique, Iveković will launch the project with a public appeal.

 

Nata a Zagabria, Yugoslavia, nel 1949
Vive e lavora a Zagabria, Croazia

Sanja Iveković fa parte della “Nova Umjetnička Praksa” (Nuova Pratica Artistica), generazione di artisti croati che vuole rinnovare la pratica dell’arte e rivendicare la propria iscrizione nella società. Attraverso delle strategie collaborative, l’artista realizza performance, collage, sculture o installazioni legate ai temi che predilige: le questioni di genere, l’identità e la memoria. In una cultura patriarcale, il lavoro impegnato di Iveković mette a confronto la costruzione identitaria e stereotipata della donna a quello che è il suo autentico ruolo politico nella storia. La figura di Rosa Luxemburg, assassinata a causa delle sue idee politiche, è un punto di riferimento per l’artista. Nel 2001, al Casino Luxembourg, Lussemburgo, Iveković trasforma la scultura della Gëlle Fra (Donna dorata), monumento in onore dei soldati lussemburghesi. La statua diventa Lady Rosa of Luxembourg, e questa volta è incinta: sulla base del nuovo monumento l’artista iscrive le parole “Résistance”, “Kultur”, “Kapital”, “Virgin” e “Madonna”.
Invitata a eseguire un’opera per la città di Aalborg, in Danimarca, Sanja Iveković propone di ricostruire un monumento ideato da Mies van der Rohe in omaggio a Rosa Luxemburg e Karl Liebknecht (Berlino, 1926), distrutto dai nazisti nel 1935. Per la nuova versione del memoriale antifascista, l’artista desidera riunire i mattoni necessari alla riedificazione attraverso una colletta internazionale. In Soleil Politique, Sanja Iveković inaugura questo progetto con il lancio di un annuncio pubblico.

Née à Zagreb, Yugoslavie, en 194

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Vit et travaille à Zagreb, Croatie

Sanja Iveković est associée à la « Nova Umjetnička Praksa » (Nouvelle Pratique Artistique), génération d’artistes croates qui vise à renouveler la pratique de l’art et revendique son inscription dans la société. À travers des stratégies collaboratives, elle réalise des performances, collages, sculptures ou installations liées à ses thématiques de prédilection : le genre, l’identité et la mémoire. Dans une culture patriarcale, son travail de nature engagée confronte la construction identitaire et stéréotypée de la femme et son véritable rôle politique dans l’histoire.
Rosa Luxemburg, assassinée à cause de ses positions politiques, est une référence majeure pour l’artiste. En 2001, au Casino Luxembourg, Iveković réinvestit la Gëlle Fra (femme dorée), monument dédié aux soldats luxembourgeois. La statue devient Lady Rosa of Luxembourg, cette fois en gestation. Sur son socle sont inscris les mots « Résistance », « Kultur », « Kapital », « Virgin » et « Madonna ».
Suite à l’invitation à produire une œuvre pour la ville d’Aalborg au Danemark, Sanja Iveković propose de rebâtir un monument conçu par Mies van der Rohe en hommage à Rosa Luxemburg et Karl Liebknecht (Berlin, 1926) et détruit par les nazis en 1935. Pour la nouvelle itération du mémorial antifasciste, l’artiste souhaite rassembler les briques nécessaires à sa réédification par une collecte internationale. Dans le cadre de Soleil Politique, Sanja Iveković inaugure ce processus par le lancement d’un appel public.

Project: Soleil politique

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Félix González-Torres

Born 1957, Guáimaro, Cuba
† 1996, Miami, FL, USA

In his brief career, the American artist Félix González-Torres, born in Cuba, found a new and engaging way to forge a rapport between art and life, public and private, creator and spectator. Using anonymous objects and actions that reference minimalist art, the artist shows how these can become charged with emotions and experiences. Gonzalez-Torres’s work revolves around commemorating events, exploring the enduring nature of memory, and materializing the intangible, and he tackles these themes using a distinctive form of expression: inscriptions.
His Portraits are one example, commissioned works that draw on the collaboration between artist and client. The sitter describes formative events in his or her life that the artist notes down, using them as the basis for a frieze recording personal memories and historic events. The portraits’ function is similar to that of a commemorative monument: they unite an individual and his or her era.
The artist also created portraits of institutions, such as the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles and the Cincinnati Art Museum. The latter, presented in the exhibition, consists of a list of dates and events pertaining to the history of the American museum, alternating with historic events. These inscriptions are positioned around the edge of the exhibition space where the walls meet the ceiling, without a clear indication of where the list starts or ends. Each visitor is therefore free to decide where to start reading. The font and color are chosen by the artist, while the client and the exhibitor are free to add or remove dates at will, effectively revising the history or “portrait.”

Nato a Guáimaro, Cuba, nel 1957
† 1996, Miami, FL, USA

Nella sua breve carriera, l’artista americano Félix González-Torres, nato a Cuba, ha trovato un modo nuovo e affascinante di impostare il rapporto fra arte e vita, pubblico e privato, creatore e spettatore. Attraverso oggetti o azioni anonime, che rimandano alla tradizione minimalista, l’artista mostra quanto quegli stessi possano caricarsi di emozioni e di esperienze individuali. Gonzalez-Torres pone al centro del suo lavoro la commemorazione degli eventi, la perennità del ricordo, la materializzazione dell’impalpabile, e affronta questi temi servendosi di una particolare forma espressiva: l’iscrizione.
I Portraits (“ritratti”) ne sono un esempio. Si tratta di opere su commissione, basate sulla collaborazione tra l’artista e il committente. Quest’ultimo racconta una serie di avvenimenti formativi della sua vita, che l’artista trascrive. Dalle informazioni così raccolte, Gonzalez-Torres crea dei fregi, in cui si succedono ricordi personali ed eventi storici. I fregi svolgono la funzione essenziale del monumento commemorativo: congiungono in un’unica forma l’individuo e la sua epoca.
L’artista realizza anche ritratti di istituzioni, come quello del Museum of Contemporary art di Los Angeles, o del Cincinnati Art Museum. Quest’ultimo, presente in mostra, consiste in una lista di date ed eventi relativi alla storia del museo americano, intervallati da fatti storici. Tali iscrizioni sono collocate lungo il perimetro della sala espositiva, a poca distanza dal soffitto, senza che siano indicati chiaramente l’inizio o la fine della lista. Ogni visitatore, quindi, può decidere dove cominciare la lettura. Carattere e colore utilizzati sono stabiliti dall’artista. Il committente dell’opera e l’istituzione che la ospita, invece, sono liberi di togliere o aggiungere alcune date a sua discrezione, in modo da poter sempre rivedere la propria storia, ovvero il proprio “ritratto”.

Project: Soleil politique

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GIANNI PETTENA

Born 1940, Bolzano, Italy
Lives and works in Fiesole, Italy

An artist, architect, designer, critic, architectural historian, curator, and teacher, Gianni Pettena is one of the central figures of Italian radical architecture alongside Archizoom, Superstudio, and UFO. His book L’Anarchitetto, published in 1972, has influenced several generations of artists and architects: in it, the author refuses to acknowledge the boundaries between different disciplines and defines himself as an “anarchitect,” one for whom speaking about architecture is a means of communicating a creative condition destined to become architecture, yet one that culminates in an art of living. Among the tools and subjects that can be found in his work are the use of language, a relationship to nature and context, and the parallel between reality and reproduction. Gianni Pettena’s first realized public project, for the town hall in Canazei (Trentino-Alto Adige), stems from his interest in the restoration and conservation of historical buildings. The town hall was built in 1930s by senior Ettore Sottsass, a major figure in pre-war Italian architecture. Threatened with demolition, the building was saved in part due to Gianni Pettena’s intervention. He proposed extending the building—a necessity given the rise in tourism—in the form of a mirror construction that establishes a dialog with the original building. The same architectural phrase is thus written in the styles of two different periods. The facing façades of the two buildings are similar in appearance and are united by a glass structure that transforms the space between them as a convivial public meeting place.

Nato a Bolzano, Italia, nel 1940
Vive e lavora a Fiesole, Italia

Artista, architetto, designer, critico e storico dell’architettura, curatore di mostre e insegnante, Gianni Pettena fa parte del nucleo iniziale dell’Architettura Radicale Italiana, a fianco di Archizoom, Superstudio e UFO. La sua opera L’Anarchitetto, pubblicata nel 1972, segnerà molte generazioni di artisti e di architetti: l’autore rifiuta le frontiere tra le discipline e si definisce un “anarchitetto”, per il quale parlare di architettura è un modo per parlare di una condizione creatrice destinata sì a produrre delle architetture, ma anche rappresentativa di un’arte del vivere. Tra gli strumenti e i temi del suo lavoro vanno ricordati l’uso del linguaggio, il rapporto con la natura e con il contesto, i collegamenti tra realtà e riproduzione.
Il progetto per il primo edificio pubblico realizzato da Pettena deriva dal suo interesse per il restauro e la conservazione degli edifici storici. Nel caso specifico, il comune di Canazei (Trentino Alto Adige) era stato costruito negli anni ’30 da Ettore Sottsass padre, figura importante dell’architettura italiana anteguerra. A rischio di demolizione, ha potuto essere in parte conservato grazie all’intervento di Gianni Pettena. Egli ha proposto un’espansione, resa necessaria dalla crescita del turismo, sotto forma di una costruzione speculare che installa un dialogo aperto con l’edificio esistente: una stessa frase architettonica, scritta nei linguaggi formali di due epoche distinte. Le facciate laterali dei due edifici hanno un aspetto simile e sono unite da una struttura in vetro, che riqualifica l’interstizio in uno spazio pubblico di incontro.

Né à Bolzano, Italie, en 1940
Vit et travaille à Fiesole, Italie

Artiste, architecte, designer, critique et historien de l’architecture, commissaire et enseignant, Gianni Pettena fait partie du noyau d’origine de l’Architecture radicale italienne, aux côtés d’Archizoom, Superstudio et UFO. Son ouvrage L’Anarchitetto, publié en 1972, marquera plusieurs générations d’artistes et d’architectes : l’auteur y refuse les frontières entre les disciplines et se définit comme un « anarchitecte », celui pour qui parler d’architecture est un mode pour parler d’une condition créatrice destinée à faire de l’architecture, mais qui aboutit à un art de vivre. Parmi les outils et les sujets présents dans son travail, on peut mentionner l’utilisation du langage, le rapport à la nature et au contexte, les jonctions entre réalité et reproduction.

Nuovo Municipio di Canazei, Trento (1990-97)
Avec Oswald Zoeggeler
Le projet pour le premier bâtiment public réalisé par Pettena découle de son intérêt pour la restauration et la conservation des bâtiments historiques. Dans ce cas particulier, la mairie de Canazei (Trentin-Haut-Adige) avait été construite dans les années 1930 par Ettore Sottsass père, figure majeure de l’architecture italienne d’avant-guerre. Menacée d’une démolition, elle a pu être conservée en partie grâce à l’intervention de Gianni Pettena. Il a proposé une extension, rendue nécessaire par l’essor du tourisme, sous la forme d’une construction en miroir qui établit un dialogue ouvert avec le bâtiment existant : une même phrase architecturale écrite dans les langages formels de deux époques distinctes. Les façades latérales des deux édifices ont une apparence similaire et sont unies par une structure vitrée qui requalifie l’interstice en un espace public de rencontre.

Project: Soleil politique

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Alberto Garutti

02_Museion_SoleilPolitique_Garutti

Alberto Garutti, Madonna, 2007

Born 1948, Galbiate, Italy
Lives and works in Milan, Italy

For Alberto Garutti, works of art only exist in the eyes of the beholder. The first person to behold any work is of course the artist himself, who observes reality and imparts different attributes to objects. It is then up to the viewer to complete the work by supplying meaning. Many of Garutti’s works are designed for public space, where the confrontation between artwork and viewer is direct, not mediated by a museum or artistic venue that houses and presents it.
In his work Alberto Garutti investigates various aspects of the human experience, including spirituality. Madonna, a ceramic statue of the Virgin Mary, originated as a commission for the Nuova Chiesa (New Church) in the parish of Trezzano sul Naviglio (Milan). Deliberately embracing the artistic tradition of religious representation, Garutti reproduces the Virgin Mary in a way that adds an element of personal experience to the relationship between the statue and the believer. Garutti achieves this by creating a white ceramic copy of a nineteenth century statue of the Madonna, but deliberately changing the way it is perceived. He takes his inspiration from time-honoured rituals that see believers flocking to touch sacred statues, but in this case, the material is not cold to the touch, but warm: an electrical system inside the sculpture heats the ceramic structure to the same temperature as the human body. This warmth adds an unexpected dimension to the believer’s physical experience, creating an element of affinity with the sculptu